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1590s
The 1590S decade ran from January
January
1, 1590, to December 31, 1599
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Henry IV Of France
HENRY IV (French : Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre pronounced ; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre (as HENRY III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France
France
from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
, a branch of the Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
. Baptised as a Catholic
Catholic
but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Jeanne d\' Albret , Queen of Navarre , he inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot , Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion
French Wars of Religion
, barely escaping assassination in the St. Bartholomew\'s Day massacre , and later led Protestant forces against the royal army
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Battle Of Ivry
The BATTLE OF IVRY was fought on 14 March 1590, during the French Wars of Religion . The battle was a decisive victory for Henry IV of France
France
, leading Huguenot and English forces against the Catholic League by the Duc de Mayenne and Spanish forces under the Count of Egmont . Henry's forces were victorious and he went on to lay siege to Paris
Paris
. The battle occurred on the plain of Épieds, Eure near Ivry (later renamed Ivry-la-Bataille ), Normandy
Normandy
. Ivry-la-Bataille is located on the Eure River and about thirty miles west of Paris
Paris
, at the boundary between the Île-de- France
France
and the Beauce regions
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Catholic League (French)
The CATHOLIC LEAGUE OF FRANCE (French : La Ligue catholique), sometimes referred to by contemporary (and modern) Catholics as the HOLY LEAGUE (La Sainte Ligue), was a major participant in the French Wars of Religion . Formed by Henry I, Duke of Guise , in 1576, the League intended the eradication of Protestants—mainly Calvinists or Huguenots
Huguenots
—out of Catholic France during the Protestant Reformation , as well as the replacement of King Henry III . Pope Sixtus V
Pope Sixtus V
, Philip II of Spain
Philip II of Spain
, and the Jesuits
Jesuits
were all supporters of this Catholic party
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Charles, Duke Of Mayenne
CHARLES OF LORRAINE, DUKE OF MAYENNE (26 March 1554 – 3 October 1611), or CHARLES DE GUISE, was a French nobleman of the house of Guise and a military leader of the Catholic
Catholic
League , which he headed during the French Wars of Religion
French Wars of Religion
, following the assassination of his brothers at Blois
Blois
in 1588. In 1596, when he made peace with Henri of Navarre , the wars were essentially at an end
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May
MAY is the fifth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the third month to have the length of 31 days. May
May
is also the month with the shortest name with three letters. May
May
is a month of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and autumn in the Southern Hemisphere. Therefore, May
May
in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
is the seasonal equivalent of November
November
in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa. Late May
May
typically marks the start of the summer vacation season in the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
and ends on Labor Day , first Monday of September
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March 14
MARCH 14 is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar . There are 292 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Thursday or Friday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Sunday (56)
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Breda
BREDA (Dutch pronunciation: ( listen )) is a municipality and a city in the southern part of the Netherlands
Netherlands
. The name Breda
Breda
derived from brede Aa ('wide Aa' or 'broad Aa') and refers to the confluence of the rivers Mark and Aa . As a fortified city , the city was of strategic military and political significance. Although a direct Fiefdom
Fiefdom
of the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
, the city obtained a municipal charter ; the acquisition of Breda, through marriage, by the house of Nassau ensured that Breda
Breda
would be at the center of political and social life in the Low Countries
Low Countries
. Breda
Breda
had a population of 180,420 in 2017; the metropolitan area had a population of 324,812
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Millennium
A MILLENNIUM (plural MILLENNIA or MILLENNIUMS) is a period equal to 1000 years , also called kiloyears. It derives from the Latin
Latin
mille, thousand, and annus, year. It is often, but not always, related to a particular dating system . Sometimes, it is used specifically for periods of a thousand years that begin at the starting point (initial reference point) of the calendar in consideration (typically the year "1"), or in later years that are whole number multiples of a thousand years after it. The term can also refer to an interval of time beginning on any date. Frequently in the latter case (and sometimes also in the former) it may have religious or theological implications (see millenarianism ). Sometimes in use, such an interval called a "millennium" might be interpreted less precisely, i.e., not always being exactly 1000 years long. It could be, for example, 1050, etc
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March
MARCH is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars . It is the second month to have a length of 31 days. In the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
, the meteorological beginning of spring occurs on the first day of March. The March equinox on the 20th or 21st marks the astronomical beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
and the beginning of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere, where September
September
is the seasonal equivalent of the Northern Hemisphere's March
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Maurice Of Nassau, Prince Of Orange
MAURICE OF ORANGE (Dutch: Maurits van Oranje) (14 November 1567 – 23 April 1625) was stadtholder of all the provinces of the Dutch Republic except for Friesland
Friesland
from 1585 at earliest until his death in 1625. Before he became Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange
upon the death of his eldest half-brother Philip William in 1618, he was known as MAURICE OF NASSAU. Maurice spent his youth in Dillenburg
Dillenburg
in Nassau , and studied in Heidelberg
Heidelberg
and Leiden
Leiden
. He succeeded his father William the Silent
William the Silent
as stadtholder of Holland
Holland
and Zeeland
Zeeland
in 1585, and became stadtholder of Utrecht, Guelders
Guelders
and Overijssel
Overijssel
in 1590, and of Groningen in 1620
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Capture Of Breda (1590)
The CAPTURE OF BREDA or the SIEGE OF BREDA was a short battle during the Eighty Years\' War and the Anglo–Spanish War during which a Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Nassau captured the heavily protected city of Breda . Using a clever tactic reminiscent of the Trojan horse a small assault force hid in a peat barge entered the city of Breda and proceeded to take it over resulting in a minimum number of casualties. It was the turning point of the war as the forces under Maurice were able to take the offensive. CONTENTS* 1 Background * 1.1 The Peat Barge * 2 Assault * 2.1 Surrender * 3 Consequences * 3.1 Legacy * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References BACKGROUNDThe city of Breda was located in the confluence of the rivers Aa and Mark , in the province of Brabant and the main city of the zone. It was well fortified, and was surrounded by a defensive moat fed by waters of the Mark river
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Siege Of Paris (1590)
City of Paris
Paris
Catholic League of France Spain COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France
Peregrine Bertie Duke of Nemours Duke of Parma STRENGTH 12,000 rising to 25,000 Approx: 30,000–50,000 * v * t * e French Wars of Religion
French Wars of Religion
* Mérindol (1545) * Amboise (1560) ------------------------- 1st–7th wars 1562–63 Edict of Saint-Germain Vassy Rouen Vergt Dreux Orléans Edict of Amboise 1567–68 Saint-Denis Chartres 1568–70 Jarnac La Roche-l\'Abeille Orthez Moncontour 1572–73 Mons St
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Alexander Farnese, Duke Of Parma
ALEXANDER FARNESE (Italian : ALESSANDRO FARNESE, Spanish : ALEJANDRO FARNESIO) (27 August 1545 – 3 December 1592) was Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1586 to 1592, and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands
Netherlands
from 1578 to 1592. He is best known for his successful campaign 1578-1592 against the Dutch Revolt
Dutch Revolt
, in which he captured the main cities in the south (now Belgium) and returned them to the control of Catholic Spain. His talents as a field commander, strategist and organizer earned him the regard of his contemporaries and military historians as the first captain of his age
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August 18
AUGUST 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. There are 135 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Sunday or Monday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Wednesday or Friday (56)
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October 24
OCTOBER 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
. There are 68 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Thursday or Friday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Sunday (56)
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