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Substance intoxication is a transient Medical state, condition of altered consciousness, altered consciousness#Medical aspects, consciousness and Human behavior, behavior associated with recent use of a Drug, substance. It is often maladaptive and wikt:impairing, impairing, but reversible. If the symptoms are severe, the term "substance intoxication delirium" may be used. Substance intoxication may often accompany a substance use disorder (SUD); if persistent substance-related problems exist, SUD is the preferred diagnosis.


Classification

The ICD-10 ''Mental and Behavioural Disorders due to psychoactive substance use'' shows: *F10. alcohol intoxication, alcohol *F11. Toxidromes#Opiate toxidrome, opioids *F12. Effects of cannabis#Short-term effects, cannabinoids *F13. sedatives and hypnotics *F14. cocaine intoxication, cocaine *F15. caffeine intoxication, caffeine *F16. hallucinogens *F17. tobacco *F18. Solvent#Acute_exposure, volatile solvent *F19. multiple drug use and use of other psychoactive substances


Caffeine

The discussion over whether the coffee (caffeine) “buzz” counted as intoxication or not was hotly debated during the early to mid 16th century.


Contact high

Contact high is a phenomenon that occurs in, otherwise sobriety, sober, human, people who experience a drug-like effect just by coming into contact with someone who is under the influence of a psychoactive drug. In a similar way to the placebo, ''placebo effect'', a contact high may be caused by classical conditioning as well as by the physical and social setting. The term is often incorrectly used to describe the Cannabis smoking, high obtained from Passive smoking, passive inhalation of marijuana.


Slang terms

Slang terms include: getting ''high'' (generic), being ''stoned'', ''cooked'', or ''blazed'' (usually in reference to cannabis), and many more specific slang terms for particular intoxicants. Alcohol (drug), Alcohol intoxication is graded in intensity from ''buzzed'', to ''tipsy'' (all the way up to ''drunk'', ''hammered'', ''plastered'', ''smashed'', ''wasted'', ''destroyed'', ''shitfaced'' and a number of other terms). The term ''rolling'' is a common word used to describe being under the influence of MDMA and for LSD the phrases ''frying'' or ''tripping'' have been used. “Tripping” is a term that is considered applicable to virtually all hallucinogens which includes psychedelics, dissociatives, deliriants and possibly certain types of hypnotics.


See also

*"The spins", a state of dizziness and disorientation due to intoxication *Toxicity *Toxidrome


References


External links

{{Psychoactive substance use Substance intoxication, Substance-related disorders