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In cricket, the stumps are the three vertical posts that support the bails and form the
wicket In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail ...

wicket
. ''
Stumping Stumped is a method of dismissal (cricket), dismissing a batsman in cricket, which involves the wicket-keeper putting down the wicket while the batsman is out of his Ground (cricket), ground. (The batsman leaves his ground when he has moved dow ...
'' or ''being stumped'' is a method of dismissing a batsman. The umpire ''calling stumps'' means the play is over for the day.


Part of the wicket

The stumps are three vertical posts which support two bails. The stumps and bails are usually made of wood, most commonly
ash Ash or ashes are the solid remnants of fire BBQ. Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction Product (chemistry), products. Fire is hot because th ...
, and together form a
wicket In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail ...

wicket
at each end of the
pitch Pitch may refer to: Acoustic frequency * Pitch (music), the perceived frequency of sound including "definite pitch" and "indefinite pitch" ** Absolute pitch or "perfect pitch" ** Pitch class, a set of all pitches that are a whole number of octaves ...

pitch
. The overall width of each wicket is 9 inches (22.9 cm). Each stump is 28 inches (71.1 cm) tall with maximum and minimum diameters of 1 inches (3.81 cm) and 1 inches (3.49 cm). They have a spike at one end for inserting into the ground, and the other end has a U-shaped 'through groove' to provide a resting place for the bails. In junior cricket the items have lesser dimensions. Each stump is referred to by a specific name: * Off stump is the stump on the
off side The off side is a particular half of the field in cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...
of the wicket (the same side as the batsman's bat). * Middle stump is the centre stump, the middle of the three stumps. * Leg stump is the stump on the
on side The leg side, or on side, is defined to be a particular half of the field used to play the sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skill ...
of the wicket (the same side as the batsman's legs). These names are relative to the batsman, so a right-handed batsman's leg stump becomes the off stump when a left-handed player is batting.


Modern innovations

In modern professional play, the stumps are often branded with a sponsor's logo. Although they are too far away from spectators to be seen, such logos are visible on television coverage.


Stump cam

For professional matches, often one or more of the stumps is hollow and contains a small television camera. This is aligned vertically, but can view through a small window on the side of the stump via a mirror. The so-called ''stump-cam'' gives a unique view of play for action replays, particularly when a batsman is bowled.


Zing Bails (light-up stumps)

A recent innovation are stumps and bails embedded with red
LEDs A light-emitting diode (LED) is a that emits light when flows through it. s in the semiconductor recombine with s, releasing energy in the form of s. The color of the light (corresponding to the energy of the photons) is determined b ...
, which flash when they are completely dislodged. Invented by an Australian engineer and trademarked as "Zing Bails", they were designed to aid both umpires with run-out or stumping decisions as well as provide distinctive images to television coverage during day-night matches. LED stumps were first used at the
2014 ICC World Twenty20 The 2014 ICC World Twenty20 was the fifth ICC World Twenty20 The ICC Men's T20 World Cup (earlier known as ICC World Twenty20) is the international championship of Twenty20 International cricket. Organised by cricket Cricket is a Bat- ...

2014 ICC World Twenty20
, and have since become commonplace in major white-ball matches like ODIs or franchise T20 leagues. They have also been used in day/night Test matches.


Manner of dismissing a batsman

Stumps and bails are two very important thing for dismissal in the game of cricket.
Wicket-keeper The wicket-keeper in the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the action starts ...
often dislodges stumps or bails to dismiss a batsman when he tries to go down the pitch which is often known as “
Stumping Stumped is a method of dismissal (cricket), dismissing a batsman in cricket, which involves the wicket-keeper putting down the wicket while the batsman is out of his Ground (cricket), ground. (The batsman leaves his ground when he has moved dow ...
”. A bowler dismisses a batsman by hitting the stumps directly while bowling, dislodging the bails, which is often referred to as being “
Bowled In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cri ...
”. If a fielder throws the ball at the stumps, dislodging the bails, while the batsman attempts to take a run and the ball hits the stumps before the batsman comes back in the crease, then that dismissal is referred to being “
Run out Run out is a method of Dismissal (cricket), dismissal in cricket, governed by Law 38 of the Laws of cricket, Laws of Cricket. A run out usually occurs when the batsmen are attempting to run between the Wicket, wickets, and the fielding team suc ...
”. Majority of the dismissal method in the game of cricket is related to stumps.


End of the day's play

Stumps is also used as a term to mean the end of a day's play, e.g. "The umpires called stumps" means that the
umpires An umpire is an official An official is someone who holds an office (function or , regardless whether it carries an actual with it) in an or government and participates in the exercise of , (either their own or that of their superior and/o ...
have declared play over for the day. At the end of a session, i.e. before lunch or tea, the umpires will remove the bails; at the end of the day's play, the umpires will also remove the stumps.


See also

*
Cricket clothing and equipment Cricket clothing and equipment is regulated by the laws of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch wit ...


References

{{Cricket equipment Cricket equipment Cricket laws and regulations Cricket terminology