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This is a list of Portuguese monarchs who ruled from the establishment of the
Kingdom of Portugal The Kingdom of Portugal ( la, Regnum Portugalliae, pt, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy A monarchy is a form of government in which a person, the monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Hou ...
, in 1139, to the deposition of the Portuguese monarchy and creation of the
Portuguese Republic Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a whose mainland is located on the , in , and whose territory also includes the Atlantic s of the and . It features in and its Iberian portion is ...

Portuguese Republic
with the 5 October 1910 revolution. Through the nearly 800 years in which Portugal was a monarchy, the kings held various other titles and pretensions. Two kings of Portugal, Ferdinand I and Afonso V, also claimed the
crown of Castile The Crown of Castile was a medieval polity in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades later, the parliaments of the kingdoms of Kingdom of Castile, Castile and Kin ...

crown of Castile
. When the
House of Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...
came into power, the
kings of Spain This is a list of Spanish monarchs, that is, rulers of the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word. The forerunners of the monarchs of the Spanish throne were the following: *Visigoths#Kings of the Visigoths, Kings of the Visigoths *Ki ...
,
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of and the third-largest city of , after and , with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of ...
, and
Sicily (man) it, Siciliana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = Ethnicity , demographics1_footnotes = , demographi ...
also became kings of Portugal. The
House of Braganza The Most Serene House of Braganza ( pt, Sereníssima Casa de Bragança), also known as the Brigantine Dynasty (''Dinastia Brigantina''), is a dynasty of emperors, kings, princes, and dukes of Portuguese people, Portuguese origin which reigned in ...
brought numerous titles to the Portuguese Crown, including King of Brazil and then ''de jure''
Emperor of Brazil The monarchs of Brazil ( Portuguese: ''monarcas do Brasil'') were the imperial heads of state and hereditary rulers of Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in bot ...
. After the demise of the Portuguese monarchy, in 1910, Portugal almost restored its monarchy in a revolution known as the
Monarchy of the North The Monarchy of the North ( pt, Monarquia do Norte), officially the Kingdom of Portugal ( pt, Reino de Portugal), was a short-lived revolution and monarchist government that occurred in the Norte Region, Portugal, North of Portugal, in early 1919. ...
, though the attempted restoration only lasted a month before destruction. With Manuel II's death, the
Miguelist In the history of Portugal, a Miguelist (in Portuguese ''Miguelista'') was a supporter of the legitimacy of the king Miguel I of Portugal. The name is also given to those who supported absolutism as form of government, in opposition to the libe ...
branch of the house of Braganza became the pretenders to the throne of Portugal. They have all been acclaimed king of Portugal by their monarchist groups. The monarchs of Portugal all came from a single ancestor,
Afonso I of Portugal Afonso IOr also ''Affonso'' (Archaic Portuguese-Galician) or ''Alphonso'' (Portuguese-Galician languages, Portuguese-Galician) or ''Alphonsus'' (Latin version), sometimes rendered in English as ''Alphonzo'' or ''Alphonse'', depending on the Span ...
, but direct lines have sometimes ended. This has led to a variety of royal houses coming to rule Portugal, though all having Portuguese royal lineage. These houses are: *
House of Burgundy The House of Burgundy () was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, descending from Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, a younger son of Robert II of France. The House ruled the Duchy of Burgundy from 1032–1361. The last member of the House was Philip ...
(1139–1383) *
House of Aviz The House of Aviz (Portuguese language, Portuguese: ''Casa de Avis''), also known as the Joanine Dynasty (''Dinastia Joanina''), was a dynasty of Portuguese people, Portuguese origin which flourished during the Portuguese Renaissance, Renaissance ...
(1385–1581) *
House of Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...
(1581–1640) *
House of Braganza The Most Serene House of Braganza ( pt, Sereníssima Casa de Bragança), also known as the Brigantine Dynasty (''Dinastia Brigantina''), is a dynasty of emperors, kings, princes, and dukes of Portuguese people, Portuguese origin which reigned in ...
(1640–1910)


House of Burgundy (1139–1383)

The
Portuguese House of Burgundy The Portuguese House of Burgundy ( pt, Casa de Borgonha) or the Afonsine Dynasty (''Dinastia Afonsina'') was a Portuguese dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Portugal from its founding until the 1383-85 Portuguese Interregnum. The house was founde ...
, known as the Afonsine Dynasty, was the founding house of the Kingdom of Portugal. Prior to the independence of Portugal, the house ruled the feudal
County of Portugal The County of Portugal ( pt, Condado de Portugal, Condado Portucalense, Condado de Portucale; in documents of the period the name used was Portugalia) refers to two successive medieval counties in the region around Braga and Porto Porto or Op ...
, of the
Kingdom of Galicia The Kingdom of Galicia ( gl, Reino de Galicia, or ''Galiza''; es, Reino de Galicia; pt, Reino da Galiza; la, Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire north ...

Kingdom of Galicia
. When Alphonso I Henriques declared the independence of Portugal, he turned the family from a comital house to a royal house which would rule Portugal for over two centuries. When Ferdinand I died, a
succession crisisA succession crisis is a crisis that arises when an order of succession fails, for example when a king dies without an indisputable heir. It may result in a war of succession. Examples include: *Multiple periods during the history of the Roman Empir ...
occurred between 1383 and 1385. Ferdinand's daughter
Beatrice of Portugal Beatrice ( pt, Beatriz, ; 7–13 February 1373 – ) was the only surviving legitimate child of King Ferdinand I of Portugal Ferdinand I ( pt, Fernando; 31 October 1345 – 22 October 1383), sometimes called the Handsome (''o Formoso'') or o ...

Beatrice of Portugal
was proclaimed queen and her husband
John I of Castile John I ( es, Juan I; 24 August 1358 – 9 October 1390) was king of the Crown of Castile The Crown of Castile was a medieval polity in the that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades lat ...
proclaimed king by the right of his wife. Her legitimacy as a monarch is disputed. , life6 = 9 October 1261 – 7 January 1325 (aged 63) , reignstart6 = 6 February 1279 , reignend6 = 7 January 1325 , notes6 = Son of Afonso III , family6 =
Burgundy Burgundy (; french: link=no, Bourgogne ) is a historical territory and a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organizati ...

, image6 = Dinis-P.jpg , name7 =
Afonso IV Afonso IVEnglish: ''Alphonzo'' or ''Alphonse'', or ''Affonso'' (Archaic Portuguese), ''Alfonso'' or ''Alphonso'' (Portuguese-Galician languages, Portuguese-Galician) or ''Alphonsus'' (Latin). (; 8 February 129128 May 1357), called the Brave ( pt, ...
, nickname7 = The Brave; The Bold , native7 = , life7 = 8 February 1291 – 28 May 1357 (aged 66) , reignstart7 = 7 January 1325 , reignend7 = 28 May 1357 , notes7 = Son of Denis I , family7 =
Burgundy Burgundy (; french: link=no, Bourgogne ) is a historical territory and a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organizati ...

, image7 = AfonsoIV-P.jpg , name8 =
Peter IPeter I may refer to: Religious hierarchs * Saint Peter (c. 1 AD – c. 64–88 AD), a.k.a. Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, apostle of Jesus * Pope Peter I of Alexandria (died 311), revered as a saint * Peter I of Armenia (died 1058), Catholicos o ...
, nickname8 = The Cruel; The Just; The Enemy-Son; The Stutterer; The Till-the-End-of-the-World-Passionate; The Vengeful; The Revengeful , native8 = pt, Pedro I , life8 = 8 April 1320 – 18 January 1367 (aged 46) , reignstart8 = 28 May 1357 , reignend8 = 18 January 1367 , notes8 = Son of Afonso IV , family8 =
Burgundy Burgundy (; french: link=no, Bourgogne ) is a historical territory and a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organizati ...

, image8 = D. Pedro 1º 2.jpg , name9 =
Ferdinand IFerdinand I or Fernando I may refer to: People * Ferdinand I of León, ''the Great'' (ca. 1000–1065, king from 1037) * Ferdinand I of Portugal and the Algarve, ''the Handsome'' (1345–1383, king from 1367) * Ferdinand I of Aragon and Sicily, ''of ...
, nickname9 = The Handsome; The Debonair; The Inconstant; The Fickle; The Inconscient , native9 = pt, Fernando I , life9 = 31 October 1345 – 22 October 1383 (aged 37) , reignstart9 = 18 January 1367 , reignend9 = 22 October 1383 , notes9 = Son of Peter I , family9 =
Burgundy Burgundy (; french: link=no, Bourgogne ) is a historical territory and a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organizati ...

, image9 = FernandoI SalaDosCapelos.png


House of Aviz (1385–1580)

The
House of Aviz The House of Aviz (Portuguese language, Portuguese: ''Casa de Avis''), also known as the Joanine Dynasty (''Dinastia Joanina''), was a dynasty of Portuguese people, Portuguese origin which flourished during the Portuguese Renaissance, Renaissance ...
, known as the Joanine Dynasty, succeeded the
House of Burgundy The House of Burgundy () was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, descending from Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, a younger son of Robert II of France. The House ruled the Duchy of Burgundy from 1032–1361. The last member of the House was Philip ...
as the reigning house of the Kingdom of Portugal. The house was founded by John I of Portugal, who was the Grand Master of the
Order of Aviz The Military Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz ( pt, Ordem Militar de São Bento de Avis, ), previously to 1910 ''Royal Military Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz'' ( pt, Real Ordem Militar de São Bento de Avis), previously to 1789 ''Knights'' (of th ...
. When King John II of Portugal died without an heir, the throne of Portugal passed to his cousin,
Manuel, Duke of Beja
Manuel, Duke of Beja
. When King
Sebastian of Portugal Sebastian ( pt, Sebastião I ; 20 January 1554 – 4 August 1578) was King of Portugal from 11 June 1557 to 4 August 1578 and the penultimate Portuguese monarch of the House of Aviz. He was the son of João Manuel, Prince of Portugal, and his ...
died, the throne passed to his uncle, Henry of Portugal (he might be called Henry II because
Henry, Count of Portugal Henry (Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portugues ...

Henry, Count of Portugal
, father of Alphonso I of Portugal, was the first of that name to rule Portugal). When Henry died, a
succession crisisA succession crisis is a crisis that arises when an order of succession fails, for example when a king dies without an indisputable heir. It may result in a war of succession. Examples include: *Multiple periods during the history of the Roman Empir ...
occurred and
António, Prior of Crato António, Prior of Crato (; 153126 August 1595; sometimes called ''The Determined'', ''The Fighter'' or ''The Independentist''), was a grandson of King Manuel I of Portugal Manuel I (; 31 May 146913 December 1521), known as the Fortunate ( pt ...
, was proclaimed António of Portugal. , life1 = 11 April 1357 – 14 August 1433 (aged 75) , reignstart1 = 6 April 1385 , reignend1 = 14 August 1433 , notes1 = Illegitimate son of Peter I , family1 = Aviz
, image1 = Anoniem - Koning Johan I van Portugal (1450-1500) - Lissabon Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga 19-10-2010 16-12-61.jpg , name2 =
Edward Edward is an English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the Worl ...
, nickname2 = The Eloquent; The Philosopher; The Philosopher-King , native2 = pt, Duarte I , life2 = 31 October 1391 – 9 September 1438 (aged 46) , reignstart2 = 14 August 1433 , reignend2 = 9 September 1438 , notes2 = Son of John I , family2 = Aviz
, image2 = Duarte of Portugal detail.jpg , name3 =
Afonso V Afonso VRendered as Affonso in Archaic Portuguese () (15 January 1432 – 28 August 1481), known by the sobriquet A sobriquet ( ), or soubriquet, is a nickname A nickname (also moniker) is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person ...
, nickname3 = The African; The Crusader , native3 = , life3 = 15 January 1432 – 28 August 1481 (aged 49) , reignstart3 = 13 September 1438

15 November 1477 , reignend3 = 11 November 1477

28 August 1481 , notes3 = Son of Edward I , family3 = Aviz
, image3 = AfonsoV-P.jpg , name4 =
John II
John II
, nickname4 = The Perfect Prince; The Man (El Hombre) , native4 = pt, João II , life4 = 3 March 1455 – 25 October 1495 (aged 40) , reignstart4 = 11 November 1477

28 August 1481 , reignend4 = 15 November 1477

25 October 1495 , notes4 = Son of Afonso V , family4 = Aviz
, image4 = IOANNES_QVARTVS_PORTVGALIAE_REX_(Kunsthistorisches_Museum).png , name5 =
Manuel IManuel I may refer to: *Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine emperor (1143–1180) *Manuel I of Trebizond, Emperor of Trebizond (1228–1263) *Manuel I of Portugal, King of Portugal (1496–1521) *Manuel I, Patriarch of Lisbon (1800–1869) {{hndis, Manuel ...

Manuel I
, nickname5 = The Fortunate; The Grocer King/The Spices King (Le Roi-Épicier) , native5 = , life5 = 31 May 1469 – 13 December 1521 (aged 52) , reignstart5 = 25 October 1495 , reignend5 = 13 December 1521 , notes5 = Cousin of John II
Grandson of Edward I , family5 = Aviz
, image5 = Manuel I.jpg , name6 =
John III
John III
, nickname6 = The Pious; The Colonizer , native6 = pt, João III , life6 = 7 June 1502 – 11 June 1557 (aged 55) , reignstart6 = 13 December 1521 , reignend6 = 11 June 1557 , notes6 = Son of Manuel I , family6 = Aviz
, image6 = D. João III - Cristóvão Lopes (attrib).png , name7 =
Sebastian I Sebastian ( pt, Sebastião I ; 20 January 1554 – 4 August 1578) was King of Portugal from 11 June 1557 to 4 August 1578 and the penultimate Portuguese monarch of the House of Aviz. He was the son of João Manuel, Prince of Portugal, and his ...
, nickname7 = The Desired; The Asleep; The Sleeper; The Sleeping Hero; The Sleeping King; The Virgin King; The Hidden; The Crusader , native7 = pt, Sebastião I , life7 = 20 January 1554 – 4 August 1578 (aged 24) , reignstart7 = 11 June 1557 , reignend7 = 4 August 1578 , notes7 = Grandson of John III , family7 = Aviz
, image7 = Sebastian, King of Portugal (c. 1565) - attributed to Cristóvão de Morais.png , name8 =
Henry IHenry I may refer to: 876–1366 * Henry I the Fowler, King of Germany (876–936) * Henry I, Duke of Bavaria (died 955) * Henry I of Austria, Margrave of Austria (died 1018) * Henry I of France (1008–1060) * Henry I the Long, Margrave of the Nord ...
, nickname8 = The Chaste; The Cardinal; The Cardinal-King , native8 = pt, Henrique I , life8 = 31 January 1512 – 31 January 1580 (aged 68) , reignstart8 = 4 August 1578 , reignend8 = 31 January 1580 , notes8 = Son of Manuel I
Brother of John III
Great-uncle of Sebastian , family8 = Aviz
, image8 = Henrique o Rei.jpg , name9 = Anthony I , nickname9 = The
Prior of Crato The Prior of Crato (''Prior do Crato''), was the traditional title given to the head of the Order of the Knights Hospitaller, Knights of St. John of Jerusalem (Hospitaller) in Portugal. It is a reference to the domains of the order around Crato Mun ...
; The Determined; The Fighter; The Resistant; The Independentist , native9 = pt, António I , life9 = 1531 – 28 August 1595 (aged 64) , reignstart9 = (''Disputed'') 24 July 1580 , reignend9 = (''Disputed'') 1583 , notes9 = Grandson of Manuel I
Nephew of Henry I , family9 = Aviz
, image9 = Anthony I of Portugal.jpg


House of Habsburg (1581–1640)

The
House of Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...
, known as the Philippine Dynasty, is the house that ruled Portugal from 1581 to 1640. The dynasty began with the acclamation of Philip II of Spain as Philip I of Portugal in 1580, officially recognized in 1581 by the
Portuguese Cortes In the Medieval Kingdom of Portugal, the Cortes was an assembly of representatives of the estates of the realm – the nobility, clergy and bourgeoisie. It was called and dismissed by the King of Portugal at will, at a place of his choosing.O'Cal ...
of
Tomar Tomar (), also known in English as Thomar, is a city and a municipality in the Santarém district of Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a dis ...

Tomar
. Philip I swore to rule Portugal as a kingdom separate from his Spanish domains, under the personal union known as the
Iberian Union The Iberian Union was the dynastic union of the Kingdom of Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = ...
. , life5 = 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598 (aged 71) , reignstart5 = 17 April 1581 , reignend5 = 13 September 1598 , notes5 = Grandson of Manuel I
Nephew of Henry I , family5 =
Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...

, image5 = 19- Rei D. Filipe I - O Prudente.jpg , alt5 = King Philip I , name6 =
Philip IIPhilip II may refer to: * Philip II of Macedon (382–336 BC) * Philip II (emperor) (238–249), Roman emperor * Philip II, Prince of Taranto (1329–1374) * Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (1342–1404) * Philip II, Duke of Savoy (1438-1497) * Philip ...

Philip II
, nickname6 = The Pious , native6 = pt, Filipe II , life6 = 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621 (aged 42) , reignstart6 = 13 September 1598 , reignend6 = 31 March 1621 , notes6 = Son of Philip I , family6 =
Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...

, image6 = Rey Felipe III.jpg , alt6 = King Philip II , name7 =
Philip III
Philip III
, nickname7 = The Great; The Tyrant; The Oppressor , native7 = pt, Filipe III , life7 = 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665 (aged 60) , reignstart7 = 31 March 1621 , reignend7 = 1 December 1640 , notes7 = Son of Philip II , family7 =
Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...

, image7 = Philip IV of Spain.jpg , alt7 = King Philip II


House of Braganza (1640–1910)

The
House of Braganza The Most Serene House of Braganza ( pt, Sereníssima Casa de Bragança), also known as the Brigantine Dynasty (''Dinastia Brigantina''), is a dynasty of emperors, kings, princes, and dukes of Portuguese people, Portuguese origin which reigned in ...
, also known as the Brigantine Dynasty, came to power in 1640, when John II, Duke of Braganza, claimed to be the rightful heir of the defunct House of Aviz, as he was the great great grandson of King Manuel I. John was proclaimed King John IV, and he deposed the House of Habsburg in the
Portuguese Restoration War The Portuguese Restoration War ( pt, Guerra da Restauração) was the war between Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territorial bo ...
. The descendants of Queen
Maria II
Maria II
and her consort, King Ferdinand II (a German prince of the
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (; german: Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) is a German dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press ...

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
), came to rule in 1853. Portuguese law and custom treated them as members of the House of Braganza, though they were still Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasts. This has led some to classify these last four monarchs of Portugal as members of a new royal family, called the
House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (also known as the House of Saxe-Coburg-Braganza or the Constitutional Branch of the Braganzas) is a term used to categorize the last four rulers of the Kingdom of Portugal, and their families, from 1853 ...
, though this view is not widely held. , life1 = 19 March 1604 – 6 November 1656 (aged 53) , reignstart1 = 1 December 1640 , reignend1 = 6 November 1656 , notes1 = Great-great-grandson of Manuel I , family1 = Braganza
, image1 = Joao IV.jpg , name2 =
Afonso VI Afonso VI (; 21 August 164312 September 1683), known as "the Victorious" (), was the second King of Portugal of the House of Braganza from 1656 until his death. He was initially under the regency of his mother, Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, until 1662 ...
, nickname2 = The Victorious , native2 = , life2 = 21 August 1643 – 12 September 1683 (aged 40) , reignstart2 = 6 November 1656 , reignend2 = 12 September 1683 , notes2 = Son of John IV , family2 = Braganza
, image2 = Afonso VI, Rei de Portugal.JPG , name3 =
Peter II
Peter II
, nickname3 = The Pacific , native3 = pt, Pedro II , life3 = 26 April 1648 – 9 December 1706 (aged 58) , reignstart3 = 6 November 1683 , reignend3 = 9 December 1706 , notes3 = Son of John IV
Brother of Afonso VI , family3 = Braganza
, image3 = Peter II of Portugal engraving.jpg , name4 =
John VJohn V may refer to: * Patriarch John V of Alexandria or John the Merciful (died by 620), Patriarch of Alexandria from 606 to 616 * John V of Constantinople, Patriarch from 669 to 675 * Pope John V (685–686), Pope from 685 to his death in 686 * Jo ...
, nickname4 = The Magnanimous; The Magnificent; The Generous; The Most Faithful King; The Nuns' Lover; The Portuguese Sun-King , native4 = pt, João V , life4 = 22 October 1689 – 31 July 1750 (aged 60) , reignstart4 = 9 December 1706 , reignend4 = 31 July 1750 , notes4 = Son of Peter II , family4 = Braganza
, image4 = John V of Portugal Pompeo Batoni.jpg , name5 =
Joseph IJoseph I may refer to: *Joseph I of Constantinople, Ecumenical Patriarch in 1266–1275 and 1282–1283 *Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (1678–1711) *Joseph I (Chaldean Patriarch) (reigned 1681–1696) *Joseph I of Portugal (1750–1777) *Joseph Bona ...

Joseph I
, nickname5 = The Reformer , native5 = pt, José I , life5 = 6 June 1714 – 24 February 1777 (age 62) , reignstart5 = 31 July 1750 , reignend5 = 24 February 1777 , notes5 = Son of John V , family5 = Braganza
, image5 = Retrato D. José - Mafra.jpg , name6 =
Mary I Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, and as "Bloody Mary" by her Protestant Protestantism is a form of that originated with the 16th-century , a movement against what its followers perceived to ...

Mary I
, nickname6 = The Pious; The Mad , native6 = pt, Maria I , life6 = – , reignstart6 = 24 February 1777 , reignend6 = 20 March 1816 , notes6 = Daughter of Joseph I , family6 = Braganza
, image6 = Retrato da Rainha D. Maria I - J.B. Gerard.png , name7 = Peter III , nickname7 = The Capacidónio; The Builder; The Edifier; The Sacristan; The Enabler , native7 = pt, Pedro III , life7 = – , reignstart7 = 24 February 1777 , reignend7 = 25 May 1786 , notes7 = Husband of Maria I
Son of John V
''
jure uxoris ''Jure uxoris'' (a Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in ...
'' king , family7 = Braganza
, image7 = Retrato de D. Pedro III.jpg , name8 = John VI , nickname8 = The Clement; The Merciful , native8 = pt, João VI , life8 = 13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826 (aged 58) , reignstart8 = 20 March 1816 , reignend8 = 10 March 1826 , notes8 = Son of Maria I and Peter III , family8 = Braganza
, image8 = DomJoãoVI-pintordesconhecido.jpg , name9 = Peter IV , nickname9 = The Soldier King; The Liberator; The Emperor; The Hero of Two Worlds , native9 = pt, Pedro IV , life9 = 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834 (aged 35) , reignstart9 = 10 March 1826 , reignend9 = 2 May 1826 , notes9 = Son of John VI , family9 = Braganza
, image9 = DpedroI-brasil-full.jpg , name10 =
Mary II Mary II (30 April 166228 December 1694) was Queen of England, Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. Covering the northern third of the island of Gr ...

Mary II
, nickname10 = The Educator; The Good Mother , native10 = pt, Maria II , life10 = 4 April 1819 – 15 November 1853 (aged 34) , reignstart10 = 2 May 1826
26 May 1834 , reignend10 = 23 June 1828
15 November 1853 , notes10 = Daughter of Pedro IV , family10 = Braganza
, image10 = Queen Maria II by John Simpson.jpg , name11 =
Michael IMichael I may refer to: * Pope Michael I of Alexandria, Coptic Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark in 743–767 * Michael I Rhangabes, Byzantine Emperor (died in 844) * Michael I Cerularius, Patriarch Michael I of Constantinople ...
, nickname11 = The Absolute King; The Absolutist; The Traditionalist; The Usurper; The Grandfather of Europe , native11 = pt, Miguel I , life11 = 26 October 1802 – 14 November 1866 (aged 64) , reignstart11 = 26 February 1828 , reignend11 = 6 May 1834 , notes11 = Son of John VI
Brother of Peter IV
Uncle of Maria II , family11 = Braganza
, image11 = Infante D. Miguel de Bragança (1827), by Johann Nepomuk Ender (cropped).png , name12 = Ferdinand II , nickname12 = The Artist King , native12 = pt, Fernando II , life12 = 29 October 1816 – 15 December 1885 (aged 69) , reignstart12 = 16 September 1837 , reignend12 = 15 November 1853 , notes12 = Husband of Maria II
''
jure uxoris ''Jure uxoris'' (a Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in ...
'' king , family12 = Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry
, image12 = Ferdinand II, King Consort of Portugal 1861.jpg , name13 =
Peter V Peter may refer to: People * List of people named Peter, a list of people and fictional characters with the given name * Peter (given name) ** Saint Peter (died 60s), apostle of Jesus, leader of the early Christian Church * Peter (surname), a surn ...

Peter V
, nickname13 = The Hopeful; The Beloved; The Well-Beloved , native13 = pt, Pedro V , life13 = 16 September 1837 – 11 November 1861 (aged 24) , reignstart13 = 15 November 1853 , reignend13 = 11 November 1861 , notes13 = Son of Maria II and Ferdinand II , family13 = Braganza/ Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and GothaAlso referred as the
House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (also known as the House of Saxe-Coburg-Braganza or the Constitutional Branch of the Braganzas) is a term used to categorize the last four rulers of the Kingdom of Portugal, and their families, from 1853 ...
. "While remaining
patrilineal Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship In , kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of all humans in all societies, although its exact ...
dynasts of the duchy of
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (german: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha), or Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (), was an Ernestine duchies, Ernestine, Thuringian states, Thuringian duchy ruled by a branch of the House of Wettin, consisting of territories in the present-day ...
according to pp. 88, 116 of the 1944 ''
Almanach de Gotha The ''Almanach de Gotha'' (german: Gothaischer Hofkalender) is a directory of Europe's royalty Royalty may refer to: * Kingship * Royal family, the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family * Royalty ...
'', Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 5 of th
1838 Portuguese constitution
declared, with respect to
Ferdinand II of Portugal '' Dom'' Ferdinand II (Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal Portugal (), officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=no ), is a country located ...
's issue by his first wife, that 'the Most Serene House of Braganza is the reigning house of Portugal and continues through the Person of the Lady Queen Maria II'. Thus their mutual descendants constitute the Coburg line of the House of Braganza"

, image13 = D. Pedro V fotografado por Mayer & Pierson.png , name14 =
Louis ILouis I may refer to: * Louis the Pious, Louis I of France, "the Pious" (778–840), king of France and Holy Roman Emperor * Ludwig I of Thuringia (ruled 1123–1140) * Ludwig I, Count of Württemberg (c. 1098–1158) * Louis I of Blois (1172–1205 ...

Louis I
, nickname14 = The Popular; The Musician King; The Painter King , native14 = pt, Luís I , life14 = 31 October 1838 – 19 October 1889 (aged 50) , reignstart14 = 11 November 1861 , reignend14 = 19 October 1889 , notes14 = Son of Maria II and Ferdinand II
Brother of Peter V , family14 = Braganza/ Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
, image14 = LodewijkPortugal.jpg , name15 = Carlos I , nickname15 = The Diplomat; The Martyr; The Martyred; The Oceanographer; The Hunter; The Painter King; The Obese , native15 = , life15 = 28 September 1863 – 1 February 1908 (aged 44) , reignstart15 = 19 October 1889 , reignend15 = 1 February 1908 , notes15 = Son of Luís I , family15 = Braganza/ Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
, image15 = S.M.F. El-Rei D. Carlos I de Portugal.jpg , name16 = , nickname16 = The Patriot; The Sorrowful; The Unfortunate; The Studious; The Scholar; The Erudite; The Learned; The Bibliophile; The Missed-King , native16 = , life16 = 15 November 1889 – 2 July 1932 (aged 42) , reignstart16 = 1 February 1908 , reignend16 = 5 October 1910 , notes16 = Son of Carlos I
Last King of Portugal , family16 = Braganza/ Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and GothaSome historians consider that Manuel II was preceded by his elder brother Luís Filipe, not by his father Carlos. In fact, while king Carlos died instantly under the bullets of the anarchists on 1 February 1908, his son Luís Filipe, the crown prince, survived for at least twenty-five minutes, enough to allow governmental officials to name him king. This act is, however, usually considered as historically irrelevant, given that the crown prince never recovered from his coma. His younger brother Manuel (who was also injured, though not seriously) is therefore considered to have been the direct successor of the murdered king Carlos I.
, image16 = SMF Manoel II.jpg


See also

*
List of Portuguese royal consorts John I of Portugal, John I's marriage to Philippa of Lancaster Throughout History of Portugal, its history, the Portugal, Portuguese monarchy has had only two queen regnant, queens regnant: Maria I of Portugal, Maria I and Maria II of Portugal ( ...
*
List of viceroys of Portugal The Viceroy of Portugal was the political chief of the Kingdom of Portugal The Kingdom of Portugal ( la, Regnum Portugalliae, pt, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of the modern Portuguese Republi ...
*
List of titles and honours of the Portuguese Crown This List of titles and honours of the Portuguese Crown sets out the many titles of the monarchs of the Kingdom of Portugal while the monarchy was still in place. Titles held by the monarch of Kingdom of Portugal Note: Titles marked with * are ti ...
*
Style of the Portuguese sovereign The Style (manner of address), style of king of Portugal, Portuguese sovereign has varied over the years. Currently, there is no Portuguese monarch but there is a pretender: Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza. He styles himself following some of the ancie ...
* Families ** Family tree of Portuguese monarchs ** Descendants of John VI of Portugal **
Descendants of Manuel I of Portugal The Descendants of Manuel I of Portugal Manuel I (; 31 May 146913 December 1521), known as the Fortunate ( pt, O Venturoso), was list of Portuguese monarchs, King of Portugal from 1495 to 1521. A member of the House of Aviz, Manuel was Duke of B ...
**
Descendants of Miguel I of Portugal The Descendants of Miguel I of Portugal, of the House of Braganza, were numerous and left a lasting mark on European royalty. Miguel married Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and the strategic marriages for all of their children i ...


References


Bibliography

* * Jiří Louda & Michael Maclagan (1981), "Portugal", in ''Lines of Succession. Heraldry of the Royal families of Europe'', London, Orbis Publishing, pp. 228–237. . (revised and updated edition by Prentice Hall College Div - November 1991. .) * Luís Amaral & Marcos Soromenho Santos (2002), ''Costados do Duque de Bragança'', Lisboa, Guarda-Mor Edições. * Afonso Eduardo Martins Zuquete (dir.)(1989), ''Nobreza de Portugal e Brasil'', vol. I, Lisboa, Editorial Enciclopédia. * (reprint)


External links


History of titles of the kings of Portugal with bibliography
{{DEFAULTSORT:Monarchs, List of Portuguese
Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who ...
Lists of Portuguese people Portuguese history timelines Portugal politics-related lists