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An interior ministry (sometimes called ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a
government ministry Ministry or department, also less commonly used secretariat, office, or directorate are designations used by a first-level executive Executive may refer to: Role, title, or function * Executive (government), branch of government that has author ...
responsible for internal affairs, particularly
public security Public security is the function of governments which ensures the protection of citizens, persons in their territory, organizations, and institutions against threats to their well-being – and to the prosperity of their communities. To meet the i ...
,
emergency management Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all Humanitarianism, humanitarian aspects of Emergency, emergencies (prevention, preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery). ...
, civil registration and identification, supervision of regional and
local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government ...
s, conduct of
election An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold Public administration, public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative dem ...

election
s,
public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, g ...
and
immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective ident ...

immigration
(including passport issuance) matters. Such a ministry is often headed by a minister of the interior, a minister of internal affairs or a minister of home affairs. In some jurisdictions there is no department named "interior ministry", the relevant responsibilities being allocated to other departments.


Remit and role

In some countries, matters relating to the maintenance of law and order and the
administration of justice The Administration of Justice is the process by which the legal system of a government is executed. The presumed goal of such an administration is to provide justice for all those accessing the legal system. The phrase is also commonly used to de ...
are the responsibility of a separate
justice ministry A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a Ministry (government department), ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of jus ...
. In some countries, public security belongs to a separate ministry (often titled "ministry of public order", "ministry of security" etc.), with the interior ministry being limited to control over local governments, public administration, elections, etc. Notable examples include Greece ( Ministry of Citizen Protection) and Israel (
Ministry of Public Security Ministry of Public Security can refer to: * Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Brazil) * Ministry of Public Security of Burundi * Ministry of Public Security (China) * Ministry of Public Security of Costa Rica that supervises the Public Force ...
). In countries with a
federal Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics General *Federal monarchy, a federation of monarchies *Federation, or ''Federal state'' (federal system), a type of government characterized by both a central (federal) government and states or ...

federal
constitution, interior ministers will often be found at both the federal and sub-national levels. Similarly, autonomous entities and
dependent territories A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence upright=1.0, Pedro I of Brazil, Pedro surrounded by a crowd in São Paulo after breaking the news of Independence of Brazi ...
may also have interior ministers.


By country

In the United Kingdom the position of
Secretary of State for the Home Department The home secretary, officially the secretary of state for the Home Department, is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom ga, Rialtas na Ríochta Aontaithe sco, Govrenment o the Unitit Kinrick , image = HM Governm ...
, normally referred to as "Home Secretary", was created in the British governmental reorganisation of 1782. The
United States Department of the Interior The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a federal executive department of the . It is responsible for the management and conservation of most and , and the administration of programs relating to , , , territorial affairs, and s ...
has responsibilities different from similarly-named departments elsewhere, primarily the management and conservation of natural resources, and programs and policies dealing with
indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (with these terms often capitalized when referred to relating to specific countries), or autochthonous peoples, are culturally distinct e ...
. The functions that fall under what most other countries call an "interior ministry" come under other government departments—mostly the
Department of Homeland Security The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the U.S. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America North Amer ...
(established in 2002 with functions such as immigration management, public safety and disaster relief), with some others falling under the
Department of Justice A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of governme ...
(with functions such as handling the national police and the management of prisons) and individual state governments (e.g. election management). The post of Minister of the Interior in Canada existed from 1873 to 1936, replacing the previous role of the
Secretary of State for the Provinces Secretary of State for the Provinces was an office in the Cabinet of Canada The Cabinet of Canada (french: Cabinet du Canada) is a body of Minister of the Crown, ministers of the Crown that, along with the Monarchy of Canada, Canadian monarch, ...
; it included functions similar to the US Department of the Interior. After 1936 the post was abolished, its responsibilities being transferred to other departments. In Hong Kong, the
Secretary for Home Affairs The Secretary for Home Affairs is the head of the Home Affairs Bureau of the Government of Hong Kong, which is responsible for local issues, and the provision of community, leisure, and cultural services. List of office holders Registrars Gener ...
is responsible for matters relating to communities, culture, sports and local governance. Policing and related matters are the responsibilities of the
Secretary for Security The Secretary for Security is the member of the Government of Hong Kong The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region , commonly known as the Hong Kong Government or HKSAR Government, refers to the Executive (government), ...
. The Ministry of Home Affairs in India (MHA) is responsible for internal security and
demographics Demography (from prefix ''demo-'' from Ancient Greek δῆμος (''dēmos'') meaning 'the people', and ''-graphy'' from γράφω (''graphō'') meaning 'writing, description or measurement') is the statistics, statistical study of populat ...

demographics
, promoting the official languages. It carries out specialized functions through its departments, namely the Department of Border Management, the Department of Internal Security, the Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs, the Department of Home, the Department of Official Language and the Department of States. As such it heads such functions as the internal intelligence, and police and
Civil Services of India The Civil Services refer to the career government civil servants who are the permanent executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government that enforces law, and has Moral responsibilit ...
, also handling
protocol Protocol may refer to: Sociology and politics * Protocol (politics) Protocol originally (in Late Middle English, c. 15th century) meant the minutes or logbook taken at a meeting, upon which an agreement was based. The term now commonly refers to a ...
, freedom-fighter pensions and manning of the
courts A court is any person or institution, often as a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''St ...

courts
. In Japan, law enforcement is decentralised with the National Public Safety Commission coordinating between the National Police Agency and the
government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Departmen ...
through its chairman, who is a cabinet member. National security and immigration matters fall under the
Ministry of Justice A Ministry of Justice is a common type of government department that serves as a justice ministry. Lists of current ministries of justice Named "Ministry" * Ministry of Justice (Abkhazia) * Ministry of Justice (Afghanistan) * Ministry of Justic ...
, whilst the
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications The is a cabinet-level ministry in the Government of Japan The is the central government of Japan. The Government of Japan consists of legislature, executive and judiciary branches and is accountable to the Emperor of Japan. The Prime Min ...
handles the administrative system, local government, elections, telecommunication and post matters. In Vietnam, the
Ministry of Public Security Ministry of Public Security can refer to: * Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Brazil) * Ministry of Public Security of Burundi * Ministry of Public Security (China) * Ministry of Public Security of Costa Rica that supervises the Public Force ...
is responsible for policing, national security, and immigration matters.


Lists

* List of current interior ministers *
List of female interior ministers A ''list'' is any set of items. List or lists may also refer to: People * List (surname)List or Liste is a European surname. Notable people with the surname include: List * Friedrich List (1789–1846), German economist * Garrett List (1943 ...


See also

*
Ministry of home affairs A ministry of home affairs is a common type of government department Ministry or department, also less commonly used secretariat, office, or directorate are designations used by a first-level executive Executive may refer to: Role, title, or func ...
*
Justice ministry A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a Ministry (government department), ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of jus ...


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Interior Ministry
Interior Interior may refer to: Arts and media * Interior (Degas), ''Interior'' (Degas) (also known as ''The Rape''), painting by Edgar Degas * Interior (play), ''Interior'' (play), 1895 play by Belgian playwright Maurice Maeterlinck * The Interior (novel) ...