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1610s
The 1610s
1610s
decade ran from January
January
1, 1610, to December
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Millennium
A millennium (plural millennia or millenniums) is a period equal to 1000 years,[1] also called kiloyears. It derives from the Latin
Latin
mille, thousand, and annus, year. It is often, but not always, related to a particular dating system. Sometimes, it is used specifically for periods of a thousand years that begin at the starting point (initial reference point) of the calendar in consideration (typically the year "1"), or in later years that are whole number multiples of a thousand years after it
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Jamestown, Virginia
The Jamestown[1] settlement in the Colony of Virginia
Virginia
was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. It was located on the east bank of the Powhatan (James) River about 2.5 mi (4 km) southwest of the center of modern Williamsburg. William Kelso writes that Jamestown "is where the British Empire
British Empire
began".[2] It was established by the Virginia
Virginia
Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 (O.S.; May 14, 1607 N.S.),[3] and was considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610. It followed several failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke
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Galilean Moons
The Galilean moons
Galilean moons
are the four largest moons of Jupiter—Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. They were first seen by Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
in January 1610, and recognized by him as satellites of Jupiter
Jupiter
in March 1610.[1] They are the first objects found to orbit another planet. Their names derive from the lovers of Zeus. They are among the largest objects in the Solar System
Solar System
with the exception of the Sun
Sun
and the eight planets, with a radius larger than any of the dwarf planets. Ganymede is the largest moon in the Solar System, and is even bigger than the planet Mercury. The three inner moons—Io, Europa, and Ganymede—are in a 4:2:1 orbital resonance with each other
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Jupiter
by volume:6999890000000000000♠89%±2.0% hydrogen (H 2)6999100000000000000♠10%±2.0% helium (He)6997300000000000000♠0.3%±0.1% methane (CH 4)6996259999999999999♠0.026%±0.004% ammonia (NH 3)6995280000000000000♠0.0028%±0.001% hydrogen deuteride (HD)6994599999999999999♠0.0006%±0.0002% ethane (C 2H 6)6994400000000000000♠0.0004%±0.0004% water (H 2O)Ices:ammonia (NH 3) water (H 2O) ammonium hydrosulfide (NH 4SH) Jupiter
Jupiter
is the fifth planet from the Sun
Sun
and the largest in the Solar System. It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two-and-a-half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System
Solar System
combined. Jupiter
Jupiter
and Saturn
Saturn
are gas giants; the other two giant planets, Uranus
Uranus
and Neptune
Neptune
are ice giants
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Ganymede (moon)
Ganymede /ˈɡænɪmiːd/[11] ( Jupiter
Jupiter
III) is the largest and most massive moon of Jupiter
Jupiter
and in the Solar System. The ninth largest object in the Solar System, it is the largest without a substantial atmosphere. It has a diameter of 5,268 km (3,273 mi) and is 8% larger than the planet Mercury, although only 45% as massive.[12] Possessing a metallic core, it has the lowest moment of inertia factor of any solid body in the Solar System
Solar System
and is the only moon known to have a magnetic field
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Callisto (moon)
Callisto /kəˈlɪstoʊ/[9] ( Jupiter
Jupiter
IV) is the second-largest moon of Jupiter, after Ganymede. It is the third-largest moon in the Solar System after Ganymede and Saturn's largest moon Titan, and the largest object in the Solar System
Solar System
not to be properly differentiated. Callisto was discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei
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Europa (moon)
Europa /jʊəˈroʊpə/ ( listen) yoor-OH-pə,[10] (Jupiter II), is the smallest of the four Galilean moons
Galilean moons
orbiting Jupiter, and the sixth-closest to the planet. It is also the sixth-largest moon in the Solar System. Europa was discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei[1] and was named after Europa, the legendary mother of King Minos
Minos
of Crete
Crete
and lover of Zeus
Zeus
(the Greek equivalent of the Roman god Jupiter). Slightly smaller than Earth's Moon, Europa is primarily made of silicate rock and has a water-ice crust[11] and probably an iron–nickel core. It has a tenuous atmosphere composed primarily of oxygen. Its surface is striated by cracks and streaks, whereas craters are relatively rare
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Io (moon)
Io ( Jupiter
Jupiter
I) is the innermost of the four Galilean moons
Galilean moons
of the planet Jupiter. It is the fourth-largest moon, has the highest density of all the moons, and has the least amount of water of any known astronomical object in the Solar System. It was discovered in 1610 and was named after the mythological character Io, a priestess of Hera
Hera
who became one of Zeus' lovers. With over 400 active volcanoes, Io is the most geologically active object in the Solar System.[8][9] This extreme geologic activity is the result of tidal heating from friction generated within Io's interior as it is pulled between Jupiter
Jupiter
and the other Galilean satellites—Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. Several volcanoes produce plumes of sulfur and sulfur dioxide that climb as high as 500 km (300 mi) above the surface
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May 14
May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 231 days remaining until the end of the year
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François Ravaillac
François Ravaillac (French pronunciation: ​[fʁɑ̃swa ʁavajak]; 1578[1] – 27 May 1610) was a French factotum in the courts of Angoulême and a committer of regicide. An occasional tutor and Catholic zealot, he murdered King Henry IV of France in 1610.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life and education 1.2 Regicide 1.3 Trial and execution2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Early life and education[edit] Ravaillac was born at Angoulême of an educated family: his grandfather François Ravaillac, was prosecutor of Angoulême, and two of his uncles were canons of the Cathedral of Angoulême.[2] His father Jean Ravaillac was a violent man whose many misdeeds were a public scandal and caused legal difficulties; his mother Françoise Dubreuil (sister of the canons) was known for her Catholic piety. The son Ravaillac began work as a servant, later becoming a school teacher
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Henry IV Of France
Henry IV (French: Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre [ɑ̃ʁi katʁ]; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre
King of Navarre
(as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France
King of France
from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the House of Bourbon, another branch of the Capetian dynasty (through Louis IX, as the previous House of Valois
House of Valois
had been through Philip II). He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII.[1] Baptised as a Catholic
Catholic
but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, Henry inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion, barely escaping assassination in the St
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May 23
May
May
23 is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 222 days remaining until the end of the year
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Thomas Gates (governor)
Sir Thomas Gates (fl. 1585–1622), was the governor of Jamestown, in the English colony of Virginia
Virginia
(now the Commonwealth of Virginia, part of the United States of America). His predecessor, George Percy, through inept leadership, was responsible for the lives lost during the period called the Starving Time. The English-born Gates arrived to find a few surviving starving colonists commanded by Percy, and assumed command
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January 7
January
January
7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 358 days remaining until the end of the year (359 in leap years)
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Ralph Hamor
Captain Ralph Hamor was one of the original colonists to settle in Virginia, and author of A True Discourse of the Present State of Virginia, which he wrote when he returned to London in 1615. Spellings of his first and last name vary and alternate spellings include "Raphe", "Hamer", and "Haman".[1]Contents1 Family and education 2 Career 3 Indian attack of 1622 4 Later years 5 ReferencesFamily and education[edit] Hamor was one of eight children born to Raphe Hamor and Mabell Loveland Hamor and was baptized in the parish of Saint Nicholas Acons, London on February 16, 1589
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