Anatomy () is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Anatomy is a branch of natural science that deals with the structural organization of living things. It is an old science, having its ...
, the term nasal meatus
can refer to any of the three meatus
es (passages) through the
The skull is a bone protective cavity for the brain. The skull is composed of four types of bone i.e., cranial bones, facial bones, ear ossicles and hyoid bone. However two parts are more prominent: the cranium and the mandible. In humans, t ...
The nasal cavity is a large, air-filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face. The nasal septum divides the cavity into two cavities, also known as fossae. Each cavity is the continuation of one of the two nostrils. The nasal ...
: the superior meatus (''meatus nasi superior''), middle meatus (''meatus nasi medius''), and inferior meatus (''meatus nasi inferior'').
The nasal meatuses are located beneath each of the corresponding nasal conchae
. In the case where a fourth, supreme nasal concha
is present, there is a fourth supreme nasal meatus.
The superior meatus is the smallest of the three. It is a narrow cavity located obliquely below the superior concha
. This meatus is short, lies above and extends from the middle part of the middle concha
below. From behind, the sphenopalatine foramen
opens into the cavity of the superior meatus and the meatus communicates with the posterior ethmoidal cell
s. Above and at the back of the superior concha
is the sphenoethmoidal recess
which the sphenoidal sinus
opens into. The superior meatus occupies the middle third of the nasal cavity’s
The middle meatus is the middle-sized and located nasal opening, lying underneath the middle concha and above the
The inferior nasal concha (inferior turbinated bone or inferior turbinal/turbinate) is one of the three paired nasal conchae in the nose. It extends horizontally along the lateral wall of the nasal cavity and consists of a lamina of spongy bone, cu ...
where the meatus extends along its length. On it is a curved fissure, the hiatus semilunaris
, limited below by the edge of the uncinate process of the ethmoid
and above by an elevation named the bulla ethmoidalis
; the middle ethmoidal cells
are contained within this bulla and open on or near to it.
Through the hiatus semilunaris the meatus communicates with a curved passage termed the infundibulum
, which communicates in front with the anterior ethmoidal cells and in rather more than fifty percent of skulls is continued upward as the frontonasal duct into the frontal air-sinus; when this continuity fails, the frontonasal duct opens directly into the anterior part of the meatus.
Below the bulla ethmoidalis and hidden by the uncinate process of the ethmoid is the opening of the maxillary sinus
(ostium maxillare); an accessory opening is frequently present above the posterior part of the inferior nasal concha.
The inferior meatus is the largest of the three. It lies below the inferior concha and above the nasal cavity. It extends most of the length of the nasal cavity’s lateral wall. It is broader in the front than at the back, and presents anteriorly the lower orifice of the nasolacrimal canal
* — Coronal section