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Štrpci Massacre
The Štrpci massacre
Štrpci massacre
was the massacre of 19 civilians (18 Bosniaks
Bosniaks
and one Croat) on 27 February 1993, taken from a Belgrade-Bar train at Štrpci station near Višegrad, on Bosnian territory. Fifteen Serbs were arrested in December 2014 and charged with war crimes for their participation in the massacre. Background[edit] The Belgrade-Bar railway crosses into Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
for 9 km, between the stations at Zlatibor
Zlatibor
and Priboj, both in Serbia. There is one station, Štrpci, but there are no border crossing facilities and trains do not routinely call at the station. The abducted passengers were taken off the train, robbed and physically abused
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3rd Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 3rd Corps of the Bosnian Army was one of five, later seven. It was established by the order of the Commander of Main Staff of the Bosnian Army Sefer Halilović on 9 November 1992 under Alija Izetbegović. This Corps was formed to unite the rest of the Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina and some Bosnian Special
Special
Forces and Civilian Forces.Contents1 Operational Zone 2 Command2.1 Commanders3 Operational Groups 4 3rd Corps UnitsOperational Zone[edit] The operational zone for the 3rd Corps were the districts of : Banja Luka, Bosanska Dubica, Bosanska Gradiška, Breza, Bugojno, Busovača, Čelinac, Donji Vakuf, Gornji Vakuf, Jajce, Kakanj, Kotor Varoš, Kupres, Laktaši, Mrkonjić Grad, Novi Travnik, Prnjavor, Skender Vakuf, Srbac, Šipovo, Travnik, Vitez, Zavidovići, Zenica
Zenica
and Žepče
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Ethnic Cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
is the systematic forced removal of ethnic, racial and/or religious groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.[1][page needed] The forces applied may be various forms of forced migration (deportation, population transfer), intimidation, as well as genocide and genocidal rape.
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Black Swans (special Forces)
The Black Swans (Bosnian: Crni Labudovi) was a paramilitary unit[5] and special forces unit within the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was a "Patriotic League" unit formed in 1992 in Sapna, under the 2nd Corps (later 1st Corps) which eventually numbered 800 men. It was one of several Bosniak special units.[6][7] It earned a reputation for battlefield bravery. The first commander, Senad Mehdin Hodžić, was a former member of the Special
Special
anti-terrorist unit of the Yugoslav Ministry of Internal Affairs. (MUP). When he took command of the Black Swans, he would be known as "Kapetan Labud" or Captain Swan. Captain Hajro Mešić then went on to take the commanding position for a while. The most successful and lasting commander was Brigadier Hase Tirić. The Black Swans' areas of operation included Konjic, Igman
Igman
and Jablanica
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Green Berets (Bosnian Paramilitary)
Zelene beretke
Zelene beretke
(English, "Green Berets") was a paramilitary organization founded in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
in early 1992. They were founded by demobilized soldiers and conscripts from the Yugoslav National Army who were mostly ethnic Bosniaks
Bosniaks
and supporters of Bosnian nationalism. Unlike the ARBiH, the ZB was very closely integrated with the Party of Democratic Action. They were integrated into a newly founded Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
in the second half of 1992. The Green Berets
Green Berets
as a gear of choice and name was selected both as a reference to United States Army Special
Special
Forces (although no actual relation existed) and as a common colour brand of the predominant ethnic group that composed the unit, namely Bosniaks
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Patriotic League (Bosnia And Herzegovina)
The Patriotic League was the first paramilitary unit of Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
(TORBIH).[1]Contents1 History 2 Training 3 Units 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] On December 19, 1990 Alija Izetbegović
Alija Izetbegović
and the SDA party discussed forming an independent paramilitary separate from the Yugoslav People's Army. In March 1991 Sefer Halilović formed the Patriotic League (Patriotska Liga - PL) as an independent Bosnian army, with the same territorial organization as Territorial Defense Forces (TO). Later on the Patriotic League was connected to the TO
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7th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 7th Corps was one of seven corps of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
and its headquarters were in Travnik. It was reorganized in January 1995.[citation needed] History[edit] This Corps was formed on February 26, 1994
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6th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 6th Corps, along with the 7th Corps, of the Bosnian army was formed a little later than the first 5 Corps. 6th Corps History[edit] The 6th Corps of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was formed on 9 June 1993. Konjic
Konjic
became the headquarters of the 6th Corps. 6th Corps was formed from 4th Corps Northern Herzegovina Operational Group to occupy northern Herzegovina from the HVO and eventually reach the Adriatic coast
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5th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
When the unit was formed the Corps had the following armament:[1]T-55 tank (1) 76 mm ZIS (2) mortar 60mm, 82mm, and 120mm automatic rifles (1,094) semi-automatic rifles (479) light machine-guns (152) machine-guns (120) sniper rifles (48) Osa anti-tank launchers (10) Zolja anti-tank launchers (28) M57 anti-tank launchers (9) RBR (11) RPG (9) anti-aircraft guns PAM(3) recoilless guns BS (2) numerous variants of hunting riflesEngagementsOperation Oganj 92 Operation Gorica-03 Operation Tiger '94 Operation Free Grabez '94 Operation Pecigrad '94 Operation Storm
Operation Storm
'95 Operation Sana
Operation Sana
'95CommandersCurrent commander Hajrudin Osmanagić Ramiz Dreković Atif DudakovicInsignia5th Corps patch Winged stallionThe Fifth Corps was one of seven corps in the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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4th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 4th Corps of the Bosnian army was one of five later seven corps formed in 1992.[1]Contents1 Operational Zone 2 Commanders 3 4th Corps Units 4 ReferencesOperational Zone[edit] The 4th Corps was mainly responsible for then Mostar, the headquarters of the 4th Corps, and the Mostar
Mostar
region, but also Livno, Tomislavgrad and Trebinje, Konjic, Prozor, Jablanica.[2] Commanders[edit]1st Commander: Colonel Arif Pašalić (until 6 Nov
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Višegrad
Višegrad
Višegrad
(Serbian Cyrillic: Вишеград, pronounced [ʋǐʃɛɡraːd]) is a town in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina resting at the confluence of the Drina
Drina
and the Rzav river, in the synonymous municipality in Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
entity. The town includes the Ottoman-era Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge, a UNESCO world heritage site which was popularized by Ivo Andrić
Ivo Andrić
in his novel The Bridge on the Drina
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2nd Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 2nd Corps was one of five, later seven corps in the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
established in early 1992.Contents1 History 2 Operational zones 3 Commanders 4 Units 5 Arms 6 Military operations and engagements 7 ReferencesHistory[edit] Just like the 1st Corps, the 2nd Corps was established early in 1992. This corps along with the 5th Corps had more success than the other Corps. Operational zones[edit] The 2nd Corps was responsible for the following districts: Tuzla (where were the he
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List Of Massacres In Bosnia And Herzegovina
Herzegovina
Herzegovina
(/ˌhɛərtsɪˈɡoʊvɪnə/ HAIRT-si-GOH-vi-nə or /ˌhɜːrtsəɡoʊˈviːnə/;[1] Bosnian: Hercegovina, Херцеговина, [xɛ̌rtsɛɡov̞ina]) is the southern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Zulfikarpašić–Karadžić Agreement
In June 1991, representatives of Bosnian Muslims (Party of Democratic Action, SDA) and Bosnian Serbs (Serb Democratic Party, SDS) met to discuss the future status of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
during the Yugoslav crisis. On behalf of SDA president Alija Izetbegović, Adil Zulfikarpašić and Muhamed Filipović met with SDS president Radovan Karadžić, Nikola Koljević and Momčilo Krajišnik. The two sides reached an agreement[a] that BiH was to be sovereign and undivided, remaining in a Yugoslav confederation with Serbia and Montenegro. The Muslim-inhabited area of Sandžak
Sandžak
in SR Serbia
SR Serbia
was to become autonomous, while SAO Krajina
SAO Krajina
and SAO Bosanska Krajina
SAO Bosanska Krajina
was to abandon their unification plan
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Army Of Republika Srpska
The Army of Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
(Serbian: Војска Републике Српске/Vojska Republike Srpske; ВРС/VRS), commonly referred to in English as the Bosnian Serb
Bosnian Serb
Army, was the military of Republika Srpska (RS), the self-proclaimed Serb secessionist republic, a territory within the newly independent Bosnia and Herzegovina (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Bosnian War
Bosnian War
(1992–95)
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Sandžak
Sandžak
Sandžak
(Serbian Cyrillic: Санџак, pronounced [sǎndʒak]) or Sanjak is a historical geo-political region, now divided by the border between Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro.[1] The name Sandžak
Sandžak
derives from the Sanjak of Novi Pazar, a former Ottoman administrative district. Between 1878 and 1909 the region was placed under Austro-Hungarian
Austro-Hungarian
occupation, following which it was ceded back to the Ottoman Empire. In 1912 the region was divided between the kingdoms of Montenegro
Montenegro
and Serbia. Serbs refer to the northern part of the region by its medieval name Raška
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