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Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou
Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou (Kurdish: عەبدولڕەحمان قاسملوو‎, translit. Ebdulrehman Qasimlo, Persian: عبدالرحمان قاسملو‎; 22 December 1930 – 13 July 1989) was a Kurdish political leader. Ghassemlou was the leader of the Kurdistan
Kurdistan
Democratic Party of Iran
Iran
(KDPI) from 1973 until his assassination in 1989 by individuals suspected of being agents of the Islamic Republic of Iran.Contents1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Books 4 Assassination
Assassination
and funerals4.1 Investigation5 ReferencesEarly life and education[edit] Born in Urmia, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Iran
to a wealthy feudal family, his father was Mohammad Vesugh Ghassemlou, a landowning Kurdish nationalist Agha and Khan from the Shekak tribe who was born in 1875. His mother was Nana Jan Timsar, also known as Fatima, was an Assyrian Christian
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Member-elect
An officer -elect refers to a person who has been elected to a position but has not yet been installed.[1][2] For example, a President
President
who has been elected but not yet installed would be referred to as a President -elect (e.g. President -elect of Ghana). Analogously, the term -designate (e.g. Prime Minister-designate) is used in systems without direct elections of executive politicians, such as in parliamentary systems, and for appointed officials who have not yet taken office. History[edit] This usage of the term -elect originated in the Catholic Church, where bishops were elected but would not take office until ordained. In addition, the winner of a papal election would be known as the pope -elect until he was confirmed and actually became pope.[3] The term entered politics with the practice of elective monarchy
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography
German orthography
regulated by the Council for German Orthography[4]). Language
Language
codesISO 639-1 deISO 639-2 ger
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Sorbonne
The Sorbonne
Sorbonne
is an edifice of the Latin Quarter, in Paris, France, which was the historical house of the former University of Paris. Today, it houses part or all of several higher education and research institutions such as Sorbonne
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Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia[1] (/ˌtʃɛkoʊsloʊˈvækiə, -kə-, -slə-, -ˈvɑː-/;[2][3] Czech and Slovak: Československo, Česko-Slovensko[4][5]), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Slovakia
on 1 January 1993. From 1939 to 1945, following its forced division and partial incorporation into Nazi Germany, the state did not de facto exist but its government-in-exile continued to operate. From 1948 to 1990, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
was part of the Soviet bloc with a command economy. Its economic status was formalized in membership of Comecon
Comecon
from 1949 and its defense status in the Warsaw Pact
Warsaw Pact
of May 1955
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Azerbaijani Language
 Azerbaijan  Russia DagestanRegulated by Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
National Academy of SciencesLanguage codesISO 639-1 azISO 639-2 azeISO 639-3 aze – inclusive code Individual codes: azj – North Azerbaijani azb – South Azerbaijani slq – Salchuq qxq – QashqaiGlottolog azer1255  North Azeri–Salchuq[2] sout2696  South Azeri–Qashqa'i[3]Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-aLocation of Azerbaijani speakers in Transcaucasia   regions where Azerbaijani is the language of the majority   regions where Azerbaijani is the language of a significant minorityThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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French Language
French (le français [lə fʁɑ̃sɛ] ( listen) or la langue française [la lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages
Celtic languages
of Northern Roman Gaul
Gaul
like Gallia Belgica
Gallia Belgica
and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders
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English Language
English is a West Germanic language
West Germanic language
that was first spoken in early medieval England
England
and is now a global lingua franca.[4][5] Named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to England, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea. It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic
North Germanic
language), as well as by Latin
Latin
and Romance languages, especially French.[6] English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English
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Czech Language
Czech (/tʃɛk/; čeština Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛʃcɪna]), historically also Bohemian[6] (/boʊˈhiːmiən, bə-/;[7] lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language
West Slavic language
of the Czech–Slovak group.[6] Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic. Czech is closely related to Slovak, to the point of mutual intelligibility to a very high degree.[8] Like other Slavic languages, Czech is a fusional language with a rich system of morphology and relatively flexible word order. Its vocabulary has been extensively influenced by Latin[9] and German.[10] The Czech–Slovak group developed within West Slavic
West Slavic
in the high medieval period, and the standardization of Czech and Slovak within the Czech–Slovak dialect continuum emerged in the early modern period
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Russian Language
Russian (Russian: ру́сский язы́к, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language
East Slavic language
and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and many minor or unrecognised territories throughout Eurasia
Eurasia
(particularly in Eastern Europe, the Baltics, the Caucasus, and Central Asia). It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Latvia, Moldova, Ukraine
Ukraine
and to a lesser extent, the other post-Soviet states.[31][32] Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
and is one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages
Slavic languages
(which in turn is part of the larger Balto-Slavic branch)
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Kurdistan
Coordinates: 37°00′N 43°00′E / 37.000°N 43.000°E / 37.000; 43.000Kurdistan کوردستانKurdish-inhabited areas (1992)Language KurdishLocation Upper Mesopotamia, and the Zagros
Zagros
Mountains, including parts of Eastern Anatolia Region
Eastern Anatolia Region
(Armenian Highlands) and southeastern Anatolia, northern Syria, northern Iraq, and the northwestern Iranian Plateau.[1]Parts Northern Kurdistan Southern Kurdistan Eastern Kurdistan Western KurdistanCountries  Turkey  Iraq  Iran  Syria Area
Area
(est.) 190,000–390,000 km²–500,000 km² 74,000–151,000 sq
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Assyrian People
250,000-400,000 (1.4 million - 2 million Pre- Iraq
Iraq
War)[7][8][5] Iran 20,000-50,000[9][10] Turkey 15,000–65,000[9][11][8]Diaspora: Numbers can vary Sweden 120,000[12] Germany 70,000-100,000[13][14] United States 80,000-400,000[15] [16] Australia 46,217[17] Jordan 44,000-60,000[18][5] Lebanon 39,000-200,000[19][20][5] Netherlands 20,000[21] France 16,000[22] Belgium 15,000[21] Russia 15,000[23] Canada 10,810[24] Denmark 10,000[21] 
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Iranian Revolution
Imperial State of IranRegency Council[a] Resurgence Party Imperial Iranian Army[b] Imperial Guard SAVAK Shahrbani Gendarmerie Revolution
Revolution
Council Interim GovernmentOpposition groups:Confederation of Iranian Students Islamic Association of Students Combatant Clergy Association Islamic Coalition Societies Fedayeen of Islam Islamist Guerrillas Movement of Militant Muslims JAMA National Front Freedom Movement Nation Party Tudeh Party People's Mujahedin Union of Communist Militants Peykar People's Fedai GuerrillasLead figures
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Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
(Persian: محمدرضا پهلوی‎, translit. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, pronounced [mohæmˈmæd reˈzɒː ˈʃɒːh pæhlæˈviː]; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980),[3] known as Mohammad Reza Shah
Reza Shah
(Persian: محمدرضا شاه‎, translit. Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah
Shah
of Iran
Iran
from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah
Reza Shah
took the title Shahanshah ("King of Kings")[4] on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah
Reza Shah
Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr
Aryamehr
("Light of the Aryans") and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief")
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Khomeini
Sayyid
Sayyid
Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini
Khomeini
(Persian: سید روح‌الله موسوی خمینی‎ [ruːhoɫˈɫɑːhe χomeiˈniː] ( listen); 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world
Western world
as Ayatollah
Ayatollah
Khomeini,[11] was an Iranian Shia
Shia
Muslim
Muslim
religious leader and politician. He was the founder of Iran
Iran
as an Islamic republic
Islamic republic
and the leader of its 1979 Iranian Revolution
Iranian Revolution
that saw the overthrow of 2500 years of Persian monarchy and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah
Shah
of Iran
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