HOME

TheInfoList




A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other
government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government The machinery of government (sometimes abbreviated as MoG) is the interconnected structures and proce ...
in charge of the
administration of justice The Administration of Justice is the process by which the legal system of a government is executed. The presumed goal of such an administration is to provide justice for all those accessing the legal system. The phrase is also commonly used to de ...
. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of justice (minister for justice in a very few countries) or a secretary of justice. In countries where this agency is called a department (usually department of justice, sometimes attorney general's department), the head of the department may be called the
attorney general In most common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinions. ''Black's Law Dictionar ...
, for example in the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...
.
Monaco Monaco (; ), officially the Principality of Monaco (french: Principauté de Monaco; Monégasque Ligurian: ''Prinçipatu de Mu̍negu''), is a sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The ...

Monaco
is an example of a country that does not have a ministry of justice, but rather a Directorate of Judicial Services (head: Secretary of Justice) that oversees the administration of justice.
Vatican City Vatican City (), officially the Vatican City State ( it, Stato della Città del Vaticano; la, Status Civitatis Vaticanae),—' * german: Vatikanstadt, cf. '—' (in Austria: ') * pl, Miasto Watykańskie, cf. '—' * pt, Cidade do Vatica ...

Vatican City
, a country under the sovereignty of the
Holy See The Holy See ( lat, Sancta Sedes, ; it, Santa Sede ), also called the See of Rome or Apostolic See, is the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian ...
, also does not possess a ministry of justice. Instead, the
Governorate of Vatican City State The Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City (Italian: ''Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano'', Latin: ''Pontificia Commissio pro Civitate Vaticana'') is the legislative body of Vatican City. It consists of the ...
(head: President of the Governorate of Vatican City State), the legislative body of the Vatican, includes a legal office. Depending on the country, specific duties may relate to organizing the
justice system The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law Religious law includes ethical and moral codes taught by religious traditions. Different religio ...
, overseeing the
public prosecutor A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system The adversarial system or adversary system is a legal system used in the common law countries where two advocates represent their ...
and national investigative agencies (e.g. the American
Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence Intelligence has been defined in many ways: the capacity for abstraction Abstraction in its main sense is a conceptual process where general rules and concept Conce ...

Federal Bureau of Investigation
), and maintaining the
legal system The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems A system is a group of interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and infl ...
and
public order In criminology Criminology (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Thr ...
. Some ministries have additional responsibilities in related policy areas such as overseeing
elections An election is a formal group decision-makingGroup decision-making (also known as collaborative decision-making or collective decision-making) is a situation faced when individuals An individual is that which exists as a distinct entity. Ind ...

elections
, directing the
police The police are a Law enforcement organization, constituted body of Law enforcement officer, persons empowered by a State (polity), state, with the aim to law enforcement, enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citize ...

police
, law reform, and administration of the immigration and citizenship services. The duties of the ministry of justice may in some countries be split from separate responsibilities of an
attorney general In most common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinions. ''Black's Law Dictionar ...
(often responsible for the justice system) and the
interior minister An interior ministry (sometimes called ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry responsible for internal affairs, particularly public security, emergency management, civil registration and identification ...
(often responsible for public order). Sometimes the
prison system A prison (also known as a jail or gaol (dated, British English, British, Australian English, Australian, and to a lesser extent Huron Historic Gaol, Canadian English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (or centre if outside t ...

prison system
is separated into another government department called Corrective Services.


Related articles and lists

† Based on available research, these are the countries, states or territories that have yet to appoint a female as the Minister of Justice, Attorney General or equivalent.


See also

*
Attorney general In most common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is the body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinions. ''Black's Law Dictionar ...
*
Interior minister An interior ministry (sometimes called ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry responsible for internal affairs, particularly public security, emergency management, civil registration and identification ...
* List of female justice ministers * List of first women lawyers and judges by nationality


Other topics of interest

*
Ministry of Justice (imperial China) The Ministry or was one of the Six Ministries under the Department of State Affairs in history of China, imperial China. Functions Under the Ming government, Ming, the Ministry of Justice had charge of most judicial and penal processes, but had ...
: A Chinese government ministry between the Sui and Qing dynasties *
Ministry of Justice (pre-modern Japan) The was a division of the eighth century Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , a ...
: A Japanese government ministry between the Asuka and Meiji periods *
Ministry of Justice (Soviet Union) The Ministry of Justice of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (russian: Министерство юстиции СССР, ''Ministerstvo Yustitsii SSSR''), formed on 15 March 1946, was one of the most important government offices in the ...
: A government ministry of the USSR that existed from 1923 to 1991 * Ministry of Justice (Yugoslavia): The justice ministry that was responsible for the judicial system of the following:
Kingdom of Yugoslavia The Kingdom of Yugoslavia ( sh, Kraljevina Jugoslavija / Краљевина Југославија; sl, Kraljevina Jugoslavija) was a state in Southeast Europe, Southeast and Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1941. From 1918 to 1929 ...
(1918-1945),
SFR Yugoslavia The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, commonly referred to as SFR Yugoslavia or simply Yugoslavia, was a country in Southeast Europe, Southeast and Central Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until ...
(1945-1992), and
FR Yugoslavia The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, commonly referred to as FR Yugoslavia or simply Yugoslavia, was a country in the Balkans, which came into existence in 1992, following the Breakup of Yugoslavia, breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of ...
period (1992–2003)


References

{{Types of government minister Justice Attorneys general
Justice Justice, in its broadest sense, is the principle that people receive that which they deserve, with the interpretation of what then constitutes "deserving" being impacted upon by numerous fields, with many differing viewpoints and perspectives, ...