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There are at least 108 s on Earth with s of or greater above . The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the and plates in , , and . The dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear (see also ). A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the "parent peak"). A common definition of a mountain is a summit with prominence. Alternatively, a relative prominence (prominence/height) is used (usually 7–8%) to reflect that in higher mountain ranges everything is on a larger scale. The table below lists the highest 100 summits with at least prominence, approximating a 7% relative prominence. A drawback of a prominence-based list is that it may exclude well-known or spectacular mountains that are connected via a high ridge to a taller summit, such as , or . A few such peaks and mountains with nearly sufficient prominence are included in this list, and given a rank of "S". It is very unlikely that all given heights are correct to the nearest metre; indeed, the sea level is often problematic to define when a mountain is remote from the sea. Different sources often differ by many metres, and the heights given below may well differ from those elsewhere in this encyclopedia. As an extreme example, on the north is often listed as to , but appears to be only to . Some mountains differ by > on different maps, while even very thorough current measurements of range from to . These discrepancies serve to emphasize the uncertainties in the listed heights. Though some parts of the world, especially the most mountainous parts, have never been thoroughly mapped, it is unlikely that any mountains this high have been overlooked, because can and used to measure elevations of most otherwise inaccessible places. Still, heights or prominences may be revised, so that the order of the list may change and even "new" mountains could enter the list over time. To be safe, the list has been extended to include all peaks. The highest mountains above sea level are generally not the highest above the surrounding terrain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but , and are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure. The bases of mountain islands are below sea level, and given this consideration ( above sea level) is the 's tallest mountain and , rising about from the floor. on is periodically claimed to be among the world's highest mountains because it is adjacent to the ; the most extreme claim is that, measured from away, Mount Lamlam is tall. has the greatest rise on : vertically to the summit from the bottom of the , which is about away, although most of this rise is not part of the mountain. The highest mountains are also not generally the most voluminous. () is the largest mountain on Earth in terms of base area (about ) and volume (about ), although, due to the intergrade of from , and , the volume can only be estimated based on surface area and height of the edifice. is the largest non-shield volcano in terms of both base area () and volume (). is the largest non-volcanic mountain in base area (). The highest mountains above sea level are also not those with peaks farthest from the centre of the Earth, because the is not spherical. Sea level closer to the equator is several kilometres farther from the centre of the Earth. The summit of , 's tallest mountain, is usually considered to be the farthest point from the Earth's centre, although the southern summit of 's tallest mountain, , is another contender. Both have elevations above sea level more than 2 km less than that of Everest.


Geographical distribution

Almost all mountains in the list are located in the and ranges to the south and west of the Tibetan plateau. All peaks or higher are located in , or in a rectangle edged by () on the in the west, (Tuōmù'ěr Fēng, ) on the – border to the north, (Minya Konka, ) in to the east, and () on the – border to the south. , the highest peaks on four of the mountains — , , , and , all located in or — have not been ascended. The most recent peak to have its first ever ascent is , in , on 24 August 2011. The highest mountain is (), the 189th highest in the world.


List of world's highest peaks


Data plots


By country

The following graph ranks the countries by number of mountain peaks over 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. Note that 38 peaks are on ' borders and two ( and ) are on s. Colors= id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9) id:darkgrey value:gray(0.8) id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1) id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8) ImageSize = width:600 height:305 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:65 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:white increment:5 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData= bar:China text:China bar:Pakistan text:Pakistan bar:Nepal text:Nepal bar:India text:India bar:Bhutan text:Bhutan bar:Afghanistan text:Afghanistan bar:Kyrgyzstan text:Kyrgyzstan bar:Tajikistan text:Tajikistan PlotData= color:Barra width:40 align:center bar:China from: 0 till:50 bar:Pakistan from: 0 till:42 bar:Nepal from: 0 till:32 bar:India from: 0 till:27 bar:Bhutan from: 0 till:5 bar:Afghanistan from: 0 till:1 bar:Kyrgyzstan from: 0 till:1 bar:Tajikistan from: 0 till:1 PlotData= bar:China at:51 fontsize:S text: 50 shift:(2,0) bar:Pakistan at:43 fontsize:S text: 42 shift:(2,0) bar:Nepal at:33 fontsize:S text: 32 shift:(2,0) bar:India at:28 fontsize:S text: 27 shift:(2,0) bar:Bhutan at:6 fontsize:S text: 5 shift:(2,0) bar:Afghanistan at:2 fontsize:S text: 1 shift:(2,0) bar:Kyrgyzstan at:2 fontsize:S text: 1 shift:(2,0) bar:Tajikistan at:2 fontsize:S text: 1 shift:(2,0) TextData= fontsize:S pos:(20,10) text:Number of mountain peaks over 7,200m above sea level (status quo)


Stem and leaf plot

The following is a of the above data. The two digits to the left of the line are the first two digits of the mountain's height (metres), and each digit to the right of the line represents the third digit of the mountain's height. Each number on the right is linked to the corresponding mountain's article. For example, the height of one of the mountains (namely Mount Everest) is . Also, it is apparent that there are five mountains above . 88 ,
87 ,
86 ,
85 ,
84 ,
83 ,
82 ,
81 ,
80 ,
79 ,
78 ,
77 ,
76 ,
75 ,
74 ,
73 ,
72 ,


Gallery

File:Everest kalapatthar crop.jpg, 1. The summit of , the highest point on Earth File:K2 2006b.jpg, 2. , the highest summit of the File:Kangch-Goechala.jpg, 3. , the second-highest mountain of the File:LhotseMountain.jos.500pix.jpg, 4. , the third-highest mountain of the File:Makalu.jpg, 5. in the File:ChoOyu-fromGokyo.jpg, 6. in the File:Dhaulagiri from ramrekha.jpg, 7. in the File:Sunrise, Manaslu.jpg, 8. in the File:Nanga Parbat 029.jpg, 9. in the File:Annapurna South Face.jpg, 10. in the File:HiddenPeak.jpg, 11. , the second-highest mountain of the File:7 15 BroadPeak.jpg, 12. , the third-highest mountain of the File:Gasherbrum2.jpg, 13. in the File:Shishapangma.jpg, 14. in the


See also

* * * * of the world * * * * * * * * *, the tallest mountain on any planet in the Solar System * crater's central peak, the tallest mountain in the Solar System


Notes


References


Sources

* * * (1990–2005). * * Some other topographic maps and much from the external links listed above * Soviet military 1:100,000 topographic maps (most from 1980 to 1981)


External links


SummitPost.org
(currently with detailed description of 30 of the top 100 peaks)

(including all mountains in the world with >1,450m prominence)
Alpine Club Himalayan index
(Especially informative for history of ascents and location of obscure peaks)





* ttps://web.archive.org/web/20080427142155/http://echidna.rutgers.edu/expeditions/Hispar/Default.htm Hispar area: expedition reports and maps
List of highest mountains down to 6750 metres

Google Earth Community
(Google Earth KMZ file of Wikipedia list of highest mountains)
List of worlds highest mountains in Nepal
{{DEFAULTSORT:List Of Highest Mountains Highest things