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A queen consort is the wife of a reigning
king King is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen regnant, queen, which title is also given to the queen consort, consort of a king. *In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contempora ...

king
, or an empress consort in the case of an
emperor An emperor (from la, imperator The Latin word "imperator" derives from the stem of the verb la, imperare, label=none, meaning 'to order, to command'. It was originally employed as a title roughly equivalent to ''commander'' under the Roma ...

emperor
. A queen consort usually shares her spouse's social
rank Rank is the relative position, value, worth, complexity, power, importance, authority, level, etc. of a person or object within a ranking A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is either "rank ...
and status. She holds the feminine equivalent of the king's monarchical
title A title is one or more words used before or after a person's name, in certain contexts. It may signify either generation, an official position, or a professional or academic qualification. In some languages, titles may be inserted between the firs ...

title
s, and is crowned and anointed, but historically, she does not formally share the regnant's political and military powers, unless on occasion acting as
regent A regent (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Repu ...
. In contrast, a
queen regnant A queen regnant (plural: queens regnant) is a female monarch, equivalent in rank and title to a king (title), king, who reigns in her own right over a realm known as a "kingdom"; as opposed to a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king ...
is a female
monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role tha ...

monarch
who rules in her own right, and usually becomes queen by inheriting the throne upon the death of the previous monarch. A
queen dowager#REDIRECT Queen dowager A queen dowager, dowager queen or queen mother (compare: princess dowager, dowager princess or princess mother) is a title or status generally held by the widow of a king. In the case of the widow of an emperor An emp ...
is the widow of a king, and a
queen mother A queen mother is a former queen, often a queen dowager A queen dowager, dowager queen or queen mother (compare: princess dowager, dowager princess or princess mother) is a title or status generally held by the widow of a king. In the case of t ...
is a former queen who is the mother of the current monarch.


Titles

When a title other than king is held by the sovereign, his wife is referred to by the feminine equivalent, such as
princess consort Princess consort is an official title or an informal designation that is normally accorded to the wife of a sovereign prince. The title may be used for the wife of a king of the King of the Romans (variant used in the early modern period) ...
or empress consort. In monarchies where
polygamy Polygamy (from Late Greek Late Greek means writings in the Greek language Greek (modern , romanized: ''Elliniká'', Ancient Greek, ancient , ''Hellēnikḗ'') is an independent branch of the Indo-European languages, Indo-European family o ...
has been practiced in the past (such as
Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Location of Morocco in northwest Africa.Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco.Lighter green: Western Sahara, a United Nations lis ...

Morocco
and
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
), or is practiced today (such as the
Zulu Zulu may refer to: Zulu people * Zulu Kingdom or Zulu Empire, a former monarchy in what is now South Africa * Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken in southern Africa * Zulu people, an ethnic group of southern Africa Arts, entertainment, and med ...
nation and the various
YorubaYoruba may refer to: * Yoruba people The Yoruba people () are a Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa (commonly called Black Africa) is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the Uni ...
polities), the number of wives of the king varies. In Morocco,
King Mohammed VI Mohammed VI ( ar, محمد السادس; ber, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ ⵎⵓⵃⴰⵎⵎⴷ ⵙⴷⵉⵙ ; born 21 August 1963) is the List of rulers of Morocco, King of Morocco. He belongs to the Alaouite dynasty and ascended to the throne on 23 Ju ...
has broken with tradition and given his wife, Lalla Salma, the title of princess. Prior to the reign of King Mohammed VI, the Moroccan monarchy had no such title. In
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
, the king and queen must both be of
royal descent A royal descent is a genealogical Genealogy (from el, γενεαλογία ' "the making of a pedigree") is the study of families, family history, and the tracing of their lineages. Genealogists use oral interviews, historical records, ge ...
. The king's other consorts are accorded royal titles that confer status. Other cultures maintain different traditions on queenly status. A Zulu
chieftain A tribal chief or chieftain is the leader of a tribe, tribal society or chiefdom. Tribe The concept of tribe is a broadly applied concept, based on tribal concepts of societies of western Afroeurasia. Tribal societies are sometimes categor ...
designates one of his wives as "
Great Wife Great Wife, otherwise appearing in West Africa as Senior Wife, is an honorific applied to contemporary royal and aristocratic consorts in states throughout modern Africa (e.g., Mantfombi Dlamini of Swaziland, chief consort of the Zulu King). His ...
", which would be the equivalent to queen consort. Conversely, in
Yorubaland Yorubaland (); is the homeland and cultural region 's map of native American cultural areas within the territory of the United States (1948) as defined by Melville J. Herskovits influence , homelands of the Celtic languages The Celti ...
, all of a chief's consorts are essentially of equal rank. Although one of their number, usually the one who has been married to the
chief Chief may refer to: Title or rank Military and law enforcement * Chief master sergeant Chief Master Sergeant (CMSgt) is the ninth, and highest, United States Air Force enlisted rank insignia, enlisted rank in the United States Air Force, ...
for the longest time, may be given a chieftaincy of her own to highlight her relatively higher status when compared to the other wives; she does not share her husband's ritual power as a chieftain. When a woman is to be vested with an authority similar to that of the chief, she is usually a lady courtier in his service who is not married to him, but who is expected to lead his female subjects on his behalf. While the wife of a king is usually titled as the queen, there is much less consistency for the husband of a reigning queen. The title of king consort is rare. Examples are
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1546 – 10 February 1567) was the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. From his marriage in 1565, he was List of Scottish consorts, king consort of Scotland.Elaine Finnie Greig, 'Stewart, Henry, duke of Albany
,_in_Scotland.html" ;"title=" ...

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
, in Scotland"> ...

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, in Scotland
and Francis, Duke of Cádiz, in Spain. Antoine of Navarre, Antoine of Bourbon-Vendôme in Navarre and Ferdinand II of Portugal, Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in Portugal gained the title king, not king consort, and were co-rulers with their reigning queen wives because of the practice of ''
Jure uxoris ''Jure uxoris'' (a Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in ...
''. The title of
prince consort A prince consort is the husband of a king of the King of the Romans (variant used in the early modern period) File:Nezahualpiltzintli.jpg">Aztec King Nezahualpiltzintli of Texcoco King is the title given to a male monarch in a variety o ...
for the husband of a reigning queen is more common. An example is Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, who, upon marrying
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and because of her insistence that he be given a title of his status, became
Albert, Prince Consort Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Albert was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe ...

Albert, Prince Consort
.


Role

In general, the consorts of monarchs have no power , even when their position is
constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...

constitution
ally or
statutorily
statutorily
recognized. Queen consorts often held an informal sort of power that was dependent on what opportunities were afforded to her. Should she produce a healthy
heir Inheritance is the practice of passing on private property Private property is a legal designation for the ownership of property by non-governmental legal entities. Private property is distinguishable from public property Public property i ...
, have an amiable personality, ambition and piety then chances were higher for her to gain this informal type of power. They may have served roles as transfers of culture. Due to their unique position of being reared in one culture and then, when very young, promised into marriage in another land and culture, queens consort may have served as a cultural bridge between nations. Based on journals, diaries and accounts, some queens consort exchanged and introduced new forms of art, music, religion and fashion. This is all based on the individual women, their experiences. If the court, and even more so, the king were in favor of the queen consort she could gain power over time with cultural and social influence and with the birth of an heir. Often the queen consort of a deceased king (the
dowager queen A queen dowager, dowager queen or queen mother A queen mother is a dowager queen who is the mother of the reigning monarch. The term has been used in English since at least 1560. It arises in hereditary monarchies in Europe Europe is a c ...
or
queen mother A queen mother is a former queen, often a queen dowager A queen dowager, dowager queen or queen mother (compare: princess dowager, dowager princess or princess mother) is a title or status generally held by the widow of a king. In the case of t ...
) has served as
regent A regent (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Repu ...
if her child, the successor to the throne, was still a minor—for example: *
Anne of Kiev Anne of Kiev (Russian, uk, Анна Ярославна; c. 1030 – 1075) was a Rus' princess who became queen of France in 1051 upon marrying King Henry I. She ruled the kingdom as regent during the minority of their son Philip I of France, P ...

Anne of Kiev
, wife of
Henry I of France Henry I (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060) was List of French monarchs, King of the Franks from 1031 to 1060. The Crown lands of France, royal demesne of France reached its smallest size during his reign, and for this reason he is often seen as emblem ...

Henry I of France
* Munjeong, mother of
King Myeongjong of Korea
King Myeongjong of Korea
*
Mary of Guise Mary of Guise (french: Marie de Guise; 22 November 1515 – 11 June 1560), also called Mary of Lorraine, ruled Kingdom of Scotland, Scotland as regent from 1554 until her death. A noblewoman from the Lotharingian House of Guise, she played a prom ...
, mother of
Mary, Queen of Scots Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart, was List of Scottish monarchs, Queen of Scotland from 14 December 1542 until her forced abdication in 1567. Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of King ...

Mary, Queen of Scots
*
Catherine of Austria
Catherine of Austria
, grandmother of
Sebastian of Portugal Sebastian ( pt, Sebastião I ; 20 January 1554 – 4 August 1578) was King of Portugal from 11 June 1557 to 4 August 1578 and the penultimate Portuguese monarch of the House of Aviz. He was the son of João Manuel, Prince of Portugal, and his ...
*
Marie de Medici Marie de' Medici (french: link=no, Marie de Médicis, it, link=no, Maria de' Medici; 26 April 1575 – 3 July 1642), was Queen consort of France, Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon and Regent of ...
, mother of
Louis XIII of France Louis XIII (; sometimes called the Just; 27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was List of French monarchs, King of France from 1610 until his death in 1643 and List of Navarrese monarchs, King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when t ...
*
Kösem Sultan Kösem Sultan ( ota, كوسم سلطان, ) (' 1589Baysun, M. Cavid, s.v. "Kösem Walide or Kösem Sultan" in ''The Encyclopaedia of Islam'' vol. V (1986), Brill, p. 272 – 2 September 1651) also known as Mahpeyker SultanDouglas Arthur Howard, Th ...
, mother of Sultan Murad IV of the Ottoman Empire * Luisa de Guzmán, mother of
Afonso VI of Portugal Afonso VI (; 21 August 164312 September 1683), known as "the Victorious" (), was the second King of Portugal of the House of Braganza from 1656 until his death. He was initially under the regency of his mother, Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, until 1 ...
* Lakshmi Bai, the Rani of Jhansi and mother of Damodar Rao *
Maria Christina of Austria Archduchess Maria Christina Henriette Desideria Felicitas Raineria of Austria ( es, María Cristina de Habsburgo; 21 July 1858 – 6 February 1929) was the second queen consort A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king King ...
, mother of
Alfonso XIII of Spain Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941), also known as El Africano or the African, was King of Spain , coatofarms = Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch.svg , coatofarms_article = Coat of arms of the King of Spain , image ...
*
Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont (Adelheid Emma Wilhelmina Theresia; 2 August 1858 – 20 March 1934) was List of Dutch consorts, Queen consort of the Netherlands and Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg by marriage to William III of the Netherlands, K ...

Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
, mother of
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands Wilhelmina (; Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria; 31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was from 1890 until her abdication in 1948. She reigned for nearly 58 years, longer than any other Dutch monarch. Her reign saw both and , as well as the . The ...

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
*
Anna Khanum Anna Khanum (died 9 September 1647; fa, آنا خانم) was the queen consort of Iran as the wife of the Safavid king Safi (r. 1629–1642). She was the mother of her husband's successor, King Abbas II (r. 1642–1666). Early life Anna Khanum ...
, mother of
Abbas II of Persia Shah Abbas II ( fa, شاه عباس دوم, Shāh Abbās) (30 August 1632 – 26 October 1666), was the seventh Safavid king (shah Shah (; fa, شاه, Šāh, pronounced , "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and ...

Abbas II of Persia
* Helen of Greece, mother of King
Michael of Romania Michael I ( ro, Mihai I ; 25 October 1921 – 5 December 2017) was the last King of Romania, reigning from 20 July 1927 to 8 June 1930 and again from 6 September 1940 until his forced abdication on 30 December 1947. Shortly after Michael's b ...
Besides these examples, there have been many cases of queens consort being shrewd or ambitious stateswomen and, usually (but not always) unofficially, being among the king's most trusted advisors. In some cases, the queen consort has been the chief power behind her husband's throne; e.g.
Maria Luisa of Parma Maria Luisa of Parma (Luisa Maria Teresa Anna; 9 December 1751 – 2 January 1819) was Queen consort of Spain House of Habsburg House of Bourbon House of Bonaparte House of Bourbon (first restoration) House of Savoy House of B ...
, wife of
Charles IV of Spain , house = BourbonBourbon may refer to: Food and drink * Bourbon whiskey, an American whiskey made using a corn-based mash * Bourbon barrel aged beer, a type of beer aged in bourbon barrels * Bourbon biscuit, a chocolate sandwich bisc ...

Charles IV of Spain
.


Examples of queens and empresses consort

Past queens consort: * Queen Jang, consort to
Sukjong of Joseon Sukjong of Joseon (7 October 1661 – 12 July 1720) was the 19th king of the Joseon Dynasty The Joseon dynasty (also transcribed as Chosŏn or Chosun, ko, 대조선국; 大朝鮮國, ) was a Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture ...

Sukjong of Joseon
. Demoted back in 1694 to the rank of ''hui-bin'', Royal Noble Consort Joseon rank 1 * Queen
Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette Josèphe Jeanne (; ; née__NOTOC__ A birth name is the name of the person given upon their birth. The term may be applied to the surname, the given name or to the entire name. Where births are required to be officially regi ...

Marie Antoinette
, consort to
Louis XVI Louis XVI (Louis-Auguste; ; 23 August 175421 January 1793) was the last King of France The monarchs of the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France, frm, Royaulme de France, french: link=no, Royaume de France) wa ...

Louis XVI
of
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
* Queen
Charlotte Charlotte ( ) is the List of municipalities in North Carolina, most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont (United States), Piedmont region, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, Meckle ...

Charlotte
was
George III George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 173829 January 1820) was King of Great Britain There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on th ...

George III
's consort for 57 years, 70 days, between 1761 and 1818, making her
Britain Britain usually refers to: * United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United ...

Britain
's longest-tenured queen consort. * Queen
Mary Mary may refer to: People * Mary (name) Mary is a feminine Femininity (also called womanliness or girlishness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with women and girls. Although femininity is socially constru ...
, consort of
George V George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. Born during the reign of his grandmother ...

George V
* Queen
Elizabeth Elizabeth or Elisabeth may refer to: People * Elizabeth (given name), a female given name (including people with that name) * Elizabeth (biblical figure), mother of John the Baptist Ships * HMS Elizabeth, HMS ''Elizabeth'', several ships * Elisab ...

Elizabeth
, consort of
George VI George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom There have been 12 monarchy of the United Kingdom, British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England an ...

George VI
* Queen
Fabiola
Fabiola
, consort of Baudouin I of the Belgians * Queen
Paola Paola is a female given name, the Italian language, Italian form of the name Paula (given name), Paula. Notable people with the name include: People In arts and entertainment *Paola Del Medico (born 1950), Swiss singer *Paola e Chiara, pop music ...
, consort of
Albert II of Belgium german: Albert Felix Humbert Theodor Christian Eugen Maria , house = Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands ...

Albert II of Belgium
* Queen Anne Marie, consort of
Constantine II of Greece Constantine II ( el, Κωνσταντίνος Βʹ, ''Konstantínos II'', ; born 2 June 1940) is the former King of the Hellenes who reigned from 6 March 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy on 1 June 1973. He acceded as king following the ...

Constantine II of Greece
* Queen Geraldine, consort of
Zog I of Albania Zog I ( sq, Naltmadhnija e tij Zogu I, Mbreti i Shqiptarëve, ; 8 October 18959 April 1961), born Ahmed Muhtar bey Zogolli, taking the name Ahmet Zogu in 1922, was the leader of Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939), Albania from 1922 to 1939. He first s ...
* Queen Marie José, consort of
Umberto II of Italy , house = Savoy Savoy (; frp, Savouè ; french: Savoie is a cultural-historical region in the Western Alps it, Alpi occidentaligerman: Westalpen , photo=Mont Blanc from Punta Helbronner, 2010 July.JPG , photo_caption=Mont Blanc, the ...
*
Queen Kapiolani Queen may refer to: Monarchy * Queen regnant, a female monarch of a Kingdom ** List of queens regnant * Queen consort, the wife of a reigning king * Queen dowager, the widow of a king * Queen mother, a queen dowager who is the mother of a reigni ...
, consort of King
Kalākaua Kalākaua (David Laʻamea Kamananakapu Mahinulani Naloiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua; November 16, 1836 – January 20, 1891), sometimes called The Merrie Monarch, was the last king and penultimate monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, ...
of
Hawaii Hawaii ( ; haw, Hawaii or ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...
* Queen
Soraya Tarzi Soraya Tarzi ( Pashto/ Dari: ملکه ثريا; November 24, 1899 – April 20, 1968), also known as Suraiya Shahzada Khanum, was the first Queen consort of Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto/Dari language, Dari: , Pashto: , Dari: ), offic ...

Soraya Tarzi
, consort of King
Amanullah Khan Ghāzī Amānullāh Khān ( prs, غازی امان الله خان, ps, غازي امان الله خان) was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as King. After the August 1919 end of t ...
of
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of t ...
* Tsaritsa
Ioanna Joanna is a feminine given name deriving from from he, יוֹחָנָה, translit=Yôḥānāh, lit=God is gracious. Variants in English include Joan, Joann, Joanne Joanne (alternate spellings Joann, Jo Ann, Johann, Johanne, Jo-Ann, Jo-Anne) is ...
, consort of Tsar
Boris III of Bulgaria Boris III ( bg, Борѝс III; 28 August 1943), originally Boris Klemens Robert Maria Pius Ludwig Stanislaus Xaver (Boris Clement Robert Mary Pius Louis Stanislaus Xavier), was the Tsar , by Ivan Makarov Tsar ( or ), also spelled ''czar'', ...

Boris III of Bulgaria
* Queen Regent
Saovabha Phongsri Sri Bajarindra ( th, ศรีพัชรินทรา; ; 1 January 1864 – 20 October 1919) – also known as Saovabha Phongsri ( th, เสาวภาผ่องศรี; Pronunciation) – was an agnatic half-sister and consort of Kin ...

Saovabha Phongsri
, consort of
Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn ( th, จุฬาลงกรณ์, 20 September 1853 – 23 October 1910) was the fifth monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or ...

Chulalongkorn
of
Siam ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify His prestige") , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai language, ...

Siam
*
Panapillai Amma Ammachi Panapillai Amma was the title held by the consort of the ruling Maharajah of Travancore The Kingdom of Travancore ( Malayalam: തിരുവിതാംകൂർ/ Tamil: திருவிதாங்கூர்), also known as the ...
(queen consort) Srimathi Lakshmi Pilla Kochamma Chempakaraman Arumana Ammaveedu, wife of Visakham Thirunal
Maharajah Mahārāja ; (also spelled Maharajah, Maharaj) is a Sanskrit Sanskrit (, attributively , ''saṃskṛta-'', nominalization, nominally , ''saṃskṛtam'') is a classical language of South Asia belonging to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo ...
of
Travancore The Kingdom of Travancore (Help:IPA/English, /ˈtrævənkɔːr/), also known as the Kingdom of Thiruvithamkoor, was an Indian kingdom from c. 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruva ...
* Queen
Catherine Katherine, Catherine, and Catherina, other variations are feminine Given name, names. They are popular in Christian countries because of their derivation from the name of one of the first Christian saints, Catherine of Alexandria. The earliest ...

Catherine
, first queen consort of
Henry VIII of England Henry VIII (28 June 149128 January 1547) was King of England from 22 April 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry is best known for Wives of Henry VIII, his six marriages, including his efforts to have his first marriage (to Catherine of Aragon ...
, was also
regent A regent (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Repu ...
when he was in a war in
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
. *Queen Halaevalu Mata'aho, consort of Tāufa'āhau Tupou IV,
Tu'i Tu'i, also spelled more simplistically Tui, is a Polynesian traditional title for tribal chiefs or princes. In translations, the highest such positions are often rendered as "king". For details, see the links below various polities. Traditionally, a ...
of
Tonga Tonga (, ), officially named the Kingdom of Tonga ( to, Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), is a Polynesia Polynesia (, ; from grc, πολύς "many" and grc, νῆσος "island") ( to, Faka-Polinisia; mi, Porinihia; haw, Polenekia; ...

Tonga
. * Queen
Hortense
Hortense
, consort of
Louis Bonaparte Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (born Luigi Buonaparte; 2 September 1778 – 25 July 1846) was a younger brother of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French Emperor of the French ( French: ''Empereur des Français'') was the title of the monarch A monarch ...

Louis Bonaparte
,
King of Holland The monarchy of the Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy, or democratic monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises his authority in accordance with a constitution and ...
* Shahbanu
Farah Pahlavi fa, فرح دیبا , house = Pahlavi (by marriage) , father = Sohrab Diba , mother = Farideh Ghotbi , birth_name = Farah Diba , birth_date = , birth_place = Tehran Tehran (; fa, تهرا ...
, consort of
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Mohammad Reza Pahlavi ( fa, محمدرضا پهلوی, ; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (), was the last '' Shah'' ( King) of Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia and officially th ...

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
,
Shah of Iran This article lists the monarchs of Persia Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran ( fa, جمهوری اسلامی ایران ), is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, also West A ...
* Queen
Wilhelmine The Wilhelmine Period comprises the period of German history between 1890 and 1918, embracing the reign of Kaiser Wilhelm II in the German Empire from the resignation of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck until the end of World War I World W ...
, consort of William I of the Netherlands * Queen Anna Pavlovna of Russia, Anna Pavlovna, consort of William II of the Netherlands * Queen Sophie of Württemberg, Sophie, first consort of William III of the Netherlands * Queen Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Emma, second consort of William III of the Netherlands: When William died on 23 November 1890, Emma became regent (1890–1898) for her underaged daughter, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Wilhelmina, the late king's only surviving child. * Queen Queen Ratna of Nepal, Ratna, second consort of Mahendra of Nepal * Queen Sirikit, consort of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
* Queen Ruth Williams Khama, Ruth, consort (or ''Mohumagadi'') of Seretse Khama, Kgosi, King of the Bamangwato Tswanas of Botswana * Queen Mantfombi Dlamini, Mantfombi, principal consort (or ''Inkosikazi Enkhulu'') of Goodwill Zwelithini, Goodwill Zwelithini of Zululand, South Africa. She was also simultaneously a princess of eSwatini. Past empresses consort: * Empress Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, Auguste Viktoria consort of Wilhelm II, German Emperor, Wilhelm II * Empress Theodora (6th century), Theodora, consort of Justinian I, Byzantine Empire, East Roman Emperor * Empress Mariam-uz-Zamani, consort of Akbar the Great, the third Mughal Emperor. * Empress Hürrem Sultan, consort of Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Empire, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Her imperial title was Haseki Sultan * Empress Nurbanu Sultan, consort of Selim II, Ottoman Empire, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Her imperial title was Haseki Sultan * Empress Safiye Sultan (wife of Murad III), Safiye Sultan, consort of Murad III, Ottoman Empire, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Her imperial title was Haseki Sultan * Empress
Kösem Sultan Kösem Sultan ( ota, كوسم سلطان, ) (' 1589Baysun, M. Cavid, s.v. "Kösem Walide or Kösem Sultan" in ''The Encyclopaedia of Islam'' vol. V (1986), Brill, p. 272 – 2 September 1651) also known as Mahpeyker SultanDouglas Arthur Howard, Th ...
, consort of Ahmed I, Ottoman Empire, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Her imperial title was Haseki Sultan * Empress Perestu Kadın , consort of Abdulmejid I. Her imperial title was Haseki Sultan. * Empress Müşfika Kadın , consort of Abdul Hamid II. Her imperial title was Kadın (title), Kadınefendi. * Empress Saliha Naciye Hanım , consort of Abdul Hamid II. Her imperial title was Khanum, Hanımefendi. * Empress Nur Jahan, consort of Jahangir, Mughal Empire, Mughal Emperor * Empress Maria Theresa, Maria Theresa of Austria, consort of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Francis I, Holy Roman Empire, Holy Roman Emperor * Titular Empress Carlota Joaquina of Spain, consort of John VI of Portugal, List of monarchs of Brazil, Titular Emperor of Brazil * Empress Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Maria Leopoldina, consort of Pedro I of Brazil, Pedro I, List of monarchs of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil * Empress Empress Dowager Ci'an, Xiao Zhen Xian, consort of Xianfeng Emperor, Xianfeng, Qing dynasty, Qing Emperor * Empress Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse), Alexandra Feodorovna, consort of Nicholas II of Russia, Nicholas II, Russian Empire, Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia * Empress Durdhara, consort Chandragupta Maurya, first Mauryan emperor * Empress Shubhadrangi, consort of Bindusara, Mauryan emperor * Empress Asandhimitra, principal consort (or ''Agramahishi'') of Ashoka, third Mauryan emperor * Empress Devi, first consort of Ashoka * Empress Karuvaki, consort of Ashoka * Empress Padmavati (wife of Ashoka), Padmavati, consort of Ashoka * Empress Tishyaraksha, consort of Ashoka * Empress Michiko, consort of Akihito, Emperor Akihito of Japan Current queens consort: * Queen Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah, Azizah, consort of Abdullah of Pahang of Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, Malaysia * Queen Nanasipauʻu Tukuʻaho, consort of Tupou VI of Tonga * Queen Queen 'Masenate Mohato Seeiso, 'Masenate, consort of Letsie III of Lesotho * Queen Jetsun Pema, consort of Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck of Bhutan * Queen Queen Saleha of Brunei, Saleha, consort of Hassanal Bolkiah, Hassanal Bolkiah of Brunei Darussalam * Queen Queen Máxima of the Netherlands, Máxima, consort of Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands * Queen Queen Mathilde of Belgium, Mathilde, consort of Philippe of Belgium * Queen Queen Rania of Jordan, Rania, consort of Abdullah II of Jordan * Queen Queen Silvia of Sweden, Silvia, consort of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden * Queen Suthida, consort of Vajiralongkorn of
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
* Queen Queen Letizia of Spain, Letizia, consort of Felipe VI of Spain * Queen Queen Sonja of Norway, Sonja, consort of Harald V of Norway Current empress consort: * Empress Masako, consort of Naruhito, Emperor Naruhito of Japan Current queens consort in federal monarchies * Queen Raja Zarith Sofiah, Zarith Sofiah, consort of Ibrahim Ismail of Johor * Queen Tengku Permaisuri Norashikin, Norashikin, consort of Sharafuddin of Selangor * Queen Tuanku Zara Salim, Zara Salim, consort of Nazrin Shah of Perak Because queens consort lack an regnal number, ordinal with which to distinguish between them, many historical texts and encyclopedias refer to deceased consorts by their premarital (or maiden) name or title, not by their marital royal title (examples: Queen Mary, consort of
George V George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. Born during the reign of his grandmother ...

George V
, is usually called Mary of Teck, and Queen Maria José, consort of
Umberto II of Italy , house = Savoy Savoy (; frp, Savouè ; french: Savoie is a cultural-historical region in the Western Alps it, Alpi occidentaligerman: Westalpen , photo=Mont Blanc from Punta Helbronner, 2010 July.JPG , photo_caption=Mont Blanc, the ...
, is usually called Marie José of Belgium).


See also

* Consort crown * Prince consort * Princess consort * Haseki Sultan * Sultana (title), Sultana * Royal Noble Consort (Korea) * List of Bohemian consorts * List of Burmese consorts * List of British consorts * List of Bulgarian consorts * List of Canadian monarchs#List of royal consorts of Canada, List of royal consorts of Canada * List of Danish consorts * List of Dutch consorts * List of Queens and Empresses of France * List of Georgian consorts * List of Hawaiian royal consorts * List of Hungarian consorts * List of Norwegian consorts * List of Pre-colonial Filipino Consorts * List of Portuguese queens * List of Spanish consorts * List of Swedish consorts * List of Tongan consorts


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Queen Consort Queens consort, * Queens, Consort Royal titles Wives of national leaders, -