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A jurist is a person with expert knowledge of
law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its bounda ...
; someone who analyses and comments on law. This person is usually a specialist legal scholarnot necessarily with a formal qualification in law or a
legal practitioner A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate An advocate is a professional in the field of law. Different countries' legal systems use the term with somewhat differing meanings. The broad equivalent in many English la ...

legal practitioner
, although in the United States the term "jurist" may be applied to a judge. With reference to
Roman law Roman law is the law, legal system of ancient Rome, including the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the Twelve Tables (c. 449 BC), to the ''Corpus Juris Civilis'' (AD 529) ordered by Eastern Roman emperor J ...
, a "jurist" (in English) is a jurisconsult (''jurisconsulta''). The English term ''jurist'' is to be distinguished from similar terms in other European languages, where it may be synonymous with ''
legal professionLegal profession is a profession A Profession is a disciplined group of individuals who adhere to ethical standards and who hold themselves out as, and are accepted by the public as possessing special knowledge and skills in a widely recognised ...
al'', i.e. anyone with a professional law degree that qualifies for legal work. A person who is a member of a
jury A jury is a sworn body of people (the jurors) convened to render an impartial Impartiality (also called evenhandedness or fair-mindedness) is a principle of justice holding that decisions should be based on objectivity (philosophy), objective ...

jury
is called a juror.


Notable jurists

Some notable historical jurists include:


See also

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List of jurists The following lists are of prominent jurist A jurist is a person with expert knowledge of law; someone who analyses and comments on law. This person is usually a specialist legal scholarnot necessarily with a formal qualification in law or a ...
*
History of the legal profession, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. A civil law notary is roughly analogous to a common law solicitor, except that, unlike solicitors, civil law notaries do not practice litigation. The legal professionLegal profession is a profession, and legal ...
*
History of the American legal professionThe History of the American legal profession covers the work, training, and professional activities of lawyers from the colonial era to the present. Lawyers grew increasingly powerful in the colonial era as experts in the English common law, which w ...
*
Legal professionLegal profession is a profession A Profession is a disciplined group of individuals who adhere to ethical standards and who hold themselves out as, and are accepted by the public as possessing special knowledge and skills in a widely recognised ...
*
Paralegal A paralegal is the professional of legal science Legal science is one of the main components in the civil law tradition (after Roman law, canon law Canon law (from grc, κανών, , a 'straight measuring rod, ruler') is a set of ordinances ...
* Islamic jurist


References


External links

* Legal professions {{job-stub