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A shore or a shoreline is the fringe of
land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mainly of Earth's crust, crustal components such a ...

land
at the edge of a large
body of water A body of water or waterbody (often spelled water body) is any significant accumulation of water, generally on a planet's surface. The term most often refers to oceans, seas, and lakes, but it includes smaller pools of water such as ponds, wetla ...

body of water
, such as an
ocean The ocean (also the sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
,
sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
sea
, or
lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable ove ...

lake
. In
physical oceanography Physical oceanography is the study of physics, physical conditions and physical processes within the ocean, especially the motions and physical properties of ocean waters. Physical oceanography is one of several sub-domains into which oceanograph ...
, a shore is the wider fringe that is geologically modified by the action of the body of water past and present, while the
beach A beach is a landform alongside a body of water which consists of loose particles. The particles composing a beach are typically made from Rock (geology), rock, such as sand, gravel, shingle beach, shingle, pebbles, etc., or biological so ...

beach
is at the edge of the shore, representing the
intertidal zone The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore or seashore, is the area above water level Water level, also known as gauge height or stage, is the elevation of the free surface of a sea, stream, lake or reservoir relative to a specified ve ...
where there is one. In contrast to a
coast The coast, also known as the coastline or seashore, is defined as the area where land meets the ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of and contains 97% of . Anot ...

coast
, a shore can border any body of water, while the coast must border an ocean or a sea. Therefore, in that sense, a coast is a type of shore. However, the word "coast" often refers to an area far wider than the shore, often stretching miles into the interior. Shores are influenced by the
topography Topography is the study of the forms and features of land surface Relief map of Sierra Nevada, Spain Terrain or relief (also topographical Topography is the study of the forms and features of land surfaces. The topography of an ...
of the surrounding landscape, as well as by water induced
erosion In earth science Earth science or geoscience includes all fields of natural science Natural science is a branch of science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific ...

erosion
, such as
waves The United States Naval Reserve (Women's Reserve), better known as the WAVES (for Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service), was the women's branch of the United States Naval Reserve The United States Navy Reserve (USNR), known as the Un ...
. The
geological Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rock (geology), rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which th ...

geological
composition of
rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, chemical composition and the way in w ...
and
soil Surface-water- gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland.">Northern_Ireland.html" ;"title="glacial till, Northern Ireland">glacial till, Northern Ireland. Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms tha ...

soil
dictates the type of shore which is created.


Rivieras

''Riviera'' is an Italian word for "shoreline", ultimately derived from Latin ''ripa'' ("riverbank"). It came to be applied as a proper name to the coast of the
Ligurian Sea 300px, The Ligurian Sea The Ligurian Sea ( it, Mar Ligure; french: Mer Ligurienne; lij, Mâ Ligure) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin ...
, in the form ''riviera ligure'', then shortened to ''riviera''. Historically, the Ligurian Riviera extended from Capo Corvo (Punta Bianca) south of
Genoa Genoa ( ; it, Genova ; locally ; lij, Zêna ; English, historically, and la, Genua) is the capital of the Regions of Italy, Italian region of Liguria and the List of cities in Italy, sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived ...

Genoa
, north and west into what is now
French
French
territory past
Monaco Monaco (; ), officially the Principality of Monaco (french: Principauté de Monaco; Monégasque Ligurian: ''Prinçipatu de Mu̍negu''), is a sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The ...

Monaco
and sometimes as far as
Marseilles Marseille ( , , ; also spelled in English as Marseilles; oc, Marselha ) is the prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languag ...
. Today, this coast is divided into the
Italian Riviera Image:Map-of-liguria-map-en-wiki.gif, 300px, Liguria and the Italian Riviera The Italian Riviera or Ligurian Riviera ( it, Riviera ligure; lij, Rivêa lìgure) is the narrow coastal strip in Italy which lies between the Ligurian Sea and the mou ...
and the
French Riviera The French Riviera (known in French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country prima ...

French Riviera
, although the French use the term "Riviera" to refer to the Italian Riviera and call the French portion the "Côte d'Azur". As a result of the fame of the Ligurian rivieras, the term came into English to refer to any shoreline, especially one that is sunny, topographically diverse and popular with tourists. Such places using the term include the
Australian Riviera The Gold Coast is a coastal city in the States and territories of Australia, state of Queensland, Australia, approximately south-southeast of the centre of the List of Australian capital cities, state capital Brisbane and immediately north of ...
in
Queensland Queensland ( ) is a state situated in northeastern Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the ...

Queensland
and the
Turkish Riviera File:Ölüdeniz on the Turquoise Coast, Turkey.jpg, Ölüdeniz Beach in Fethiye The Turkish Riviera ( tr, Türk Rivierası), also known popularly as the Turquoise Coast, is an area of southwest Turkey encompassing the provinces of Antalya Provin ...
along the
Aegean Sea The Aegean Sea ; tr, Ege Denizi is an elongated Bay, embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between Europe's Geography of Europe, Balkan peninsula and Asia's Anatolia peninsula. The sea has an area of some 215,000 square kilometres. In ...

Aegean Sea
.


See also

* Offshore or
Intertidal zone The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore or seashore, is the area above water level Water level, also known as gauge height or stage, is the elevation of the free surface of a sea, stream, lake or reservoir relative to a specified ve ...
*
Ballantine Scale The Ballantine scale is a biologically defined scale for measuring the degree of exposure level of wave action on a rocky shore ''Rocky'' is a 1976 American sports drama film directed by John G. Avildsen, written by and starring Sylvester ...
* Coastal path * Shorezone


References


Further reading

* Anders, F.J., and Byrnes, M.R. (1991) Accuracy of shoreline change rates as determined from maps and aerial photographs ''Shore and Beach'', v. 59, no. 1, pp. 17–26. * Anthony, Edward J. (2008) ''Shore Processes and their Palaeoenvironmental Applications'' Elsevier, Amsterdam, * Boaden, Patrick J. S. and Seed, Raymond (1985) ''An Introduction to Coastal Ecology'' Blackie, Glasgow, * Bothner, M.H., and Butman, Bradford. (2007) ''Processes influencing the transport and fate of contaminated sediments in the coastal ocean—Boston Harbor and Massachusetts Bay'', U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1302, pp. 1–89. * Dean, R.G. (1991) Equilibrium beach profiles—characteristics and applications ''Journal of Coastal Research'', v. 7, no. 1, pp. 53–84. * Komar, P.D. (1996) The Budget of Littoral Sediments—Concepts and Applications ''Shore and Beach'', v. 64, pp. 18–26. * * Stauble, D.K. and Brumbaugh, R.W. (2003) An Assessment of the Nation's Shorelines, USA ''Shore and Beach'' v. 71, no. 3, pp. 11–18. * Stockdon, H.F., Sallenger, A.H., List, J.H., and Holman, R.A. (2002) Estimation of shoreline position and change using airborne topographic lidar data ''Journal of Coastal Research'', v. 18, no. 3, pp. 502–513. * Thieler, E.R., Pilkey, O.H., Young, R.S., Bush, D.M., and Chai, F. (2000) The use of mathematical models to predict beach behavior for U.S. coastal engineering—A critical review ''Journal of Coastal Research'', v. 16, no. 1, pp. 48–70.


External links

* * * {{Authority control Physical geography