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A military operation plan (also called a war plan before
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
) is a formal
plan A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with details of timing and resources, used to achieve an Goal, objective to do something. It is commonly understood as a modal logic, temporal set (mathematics), set of intended actions through wh ...

plan
for
military armed forces
military armed forces
, their
military organization Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a State (polity), state so as to offer such military capability as a military policy, national defense policy may require. In some countries paramilitary f ...
s and units to conduct operations, as drawn up by commanders within the
combat operations process Combat operations area - process is undertaken by armed forces during military campaigns, major Military operation#Military operations 2, operations, battles, and Engagement (military), engagements to facilitate the setting of Goal, objectives, dir ...
in achieving objectives before or during a
conflict Conflict may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films * ''Conflict'' (1936 film), an American boxing film starring John Wayne * ''Conflict'' (1938 film), a French drama film directed by Léonide Moguy * ''Conflict'' (1945 film), ...

conflict
. Military plans are generally produced in accordance with the
military doctrine Military doctrine is the expression of how military force A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between s ...
of the troops involved. Because planning is a valuable exercise for senior military staff, in peacetime nations generally produce plans (of varying detail) even for very unlikely hypothetical scenarios.
Plan XVII Plan XVII () was the name of a "scheme of mobilization and concentration" that was adopted by the French (the peacetime title of the French ) from 1912 to 1914, to be put into effect by the French Army in the event of war between France ...

Plan XVII
and the
Schlieffen Plan The Schlieffen Plan (german: Schlieffen-Plan, ) was a name given after the First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a that began on 28 July 1914 and ...

Schlieffen Plan
are examples of
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
military plans. The
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
developed a famous color-coded set of war plans in the early 20th century; see
United States color-coded war plans During the 1920s and 1930s, the United States military The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or Amer ...
. Military plans often have
code name A code name, call sign or cryptonym is a Code word (figure of speech), code word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project, or person. Code names are often used for military purposes, or in espionage. They may ...
s.


United States

In the
U.S. military The United States Armed Forces are the military forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between ...

U.S. military
, an Operation Plan (OPLAN) is a complete and detailed plan for conducting
joint A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bone A bone is a Stiffness, rigid tissue (anatomy), tissue that constitutes part of the skeleton in most vertebrate animals. Bones protect the various organs of th ...
military operations.Joint Publication 5-0.
Joint Operation Planning
''. 26 December 2006. Accessed 21 August 2010.
An OPLAN is developed by the Combatant Commander (CCDR) of a
Unified Combatant Command A unified combatant command (CCMD), also referred to as a combatant command, is a joint military command A command in military terminology Military terminology refers to the terms and language of military A military, also known colle ...
in response to actual or potential situations for which military operations may be required. An OPLAN is executed when the commander issues an
operations order An Operation Order, often abbreviated to OPORD, is a plan A plan is typically any diagram or list of steps with details of timing and resources, used to achieve an objective to do something. It is commonly understood as a temporal set of int ...
(OPORD), or when the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is the presiding officer of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is the body of the most senior uniformed leaders within the United States Department of ...
(CJCS) issues an execute order (EXORD) at the direction of the
United States Secretary of Defense The United States secretary of defense (SecDef) is the head of the United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government A fed ...
(Secdef) to implement a decision by the
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...

President
to initiate military operations. A concept plan (CONPLAN) is an operation plan in concept form, often lacking the level of details normally found in other military plans. Among publicly known U.S. Operations Plans are two which address possible events on the Korean Peninsula,
OPLAN 5027 Operations Plan 5027 (OPLAN 5027) are a series of military operation plan, military operations plans made by the United States and South Korea for the defense against a possible North Korean invasion. History Before 1973, OPLAN 5027 was primari ...
, the U.S. general war plan which has been regularly updated since at least the mid-1990s, and
OPLAN 5029 OPLAN 5029 is a proposed military operation plan by the United States and South Korea for dealing with "sudden change" in North Korea, such as a coup d'état, revolution, large scale defections, outflow of weapons of mass destruction, hostage sit ...
, a plan catering to a sudden collapse of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu River, Yalu (Amnok) and Tu ...
.
OPLAN 8044 The Single Integrated Operational Plan (SIOP) was the United States' general plan for nuclear war from 1961 to 2003. The SIOP gave the President of the United States a range of targeting options, and described launch procedures and target sets agai ...
and
OPLAN 8010 A military operation plan (also called a war plan before World War II) is a formal plan for military, military armed forces, their military organizations and units to conduct operations, as drawn up by commanders within the combat operations process ...
are both successor plans to the
Single Integrated Operational Plan The Single Integrated Operational Plan (SIOP) was the United States' general plan for nuclear war from 1961 to 2003. The SIOP gave the President of the United States a range of targeting options, and described launch procedures and target sets agai ...
, the general plan for nuclear war from 1961 to 2003. OPLAN 1003-98 was the pre-2002 plan for war with
Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ...

Iraq
.


North Atlantic Treaty Organization

In
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance A military alliance is a formal agreement betwe ...
the successful planning of multinational military operations requires common doctrine. This doctrine is documented in Allied Joint Publication (AJP) five, which is aimed primarily at those engaged in operational-level planning, specifically commanders and staffs employed in joint force command headquarters and component command headquarters. It describes the fundamental aspects of planning joint operations at the operational level and provides an overarching framework of the key planning principles, considerations and process steps that are followed in operational-level planning.


See also

*
United States color-coded war plans During the 1920s and 1930s, the United States military The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or Amer ...


References


External links


Operation Plans (OPLAN)
- from GlobalSecurity.org

Command and control Military operations {{mil-stub