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A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a
landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body A planet is an astronomical body Astronomy (from el, ἀστρονομία, literally meaning the science that studies the laws ...

landform
surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a
mainland Mainland is defined as "relating to or forming the main part of a country or continent, not including the islands around it egardless of status under territorial jurisdiction by an entity" The term is often human geography, politically, econo ...
from which it extends. The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as a body of water. A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water. A peninsula is land with bodies of water on three sides of it.There is no precise definition distinguishing peninsulas from less prominent extensions, and extensions conventionally considered peninsulas are not always named as such; they can also be referred to as a
headland A headland, also known as a head, is a coast The coast, also known as the coastline or seashore, is defined as the area where land meets the ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8 ...

headland
,
cape A cape is a sleeveless outer garment Outerwear is clothing File:KangaSiyu1.jpg, A kanga (African garment), kanga, worn throughout the African Great Lakes region Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel and attire) are items worn on the bo ...
, island
promontory A promontory is a raised mass of land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mainly of ...

promontory
, bill, point, fork, or spit. A point is generally considered a piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape. The area of peninsulas can range from tiny to very large.


Manifestations

A form of the peninsula is the headland and the particularly narrow spit that has been washed up . If a peninsula is located in an inland body of water (lake, river) it is also referred to as an "inland peninsula".


Notable peninsulas


See also

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Barrier peninsula Barrier islands are coastal landforms and a type of dune system that are exceptionally flat or lumpy areas of sand that form by wave and tidal action parallel to the mainland coast. They usually occur in chains, consisting of anything from a fe ...
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List of peninsulas A peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. The surrounding water is usually understood to be con ...
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Isthmus An isthmus ( or ; plural: isthmuses or isthmi; from grc, ἰσθμός, isthmós, neck) is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water by which they are otherwise separated. A tombolo is an isthmus that consist ...

Isthmus


References

{{Authority control Landforms