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Łańcut
ŁAńCUT (Polish pronunciation: ; German : Landshut, error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help )), is a town in south-eastern Poland
Poland
, with 18,004 inhabitants, as of 2 June 2009. Situated in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship
Subcarpathian Voivodeship
(since 1999), it is the capital of Łańcut County . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Main sights * 3 Transport * 4 International relations * 4.1 Twin towns — sister cities * 5 See also * 6 References * 6.1 Bibliography * 6.2 Attribution * 6.3 Notes * 7 External links HISTORYArcheological investigations carried out in the region of Łańcut confirm the existence of human settlements from about 4000 years B.C
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Classical Music
CLASSICAL MUSIC is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period
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History Of Poland (1795–1918)
In 1795 the third and the last of the three 18th-century partitions of Poland
Poland
ended the existence of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth . Nevertheless, events both within and outside the Polish lands kept hopes for restoration of Polish independence alive throughout the 19th century. Poland's geopolitical location on the Northern European Lowlands became especially important in a period when its expansionist neighbors, the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
and Imperial Russia , involved themselves intensely in European rivalries and alliances as modern nation-states took form over the entire continent
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Habsburg Monarchy
The HABSBURG MONARCHY (German : Habsburgermonarchie) or EMPIRE, is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918. The Monarchy was a composite state composed of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
, united only in the person of the monarch . The dynastic capital was Vienna
Vienna
, except from 1583 to 1611, when it was moved to Prague
Prague
. From 1804 to 1867 the Habsburg Monarchy was formally unified as the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
, and from 1867 to 1918 as the Austro-Hungarian Empire
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Duchess
A DUKE (male) ( British English
British English
: /djuːk/ or American English
American English
: /duːk/ ) or DUCHESS (female) can either be a monarch ruling over a duchy or a member of the nobility , historically of highest rank below the monarch . The title comes from French duc, itself from the Latin dux , 'leader', a term used in republican Rome to refer to a military commander without an official rank (particularly one of Germanic or Celtic origin), and later coming to mean the leading military commander of a province. The title dux survived in the Eastern Roman Empire where it was used in several contexts signifying a rank equivalent to a captain or general. Later on, in the 11th century, the title Megas Doux was introduced for the post of commander-in-chief of the entire navy
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Tylman Van Gameren
TYLMAN VAN GAMEREN, also Tilman or Tielman and TYLMAN GAMERSKI, ( Utrecht
Utrecht
, July 3, 1632 – c. 1706, Warsaw
Warsaw
) was a Dutch -born Polish architect and engineer who, at the age of 28, settled in Poland
Poland
and worked for Queen Marie Casimire , wife of Poland's King John III Sobieski
John III Sobieski
. Tylman left behind a lifelong legacy of buildings that are regarded as gems of Polish Baroque architecture . CONTENTS * 1 Life and professional career * 2 Works * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Literature * 6 External links LIFE AND PROFESSIONAL CAREERTylman was born in Utrecht
Utrecht
, the Netherlands, and was trained by Jacob van Campen
Jacob van Campen
whilst the latter was busy building the Stadhuis on the Dam
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Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski
Prince JERZY SEBASTIAN LUBOMIRSKI (1616–1667) was a Polish noble (szlachcic ), magnate , outstanding politician and military commander. Lubomirski was a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
SRI. He was the initiator of the Lubomirski Rebellion of 1665–1666. Lubomirski was the son of voivode and starost Stanisław Lubomirski and Princess Zofia Ostrogska. He was married to Konstancja Ligęza since 1641 and Barbara Tarło since 1654. He was starost of Kraków since 1647, Court Marshal of the Crown in the same year, Grand Marshal of the Crown since 1650, Field Crown Hetman
Hetman
since 1658, starost of Nowy Sącz and Spisz . He became Sejm Marshal of the ordinary Sejm between 1 February and 29 March 1643 in Warsaw
Warsaw

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Stanisław Lubomirski (1583–1649)
Prince STANISłAW LUBOMIRSKI (1583 – 17 June 1649) was a Polish–Lithuanian nobleman (szlachcic ). Lubomirski was Krajczy of the Crown and Secretary of the King since 1620, voivode (military commander) of Ruthenian Voivodeship
Ruthenian Voivodeship
since 1628 (or 1625?), voivode of Kraków Voivodeship
Kraków Voivodeship
and General starost of Kraków
Kraków
since 1638, starost of Krzepirz , Niepołomice , Spisz
Spisz
, Sandomierz
Sandomierz
, Sącz and Zator
Zator
. Since 1640 (or 1647) prince of the Holy Roman Empire
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Lanžhot
LANžHOT (German : Landshut) is a town in Břeclav District
Břeclav District
, South Moravian Region , Czech Republic
Czech Republic
. It has a population of 3,735 (2006 est.). It is the southernmost Moravian town
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Stucco
STUCCO or RENDER is a material made of aggregates , a binder , and water. Stucco
Stucco
is applied wet and hardens to a very dense solid. It is used as decorative coating for walls and ceilings and as a sculptural and artistic material in architecture. Stucco
Stucco
may be used to cover less visually appealing construction materials such as metal , concrete , cinder block , or clay brick and adobe . In English, stucco usually means a coating for the outside of a building, and plaster one for interiors; as described below, the material itself is often little different. But other European languages, importantly including Italian, do not have the same distinction; stucco means plaster in Italian and serves for both. This has led to English often using "stucco" for interior decorative plasterwork in relief , especially in art history and older sources
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Distillation
DISTILLATION is the process of separating the component or substances from a liquid mixture by selective evaporation and condensation . Distillation
Distillation
may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases the concentration of selected components of the mixture. In either case the process exploits differences in the volatility of the mixture's components. In industrial chemistry , distillation is a unit operation of practically universal importance, but it is a physical separation process and not a chemical reaction . Commercially, distillation has many applications
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Count
COUNT (male) or COUNTESS (female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility. The word count came into English from the French comte, itself from Latin
Latin
comes —in its accusative comitem—meaning “companion”, and later “companion of the emperor, delegate of the emperor”. The adjective form of the word is "comital". The British and Irish equivalent is an earl (whose wife is a "countess", for lack of an English term). Equivalents of the rank of count exist or have existed in the nobility structures in various countries, such as Graf
Graf
in Germany
Germany
and hakushaku during the Japanese Imperial era
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Red Army
The WORKERS\' AND PEASANTS\' RED ARMY (Russian : Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия; РККА, or Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya: RKKA, frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия; KA, in English: RED ARMY also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic , and after 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics . The army was established immediately after the 1917 October Revolution
October Revolution
(Red October or Bolshevik Revolution)
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Vienna
VIENNA (/viˈɛnə/ ( listen ); German : Wien, pronounced ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Austria
Austria
and one of the nine states of Austria
Austria
. Vienna
Vienna
is Austria's primary city , with a population of about 1.8 million (2.6 million within the metropolitan area , nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural , economic , and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union
European Union
. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I
World War I
, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin
Berlin

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Liechtenstein
LIECHTENSTEIN (/ˈlɪktənstaɪn/ ( listen ); LIK-tin-styn ; German: ), officially the PRINCIPALITY OF LIECHTENSTEIN (German : Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German -speaking microstate in Central Europe
Europe
. The principality is a constitutional monarchy headed by the Prince of Liechtenstein . Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
is bordered by Switzerland
Switzerland
to the west and south and Austria
Austria
to the east and north. It has an area of just over 160 square kilometres (62 square miles), the fourth-smallest in Europe
Europe
, and an estimated population of 37,000. Divided into 11 municipalities , its capital is Vaduz and its largest municipality is Schaan
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France
FRANCE (French: ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (French: République française, pronounced ), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe
Europe
, as well as several overseas regions and territories . The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea
North Sea
, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America
South America
and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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