A natural-born-citizen clause, if present in the constitution of a country, requires that its president or vice president be a natural born citizen. The constitutions of a number of countries contain such a clause, but there is no universally accepted meaning for the term.

Nations that have the requirement


As of Article 89 of the
Albanian Constitution The present Constitution of the Republic of Albania ( sq, Kushtetuta e Republikës së Shqipërisë) was adopted by the Parliament of Albania on 21 October 1998 and certified by presidential decree on 28 November 1998, following a failed referend ...
sets the following qualifications for holding the presidency, to be a natural-born citizen of the Albanian Republic, to be at least forty years old and to be a resident in the Republic of Albania for at least ten years.


Article 110 of the 2010 Constitution provides that "Natural born Angolan citizens of over 35 years of age, living in the country for the last 10 years, and enjoying full civil and political rights shall be eligible to the post of President of the Republic."


Section 90 of the Argentine Constitution establishes the requirements for becoming president. The President must be a natural-born citizen of the country.


In order to be able to run for office, a candidate must be a Belarusian citizen by birth that is over thirty-five years old. The candidate must also reside within the republic for ten years and able to cast a ballot legally. The provisions are set down in Article 80 of the Constitution.Webportal of the President of the Republic of Belaru
Section Four of the Constitution
. Published 1994, amended in 1996. Retrieved June 7, 2007.


Article 14, paragraph 3 of the Constitution requires a candidate to be: * Born in Brazil, or a native citizen. * Eligible to vote. * Registered to vote. * Living in electoral district. * Member of a political party. * Minimum age of 35.


The Constitution of 1980 and its 2005 amendment establishes the requirements for becoming president. The president must be a natural-born citizen of the country, or else born overseas when one of his or her parents or grandparents is a Chilean national. The president must also be at least 35 years old.


Colombian Constitution of 1991 The Political Constitution of Colombia of 1991 ( es, Constitución Política de Colombia de 1991), is the Constitution of the Republic of Colombia. It was promulgated in Constitutional Gazette number 114 on Thursday, July 4, 1991, and is also ...
Article 191: states that the president must be a natural born citizen of Colombia and at least 30 years of age.

Costa Rica

According to Article 131 of the Constitution, The following is required to be president or vice president of the Republic: be Costa Rican by birth and a citizen in exercise.


According to the first paragraph of Section 54 of the Finnish Constitution, "The President shall be a native-born Finnish citizen."


According to Chapter 8, Article 62 of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana, a person shall not be qualified for election as the president of Ghana unless that person is a citizen of Ghana by birth


To be eligible to run for president in Honduras, the candidate is required to be a natural-born Honduran.


According to the Article 6 of the 1945 Indonesia constitution, presidential and vice presidential candidates must have been citizens since birth who have never voluntarily acquired another citizenship.


The person to be elected as president should be a Kenyan citizen by birth.


Requirements for candidates for president of Turkmenistan include the following: * Must have been born in Turkmenistan * Must be fluent in the
Turkmen language Turkmen (, , , or , , , ), sometimes referred to as "Turkmen Turkic" or "Turkmen Turkish", is a Turkic language spoken by the Turkmens of Central Asia, mainly of Turkmenistan, Iran, and Afghanistan. It has an estimated 5 million native speakers ...
* Must have resided in Turkmenistan for the past 15 consecutive years


To be eligible for office under the Liberia Constitution, a presidential candidate must: *be a natural born citizen of Liberia" (per Art, 27)(b) of the Constitution;
citizenship Citizenship is a "relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its protection". Each state determines the conditions under which it will recognize persons as its citizens, and ...
is limited to "persons who are Negroes or of Negro descent".


constitution of Mexico The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States ( es, Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in t ...
requires the ''candidate to be natural-born citizen'' of Mexico with at least one parent who is a natural-born citizen of Mexico. The person should be at least 35 years of age and ''should have resided'' in Mexico for at least 20 years in his entire lifetime and for the entire year before the election. The person should not be a secretary or under-secretary of state, attorney general, or governor of a state at least 6 months prior to the election.


Chapter VI, Part I, Section 131 of the constitution states that a person may be qualified for election of the office of the president if they are a citizen of Nigeria by birth.


Article VII, Section 3 of the 1987 Constitution provides that no person may be elected president unless "he or she is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines".


A new constitution was approved in February 2012. Article 84 of Syria's 2012 constitution requires that candidates for the presidency must: #Be Syrian by birth, of parents who are Syrians by birth


Qualifications of the President according to Constitution of Uganda. (Article 102) A person to qualify for election as president must be— (a) a citizen of Uganda by birth; (b) not less than thirty-five and not more than seventy-five years of age; and (c) qualified to be a member of Parliament.

United States

The president and vice president must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old, and have been a resident of the
United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territorie ...
for at least 14 years.


Constitution A constitution is the aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed. When these prin ...
amendment establishes the requirements for becoming president. Article 151 establishes that the President must be a natural-born citizen of the country, or have been born to an Uruguayan citizen if born abroad. The President must also be at least 35 years old and be registered in the National Civic Registry.


According to articles 227 and 229 of the
Constitution of Venezuela The Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela ( es, Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela (CRBV)) is the current and twenty-sixth constitution of Venezuela. It was drafted in mid-1999 by a constituent assembly that h ...
, adopted in 1999, the following requirements must be met in order to become President of Venezuela:Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Chapter 11 – National Executive Power *Being a Venezuelan citizen from birth and possessing no other nationality.

See also

Jus sanguinis ( , , ; 'right of blood') is a principle of nationality law by which citizenship is determined or acquired by the nationality or ethnicity of one or both parents. Children at birth may be citizens of a particular state if either or both of t ...
'' *
List of presidential qualifications by country This is a list of qualifications that potential candidates must possess in order to stand for election as president of a country. Afghanistan Article 62 of the Constitution of Afghanistan of 2004 states that a candidate for the office of Presiden ...


{{DEFAULTSORT:presidential qualifications by country Presidents Electoral restrictions