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1910s
The 1910S (pronounced "nineteen-tens", also abbreviated as the "teens") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
that began on January 1, 1910, and ended on December 31, 1919. The 1910s
1910s
represented the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th century. The conservative lifestyles during the first half of the decade, as well as the legacy of military alliances , was forever changed by the assassination , on June 28, 1914, of Archduke Franz Ferdinand , the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne . The murder triggered a chain of events in which, within 33 days, World War I
World War I
broke out in Europe
Europe
on August 1, 1914. The conflict dragged on until a truce was declared on November 11, 1918, leading to the controversial, one-sided Treaty of Versailles , which was signed on June 28, 1919
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Military Alliance
A MILITARY ALLIANCE is an international agreement concerning national security , when the contracting parties promise to support each other in case of a crisis that has not been identified in advance. Military alliances differ from coalitions , as coalitions are formed for a crisis that are already known. Military alliances can be classified to defense pacts , non-aggression pacts and ententes . CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics * 2 European historiography * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Further reading CHARACTERISTICSMilitary alliances are related to collective security systems but can differ in nature. An early 1950s memorandum from the United States Department of State explained the difference by saying, that historically alliances "were designed to advance the respective nationalistic interests of the parties, and provided for joint military action if one of the parties in pursuit of such objectives became involved in war"
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Archduke
ARCHDUKE (feminine: ARCHDUCHESS; German: Erzherzog, feminine form: Erzherzogin) was the title borne from 1358 by the Habsburg
Habsburg
rulers of the Archduchy of Austria
Archduchy of Austria
, and later by all senior members of that dynasty. It denotes a rank within the former Holy Roman Empire (962–1806), which was below that of Emperor
Emperor
and King
King
and above that of (debatably) a Grand Duke
Grand Duke
, Duke
Duke
and Prince
Prince
. The territory ruled by an Archduke
Archduke
or Archduchess was called an Archduchy. All remaining Archduchies ceased to exist in 1918
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Decade
A DECADE is a period of ten years . The word is derived (via French and Latin) from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: δεκάς (/ðɛkˈɑːs/ , transliteration=dekas), which means a group of ten. Other words for spans of years also come from Latin: biennium (2 years), triennium (3 years), quadrennium (4 years), lustrum (5 years), century (100 years), millennium (1000 years). CONTENTS * 1 Distinctions * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links DISTINCTIONSAlthough any period of ten years is a decade, a convenient and frequently referenced interval is based on the tens digit of a calendar year, as in using "1960s" to represent the decade from 1960 to 1969
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21st Century
The 21ST CENTURY is the current century of the Anno Domini
Anno Domini
era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. It began on January 1, 2001 and will end on December 31, 2100. It is the first century of the 3rd millennium . It is distinct from the time span known as the 2000S, which began on January 1, 2000
2000
and will end on December 31, 2099
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Qing Dynasty
Tael (liǎng) PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY Later Jin Shun Southern Ming
Southern Ming
Tungning (Ming Zheng) Dzungar Republic of China Mongolia
Mongolia
Formosa The QING DYNASTY, also known as the QING EMPIRE, officially the GREAT QING (English: /tʃɪŋ/ ), was the last imperial dynasty of China , established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
and succeeded by the Republic of China . The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for the modern Chinese state . The dynasty was founded by the Jurchen Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria . In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci
Nurhaci
, originally a Ming vassal, began organizing "Banners ", military-social units that included Jurchen, Han Chinese, and Mongol elements
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Archduke Franz Ferdinand Of Austria
FRANZ FERDINAND CARL LUDWIG JOSEPH MARIA (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este , Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary
Hungary
and of Bohemia
Bohemia
and, from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His assassination in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia
Serbia
. This caused the Central Powers (including Germany and Austria-Hungary) and Serbia\'s allies to declare war on each other, starting World War I
World War I

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Heir Presumptive
An HEIR PRESUMPTIVE or HEIRESS PRESUMPTIVE is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an heir apparent , male or female, or of a new heir presumptive with a better claim to the position in question. The position is however subject to law and/or conventions that may alter who is entitled to be heir presumptive. Depending on the rules of the monarchy the heir presumptive might be the daughter of a monarch (if males take priority over females and the monarch has no sons), or the senior member of a collateral line (if the monarch is childless); the birth of a legitimate child to the monarch will displace the former heir presumptive by a new heir apparent or heir presumptive
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Monarchy
A MONARCHY is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy ), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch , exercises the role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic ), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy ), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy ). Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected. Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc
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Abdication
ABDICATION is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority. CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 Western classical antiquity * 3 British and Commonwealth history * 4 Japanese history * 5 Abdications * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links TERMINOLOGY Tomb effigy of heart of King John II Casimir Vasa at Abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris
Paris
, showing removal of the crown The word abdication derives from the Latin
Latin
abdicatio meaning to disown or renounce (from ab, away from, and dicare, to dedicate or relinquish). In its broadest sense abdication is the act of renouncing and resigning from any formal office, but it is applied especially to the supreme office of state . In Roman law
Roman law
the term was also applied to the disowning of a family member, such as the disinheriting of a son
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Ceasefire
A CEASEFIRE (or TRUCE), also called CEASE FIRE, is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. Ceasefires may be declared as part of a formal treaty , but they have also been called as part of an informal understanding between opposing forces. A ceasefire is usually more limited than a broader armistice , which is a formal agreement to end fighting. Successful ceasefires may be followed by armistices, and finally by peace treaties
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Throne
A THRONE is the seat of state of a potentate or dignitary , especially the seat occupied by a sovereign on state occasions; or the seat occupied by a pope or bishop on ceremonial occasions. "Throne" in an abstract sense can also refer to the monarchy or the Crown itself, an instance of metonymy , and is also used in many expressions such as "the power behind the throne ". When used in a political or governmental sense, throne typically refers to a civilization, nation, tribe, or other politically designated group that is organized or governed under an authoritarian system. Throughout much of human history societies have been governed under authoritarian systems, in particular dictatorial or autocratic systems, resulting in a wide variety of thrones that have been used by given heads of state
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19th Century
The 19TH CENTURY (1 January 1801
1801
– 31 December 1900) was the century marked by the collapse of the Spanish , Napoleonic , Holy Roman and Mughal empires. This paved the way for the growing influence of the British Empire
British Empire
, the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
, the United States
United States
, the German Empire
German Empire
, the French colonial empire and Meiji Japan
Japan
, with the British boasting unchallenged dominance after 1815. After the defeat of the French Empire and its allies in the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
, the British and Russian empires expanded greatly, becoming the world's leading powers. The Russian Empire
Russian Empire
expanded in central and far eastern Asia
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List Of Centuries
The pages listed below contain information about trends and events in particular CENTURIES and millenniums
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Western Front (World War I)
Decisive Entente victory * Armistice of Compiègne
Compiègne
BELLIGERENTSENTENTE POWERS : France
France
*
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