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In music, a single is a type of
release
release
, typically a song
recording
recording
of fewer tracks than an
LP record The LP (from "long playing" or "long play") is an analog sound storage medium, a phonograph record format characterized by: a speed of   rpm; a 12- or 10-inch (30- or 25-cm) diameter; use of the "microgroove" groove specification; and a ...
or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of formats. In most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download, or video release. In other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album. Despite being referred to as a single, in the era of
music download A music download (commonly referred to as a digital download) is the digital transfer of music via the Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses ...
s, singles can include up to as many as three tracks. The biggest digital music distributor, the
iTunes Store The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. that opened on April 28, 2003, as a result of Steve Jobs' push to open a digital marketplace for music. As of April 2020, iTunes offers 60 million songs, 2.2 ...

iTunes Store
, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is an extended play (EP) or, if over six tracks long, an album. Historically, when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided. That is, they were released with an
A-side and B-side A-side and B-side are terms used to refer to the two sides of phonograph records and cassettes, and have often been printed on the labels of two-sided music recordings. The A-side usually features a recording that its artist, producer, or rec ...
, on which two singles would be released, one on each side.


Early history

The origins of the single are in the late 19th century, when music was distributed on
phonograph cylinder Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for Sound recording and reproduction, recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1896–1915), these hollow cylinder, cylindri ...
s that held two to four minutes' worth of audio. These were then superseded by disc
phonograph record A phonograph disc record (also known as a gramophone disc record, especially in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language fi ...
s, which initially also had a short duration of playing time per side. In the first two to three decades of the 20th century, almost all commercial music releases were, in effect, singles (the exceptions were usually for classical music pieces, where multiple physical storage media items were bundled together and sold as an album). Phonograph records were manufactured with a range of playback speeds (from 16 to 78 rpm) and in several sizes (including ). By about 1910, however, the , 78-rpm
shellac Shellac (/ʃəˈlæk/) is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. It is processed and sold as dry flakes and dissolved in ethanol, alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colora ...
disc had become the most commonly used format. The inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The relatively crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on
record player A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound I ...

record player
s limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, and a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity. 78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3,600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format, songwriters and performers increasingly tailored their output to fit the new medium. The three-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with
Bob Dylan Robert Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman; May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author and visual artist. Often regarded as one of the greatest songwriters of all time, Dylan has been a major figure in popular culture during a care ...

Bob Dylan
's "
Like a Rolling Stone "Like a Rolling Stone" is a song by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on July 20, 1965 by Columbia Records. Its confrontational lyrics originated in an extended piece of verse Dylan wrote in June 1965, when he returned exhausted from ...
": Although
Columbia Records Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment Sony Music Entertainment (commonly referred to as Sony Music) is an American global Music industry, music company. Owned by the Japanese conglomerate (company), c ...
tried to make the record more "radio-friendly" by cutting the performance into halves and separating them between the two sides of the
vinyl Vinyl may refer to: * Vinyl group, a class of organic molecules in chemistry * Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a particular vinyl polymer ** PVC clothing, cloth coated in PVC, also commonly used for tablecloths, upholstery, and shoes * Vinyl compositio ...
disc Disk or disc may refer to: * Disk (mathematics) * Disk storage Music * Disc (band), an American experimental music band * ''Disk'' (album), a 1995 EP by Moby Other uses * Disc (galaxy), a disc-shaped group of stars * ''Disc'' (magazine), ...
, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute
take A take is a single continuous recorded performance. The term is used in film and music to denote and track the stages of production. Film In cinematography, a take refers to each filmed "version" of a particular shot or "setup". Takes of each sho ...
be placed on one side, and that radio stations play the song in its entirety.


Types of physical singles

Singles have been issued in various formats, including , 10-inch, and
12-inch The twelve-inch single (often written as 12-inch or 12″) is a type of Polyvinyl chloride, vinyl (Polyvinyl Chloride or PVC) gramophone record that has wider groove spacing and shorter playing time with a 'single' or a few related sound trac ...
discs, usually playing at 45 rpm; 10-inch shellac discs, playing at 78 rpm;
maxi single A maxi single or maxi-single (sometimes abbreviated to MCD or CDM) is a music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time to produce a composition through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the universal cul ...
s; 7-inch plastic
flexi disc Flexi discs like this ''Interface Age'' " Floppy ROM" program sheet were occasionally included as inserts in computer hobbyist and video game magazines during the late 1970s and early 1980s. The flexi disc (also known as a phonosheet, Sonosheet or ...
s;
cassette Cassette may refer to: Technology * Cassette tape (or ''musicassette'', ''audio cassette'', ''cassette tape'', or ''tape''), a worldwide standard for analog audio recording and playback ** Cassette single (or "Cassingle"), a music single in the f ...
s; and CD singles. Other, less common, formats include singles on
Digital Compact Cassette The Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) is a magnetic tape sound recording format introduced by Philips Koninklijke Philips N.V. (literally ''Royal Philips'', commonly shortened to Philips, stylized in its logo as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinati ...
,
DVD The DVD (common abbreviation for Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc) is a digital optical disc data storage format invented and developed in 1995 and released in late 1996. The medium can store any kind of digital data and was wide ...
, and , as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc (, , etc.).


7-inch format

The most common form of the vinyl single is the "45" or "7-inch". The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm (revolutions per minute), and the standard diameter, 7 inches. The 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949, by
RCA Victor RCA Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment Sony Music Entertainment (commonly referred to as Sony Music) is an American global Music industry, music company. Owned by the Japanese conglomerate (company), conglom ...
as a smaller, more durable and higher-
fidelity Fidelity is the quality of faithfulness or loyalty. Its original meaning regarded duty A duty (from "due" meaning "that which is owing"; fro, deu, did, past participle of ''devoir''; la, debere, debitum, whence "debt") is a commitment or ex ...

fidelity
replacement for the
78 rpm A phonograph disc record (also known as a gramophone disc record, especially in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language fir ...

78 rpm
shellac discs. The first 45 rpm records were monaural, with recordings on both sides of the disc. As stereo recordings became popular in the 1960s, almost all 45 rpm records were produced in stereo by the early 1970s.
Columbia Records Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment Sony Music Entertainment (commonly referred to as Sony Music) is an American global Music industry, music company. Owned by the Japanese conglomerate (company), c ...
, which had released the  rpm 12-inch
vinyl LP The LP (from "long playing" or "long play") is an analog sound storage medium On a reel-to-reel tape recorder (Sony TC-630), the recorder is data storage equipment and the magnetic tape is a data storage medium. Data Data are units ...
in June 1948, also released  rpm 7-inch vinyl singles in March 1949, but they were soon eclipsed by the RCA Victor 45. The first regular production 45 rpm record pressed was "PeeWee the Piccolo" RCA Victor 47-0146 pressed 7 December 1948, at the Sherman Avenue plant in
Indianapolis Indianapolis (), colloquially known as Indy, is the List of U.S. state and territorial capitals, state capital and List of U.S. states' largest cities by population, most-populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the county seat, seat of M ...

Indianapolis
, R.O. Price, plant manager. The claim made that 48-0001 by
Eddy Arnold Richard Edward Arnold (May 15, 1918 – May 8, 2008) was an American country music Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. The term also includes Western mus ...

Eddy Arnold
was the first 45 is evidently incorrect (even though as of this writing 48-0000 has not turned up, however 50-0000-Crudup, 51-0000-Meisel, and 52-0000 Goodman are out there) since all 45s were released simultaneously with the 45 player on the 29 March date. There was plenty of information 'leaked' to the public about the new 45 rpm system through front-page articles in ''
Billboard A billboard (also called a hoarding in the UK and many other parts of the world) is a large outdoor advertising Out-of-home (OOH) advertising, also called outdoor advertising, outdoor media, and out-of-home media, is advertising experienced ou ...
'' magazine on 4 December 1948, and again on 8 January 1949. RCA was trying to blunt the lead Columbia had established in releasing their   LP system back in June 1948. To compete with Columbia, RCA released albums as boxes of 45 rpm 7-inch singles that could be played continuously like an LP on their record changer. In the early era RCA were also releasing 7-inch singles pressed in different colours for different genres, making it easy for customers to find their preferred music. The novelty of multicoloured singles however only lasted a couple of years, by 1952 all of RCA's singles were pressed in black vinyl. The lightweight and inexpensive 45 rpm discs introduced by RCA were quickly popular and in the early 1950s all major US labels had begun manufacturing 7-inch singles. In some regions (e.g. US), the default hole size fitted the original RCA 1.5 inch hub which, due to a
format war A format war describes competition between similar but mutually incompatible technical standards that compete for the same market, such as for data storage device File:Reel-to-reel recorder tc-630.jpg, On a reel-to-reel tape recorder (Sony TC-6 ...
, was incompatible with the 0.25-inch spindle of a Columbia-system 33 1/3 RPM 12-inch LP player. In other regions (e.g. UK), the default was a small hole compatible with a multi-speed 0.25-inch spindle player, but with a "knock out" that was removed for usage on a larger hub player. One could play a large-hole record on a player with a 0.25-inch spindle by use of a single puck or by inserting an adapter.


12-inch format

Although 7 inches remained the standard size for vinyl singles,
12-inch single The twelve-inch single (often written as 12-inch or 12″) is a type of vinyl Vinyl may refer to: * Vinyl group In chemistry Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with Chemical element, elements and chemical compound, compoun ...
s were introduced for use by DJs in
discos File:Derrynaflan paten.jpg, 250px, Derrynaflan Chalice, Derrynaflan Paten, part of an 8th- or 9th-century communion set found in County Tipperary, Ireland A paten, or diskos, is a small plate, usually made of silver or gold, used to hold Euchari ...
in the 1970s. The longer playing time of these singles allowed the inclusion of extended dance mixes of tracks. In addition, the larger surface area of the 12-inch discs allowed for wider grooves (larger amplitude) and greater separation between grooves, the latter of which results in less cross-talk. Consequently, they are less susceptible to wear and scratches. The 12-inch single is still considered a standard format for
dance music Dance music is music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the universal cultural aspects of all human societies. General definitions of music include com ...
, though its popularity has declined in recent years.


Digital era

As digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to also be available separately. Nevertheless, the concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more heavily promoted or more popular song (or group of songs) within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's
iTunes Store The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. that opened on April 28, 2003, as a result of Steve Jobs' push to open a digital marketplace for music. As of April 2020, iTunes offers 60 million songs, 2.2 ...

iTunes Store
(then called
iTunes Music Store The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. that opened on April 28, 2003, as a result of Steve Jobs' push to open a digital marketplace for music. As of April 2020, iTunes offers 60 million songs, 2.2 ...
) in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the
iPod The iPod is a line of portable media players and multi-purpose pocket computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that design ...
. In September 1997, with the release of
Duran Duran Duran Duran () are an English new wave New Wave may refer to: Music * New wave music, a genre of popular music that originated in the 1970s Albums * ''New Wave'' (Against Me! album) or the title song, 2007 * ''New Wave'' (The Auteurs ...

Duran Duran
's " Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads,
Capitol Records Capitol Records (legal name: Capitol Records, LLC, until 2007 Capitol Records Inc.) is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group Universal Music Group B.V. (often abbreviated as UMG) is a global Music industry, music corporati ...
became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Previously,
Geffen Records Geffen Records is an American record label established by David Geffen and owned by Universal Music Group through its Interscope Geffen A&M Records imprint. Founded in 1980, Geffen Records has been a part of Interscope Geffen A&M since 1999 and ...
also released
Aerosmith Aerosmith is an American rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, ch ...
's " Head First" digitally for free. In 2004,
Recording Industry Association of America The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization A trade association, also known as an industry trade group, business association, sector association or industry body, is an organization founded and funded by busine ...
(RIAA) introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with
Gwen Stefani Gwen Renée Stefani (; born October 3, 1969) is an American singer and songwriter. She is a co-founder, lead vocalist, and the primary songwriter of the band No Doubt, whose singles include " Just a Girl", "Spiderwebs (song), Spiderwebs", and "Do ...

Gwen Stefani
's "
Hollaback Girl "Hollaback Girl" is a song by American singer Gwen Stefani from her debut solo studio album, '' Love. Angel. Music. Baby.'' (2004). It is a hip hop Hip hop or hip-hop is a culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the so ...
" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download. Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005,
Official UK Singles Chart The UK Singles Chart (currently entitled Official Singles Chart, with the upper section more commonly known as the Official UK Top 40) is compiled by the Official Charts Company (OCC), on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top- ...
added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles.
Gnarls Barkley Gnarls Barkley is an American soul music, soul duo, composed of singer-songwriter CeeLo Green and producer Danger Mouse (musician), Danger Mouse. They released their debut studio album, ''St. Elsewhere (album), St. Elsewhere'', in 2006. It contain ...

Gnarls Barkley
was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", which was released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007, digital downloads (including unbundled album tracks) became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales gradually improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. In the late 2010s, artists began a trend of releasing multiple singles before eventually releasing a studio album. An unnamed A&R representative confirmed to ''
Rolling Stone ''Rolling Stone'' is an American monthly magazine that focuses on music, politics, and popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California, in 1967 by Jann Wenner, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason. It was first known for its c ...
'' in 2018 that "an artist has to build a foundation to sustain" and added that "When artists have one big record and go run with that, it doesn't work because they never had a foundation to begin with." The same article cited examples such as
Cardi B Belcalis Marlenis Almánzar (born October 11, 1992), known professionally as Cardi B, is an American rapper, songwriter, and television personality. Born and raised in New York City, she became an Internet celebrity by achieving popularity on ...
,
Camila Cabello Karla Camila Cabello Estrabao (; ; born March 3, 1997) is a Cuban-born American singer and songwriter. She rose to prominence as a member of the girl group Fifth Harmony, formed on ''The X Factor USA'' in 2012, signing a joint record deal wi ...
and
Jason Derulo Jason Joel Desrouleaux (born September 21, 1989), better known by his stage name Jason Derulo (; formerly stylised as Derülo), is an American singer, songwriter, and dancer. Since the start of his solo recording career in 2009, Derulo has sold ...

Jason Derulo
releasing four or more singles prior to their album releases.


Culture

The sales of singles are recorded in
record charts A record chart, in the music industry, also called a music chart, is a ranking of Sound recording and reproduction, recorded music according to certain criteria during a given period. Many different criteria are used in worldwide charts, often ...
in most countries in a
Top 40 In the music industry, the top 40 is the current, 40 most-popular songs in a particular genre. It is the best-selling or most frequently broadcast popular music. Record charts have traditionally consisted of a total of 40 songs. "Top 40" or "contem ...
format. These charts are often published in magazines and numerous television shows and
radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). They are generated by an electronic device ...
programs count down the list. In order to be eligible for inclusion in the charts the single must meet the requirements set by the charting company, usually governing the number of songs and the total playing time of the single. In
popular music Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry. These forms and styles can be enjoyed and performed by people with little or no musical training.Popular Music. (2015). ''Funk & ...
, the commercial and artistic importance of the single (as compared to the EP or album) has varied over time, technological development, and according to the audience of particular artists and genres. Singles have generally been more important to artists who sell to the youngest purchasers of music (younger teenagers and pre-teens), who tend to have more limited financial resources. Starting in the mid-sixties, albums became a greater focus and more important as artists created albums of uniformly high quality and coherent themes, a trend which reached its apex in the development of the
concept album A concept album is an album packaged in book form, like a photograph album An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc (CD), Phonograph record, vinyl, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recor ...
. Over the 1990s and early 2000s, the single generally received less and less attention in the United States as albums, which on compact disc had virtually identical production and distribution costs but could be sold at a higher price, became most retailers' primary method of selling music. Singles continued to be produced in the UK and Australia, surviving the transition from compact disc to digital download. The discontinuation of the single has been cited as a major marketing mistake by the record companies considering it eliminated an inexpensive recording format for young fans to use to become accustomed to purchasing music. In its place was the predominance of the album which alienated customers by the expense of purchasing an expensive format for only one or two songs of interest. This in turn encouraged interest in
file sharing File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media Digital media means any media (communication), media that are encoded in Machine-readable data, machine-readable formats. Digital media can be created, viewed, di ...
software on the internet like
Napster Napster is an audio streaming Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end user while being delivered by a provider over the Internet. The verb ''to stream'' refers to the process of delivering or obt ...

Napster
for single recordings initially which began to seriously undercut the music recording market.
Dance music Dance music is music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the universal cultural aspects of all human societies. General definitions of music include com ...
, however, has followed a different commercial pattern, and the single, especially the 12-inch vinyl single, remains a major method by which dance music is distributed. A curious development has been the popularity of mobile phone
ringtone A ringtone or ring tone is the sound made by a telephone A telephone is a telecommunications Appliance (disambiguation), device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly. A t ...
s based on pop singles (on some modern phones, the actual single can be used as a ringtone). In September 2007,
Sony BMG Sony BMG Music Entertainment was an American record company owned as a 50–50 joint venture between Sony Corporation of America and Bertelsmann Music Group. The venture's successor, the revived Sony Music, is wholly owned by Sony, following th ...

Sony BMG
announced they would introduce a new type of CD single, called "ringles", for the 2007 holiday season. The format included three songs by an artist, plus a ringtone accessible from the user's computer. Sony announced plans to release 50 singles in October and November, while
Universal Music Group Universal Music Group B.V. (often abbreviated as UMG) is a global Music industry, music corporation that is majority owned by the French media conglomerate Vivendi, with Chinese tech company Tencent owning a minority stake. UMG's corporate head ...
expected to release somewhere between 10 and 20 titles. In a reversal of this trend, a single has been released based on a ringtone itself. The
Crazy Frog Crazy Frog, originally known as The Annoying Thing, is a Swedish CGI-animated character and musician created in 2003 by actor and playwright Erik Wernquist. Marketed by the ringtone provider Jamba!, the character was originally created to acco ...
ringtone, which was a cult hit in Europe in 2004, was released as a mashup with "
Axel F "Axel F" is the electronic instrumental An instrumental is a recording normally without any vocals, although it might include some inarticulate vocals, such as shouted backup vocals in a big band setting. Through semantic widening, a broa ...
" in June 2005 amid a massive publicity campaign and subsequently hit No. 1 on the UK charts. The term ''single'' is sometimes regarded as a misnomer, since one record usually contains two songs: the
A-side and B-side A-side and B-side are terms used to refer to the two sides of phonograph records and cassettes, and have often been printed on the labels of two-sided music recordings. The A-side usually features a recording that its artist, producer, or rec ...
. In 1982, CBS marketed one-sided singles at a lower price than two-sided singles.


In South Korea

In South Korean music, the terminology for "albums" and "singles" is unique and includes an additional term, the "single album" (), a category of releases that is not found outside of South Korea. In English, the word "album" in ordinary usage refers to an LP-length music release with multiple tracks. By contrast, the Korean word for "album" () denotes a musical recording of any length released on physical media; it is closer in meaning to the English words "record" or "release". Although the terms "single albums" and "singles" are similar and sometimes may even overlap in meaning, depending on context, they are considered two distinct release types in South Korea. A "single album" refers to a physical release (like CD, LP, or some other media) collecting one or more singles, while a "single" is only a song itself, typically as a downloaded file or streamable song. The
Gaon Album Chart Gaon Album Chart, part of Gaon Music Chart, is a national chart that ranks the best-selling albums, including mini and single albums, in South Korea, provided by the Korea Music Content Association. It has been tracking sales since the beginning of ...
tracks sales of all "offline" albums released as physical media, meaning that single albums compete alongside full-length studio albums (and all other albums). The
Gaon Digital Chart The Gaon Digital Chart is the music industry The music industry consists of the companies and independent artists that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and arranging live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions ...
, which tracks downloads and streams, is regarded as the official "singles" chart. As a distinct release type, the single album developed during the CD era in the 1990s. Single albums, typically including about two or three songs, were marketed as a more affordable alternative to a full-length CD album. The term "single album" is sometimes used to refer to a release that would simply be called a "single" in western contexts, such as a 7-inch 45rpm record released before the advent of downloadable music. To give an example of the differences between full-length albums, single albums, and singles: the K-pop boy band
Big Bang The Big Bang Scientific theory, theory is the prevailing cosmological model explaining the existence of the observable universe from the Planck units#Cosmology, earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. The model d ...

Big Bang
has a full-length studio album, titled ''
MADE Made or MADE may refer to: In entertainment Film *Made (1972 film), ''Made'' (1972 film), United Kingdom *Made (2001 film), ''Made'' (2001 film), United States Music *Made (Scarface album), ''Made'' (Scarface album), 2007 *Made (Hawk Nelson album) ...
'', which was originally released as a series of four single albums: '' M'', '' A'', '' D'', and '' E''. Two singles were included on each of these single albums; the first in the series, ''M'', contains the singles "
Loser Loser or Losers may refer to: Film and television * ''Loser'', a 1996 film directed by Kirk Harris * Loser (film), ''Loser'' (film), a 2000 movie starring Jason Biggs and Mena Suvari * The Losers (film), ''The Losers'' (film), the 2010 film ad ...
" and " Bae Bae". A single album is distinct from a single even if it only includes one song. The single " Gotta Go" by
Chungha Kim Chung-ha (, born Kim Chan-mi []; February 9, 1996), better known mononymous person, mononymously as Chungha (stylized as CHUNG HA), is a South Korean singer, dancer and choreographer. She finished fourth in Mnet's girl group A girl group i ...
was released on a single album titled ''XII'', which was a one-track CD. Even though "Gotta Go" was the only song on ''XII'', the two releases carry different titles and charted separately: ''XII'' reached No.4 on the Gaon Album Chart, while "Gotta Go" reached No.2 on the Gaon Digital Chart.


See also

*
Gramophone record A phonograph disc record (also known as a gramophone disc record, especially in British English), or simply a phonograph record, gramophone record, disc record or record, is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an i ...
*
Lead single A lead single is the first Single (music), single to be released from a studio album, by a musician or a Band (music), band, usually before the album itself is released. Release strategies Artists often choose songs that are more up-tempo as lead ...
*
List of best-selling singles This article is a compendium A compendium (plural: compendia) is a concise collection of information pertaining to a body of knowledge. A compendium may summarize a larger work. In most cases the body of knowledge will concern a specific fie ...


References


Further reading

* * * * Carson, B. H.; Burt, A. D.; Reiskind, H. I., "A Record Changer and Record of Complementary Design", ''RCA Review'', June 1949 * {{DEFAULTSORT:Single Audio storage