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1610s
The 1610S decade ran from January
January
1, 1610, to December 31, 1619
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May 14
MAY 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. There are 231 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Tuesday or Wednesday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Friday or Sunday (56)
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Io (moon)
IO /ˈaɪ.oʊ/ (JUPITER I) is the innermost of the four Galilean moons of the planet Jupiter
Jupiter
. It is the fourth-largest moon , has the highest density of all the moons, and has the least amount of water of any known astronomical object in the Solar System
Solar System
. It was discovered in 1610 and was named after the mythological character Io , a priestess of Hera who became one of Zeus
Zeus
' lovers. With over 400 active volcanoes , Io is the most geologically active object in the Solar System. This extreme geologic activity is the result of tidal heating from friction generated within Io's interior as it is pulled between Jupiter
Jupiter
and the other Galilean satellites—Europa , Ganymede and Callisto . Several volcanoes produce plumes of sulfur and sulfur dioxide that climb as high as 500 km (300 mi) above the surface
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François Ravaillac
FRANçOIS RAVAILLAC (French pronunciation: ​ ; 1578 – 27 May 1610) was a French factotum in the courts of Angoulême
Angoulême
and a regicide . An occasional tutor and Catholic
Catholic
zealot, he murdered King Henry IV of France in 1610. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life and education * 1.2 Regicide
Regicide
* 1.3 Trial and execution * 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONRavaillac was born at Angoulême
Angoulême
of an educated family: his grandfather François Ravaillac, was prosecutor of Angoulême, and two of his uncles were canons of the Cathedral of Angoulême. His father Jean Ravaillac was a violent man whose many misdeeds were a public scandal and caused legal difficulties; his mother Françoise Dubreuil (sister of the canons) was known for her Catholic
Catholic
piety
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Henry IV Of France
HENRY IV (French : Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre pronounced ; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre (as HENRY III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France
France
from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
, a branch of the Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
. Baptised as a Catholic
Catholic
but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Jeanne d\' Albret , Queen of Navarre , he inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot
Huguenot
, Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion , barely escaping assassination in the St. Bartholomew\'s Day massacre , and later led Protestant forces against the royal army
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May 23
MAY 23 is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. There are 222 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Thursday or Friday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Sunday (56)
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Europa (moon)
EUROPA /jʊərˈroʊpə/ ( listen ) (JUPITER II), is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter
Jupiter
, and the sixth-closest to the planet. It is also the sixth-largest moon in the Solar System
Solar System
. Europa was discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
and was named after Europa , the legendary mother of King Minos
Minos
of Crete
Crete
and lover of Zeus (the Greek equivalent of the Roman god Jupiter
Jupiter
). Slightly smaller than Earth\'s Moon
Moon
, Europa is primarily made of silicate rock and has a water-ice crust and probably an iron–nickel core. It has a tenuous atmosphere composed primarily of oxygen . Its surface is striated by cracks and streaks, whereas craters are relatively rare
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Callisto (moon)
CALLISTO /kəˈlɪstoʊ/ (JUPITER IV) is the second-largest moon of Jupiter
Jupiter
, after Ganymede . It is the third-largest moon in the Solar System after Ganymede and Saturn
Saturn
's largest moon Titan , and the largest object in the Solar System
Solar System
not to be properly differentiated . Callisto was discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
. At 7006482100000000000♠4821 km in diameter, Callisto has about 99% the diameter of the planet Mercury but only about a third of its mass. It is the fourth Galilean moon of Jupiter
Jupiter
by distance, with an orbital radius of about 7009188300000000000♠1883000 km. It is not in an orbital resonance like the three other Galilean satellites—Io , Europa , and Ganymede —and is thus not appreciably tidally heated
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Galileo Galilei
GALILEO GALILEI (Italian: ; 15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath : astronomer , physicist , engineer , philosopher , and mathematician . He played a major role in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus
Venus
, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter
Jupiter
(named the Galilean moons
Galilean moons
in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots . Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments. Galileo's championing of heliocentrism and Copernicanism was controversial during his lifetime, when most subscribed to either geocentrism or the Tychonic system
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Galilean Moons
The GALILEAN MOONS are the four largest moons of Jupiter
Jupiter
—Io , Europa , Ganymede , and Callisto . They were first seen by Galileo Galilei in January 1610, and recognized by him as satellites of Jupiter
Jupiter
in March 1610. They are the first objects found to orbit another planet. Their names derive from the lovers of Zeus
Zeus
. They are among the largest objects in the Solar System
Solar System
with the exception of the Sun
Sun
and the eight planets , with a radius larger than any of the dwarf planets . Ganymede is the largest moon in the Solar System, and is even bigger than the planet Mercury . The three inner moons—Io, Europa, and Ganymede—are in a 4:2:1 orbital resonance with each other. Because of their much smaller size, and therefore weaker self-gravitation , all of Jupiter's remaining moons have irregular forms rather than a spherical shape
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Jupiter
by volume: 89.8±2.0% hydrogen (H2) 10.2±2.0% helium (He) ≈ 0.3% methane (CH4) ≈ 0.026% ammonia (NH3) ≈ 0.003% hydrogen deuteride (HD) 0.0006% ethane (C2H6) 0.0004% water (H2O)ICES: * ammonia (NH3) * water (H2O) * ammonium hydrosulfide (NH4SH)JUPITER is the fifth planet from the Sun
Sun
and the largest in the Solar System . It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two and a half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System
Solar System
combined. Jupiter
Jupiter
and Saturn
Saturn
are gas giants ; the other two giant planets, Uranus
Uranus
and Neptune
Neptune
are ice giants . Jupiter
Jupiter
has been known to astronomers since antiquity. The Romans named it after their god Jupiter
Jupiter

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Ganymede (moon)
GANYMEDE /ˈɡænɪmiːd/ (JUPITER III) is the largest and most massive moon of Jupiter
Jupiter
and in the Solar System
Solar System
. The ninth largest object in the Solar System, it is the largest without a substantial atmosphere. It has a diameter of 5,268 km (3,273 mi) and is 8% larger than the planet Mercury , although only 45% as massive. Possessing a metallic core , it has the lowest moment of inertia factor of any solid body in the Solar System
Solar System
and is the only moon known to have a magnetic field . It is the third of the Galilean moons , the first group of objects discovered orbiting another planet, and the seventh satellite outward from Jupiter
Jupiter
, Ganymede orbits Jupiter
Jupiter
in roughly seven days and is in a 1:2:4 orbital resonance with the moons Europa and Io , respectively
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Jamestown, Virginia
The JAMESTOWN settlement in the Colony of Virginia
Virginia
was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. William Kelso writes that Jamestown "is where the British Empire began". It was established by the Virginia
Virginia
Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 (O.S. ; May 14, 1607 N.S. ), and was considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610. It followed several failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke . Jamestown served as the capital of the colony of Virginia
Virginia
for 83 years, from 1616 until 1699. The settlement was located within the country of Tsenacommacah , which was ruled by the Powhatan Confederacy , and specifically in that of the Paspahegh tribe. The natives initially welcomed and provided crucial provisions and support for the colonists, who were not agriculturally inclined
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Thomas Gates (governor)
SIR THOMAS GATES (fl. 1585–1622), was the governor of Jamestown , in the English colony of Virginia
Virginia
(now the Commonwealth of Virginia , part of the United States of America
United States of America
). His predecessor, George Percy , through inept leadership, was responsible for the lives lost during the period called the Starving Time . The English-born Gates arrived to find a few surviving starving colonists commanded by Percy, and assumed command. Gates ruled with deputy governor Sir Thomas Dale . Their controlled, strict methods helped the early colonies survive. However, they did not assist in making them thrive
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Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr
THOMAS WEST, 3RD AND 12TH BARON DE LA WARR /ˈdɛləwɛər/ (9 July 1577 – 7 June 1618) was an English politician, for whom the bay , the river , and, consequently, a Native American people and U.S. state , all later called " Delaware
Delaware
", were named. "De La Warr" is pronounced "Delaware". There have been two creations of Baron De La Warr , and West came from the second. He was the son of Thomas West, 2nd Baron De La Warr , of Wherwell Abbey in Hampshire
Hampshire
and Anne Knollys, daughter of Catherine Carey; making him a great-grandson of Mary Boleyn
Mary Boleyn
. He was born at Wherwell, Hampshire, England, and died at sea while travelling from England to the Colony of Virginia
Colony of Virginia

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