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Solitaire is any tabletop game which one can play by oneself, usually with cards, but also with dominoes. The term "solitaire" is also used for single-player games of concentration and skill using a set layout
tiles Tiles are usually thin, square or rectangular coverings manufactured from hard-wearing material such as ceramic A ceramic is any of the various hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant Corrosion is a Erosion, natural pro ...
, pegs or stones. These games include
peg solitaire Peg solitaire, Solo Noble or simply Solitaire is a board game for one player involving movement of pegs on a board with holes. Some sets use marbles in a board with indentations. The game is known as solitaire in Britain and as peg solitaire in ...
and
mahjong solitaire Mahjong solitaire (also known as Shanghai solitaire, electronic or computerized mahjong, solitaire mahjong or simply mahjong) is a Single-player video game, single-player matching game that uses a set of mahjong tiles rather than playing cards, ...
. The game is most often played by one person, but can incorporate others.


History

The origins of Card Solitaire or
Patience Patience (or forbearance Forbearance, in the context of a mortgage A mortgage loan or simply mortgage () is a loan In finance, a loan is the lending of money by one or more individuals, organizations, or other entities to other ind ...
are unclear, but the earliest records appear in the late 1700s across northern Europe and Scandinavia. The term ''Patiencespiel'' appears in ''Das neue Königliche L’Hombre-Spiel'', a German book published in 1788. Books were also reported to appear in Sweden and Russia in the early 1800s. There are additional references to Patience in French literature. In the United States, the first card solitaire book, ''Patience: A series of thirty games with cards'', was published by Ednah Cheney in 1870. The card game that many people identify with Solitaire is
Klondike Solitaire Klondike is a solitaire In North America, Klondike_(solitaire).html"_;"title="patience_games_like_Klondike_(solitaire)">Klondike,_are_called_solitaire. Solitaire_is_any_tabletop_game_which_one_can_play_by_oneself,_usually_with_cards,_but_also ...
, which is the most played solitaire game. Although it was originally played with a physical deck of cards, it was especially popularized by
Microsoft Solitaire Solitaire is a computer game included with Microsoft Windows, based on a card game of the Klondike (solitaire), same name, also known as Klondike. History Microsoft has included the game as part of its Windows product line since Windows 3.0, sta ...
, a digital implementation that was included with the
Windows Microsoft Windows, commonly referred to as Windows, is a group of several proprietary {{Short pages monitor