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Telecommunications equipment (also telecoms equipment or communications equipment) is a hardware which is used for the purposes of
telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical, flexible strand or rod of metal. Wires are used to bear mechanical loads or electricity Electr ...
s. Since the 1990s the boundary between telecoms equipment and IT hardware has become blurred as a result of the growth of the internet and its increasing role in the transfer of telecoms data.


Types

Telecommunications equipment can be broadly broken down into the following categories: *Public switching equipment **
Analogue switch Analog or analogue may refer to: Computing and electronics * Analog signal, in which information is encoded in a continuous variable ** Analog device, an apparatus that operates on analog signals *** Analog electronics, circuits which use analog s ...
es **Digital switches ***
Voice over IP Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), also called IP telephony, is a method and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that co ...
switches ***
Virtual Reality Virtual reality (VR) is a Simulation, simulated experience that can be similar to or completely different from the real world. Applications of virtual reality include entertainment (particularly video games), education (such as medical or mili ...

Virtual Reality
(VR) *Transmission equipment **
Transmission line . In electrical engineering, a transmission line is a specialized cable or other structure designed to conduct electromagnetic waves in a contained manner. The term applies when the conductors are long enough that the wave nature of the transmi ...

Transmission line
s ***
Optical fiber An optical fiber (or fibre in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, ea ...

Optical fiber
***
Local loop In telephony, the local loop (also referred to as the local tail, subscriber line, or in the aggregate as the last mile) is the physical link or circuit that connects from the demarcation point of the customer premises to the edge of the commo ...
s **
Base transceiver station A base transceiver station (BTS) is a piece of equipment that facilitates wireless communication between user equipment (UE) and a network. UEs are devices like mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, ...
s **
Free-space optical communication for assisting the alignment of the two heads. Free-space optical communication (FSO) is an optical communication technology that uses light propagating in free space to wirelessly transmit data for telecommunications or computer network ...
***
Laser communication in space Laser communication in space, or TightBeam, is the use of free-space optical communication in outer space. Communication may be fully in space (an inter-satellite laser link) or in a ground-to-satellite or satellite-to-ground application. The main ...
**
Multiplexer In electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. It uses active devices to control electron flow by amplifier, amplifi ...

Multiplexer
s **
Communications satellite A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunication signals via a Transponder (satellite communications), transponder; it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and a Radio ...
s *Customer premises equipment (CPE) **
Customer office terminal In telecommunications, the term customer office terminal has the following meanings: *1. Termination equipment that (a) is located on the customer premises and (b) performs a function that may be integrated into the common carrier equipment. ''No ...
**Private switches **
Local area network A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building. By contrast, a wide area network (WAN) not only covers a larger ...
s (LANs) **
Modem A modulator-demodulator, or simply a modem, is a hardware device that converts data from a digital format, intended for communication directly between devices with specialized wiring, into one suitable for a transmission medium such as telep ...

Modem
s **
Mobile phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone that can make and receive telephone call, calls over a radio frequency link wh ...

Mobile phone
s ** Landline telephones **
Answering machine An answering machine, answerphone or message machine, also known as telephone messaging machine (or TAM) in the UK and some Commonwealth countries The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of 54 sovereign states. Nearly all o ...
s **
Teleprinter A teleprinter (teletypewriter, teletype or TTY) is an electromechanical device that can be used to send and receive typed messages through various communications channels, in both point-to-point and point-to-multipoint configurations. Initi ...
s **
Fax machines
Fax machines
**
Pager A pager (also known as a beeper, bleeper or pocket bell) is a wireless telecommunications device that receives and displays alphanumeric or voice messages. One-way pagers can only receive messages, while response pagers and two-way pagers can ...

Pager
s ** Routers **
Wireless Wireless communication (or just wireless, when the context allows) is the telecommunication, transfer of information between two or more points that do not use an electrical conductor as a medium by which to perform the transfer. The most common ...

Wireless
devices


Semiconductors

Most of the essential elements of modern telecommunication are built from
MOSFET The metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET), also known as the metal–oxide–silicon transistor (MOS transistor, or MOS), is a type of insulated-gate field-effect transistor The field-effect trans ...

MOSFET
s (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors), including
mobile device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known a ...
s,
transceiver In Radio, radio communication, a transceiver is a device that is able to both transmit and receive information through a transmission medium. It is a combination of a transmitter, ''trans''mitter and a Radio receiver, re''ceiver'', hence the name ' ...

transceiver
s,
base station Base station (or base radio station) is – according to the International Telecommunication Union File:ITU monument, Bern.jpg, 260px, ITU Monument, Bern The International Telecommunication Union is a list of specialized agencies of the Uni ...
modules, routers,
RF power amplifier A radio frequency power amplifier (RF power amplifier) is a type of electronic amplifier that converts a low-power radio-frequency signal (electrical engineering), signal into a higher power signal. Typically, RF power amplifiers drive the antenna ...
s,
microprocessor A microprocessor is a computer processor where the data processing logic and control is included on a single integrated circuit, or a small number of integrated circuits. The microprocessor contains the arithmetic, logic, and control circuitr ...

microprocessor
s,
memory chip Semiconductor memory is a digital electronic semiconductor device A semiconductor A semiconductor material has an Electrical resistivity and conductivity, electrical conductivity value falling between that of a Electrical conductor, conduc ...
s, and
telecommunication circuit A telecommunication circuit is a path in a telecommunications network used to Transmission (telecommunications), transmit information. Definitions A telecommunication circuit may be defined as follows: * The complete path between two terminals ov ...
s. As of 2005, telecommunications equipment account for 16.5% of the annual
microprocessor A microprocessor is a computer processor where the data processing logic and control is included on a single integrated circuit, or a small number of integrated circuits. The microprocessor contains the arithmetic, logic, and control circuitr ...

microprocessor
market.


Vendors

The world's largest telecommunications equipment vendors by revenues in 2017 are:


See also

*
Networking hardware Networking hardware, also known as network equipment or computer networking devices, are electronic devices which are required for communication and interaction between devices on a computer network A computer network is a group of computer ...
* List of networking hardware vendors *
List of telephone switchesThis list of telephone switches is a compilation of telephone switch manually connecting calls with cord pairs at a telephone switchboard A telephone exchange, telephone switch, or central office is a telecommunications Telecommunication is the ...
*
Network equipment provider Network equipment providers (NEPs) – sometimes called telecommunications equipment manufacturers (TEMs) – sell products and services to communication service providers such as fixed or Mobile Operators, mobile operators as well as to enterprise ...


References

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