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Abdul Illah, Regent Of Iraq
'Abd al-Ilah
'Abd al-Ilah
of Hejaz, GCB, GCMG, GCVO (Arabic: عبد الإله; also written Abdul Ilah or Abdullah; 14 November 1913 – 14 July 1958) was a cousin and brother-in-law of King Ghazi of Iraq.[2] 'Abd al-Ilah served as Regent
Regent
for Faisal II from 4 April 1939 to 23 May 1953, when Faisal came of age
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New York Times
The New York Times
The New York Times
(sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City
New York City
with worldwide influence and readership.[6][7][8] Founded in 1851, the paper has won 122 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper.[9][10] As of September 2016, it had the largest combined print-and-digital circulation of any daily newspaper in the United States.[11] The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation. The paper is owned by The New York Times
The New York Times
Company, which is publicly traded but primarily controlled by the Ochs-Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure.[12] It has been owned by the family since 1896; A.G
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Rashid Ali Al-Kaylani
Rashid Ali al-Gaylani[note 1] (Arabic: رشيد عالي الكيلاني‎, Arabic pronunciation: [raʃiːd ʕaːliː al.keːlaːniː]) (1892 – August 28, 1965) was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of the Kingdom of Iraq
Kingdom of Iraq
on three occasions: from March to November 1933, from March 1940 to February 1941 and from April to May 1941. He is chiefly remembered as an Arab nationalist who attempted to remove the British influence from Iraq
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Nazi Germany
Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°24′E / 52.517°N 13.400°E / 52.517; 13.400 "Drittes Reich" redirects here
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Coup D'état
A coup d'état (/ˌkuː deɪˈtɑː/ ( listen); French: [ku deta]), also known simply as a coup, a putsch (/pʊtʃ/), golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.[1]Contents1 Terminology1.1 Etymology 1.2 Use of the phrase 1.3 Putsch 1.4 Pronunciamiento2 History 3 Types 4 Predictors 5 Coup-proofing 6 Democratization 7 Repression after failed coups, and counter-coups 8 International responses 9 In Popular Media 10 Current leaders who assumed power via coups d'état 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 Bibliography 15 External linksTerminology[edit] Etymology[edit] Coup is when a country or a team attempt at taking something that is not theirs. The phrase coup d'état is French, literally meaning a "stroke of state" or "blow against the state"
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Nuri As-Said
Nuri Pasha al-Said (December 1888 – 15 July 1958) (Arabic: نوري السعيد‎) was an Iraqi politician during the British Mandate of Iraq
Iraq
and the Kingdom of Iraq. He held various key cabinet positions and served fourteen terms as Prime Minister of Iraq. From his first appointment as prime minister under the British mandate in 1930, Nuri was a major political figure in Iraq
Iraq
under the monarchy. During his many terms in office, he was involved in some of the key policy decisions that shaped the modern Iraqi state
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Amman
Amman
Amman
(English: /ɑːˈmɑːn/; Arabic: عمّان‎ ʻammān pronounced [ʕamːaːn]) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.[4] Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman
Amman
is the administrative centre of the Amman
Amman
Governorate. The city has a population of 4,007,526 and a land area of 1,680 square kilometres (648.7 square miles).[5] Today, Amman
Amman
is considered to be among the most liberal and westernized Arab cities.[6] It is a major tourist destination in the region, particularly among Arab and European tourists.[7] The earliest evidence of settlement in the area is a Neolithic
Neolithic
site known as 'Ain Ghazal
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Abdullah I Of Jordan
Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan
King of Jordan
(Arabic: عبد الله الأول بن الحسين‎, Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire, was the second of three sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir
Emir
of Mecca
Mecca
and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah (d. 1886). According to Abdullah, he was a 38th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad
Muhammad
as he belongs to the Hashemite
Hashemite
family. He was educated in Constantinople
Constantinople
and Hejaz. From 1909 to 1914, Abdullah sat in the Ottoman legislature, as deputy for Mecca, but allied with Britain during World War I. Between 1916 and 1918, working with the British guerrilla leader T. E
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List Of Kings Of Jordan
The King of the Hashemite
Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan
Jordan
is Jordan's head of state and monarch. He serves as the head of the Jordanian monarchy — the Hashemite
Hashemite
dynasty. The king is addressed as His Majesty (صاحب الجلالة).Contents1 History 2 Succession 3 Monarchs of Jordan
Jordan
(1921–present)3.1 Emirate of Transjordan
Emirate of Transjordan
(1921–1946) 3.2 Hashemite
Hashemite
Kingdom of Transjordan/ Jordan
Jordan
(1946–present)4 Timeline 5 Royal Standard 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] Further information: History of Jordan The Jordanian monarchy was set up in 1921. The sons of Hussein bin Ali, the Sharif of Mecca
Sharif of Mecca
from 1908 until 1916, were set up as kings of Iraq and Jordan
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Emirate Of Transjordan
Coordinates: 31°57′N 35°56′E / 31.950°N 35.933°E / 31.950; 35.933 Emirate
Emirate
of Transjordanإمارة شرق الأردن Imārat Sharq al-UrdunMandate for Palestine and Transjordan memorandum1921–1946FlagThe regions administered by the EmirateCapital AmmanLanguages ArabicGovernment MonarchyEmir •  1921–1946 Abdullah IBritish Representative •  1921 Albert Abramson •  1921 T. E
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe
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Anglo-Iraqi War
Allies:  United Kingdom 'Abd al-Ilah
'Abd al-Ilah
loyalists Assyrian Levies  British Palestine[1] Transjordan India Australia[nb 1]  New Zealand[nb 2]  Greece[nb 3]Axis:  Iraq  Germany[5]  Italy[6] Supported by: Vichy FranceCommanders and leaders Claude Auchinleck Archibald Wavell[9] Edward Quinan[10] William Fraser[9] William Slim H. G
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Pahlavi Dynasty
The Pahlavi dynasty
Pahlavi dynasty
(Persian: دودمان پهلوی‬‎) was the ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran
Iran
from 1925
1925
until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah
Reza Shah
Pahlavi in 1925, a former Brigadier-General of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran
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1941 Iraqi Coup D'état
Kingdom of Iraq
Iraq
Supported by:  United Kingdom Golden Square Supported by:  GermanyCommanders and leaders 'Abd al-Ilah Regent
Regent
of Iraq Taha al-Hashimi Prime Minister of Iraq Rashid Ali al-Gaylani Col. Salah al-Din al-Sabbagh 3rd Division Commander Col. Kamil Shabib 1st Division Commander Col. Fahmi Said Independent Mechanized Brigade Commander Col
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Allies Of World War II
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations
United Nations
from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers
Axis powers
during the Second World War (1939–1945). The Allies promoted the alliance as seeking to stop German, Japanese and Italian aggression. At the start of the war on 1 September 1939, the Allies consisted of France, Poland and the United Kingdom, and dependent states, such as British India. Within days they were joined by the independent Dominions
Dominions
of the British Commonwealth: Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa.[1] After the start of the German invasion of North Europe till the Balkan Campaign, the Netherlands, Belgium, Greece, and Yugoslavia joined the Allies
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