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''Tambon'' ( th, ตำบล, ) is a local governmental unit in
Thailand ) , royal_anthem = ''Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify His prestige") , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Bangkok , coordinates = , largest_city = Bangkok , official_languages = Thaidistrict A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of muni ...
(''
amphoe An amphoe (sometimes also ''amphur'', th, อำเภอ, ) is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". ''Amphoe'' make up the provinces, and are analogous to counties. The chief district officer i ...
'') and
province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman ''provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outside ...
(''
changwat The Provinces of Thailand are part of the government of Thailand that is divided into 76 provinces ( th, จังหวัด, , ) proper and one special administrative area ( th, เขตปกครองส่วนท้องถิ่นรู ...
''), they form the third administrative subdivision level. there were 7,255 tambons, not including the 180 ''
khwaengA ''khwaeng'' (, ) is an administrative subdivision used in the fifty districts of Bangkok and a few other city municipalities in Thailand. Currently, there are 180 ''khwaeng'' in Bangkok. A ''khwaeng'' is roughly equivalent to a ''tambon'' in other ...
'' of
Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. The city occupies in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand and has an estimated population of 10.539 mi ...
, which are set at the same administrative level, thus every
district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of muni ...
contains eight to ten tambon. ''Tambon'' is usually translated as "
township ''Township'' refers to various kinds of settlements or administrative subdivisions in different countries. While a ''township'' may be associated with an urban area, this tends to be an exception to the rule. In Australia, Canada, Scotland and pa ...
" or "subdistrict" in English — the latter is the recommended translation, though also often used for ''
king amphoe An amphoe (sometimes also ''amphur'', th, อำเภอ, ) is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". ''Amphoe'' make up the provinces, and are analogous to counties. The chief district officer i ...
'', the designation for a subdistrict acting as a branch (Thai: ''king'') of the parent district. Tambon are further subdivided into 69,307 villages (''
muban Muban ( th, หมู่บ้าน; ) is the lowest administrative sub-division of Thailand. Usually translated as 'village' and sometimes as 'hamlet', they are a subdivision of a tambon (subdistrict). , there were 74,944 administrative mubans in ...
''), about ten per ''tambon''. ''Tambon'' within cities or towns are not subdivided into villages, but may have less formal communities called ''chumchon'' ( ชุมชน) that may be formed into
community associationA community association is a nongovernmental association of participating members of a community, such as a neighborhood, village, condominium, cooperative, or group of homeowners or property owners in a delineated geographic area. Participation may ...
s. 210px, Office of TAO Bang Bai Mai, Surat Thani


History

The ''tambon'' as a subdivision has a long history. It was the second-level subdivision of the area administered by a provincial town in the 19th century. The governor of the province was supposed to appoint a communal elder, ''
kamnanA kamnan ( th, กำนัน) is a Thai governing official at the tambon (subdistrict) level. It is usually translated as "subdistrict headman". The position of a kamnan was introduced with the ''Thesaphiban'' administrative reforms near the end of ...
'' or ''phan''. In the administrative reforms started in 1892 under Prince
Damrong Rajanubhab Prince Tisavarakumarn, the Prince Damrong Rajanubhab (; Full transcription is "Somdet Phrachao Borommawongthoe Phra-ongchao Ditsawarakuman Kromphraya Damrongrachanuphap" (สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ พ ...

Damrong Rajanubhab
, the first Thai Minister of the Interior, the three levels of subdivision of provinces were continued, i.e., starting from
district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of muni ...
to ''tambon'' to the lowest level called ''muban''.


Muban

The subdistricts are subdivided into administrative villages (muban, ) as the lowest administrative subdivision. Usually these are referred to much more often by the village number than the actual name, especially as an administrative village may contain more than one settlement, or a large settlement may be split into more than one administrative village. One of the elected village headmen is elected as the subdistrict headman (
KamnanA kamnan ( th, กำนัน) is a Thai governing official at the tambon (subdistrict) level. It is usually translated as "subdistrict headman". The position of a kamnan was introduced with the ''Thesaphiban'' administrative reforms near the end of ...
).


Subdistrict administrative organization (TAO)

With the ''Tambon Council and Tambon Administrative Authority Act BE 2537'' (1994) and later by the constitution of 1997, ''tambon'' were decentralized into local government units with an elected tambon council. Depending on its size and tax income a ''tambon'' may either be administered by a ''Subdistrict (Tambon) Administrative Organization'' (SAO or TAO, th, องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบล, องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบล) or a ''Tambon Council'' (TC, th, สภาตำบล). However, since 2001 all of the Tambon Councils have been upgraded to Tambon Administrative Organizations. The TAO council consist of two representatives from each administrative village in the subdistrict, and one directly elected president. The subdistrict area which belongs to a municipality (''
thesaban Thesaban ( th, เทศบาล, , ) are the municipalities of Thailand. There are three levels of municipalities: city, town, and sub-district. Bangkok and Pattaya are special municipal entities not included in the ''thesaban'' system. The munic ...
'') is administered by the municipal council. In the event only part of the subdistrict is within a municipality, the remaining part is administrated by a TAO. Adjoining subdistricts of a single district can also have a joint TAO.


One Tambon One Product

In 2001, Thai Prime Minister
Thaksin Shinawatra Thaksin Shinawatra ( th, ทักษิณ ชินวัตร; ; ; Chinese: 丘達新; cnr, Taksin Šinavatra / Таксин Шинаватра; born 26 July 1949) is a Thai businessman, politician and visiting professor. He served in the T ...
started a project in which every ''tambon'' would select a typical, distinctive local product. The project then aids in promoting the product, as well as assisting in modernizing production. Shops selling OTOP products are located in each provincial capital.


See also

*
Administrative divisions of Thailand Thailand is a unitary state in Southeast Asia. The administrative services of the executive branch of the government are regulated by the ''National Government Organisation Act, BE 2534 (1991)'' (พระราชบัญญัติระเบ ...
*
List of tambon in Thailand there were 7,255 subdistricts (''tambons)'' in Thailand. An alphabetical list of them follows: *List of tambon in Thailand - A *List of tambon in Thailand - B *List of tambon in Thailand - C *List of tambon in Thailand - D *List of tambon in Thaila ...


References


External links


ThaiTambon.comOne Tambon One Product
{{Articles on third-level administrative divisions of countries Subdivisions of Thailand Types of administrative division Thailand 3 Sub-districts, Thailand