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Language technology, often called human language technology (HLT), studies methods of how computer programs or electronic devices can analyze, produce, modify or respond to human texts and speech. Working with language technology often requires broad knowledge not only about
linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo ...

linguistics
but also about
computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application. Computer science is the study of computation, automation, a ...
. It consists of
natural language processing Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of , , and concerned with the interactions between computers and human language, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of data. The goal is a computer capab ...
(NLP) and
computational linguistics Computational linguistics is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the computational modelling of natural language, as well as the study of appropriate computational approaches to linguistic questions. In general, computational linguistics ...
(CL) on the one hand, many application oriented aspects of these, and more low-level aspects such as encoding and
speech technology Speech technology relates to the technologies designed to duplicate and respond to the human voice. They have many uses. These include aid to the voice-disabled, the hearing-disabled, and the blind, along with communication with computers without a ...
on the other hand. Note that these elementary aspects are normally not considered to be within the scope of related terms such as
natural language processing Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of , , and concerned with the interactions between computers and human language, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of data. The goal is a computer capab ...
and (applied) computational linguistics, which are otherwise near-synonyms. As an example, for many of the world's lesser known languages, the foundation of language technology is providing communities with fonts and keyboard setups so their languages can be written on computers or mobile devices.


References


External links


Johns Hopkins University Human Language Technology Center of ExcellenceCarnegie Mellon University Language Technologies Institute
* ttp://www.dfki.de/lt/ German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) Language Technology Labbr>CLT: Centre for Language Technology in Gothenburg, SwedenGlobalization and Localization Association (GALA)ScriptSource, a reference to the writing systems of the world and the remaining needs for supporting them in the computing realm.
Speech processing Natural language processing {{compu-ling-stub