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An ultra-mobile PC (ultra-mobile personal computer or UMPC) is a miniature version of a pen computer, a class of
laptop A laptop, laptop computer, or notebook computer is a small, portable personal computer A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use. Personal computers are ...

laptop
whose specifications were launched by
Microsoft Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation, multinational technology company, technology corporation which produces Software, computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. Its best-know ...

Microsoft
and
Intel Intel Corporation is an American multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personalit ...

Intel
in spring 2006.
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from mult ...

Sony
had already made a first attempt in this direction in 2004 with its Vaio U series, which was only sold in Asia. UMPCs are generally smaller than
subnotebook Subnotebook (also called an ultraportable, superportable or mini notebook) was a marketing term for laptop A laptop, laptop computer, or notebook computer is a small, portable personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, uprig ...
s, have a TFT display measuring (diagonally) about , are operated like tablet PCs using a
touchscreen A touchscreen or touch screen is the assembly of both an input ('touch panel') and output ('display') device. The touch panel is normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an Information processor, information processing system ...

touchscreen
or a
stylus A stylus (plural styli or styluses) is a writing utensil A writing implement or writing instrument is an object used to produce writing. Writing consists of different figures, lines, and or forms. Most of these items can be also used for othe ...

stylus
, and can also have a physical
keyboard
keyboard
. There is no clear boundary between
subnotebook Subnotebook (also called an ultraportable, superportable or mini notebook) was a marketing term for laptop A laptop, laptop computer, or notebook computer is a small, portable personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, uprig ...
s and ultra-mobile PCs, but UMPCs commonly have form factors other than the common clamshell laptop design, such as having small keys on either side of the screen, or having a slide-out keyboard. The first-generation UMPCs were simple PCs running
Linux Linux ( or ) is a family of open-source Open source is source code that is made freely available for possible modification and redistribution. Products include permission to use the source code, design documents, or content of the product ...

Linux
or an adapted version of Microsoft's tablet PC operating system. With the announcement of the UMPC, Microsoft dropped the licensing requirement that tablet PCs must support proximity sensing of the stylus, which Microsoft termed "hovering". Second-generation UMPCs used less electricity and therefore could be used for longer (up to five hours) and also had support for
Windows Vista Windows Vista is a major release of the Windows NT Windows NT is a Proprietary software, proprietary Graphical user interface, graphical operating system produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released on July 27, 1993. It i ...
. Originally code-named Project Origami, the project was launched in 2006 as a collaboration between Microsoft, Intel,
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean Multinational corporation, multinational manufacturing Conglomerate (company), conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul, South Korea. It comprises numerous affil ...
, and a few others. After largely being supplanted by
tablet computer A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a mobile device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations aut ...
s, production of ultra-mobile PCs was discontinued in the early 2010s.


History

In February 2006, a
viral marketing Viral marketing or viral advertising is a business strategy that uses existing social networks to promote a product mainly on various social media platforms. Its name refers to how consumers spread information about a product with other people, muc ...
campaign was quietly launched for the UMPC, then still referred to by its codename, "Project Origami". Speculation over "what is Origami?" and pictures of the rumored prototypes were passed around and covered extensively on
Engadget ''Engadget'' is a multilingual technology blog A blog (a truncation In mathematics and computer science, truncation is limiting the number of numerical digit, digits right of the decimal point. Truncation and floor function Truncati ...
, Scobleizer, Thatedeguy and other technology sites. Finalization of the Origami project was announced in time for
CeBIT CeBIT was the largest and most internationally representative computer expo. The trade fair was held each year on the Hanover fairground, the world's largest fairground, in Hanover, Germany. In its day, it was considered a barometer of cur ...
. Much speculation had positioned Origami as a portable gaming device that would directly compete with
Nintendo is a Japanese Multinational corporation, multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto, Japan. The company was founded in 1889 as by craftsman Fusajiro Yamauchi and originally produced handmade playing ca ...

Nintendo
's
DS
DS
and
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from mult ...

Sony
's
PlayStation Portable The PlayStation Portable (PSP) is a handheld game console A handheld game console, or simply handheld console, is a small, portable self-contained video game console A video game console is an electronic device that output Output may re ...

PlayStation Portable
. This rumor gained credibility after videos were leaked showing '' Halo: Combat Evolved'' being played on a UMPC. While the movie was quickly taken down from its original source, mirrors still existed on many other sites. Later in the week, the
Associated Press The Associated Press (AP) is an American non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, publ ...

Associated Press
confirmed that "Origami" was actually to be a regular PC with "limited gaming capabilities".


First devices

The first UMPCs on the market were AMtek's T700 and Samsung's Q1. The AMtek T700 was sold in the US as the ''TabletKiosk eo v7110'', ''agoPC ago7'', and '' Azentek GB-810'', in Europe as the
PaceBladeEasyBook P7
' and ''its Label Origami'', and in Australia the ''TabletKiosk eo v7110'' and the ''Pioneer DreamBook UMPC 700'' and in Japan the ''PBJ SmartCaddie''.
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from mult ...

Sony
made a first attempt in this direction in 2004 with its Vaio U series.
OQO OQO was a U.S. computer hardware company that was notable for manufacture of handheld computers. Its systems possessed the functionality of a tablet PC in a size slightly larger than a personal digital assistant#REDIRECT Personal digital assistant ...
also sold UMPCs. The
OQO model 01 OQO was a U.S. computer hardware company that was notable for manufacture of handheld computers. Its systems possessed the functionality of a tablet computer, tablet PC in a size slightly larger than a personal digital assistant (PDA). According to ...

OQO model 01
and OQO model 01+ were launched prior to the ultra-mobile PC era, but its specifications were very similar to those of most UMPC models.


2006

In July 2006,
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from mult ...

Sony
released the VAIO UX, including a model which contained a solid state drive (SSD). Because of this, the VAIO UX was the first flash-memory SSD based PC available. Sony continued releasing and selling VAIO UX models until early 2009. In late August 2006,
TabletKiosk TabletKiosk is a manufacturer of enterprise-grade Tablet PCs and UMPC An ultra-mobile PC (ultra-mobile personal computer or UMPC) is a miniature version of a Pen computing, pen computer, a class of laptop whose specifications were launched by ...
launched a line of Intel-based UMPCs, the eo i7210 and i7209. It followed this up in March 2007 with a ruggedized VIA based UMPC, the eo TufTab v7112XT. In September 2006, Raon Digital launched the Vega running an
AMD Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * ...

AMD
Geode LX800, 256 MB of RAM, and a 30 GB hard drive. It had a screen, a 500 MHz processor, and a battery life of 5.5 hours. It ran Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition and retailed for 680,000 Korean won (US$700–750). However it did not have WiFi capability. In early October 2006
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean Multinational corporation, multinational manufacturing Conglomerate (company), conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul, South Korea. It comprises numerous affil ...

Samsung
quietly launched the Q1B, bringing the ultra-mobile platform closer to the vision that Microsoft created. The Q1b featured a VIA
C7-M The VIA C7 is an x86 central processing unit designed by Centaur Technology and sold by VIA Technologies. Product history The C7 delivers a number of improvements to the older VIA C3 cores but is nearly identical to the latest VIA C3 Nehemiah c ...
ULV processor running at 1 GHz, up to five hours of battery life, and a lower price than the Samsung Q1. It also featured optional modules for
HSDPA High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) is an amalgamation of two mobile protocols Protocol may refer to: Sociology and politics * Protocol (politics)Protocol originally (in Late Middle English, c. 15th century) meant the minute or logbook taken at a ...
or
WiBro WiBro (''wireless broadband'') is a wireless broadband Wireless broadband is telecommunications technology that provides high-speed wireless Wireless communication (or just wireless, when the context allows) is the telecommunication, tr ...
for ubiquitous internet connectivity in major cities around the world. AMtek also released their T770, a Windows Vista powered device with a 1200 MHz processor and 1024 MB of RAM. It had a 40 GB hard disk (or 60 GB on another cheaper brand, and also the same device) and a screen. It was available for 899 € (the cheaper brand was 849 €).


2007

WibrainWelcome to Wibrain!
/ref> launched their first UMPC models, B1E and B1H, in December 2007. In 2007,
Bill Gates William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term character ...
introduced the
OQO OQO was a U.S. computer hardware company that was notable for manufacture of handheld computers. Its systems possessed the functionality of a tablet PC in a size slightly larger than a personal digital assistant#REDIRECT Personal digital assistant ...
model 02 in his keynote at . Th
OQO model 02
shipped with a screen,
EV-DO Evolution-Data Optimized (EV-DO, EVDO, etc.) is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Greek Greek ...
WWAN Wireless wide area network (WWAN), is a form of wireless network. The larger size of a wide area network compared to a local area network requires differences in technology. Wireless networks of different sizes deliver data in the form of telephone ...
,
Bluetooth Bluetooth is a short-range wireless Wireless communication (or just wireless, when the context allows) is the telecommunication, transfer of information between two or more points that do not use an electrical conductor as a medium by which ...

Bluetooth
, 802.11 a/b/g
Wi-Fi Wi-Fi () is a family of wireless network A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes. Wireless networking is a method by which homes, telecommunications networks and business installa ...

Wi-Fi
, running
Windows XP Windows XP is a major release of the Windows NT Windows NT is a proprietary {{Short pages monitor *
CrunchPad The JooJoo was a Linux-based tablet computer. It was produced by Singapore development studio Fusion Garage. Originally, Fusion Garage was working with Michael Arrington to release it as the CrunchPad, but in November 2009 Fusion Garage informed Ar ...
*
Handheld PC A handheld personal computer (PC) is a miniature computer typically built around a clamshell Clamshell may denote anything resembling the bivalve shell of a clam: * Scoop stretcher, another name for this patient transport device * Clamshell des ...
*
Mobile Internet device #REDIRECT Mobile Internet deviceImage:Lenovo Ideapad U8 MID example.jpg, 300px, Lenovo Ideapad U8 MID A mobile Internet device (MID) is a multimedia capable mobile device providing wireless networking, wireless Internet access. They are designed to ...
*
Netbook The marketing term netbook identified small and inexpensive laptops that were sold from 2007 to around 2013; these were generally low-performance. While the ''name'' has fallen out of use, machines matching their description remain an im ...

Netbook
*
Palmtop PC A Palmtop PC was an approximately pocket calculator-sized, battery-powered computer compatible with the IBM Personal Computer in a horizontal clamshell design with integrated keyboard and display. It could be used like a subnotebook, but was ligh ...
* Picoprojector; together with a webcam and laser projector, this can be used to eliminate keyboard and screen of a UMPC, making the UMPC significantly smaller. *
Subnotebook Subnotebook (also called an ultraportable, superportable or mini notebook) was a marketing term for laptop A laptop, laptop computer, or notebook computer is a small, portable personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, uprig ...


References


Further reading

*


External links


Microsoft's official ultra-mobile PC website

UMPC comparison website


* ttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4xnqKdWMa_8 Notes on the History of Pen-based Computing (YouTube) {{DEFAULTSORT:Ultra-Mobile Pc Microsoft initiatives Microsoft Tablet PC Personal computers