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A meal is an
eating Eating (also known as consuming) is the ingestion Ingestion is the consumption of a substance by an organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ὀργανισμός, ''organismos'') is any individual contiguous syste ...

eating
occasion that takes place at a certain time and includes prepared
food Food is any substance consumed to provide Nutrient, nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or Fungus, fungal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, protein (nutrient), proteins, vi ...

food
. The names used for specific meals in
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...
vary, depending on the speaker's culture, the time of day, or the size of the meal. Meals occur primarily at
home A home, or domicile, is a space used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for one or many Human, humans. It is a fully or semi sheltered space and can have both interior and exterior aspects to it. Homes provide sheltered spaces for i ...

home
s,
restaurant A restaurant is a business that prepares and serves food and drinks to customers. Meals are generally served and eaten on the premises, but many restaurants also offer take-out and Delivery (commerce), food delivery services. Restaurants vary g ...

restaurant
s, and
cafeteria A cafeteria, sometimes called a canteen outside the U.S. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America North America is a c ...

cafeteria
s, but may occur anywhere. Regular meals occur on a daily basis, typically several times a day. Special meals are usually held in conjunction with such occasions as
birthday A birthday is the anniversary of the birth Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring, also referred to in technical contexts as parturition. In mammals, the process is initiated by hormones which cause the muscular ...

birthday
s,
wedding A wedding is a ceremony A ceremony (, ) is a unified ritual A ritual is a sequence of activities involving gesture A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication or non-vocal communication Communication (from Latin ''communic ...

wedding
s,
anniversaries An anniversary is the date on which an event took place or an institution was founded in a previous year, and may also refer to the commemoration or celebration of that event. For example, the first event is the initial occurrence or, if plann ...
, and
holidays A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow individuals to celebrate or commemorate an event or tr ...
. A meal is different from a
snack A snack is a small portion of food Food is any substance consumed to provide Nutrient, nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or Fungus, fungal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrate ...

snack
in that meals are generally larger, more varied, and more filling than snacks. The type of meal served or eaten at any given time varies by custom and location. In most modern cultures, three main meals are eaten: in the morning, early afternoon, and evening. Further, the names of meals are often interchangeable by custom as well. Some serve
dinner Dinner usually refers to what is in many Western cultures the largest and most formal meal A meal is an eating Eating (also known as consuming) is the ingestion Ingestion is the consumption of a substance by an organism In bi ...

dinner
as the main meal at midday, with
supper Supper was originally a secondary lighter evening Evening is the period of a day A day is approximately the period during which the Earth completes one rotation around its axis, which takes around 24 hours. A solar day is the length of tim ...

supper
as the late afternoon/early evening meal; while others may call their midday meal
lunch Lunch is a meal eaten around midday. It is commonly the second meal of the day, after breakfast, and varies in size by culture and region. Etymology According to the ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED''), the etymology of ''lunch'' is u ...

lunch
and their early evening meal supper or dinner. Except for "breakfast", these names can vary from region to region or even from family to family.


Breakfast

Breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting period of the previous night.Anderson, Heather Arndt (2013)''Breakfast: A History'' AltaMira Press. There ...

Breakfast
is the first meal of a day, most often eaten in the early morning before undertaking the day's work. Some believe it to be the most important meal of the day. The word ''breakfast'' literally refers to breaking the
fasting Fasting is the willful refrainment from eating and sometimes drinking (see Water fasting and Juice fasting). From a purely physiology, physiological context, "fasting" may refer to the metabolism, metabolic status of a person who has not eaten o ...

fasting
period of the prior night.Anderson, Heather Arndt (2013)
''Breakfast: A History''
AltaMira Press.
Breakfast foods vary widely from place to place, but often include
carbohydrate is a disaccharide A disaccharide (also called a double sugar or ''biose'') is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined by glycosidic linkage. Like monosaccharides, disaccharides are simple sugars soluble in water. Three common ex ...
s such as
grains A grain is a small, hard, dry – with or without an attached or layer – harvested for human or animal consumption. A grain crop is a grain-producing plant. The two main types of commercial grain crops are s and . After being harvested, dry ...
or cereals, fruit, vegetables,
protein Proteins are large biomolecule , showing alpha helices, represented by ribbons. This poten was the first to have its suckture solved by X-ray crystallography by Max Perutz and Sir John Cowdery Kendrew in 1958, for which they received a No ...
foods like
eggs Egg An egg is the organic vessel containing the in which an develops until it can survive on its own, at which point the animal hatches. An egg results from of an . Most s, (excluding s), and lay eggs, although some, such as s, do ...
, meat or fish, and beverages such as
tea Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured A cure is a completely effective treatment for a disease. Cure, or similar, may also refer to: Places * Cure (river), a river in France * Cures, Sabinum, an ...

tea
,
coffee Coffee is a drink prepared from roasted s, the seeds of from certain s in the ' genus. From the coffee fruit, the seeds are separated to produce a stable, raw product: unroasted ''green coffee''. The seeds are then , a process which transfo ...

coffee
,
milk Milk is a nutrient A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce. The requirement for dietary nutrient intake applies to animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that ...

milk
, or
fruit juice Juice is a drink A drink (or beverage) is a liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressible In fluid mechanics or more generally continuum mechanics, incompressible flow (isochoric process, isochoric flow) refers to a fluid flow, flow i ...
, juices often taken first of all. Coffee, milk, tea, juice,
breakfast cereal Cereal, often called breakfast cereal (and further categorized as cold cereal or warm cereal), is a traditional breakfast food made from Processed food, processed cereal, cereal grains. It is traditionally eaten as part of a Balanced diet, balanced ...

breakfast cereal
s,
pancake A pancake (or hotcake, griddlecake, or flapjack) is a flat cake, often thin and round, prepared from a starch-based batter Batter or batters may refer to: * Batter (cooking), thin dough that can be easily poured into a pan * Batter (baseb ...

pancake
s,
waffle A waffle is a dish made from leavened Batter (cooking), batter or dough that is cooked between two plates that are patterned to give a characteristic size, shape, and surface impression. There are many variations based on the type of waffle iron ...

waffle
s,
sausage A sausage is a type of product usually made from , often pork, beef, or poultry, along with salt, spices and other flavourings. Other ingredients such as grains or breadcrumbs may be included as fillers or extenders. The word ''sausage' ...

sausage
s,
French toast French toast is a dish made of sliced bread Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and Colo ...
,
bacon Bacon is a type of salt-cured pork Pork is the culinary name for the meat of a domestic pig The domestic pig (''Sus scrofa domesticus'' or only ''Sus domesticus''), often called swine, hog, or simply pig when there is no need to dis ...

bacon
, sweetened breads, fresh fruits, vegetables,
eggs Egg An egg is the organic vessel containing the in which an develops until it can survive on its own, at which point the animal hatches. An egg results from of an . Most s, (excluding s), and lay eggs, although some, such as s, do ...
,
baked beans Baked beans is a dish Dish, dishes or DISH may refer to: Culinary * Dish (food), something prepared to be eaten * Dishware, plates and bowls for eating, cutting boards, silverware Communications * Dish antenna a type of antenna * Dish Net ...

baked beans
,
muffin A muffin is an individually portioned baked product, however the term can refer to one of two distinct items: a part-raised flatbread A flatbread is a bread made with flour; water, milk, yogurt, or other liquid; and salt, and then thorough ...

muffin
s,
crumpet A crumpet () is a small griddle A griddle is a cooking device consisting of a broad flat surface heated by gas, electricity, wood, or coal, with both residential and commercial applications. In industrialized countries, a griddle is most commo ...
s and
toast Toast most commonly refers to: * Toast (food) Toast is bread that has been browning (food process), browned by exposure to radiant heat. The browning is the result of a Maillard reaction, altering the flavor of the bread and making it firmer so t ...
with
butter Butter is a dairy product Dairy products or milk products are a type of food Food is any substance consumed to provide Nutrient, nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or Fungus, fungal origin, and contai ...

butter
,
margarine Margarine (, also , ) is a spread used for flavoring, baking and cooking. It is most often used as a substitute for butter. Although originally made from animal fats, most margarine consumed today is made from vegetable oil. The foodstuff was ori ...

margarine
,
jam Fruit preserves are preparations of fruit In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate s ...

jam
or
marmalade Marmalade is a fruit preserve made from the juice and peel of citrus fruits boiled with sugar and water. The well-known version is made from bitter orange, but it is also made from lemons, limes, grapefruits, mandarins, sweet oranges, ...

marmalade
are common examples of Western breakfast foods, though a large range of preparations and ingredients are associated with breakfast globally.


Variations of breakfast


Full breakfast

A
full breakfast A full breakfast is a substantial cooked breakfast meal, often served in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and ...
is a
breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting period of the previous night.Anderson, Heather Arndt (2013)''Breakfast: A History'' AltaMira Press. There ...

breakfast
meal, usually including
bacon Bacon is a type of salt-cured pork Pork is the culinary name for the meat of a domestic pig The domestic pig (''Sus scrofa domesticus'' or only ''Sus domesticus''), often called swine, hog, or simply pig when there is no need to dis ...

bacon
,
sausages File:Grinners breakfast.jpg, Full Scottish breakfast: Black pudding, Lorne sausage, toast, fried mushrooms and baked beans. A sausage is a type of meat product usually made from ground meat, often pork, beef, or poultry, along with salt, sp ...

sausages
,
eggs Egg An egg is the organic vessel containing the in which an develops until it can survive on its own, at which point the animal hatches. An egg results from of an . Most s, (excluding s), and lay eggs, although some, such as s, do ...
, and a variety of other cooked foods, with hot beverages such as coffee or tea. It is especially popular in the UK and Ireland, to the extent that many
café A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an establishment that primarily serves coffee Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of berries from certain '' Coffea'' species. When coffee berries turn from ...

café
s and
pub A pub (short for public house) is an establishment licensed to serve alcoholic drink An alcoholic drink is a drink A drink (or beverage) is a liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid In physics, a fluid is a sub ...

pub
s offer the meal at any time of day as an "all-day breakfast". It is also popular in other English-speaking countries. In England it is usually referred to as a 'full English breakfast' (often shortened to 'full English') or 'fry-up'. Other regional names and variants include the 'full Scottish', 'full Welsh', 'full Irish' and the 'Ulster fry'. The full breakfast is among the most internationally recognised British dishes, along with such staples as bangers & mash,
shepherd's pie Shepherd's pie, cottage pie, or hachis Parmentier is a ground meat pie with a crust or topping of mashed potato;''The Oxford English Dictionary'', Oxford University Press, March 2021''s.v.''/ref>Société Dictionnaires le Robert, "Le Robert ...
,
fish and chips Fish and chips is a popular hot dish consisting of fried fish 250px, Fried fish and chips with lemon, ketchup, and tartar sauce as served in San Diego. Fried fish is any fish or shellfish that has been prepared by frying. Often, the fish i ...

fish and chips
and the
Christmas dinner Christmas dinner is a meal traditionally eaten at Christmas. This meal can take place any time from the evening of Christmas Eve to the evening of Christmas Day itself. The meals are often particularly rich and substantial, in the tradition of t ...
. The full breakfast became popular in the British Isles during the Victorian era, and appeared as one among many suggested breakfasts in the home economist
Isabella Beeton Isabella Mary Beeton (' Mayson; 14 March 1836 – 6 February 1865), known as Mrs Beeton, was an English journalist, editor and writer. Her name is particularly associated with her first book, the 1861 work ''Mrs Beeton's Book of Household ...

Isabella Beeton
's ''
The Book of Household Management The book best known as ''Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management'', also published as ''Mrs Beeton's Cookery Book'', is an extensive guide to household management, running a household in Victorian era, Victorian Britain, edited by Isabella Bee ...
'' (1861). A full breakfast is often contrasted (e.g. on hotel menus) with the lighter alternative of a
Continental breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting Fasting is the willful refrainment from eating and drinking. In a physiology, physiological context, fast ...
, traditionally consisting of tea, milk or coffee and
fruit juice Juice is a drink A drink (or beverage) is a liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressible In fluid mechanics or more generally continuum mechanics, incompressible flow (isochoric process, isochoric flow) refers to a fluid flow, flow i ...
s with bread,
croissant A croissant (; , ; ) is a butter Butter is a dairy product made from the fat and protein components of milk Milk is a nutrient-rich liquid food produced by the mammary gland A mammary gland is an exocrine gland in humans and ot ...

croissant
s, or
pastries Pastry is a dough of flour Flour is a powder A powder is a dry, bulk solid Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas and plasma). The molecules in a solid are closely packed togeth ...
.


Instant breakfast

"
Instant breakfast Instant breakfast typically refers to breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting Fasting is the willful refrainment from eating and drink ...
" typically refers to breakfast food products that are manufactured in a powdered form, which are generally prepared with the addition of
milk Milk is a nutrient A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce. The requirement for dietary nutrient intake applies to animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that ...

milk
and then consumed as a
beverage A drink (or beverage) is a liquid intended for human consumption. In addition to their basic function of satisfying thirst, drinks play important roles in human culture. Common types of drinks include plain drinking water, milk, juice and soft dr ...

beverage
.Brand Positioning: Strategies for Competitive Advantage - Subroto Sengupta
pp. 5-6.
Some instant breakfasts are produced and marketed in liquid form, being pre-mixed. The target market for instant breakfast products includes consumers who tend to be busy, such as working adults.Consumer Behavior in Action: Real-Life Applications for Marketing Managers - Geoffrey P. Lantos
p. 45.


Champagne breakfast

A champagne breakfast is a
breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting period of the previous night.Anderson, Heather Arndt (2013)''Breakfast: A History'' AltaMira Press. There ...

breakfast
served with
champagne Champagne (, ) is a sparkling wine Sparkling wine is a wine Wine is an alcoholic drink typically made from fermented grape juice. Yeast Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus ...
or
sparkling wine Sparkling wine is a wine Wine is an alcoholic drink typically made from Fermentation in winemaking, fermented grapes. Yeast in winemaking, Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol and carbon dioxide, releasing h ...
. It is a new concept in some countries and is not typical of the role of a breakfast. It may be part of any day or outing considered particularly
luxurious "Luxurious" is a song by American singer and songwriter Gwen Stefani from her debut solo studio album, ''Love. Angel. Music. Baby.'' (2004). Written by Stefani and fellow No Doubt bandmate Tony Kanal, the track contains a sampling (music), sample ...

luxurious
or indulgent. The accompanying breakfast is sometimes of a similarly high standard and include rich foods such as
salmon Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish Actinopterygii ( New Latin ('having rays') + Greek ( 'wing, fins')), members of which are known as ray-finned fishes, is a clade A clade (; from grc, , ''klados'', ...

salmon
,
caviar Caviar (also known as caviare; from fa, خاویار, khâvyâr, egg-bearing) is a food consisting of salt-cured roe of the family Acipenseridae. Caviar is considered a delicacy and is eaten as a garnish or a spread. Traditionally, the term ...

caviar
,
chocolate Chocolate is a food product made from roasted and ground cacao pods, that is available as a liquid, solid or paste, on its own or as a flavoring agent Flavor, or flavour, is the perceptual Perception (from the Latin Latin ...

chocolate
or
pastries Pastry is a dough of flour Flour is a powder A powder is a dry, bulk solid Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas and plasma). The molecules in a solid are closely packed togeth ...

pastries
, which would not ordinarily be eaten at
breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting period of the previous night.Anderson, Heather Arndt (2013)''Breakfast: A History'' AltaMira Press. There ...

breakfast
or more courses. Instead of as a formal meal the breakfast can be given to the recipient in a basket or hamper. Variations of breakfasts across countries and cuisines Refer to this Wikipedia
Breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting period of the previous night.Anderson, Heather Arndt (2013)''Breakfast: A History'' AltaMira Press. There ...

Breakfast
page for a list of countries in alphabetical order and their variations of breakfast.


Lunch

Lunch Lunch is a meal eaten around midday. It is commonly the second meal of the day, after breakfast, and varies in size by culture and region. Etymology According to the ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED''), the etymology of ''lunch'' is ...

Lunch
, the abbreviation for ''luncheon'', is a light meal typically eaten at midday. The origin of the words ''lunch'' and ''luncheon'' relate to a small snack originally eaten at any time of the day or night. During the 20th century the meaning gradually narrowed to a small or mid-sized meal eaten at midday. Lunch is commonly the second meal of the day after
breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. The word in English refers to breaking the fasting period of the previous night.Anderson, Heather Arndt (2013)''Breakfast: A History'' AltaMira Press. There ...

breakfast
. The meal varies in size depending on the culture, and significant variations exist in different areas of the world. In some parts of the UK it can be called dinner or lunch, with the last meal called tea.


Variations of lunch

A
packed lunch A packed lunch (also called pack lunch, sack lunch or bag lunch in ) is a carried, to be eaten at a destination, such as school, a workplace, or on an , which is prepared before arrival: at home; at a hotel (for guests) or sold in a vending m ...
(also called pack lunch, sack lunch or bag lunch in
North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continen ...

North America
, or packed lunch in the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
, as well as the regional variations: bagging in
Lancashire Lancashire ( , ; abbreviated Lancs.) is a non-metropolitan and ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as ceremonial co ...

Lancashire
,
Merseyside Merseyside ( ) is a metropolitan Metropolitan may refer to: * Metropolitan area, a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories * Metropolitan borough, a form of local government district i ...

Merseyside
and
Yorkshire Yorkshire (; abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England Northern England, also known as the North of England or simply the North, is the most northern area of England England ...

Yorkshire
,) is a
lunch Lunch is a meal eaten around midday. It is commonly the second meal of the day, after breakfast, and varies in size by culture and region. Etymology According to the ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED''), the etymology of ''lunch'' is u ...

lunch
prepared at
home A home, or domicile, is a space used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for one or many Human, humans. It is a fully or semi sheltered space and can have both interior and exterior aspects to it. Homes provide sheltered spaces for i ...

home
and carried to be
eat Eating (also known as consuming) is the ingestion Ingestion is the consumption of a substance by an organism In biology, an organism () is any organic, life, living system that functions as an individual entity. All organisms are ...
en somewhere else, such as
school A school is an educational institution An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, primary-elementary schools, secondary-high schools, and universities. They p ...

school
, a
workplace A workplace is a location where someone works for their employer or themselves, a place of employment. Such a place can range from a Small office/home office, home office to a large office building or factory. For Industrial society, industriali ...
, or at an
outing Outing is the act of disclosing an LGBT person's sexual orientation or gender identity without that person's consent. Outing gives rise to issues of privacy, choice, and harm in addition to sparking debate on what constitutes common good in effort ...

outing
. The food is usually wrapped in
plastic Plastics are a wide range of syntheticA synthetic is an artificial material produced by organic chemistry, organic chemical synthesis. Synthetic may also refer to: In the sense of both "combination" and "artificial" * Synthetic chemical or s ...

plastic
,
aluminum foil Aluminium (aluminum in American English, American and Canadian English) is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Al and atomic number 13. Aluminium has a density lower than those of other common Metal, metals, at ap ...
, or
paper Paper is a thin sheet material Material is a substance Substance may refer to: * Substance (Jainism), a term in Jain ontology to denote the base or owner of attributes * Chemical substance, a material with a definite chemical composition ...

paper
and can be carried ("
packed Data structure alignment is the way data is arranged and accessed in computer memory In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentatio ...
") in a
lunch box Lunch box and vacuum bottle owned by Harry S. Truman A lunch box (alt. spelling lunchbox) refers to a hand-held container used to transport food, usually to work or to school. It is commonly made of metal or plastic, is reasonably airtigh ...

lunch box
,
paper bag A paper bag is a bag made of paper Paper is a thin sheet material produced by mechanically and/or chemically processing cellulose fibres derived from wood, Textile, rags, poaceae, grasses or other vegetable sources in water, draining the ...
(a ""), or
plastic bag A plastic bag, poly bag, or pouch is a type of container made of thin, flexible, plastic film Plastic film is a thin continuous polymeric material. Thicker plastic material is often called a "sheet". These thin plastic membranes are used ...
. While packed lunches are usually taken from home by the people who are going to eat them, in
Mumbai, India Mumbai (, ; also known as Bombay — the official name until 1995) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a country, Constituent state, state, province, Department (country subdivisio ...

Mumbai, India
,
tiffin Tiffin is an Indian English Indian English (IE) is a class of varieties of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, w ...

tiffin
boxes are most often picked up from the home and brought to workplaces later in the day by so-called
dabbawalla The dabbawalas (also spelled dabbawallas or dabbawallahs, called tiffin wallahs in older sources) constitute a delivery and return system that delivers hot lunches from homes and restaurants to people at work in , especially in . The lunchboxe ...
s. It is also possible to buy packed lunches from stores in several countries.
Lunch box Lunch box and vacuum bottle owned by Harry S. Truman A lunch box (alt. spelling lunchbox) refers to a hand-held container used to transport food, usually to work or to school. It is commonly made of metal or plastic, is reasonably airtigh ...

Lunch box
es made out of
metal A metal (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...

metal
,
plastic Plastics are a wide range of syntheticA synthetic is an artificial material produced by organic chemistry, organic chemical synthesis. Synthetic may also refer to: In the sense of both "combination" and "artificial" * Synthetic chemical or s ...

plastic
or
vinyl Vinyl may refer to: * Vinyl group In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behavior an ...
are now popular with today's youth. Lunch boxes provide a way to take heavier lunches in a sturdier box or bag. It is also
environmentally friendly Environment friendly processes, or environmental-friendly processes (also referred to as eco-friendly, nature-friendly, and green), are sustainability Sustainability is the capacity to endure in a relatively ongoing way across various domains ...
.


Meal deal

Another variation of lunch is the meal deal, this is a meal often bought from a store and contains the following: a
sandwich A sandwich is a food typically consisting of vegetables, sliced cheese or meat, placed on or between slices of bread, or more generally any dish wherein bread serves as a container or wrapper for another food type. The sandwich began as a po ...

sandwich
or
pastry Pastry is a dough of flour Flour is a powder A powder is a dry, bulk solid Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas and plasma). The molecules in a solid are closely packed togeth ...
,

bag of chips,
salad A salad is a dish Dish, dishes or DISH may refer to: Culinary * Dish (food), something prepared to be eaten * Dishware, plates and bowls for eating, cutting boards, silverware Communications * Dish antenna a type of antenna * Dish Network ...

salad
or
fruit In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the ...

fruit
and a bottled drink. Meal deals are a staple of many Western high-street supermarkets and convenience stores; they are generally offered at a deal price and are highly convenient for the busy working person. Some stores are now adding
premium Premium may refer to: Marketing * Premium (marketing), a promotional item that can be received for a small fee when redeeming proofs of purchase that come with or on retail products * Premium segment, high-price brands or services in marketing, ...
meal deal items and
salad A salad is a dish Dish, dishes or DISH may refer to: Culinary * Dish (food), something prepared to be eaten * Dishware, plates and bowls for eating, cutting boards, silverware Communications * Dish antenna a type of antenna * Dish Network ...

salad
s to their meal deal inventory. Critics, however, criticise the meal deal for increasing the levels of single-use plastic waste in circulation and persuading people to buy more food than they originally intended or wanted - contributing to the growing obesity crisis.


Dinner

Dinner usually refers to a significant and important meal of the day, which can be the
noon Noon (or midday) is 12 o'clock The 12-hour clock is a time convention in which the 24 hours of the day are divided into two periods: a.m. (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the In ...

noon
or the
evening Evening is the period of a day The word day has a number of meanings, depending on the context it is used such as of astronomy, physics, and various calendar systems. As a term in physics and astronomy it is approximately the period durin ...

evening
meal. However, the term ''dinner'' can have many different meanings depending on the culture; it may mean a meal of any size eaten at any time of the day. Historically, it referred to the first large meal of the day, eaten around noon, and is still sometimes used for a noon-time meal, particularly if it is a large or main meal. For example,
Sunday dinner A Sunday roast is a traditional British cuisine, British meal that is typically served on Sunday, consisting of roasted meat, potato#Uses, roast potatoes and accompaniments such as Yorkshire pudding, stuffing, gravy and mint sauce. Vegetabl ...
is the name used for a large meal served after the family returned home from the morning's church services, and often based on meat that roasted while the family was out. The evening meal can be called tea when dinner, which is generally the largest of the day, is eaten in the middle of the day.


Variations of dinner


Full course dinner

A full-course dinner is a dinner consisting of multiple dishes, or courses. In its simplest, English-based form, it can consist of three to five courses, such as appetizers, fish course, entrée, main course and dessert. The traditional courses and their order vary by culture. In the
Italian meal structure Italian meal structure is typical of the Mediterranean Basin, European Mediterranean region and differs from North, Central, and Eastern European meal structure, though it still often consists of breakfast, lunch, and supper. However, much less em ...
, there are traditionally four formal courses:
antipasto Antipasto (plural antipasti) is the traditional first course of a formal Italian meal. Typical ingredients of a traditional antipasto include cured meats, olive The olive, known by the botanical name ''Olea europaea'', meaning "European o ...

antipasto
(appetizers), ''primo'' (the "first" course, e.g., a pasta dish), ''secondo'' (the "second" course, e.g., fish or meat), usually accompanied by a ''contorno'' (a side dish), and ''dolce'' ("sweets", or dessert). Many traditions conclude a formal meal with coffee, often accompanied with spirits, either separate or mixed in the coffee.


Meals at other times of the day


Meal preparation

Meal preparation Meal preparation, sometimes called meal prep, is the process of planning and preparing meals. Advance preparation Sometimes meal preparation involves preparing meals ahead of time for a short or period of time. This practice may occur among peopl ...
, sometimes called "meal prep," is the process of planning and preparing meals. It generally involves food preparation, including cooking.


Food preparation

for eating generally requires selection, measurement and combination of ingredients in an ordered procedure so as to achieve desired results. Food preparation includes but is not limited to cooking.


Cooking

Cooking Cooking, cookery, or culinary arts is the art, science, and craft of using heat In thermodynamics Thermodynamics is a branch of physics that deals with heat, Work (thermodynamics), work, and temperature, and their relation to energy ...

Cooking
or ''cookery'' is the
art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widespread species of primates, characterized by bipedality, opposable thumbs, hairlessness, and intelligence allowing the use ...

art
,
technology Technology ("science of craft", from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. I ...

technology
and
craft A craft or trade is a pastime or an occupation that requires particular skills and knowledge of skilled work. In a historical sense, particularly the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself wit ...
of preparing
food Food is any substance consumed to provide Nutrient, nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or Fungus, fungal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, protein (nutrient), proteins, vi ...

food
for consumption with the use of heat. Cooking techniques and ingredients vary widely across the
world In its most general sense, the term "world" refers to the totality of entities, to the whole of reality or to everything that is. The nature of the world has been conceptualized differently in different fields. Some conceptions see the world ...

world
, from grilling food over an open fire to using electric stoves, to baking in various types of ovens, reflecting unique environmental, economic, and cultural traditions and trends. The ways or types of cooking also depend on the skill and type of training an individual cook has. Cooking is done both by people in their own dwellings and by professional cooks and chefs in restaurants and other food establishments. Cooking can also occur through chemical reactions without the presence of heat, most notably with
ceviche Ceviche, also cebiche, seviche, or sebiche () is a South American seafood dish that originated in Peru, typically made from fresh raw fish Curing (food preservation), cured in fresh citrus juices, most commonly lemon or Lime (fruit), lime, but ...

ceviche
, a traditional
South American South America is a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents. Ordered f ...

South American
dish where
fish Fish are aquatic Aquatic means relating to water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the ...

fish
is cooked with the acids in
lemon The lemon, ''Citrus limon'', is a species of small evergreen In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise ...

lemon
or lime juice.


History

Breakfast before the 1800s was usually just toast or some variation of gruel or porridge and the main meal was dinner. Peasants (which were the majority in every country) had dinner around noon, after six or seven hours of work. Then, in the late 1700s and the 1800s, people began to work further from home, and the midday meal had to become something light, just whatever they could carry to work (lunch). They began to eat dinner (the main meal) in the evening.


Eating the meal

Throughout history, meals were normally communal affairs. People got together, shared the food, and perhaps talked over the day. In the 21st century, an increasing number of adults in developed countries eat most or all of their meals alone. Although more people are eating alone, research suggests that many people do not consider a "meal" a solo act, but rather commensal dining. It is unclear whether people eating alone eat more, less, or the same amount of food compared to people eating in groups, partly because of differences in whether they are eating alone at home or eating alone in restaurants. Restaurants have responded to the increasing number of people eating alone by accepting reservations for solo diners and installing and large tables that solo diners can share with others.


See also

* Outline of meals *
Food Food is any substance consumed to provide Nutrient, nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or Fungus, fungal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, protein (nutrient), proteins, vi ...

Food
*
Human digestive system The human digestive system consists of the human gastrointestinal tract, gastrointestinal tract plus the accessory organs of digestion (the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder). Digestion involves the breakdown of food in ...
* Substantial meal (UK and Ireland)


References


Further reading

* Flandrin, Jean Louis (2007)
''Arranging the Meal: A History of Table Service in France''
University of California Press. * Latham, Jean (1972

London: A. and C. Black. * (2006)
''The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals''
Penguin. * (2009)
''Building a Meal: From Molecular Gastronomy to Culinary Constructivism''
Columbia University Press.


External links



– a historian looks at the evolution of mealtimes.
“Small meals or big ones?”
– a comparison of the number of meals taken per day. {{Authority control