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Abbey Cwmhir
ABBEYCWMHIR or Abbey
Abbey
Cwmhir (Welsh : Abaty Cwm Hir, " Abbey
Abbey
in the Long Valley") is a village and community . in the valley of the Nant Clywedog in Powys , Wales. CONTENTS * 1 The Abbey
Abbey
* 2 Places of note * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links THE ABBEYThe village is named after Cwmhir Abbey , the Cistercian abbey built there in 1143. It was the largest Abbey
Abbey
in Wales
Wales
but was never completed. Its fourteen bay nave was longer than Canterbury and Salisbury Cathedral naves and twice as long as that at St. Davids. It was a daughter house of Whitland Abbey
Abbey
, and constructed at the behest of three sons of Madog , the then Prince of southern Powys
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Madog
MADOC, also spelled MADOG, AB OWAIN GWYNEDD was, according to folklore , a Welsh prince who sailed to America in 1170, over three hundred years before Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
's voyage in 1492. According to the story, he was a son of Owain Gwynedd , and took to the sea to flee internecine violence at home. The " Madoc story" legend evidently evolved out of a medieval tradition about a Welsh hero's sea voyage, to which only allusions survive. However, it attained its greatest prominence during the Elizabethan era
Elizabethan era
, when English and Welsh writers wrote of the claim that Madoc had come to the Americas as an assertion of prior discovery, and hence legal possession, of North America by the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England

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Whitland Abbey
WHITLAND ABBEY (Welsh : Abaty Hendy-gwyn ar Daf or simply Y Tŷ Gwyn ar Daf; Latin
Latin
, Albalanda) was a country house and Cistercian abbey in the parish of Llangan , in what was the hundred of Narbeth , Carmarthenshire , Wales
Wales
. The town which grew up nearby is now named Whitland after it. It was widely known as TY GWYN AR DAF, meaning White House on the Taf, in reference to the country house originally built here before it became a monastic settlement which was known under that name. It is most associated with being the place where Hywel Dda
Hywel Dda
drew up his laws around 940. It functioned as a Cistercian monastery between the 12th and 16th centuries
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Kingdom Of Powys
The KINGDOM OF POWYS was a Welsh successor state , petty kingdom and principality that emerged during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
following the end of Roman rule in Britain . It very roughly covered the top two thirds of the modern county of Powys
Powys
and part of the east midlands (see map). More precisely, and based on the Romano-British tribal lands of the Ordovices in the west and the Cornovii in the east, its boundaries originally extended from the Cambrian Mountains in the west to include the modern West Midlands region of England in the east. The fertile river valleys of the Severn and Tern are found here, and this region is referred to in later Welsh literature as "the Paradise of Powys"
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Mortimer
MORTIMER is an English surname . CONTENTS * 1 Norman origins * 2 Medieval magnates * 3 Other people * 4 Fictional characters * 5 See also * 6 References NORMAN ORIGINSThe origin of the name is Norman . One version is that it derives from "Mortemer", site of the Cistercian
Cistercian
Abbaye de Mortemer at Lisors near Lyons-la-Forêt and close to Rouen
Rouen
in Normandy
Normandy
. The land was granted to the Cistercians by Henry II of England
Henry II of England
in the 1180s. Finding the land to be a marshland area of the Lyons Forest around the running Fouillebroc stream, the monks dug out a large drainage lake and built the Abbaye de Mortemer. The ruins and lake can still be visited, and the later 16th century abbey hosts tours
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Earl Of Hereford
The title of EARL OF HEREFORD was created six times in the Peerage of England . See also Duke of Hereford , Viscount Hereford . Dates indicate the years the person held the title for
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Daughter House
A DEPENDENCY, among monastic orders , denotes the relation of a monastic community with a newer community which it has founded elsewhere. The relationship is that of the founding abbey or conventual priory , termed the motherhouse , with a monastery composed of the monks or nuns of the new community, which is called the daughter house. In that situation, the abbot or abbess (or prior or prioress in those monastic congregations which do not have abbots or abbesses) remains the ultimate authority for the affairs of the dependent priory , which is considered an extension of the founding house. This relationship will end at such time as the new community becomes fully autonomous in its own right. BONDSMonasteries of nuns can make a bond with a monastery of monks or friars, preferably within the same congregation or order, whereby the two are affiliated, and the fathers guarantee pastoral care to the nuns
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Nave
The NAVE /ˈneɪv/ is the central aisle of a basilica church , or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its western wall and its chancel . It is the zone of a church accessible by the laity . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Etymology * 3 History * 4 Record-holders * 5 See also * 6 References DESCRIPTIONThe nave extends from the entry — which may have a separate vestibule (the narthex ) — to the chancel and may be flanked by lower side-aisles separated from the nave by an arcade . If the aisles are high and of a width comparable to the central nave, the structure is sometimes said to have three naves. It provides the central approach to the high altar . ETYMOLOGYThe term _nave_ is from _navis_, the Latin word for _ship_, an early Christian symbol. The term may also have been suggested by the keel shape of the vaulting of a church
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Community (Wales)
A COMMUNITY (Welsh : cymuned) is a division of land in Wales
Wales
that forms the lowest tier of local government in Wales
Wales
. Welsh communities are analogous to civil parishes in England . In 2016 there were 870 communities in Wales. Until 1974 Wales
Wales
was divided into civil parishes. These were abolished by section 20 (6) of the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
, and replaced by communities by section 27 of the same Act. The principal areas of Wales
Wales
are divided entirely into communities. Unlike in England, where unparished areas exist, no part of Wales
Wales
is outside a community, even in urban areas . Most, but not all, communities are administered by Community councils , which are equivalent to English parish councils in terms of their powers and the way they operate
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Cistercian
A CISTERCIAN is a member of the CISTERCIAN ORDER (/sɪˈstɜːrʃən/ , abbreviated as OCIST or SOCIST (Latin : _(Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis_), a religious order of monks and nuns . They are variously called the BERNARDINES, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though the term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania ), or the WHITE MONKS, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cucculas worn by the Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales
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Abbey
An ABBEY is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess . It provides a place for religious activities, work and housing of Christian
Christian
monks and nuns . The concept of the abbey has developed over many centuries from the early monastic ways of religious men and women where they would live isolated from the lay community about them. Religious life in an abbey may be monastic. An abbey may be the home of an enclosed religious order or may be open to visitors. The layout of the church and associated buildings of an abbey often follows a set plan determined by the founding religious order. Abbeys are often self-sufficient while using any abundance of produce or skill to provide care to the poor and needy, refuge to the persecuted or education to the young. Some abbeys offer accommodation to people who are seeking spiritual retreat . There are many famous abbeys across Europe
Europe

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Rhys Ap Gruffydd
RHYS AP GRUFFYDD or AP GRUFFUDD (often anglicised to "Griffith") (1132 – 28 April 1197) was the ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth in south Wales
Wales
from 1155 to 1197. Today, he is commonly known as THE LORD RHYS, in Welsh Yr Arglwydd Rhys, although this title may have not been used in his lifetime. He usually used the title "Proprietary Prince of Deheubarth " or "Prince of South Wales", but two documents have been discovered in which he uses the title "Prince of Wales
Wales
" or "Prince of the Welsh ". Rhys was one of the most successful and powerful Welsh princes, and, after the death of Owain Gwynedd of Gwynedd in 1170, the dominant power in Wales. Rhys's grandfather, Rhys ap Tewdwr , was king of Deheubarth, and was killed at Brecon
Brecon
in 1093 by Bernard de Neufmarché
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Deheubarth
DEHEUBARTH (Welsh pronunciation: ; lit. "Right-hand Part", thus "the South") was a regional name for the realms of south Wales , particularly as opposed to Gwynedd (Latin: _Venedotia_). It is now used as a shorthand for the various realms united under the House of Dinefwr , but that Deheubarth itself was not considered a proper kingdom on the model of Gwynedd, Powys , or Dyfed is shown by its rendering in Latin as _dextralis pars_ or as _Britonnes dexterales_ ("the Southern Britons") and not as a named land. In the oldest British writers, _Deheubarth_ was used for _all_ of modern Wales to distinguish it from _ Y Gogledd _ or _ Hen Ogledd _, the northern lands whence Cunedda and the Cymry originated
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Prince Of Wales
PRINCE OF WALES (Welsh : Tywysog Cymru) was a title granted to princes born in Wales
Wales
from the 12th century onwards; the term replaced the use of the word king. One of the last Welsh princes , Llywelyn ap Gruffudd , was killed in battle in 1282 by Edward I, King of England , whose son Edward, born in Caernarfon Castle , was invested as Prince of Wales: the first English person to claim the title. Since the 13th century, the title is granted to the heir apparent to the English or British monarch , but the failure to be granted the title does not affect the rights to royal succession . The title is granted to the royal heir apparent as a personal honour or dignity, and the title is not heritable, merging with the Crown on accession to the throne. The title Earl of Chester is always given in conjunction with that of Prince of Wales. The Prince of Wales
Wales
usually has other titles and honours
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Byzantine
The BYZANTINE EMPIRE, also referred to as the EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages , when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul , which had been founded as Byzantium