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In sports, home is the place and
venue Venue is the location at which an event takes place. It may refer to: Locations * Venue (law) In law, the venue is the location where a case is heard. United States Criminal venue The perceived abuse of English criminal venue law was one of th ...
identified with a
team sport A team sport includes any sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some c ...
. Most professional teams are named for, and marketed to, particular metropolitan areas; amateur teams may be drawn from a particular region, or from institutions such as schools or universities. When they play in that venue, they are said to be the "home team"; when the team plays elsewhere, they are the ''away'', ''visiting'', or ''
road A road is a wide way leading from one place to another, typically one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles and bikes can use. Roads consist of one or two roadways (British English: carriageways), each with one or more lanes and any ...
'' team. Home teams wear home colors.


Venue

Each team has a location where it practices during the season and where it hosts games. This is referred to as the home court, home field, home stadium, home ballpark, home arena, home ground, or home ice. When a team is serving as host of a contest, it is designated as the "home team". The event is described as a "home game" for that team and the venue that the game is being played is described as the "home field." In most sports, there is a
home field advantage In team sport A team is a [group (disambiguation), group of individuals (human or non-human) working together to achieve their goal. As defined by Professor Leigh Thompson (academic), Leigh Thompson of the Kellogg School of Management, "[a] te ...
whereby the home team wins more frequently because it has a greater familiarity with the nuances of the venue and because it has more fans cheering for it, which supposedly gives the players
adrenaline Adrenaline, also known as epinephrine, is a hormone A hormone (from the Greek participle , "setting in motion") is any member of a class of signaling molecules in multicellular organisms, that are transported to distant organs to regulate p ...

adrenaline
and an advantage. The opposing team is said to be the visiting team, the away team, or the road team. In North American sports, a spectator can often tell which team is home by looking at the field of play. Often a home team
logo A logo (abbreviation of logotype; ) is a graphic Graphics () are visual The visual system comprises the sensory organ A sense is a biological system A biological system is a complex network which connects several biologically rel ...

logo
, insignia or name is in the middle of the field at center ice, midfield, or center court. Also, the logo, insignia or name may be found atop a dugout in
baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the action starts when the defending team throws a ball at ...

baseball
or in the
end zone The end zone is the Goal (sport), scoring area on the field, according to gridiron football, gridiron-based codes of football. It is the area between the end line and Goal line (gridiron football), goal line bounded by the sidelines. There are ...
in
American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular American football field, field with goalposts at each end. ...

American football
.


Exceptions

There are many examples of sports teams being forced to play their home games away from their usual home venue for a variety of reasons. Damage to a venue can be a major reason. In
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, English
association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport A team sport includes any sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain ...
club
Manchester United Manchester () is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country’s List of English districts by population, fifth-largest population at 547,627 (as of 2018) and lies within the United Kingdom's Greater ...
's home ground,
Old Trafford Old Trafford () is a football Football is a family of team sport A team is a Old Trafford Old Trafford () is a association football, football stadium in Old Trafford (area), Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, and the hom ...

Old Trafford
, was so badly damaged by bombing that for eight years all their home games were played at
Maine Road Maine Road was a football stadium in Moss Side, Manchester Manchester () is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country’s List of English districts by population, fifth-largest population at 5 ...
, the home of rivals
Manchester City Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough in North West England and Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country's List of English districts by population, fifth-largest population at 547,627 (as of 2018) and lie ...
. Damage caused by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 forced
American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular American football field, field with goalposts at each end. ...

American football
team
New Orleans Saints The New Orleans Saints are a professional American football team based in New Orleans. The Saints compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) NFC South, South division. Since 1975 ...

New Orleans Saints
to play all of their games in the 2005 away from their home stadium, the
Louisiana Superdome The Caesars Superdome (formerly the Louisiana Superdome and the Mercedes-Benz Superdome, and also simply known as the Superdome) is a multi-purpose stadium A multi-purpose stadium is a type of stadium designed to be easily used by multiple ...
. Teams may be forced from their home stadiums for logistical and legal reasons. The
COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple or worldwide, affecting a substantial numbe ...

COVID-19 pandemic
impacted the pancontinental
UEFA Champions League The UEFA Champions League (abbreviated as UCL) is an annual club football Football is a family of team sport A team is a Union of European Football Associations The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA; ; french: Union ...
and
UEFA Europa League The UEFA Europa League (abbreviated as UEL) is an annual association football, football club competition organised by the UEFA, Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) for eligible European football clubs. It is the second-tier competitio ...
association football tournaments. Varying travel bans and quarantining rules between different countries across
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
meant that many teams were forced to host their home games in a different country as their opponents would not be able to enter jurisdiction where the game was due to take place. For example, in March 2021 the
government of Spain gl, Goberno de España eu, Espainiako Gobernua , image = , caption = Logo of the Government of Spain , headerstyle = background-color: #efefef , label1 = Role , data1 = Executive power The executive (short for exe ...
had imposed a ban on travellers arriving from the UK, so
Atlético Madrid Club Atlético de Madrid, Sociedad Anónima Deportiva, S.A.D. (; meaning "Athletic Club of Madrid"), commonly referred to as Atlético de Madrid in English or simply as Atlético or Atleti, is a Spanish professional Association football, footb ...
were forced to use Arena Nationala in
Bucharest Bucharest ( , ; ro, București ) is the capital and largest city of Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), cente ...

Bucharest
,
Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions ...

Romania
, to host English team
Chelsea Chelsea or Chelsey may refer to: Places Australia * Chelsea, Victoria Canada * Chelsea, Nova Scotia * Chelsea, Quebec United Kingdom * Chelsea, London, an affluent area of South West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames ** Chelsea ...
. In 2010 the Canadian baseball team
Toronto Blue Jays The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball, professional baseball team based in Toronto. The Blue Jays compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. The ...
played a home series with the
Philadelphia Phillies The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the National League (NL) National League East, East division. Since 2004, the team's home sta ...
in the Phillies'
Citizens Bank Park Citizens Bank Park is a baseball park located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, within the city's South Philadelphia Sports Complex. It is the home of the Philadelphia Phillies, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. It opened April 3, 20 ...

Citizens Bank Park
while the G-20 Summit was being held near the
Rogers Centre Rogers Centre (originally SkyDome) is a multi-purpose retractable roof A retractable roof is a roof system designed to roll back the roof of a structure so that the interior of the facility is open to the outdoors. Retractable roofs are ...

Rogers Centre
in Toronto. In baseball, sometimes, when teams are playing a makeup game from an earlier game postponed by rain, the game may have to be made up in the other team's stadium. An example of this occurred on September 26, 2007, with a game between the
Cleveland Indians The Cleveland Guardians are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...

Cleveland Indians
, who were the "home" team, but the game was played vs. the
Seattle Mariners The Seattle Mariners are an American professional baseball team based in Seattle. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League West, West division. The team joined the American League ...
in
Safeco Field T-Mobile Park is a retractable roof A retractable roof is a roof system designed to roll back the roof of a structure so that the interior of the facility is open to the outdoors. Retractable roofs are sometimes referred to as operable roofs ...

Safeco Field
, in Seattle.


Uniforms or kits

Rules and conventions often apply to the choice of home and
away colors
away colors
. In
Australian football Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called "Aussie rules", "football" or "footy", is a contact sport played between two teams of 18 players on an Australian rules football playing field, oval field, of ...
, the home team traditionally wears their regular jumper and black (or colored) shorts, while the away team wears a lighter coloured variant of their jumper and/or white shorts. In
American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular American football field, field with goalposts at each end. ...

American football
and
ice hockey Ice hockey is a contact Contact may refer to: Interaction Physical interaction * Contact (geology)A geological contact is a boundary which separates one rock body from another. A contact can be formed during deposition, by the intrusio ...

ice hockey
, most home teams often wear
uniforms A uniform is a type of clothing File:KangaSiyu1.jpg, A kanga (African garment), kanga, worn throughout the African Great Lakes region Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel and attire) are items worn on the body. Clothing is typically mad ...

uniforms
that feature their official team colors, whereas the visiting team to be wearing white or colors opposite of the home team's choice. On the other hand, in baseball and basketball, the home team will typically choose to wear the lighter colored version of its
uniform A uniform is a variety of clothing A kanga, worn throughout the African Great Lakes region Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel, and attire) are items worn on the body. Typically, clothing is made of fabrics or textiles, but over ti ...

uniform
. Many teams have a home uniform which is mostly white and referred to as the "home whites". The road team will generally wear a version of its uniform with one of the darker of its official colors as the main color, or in baseball with a grey main color referred to as the "road greys". The term "home whites" originated in the early days of
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
. Typically the visiting team had no access to laundry facilities and thus the players were unable to clean their uniforms on the road. By wearing grey or another dark color the visiting team was better able to conceal the dirt and grass stains that had accumulated on their uniforms over the course of the series. The home team, having access to laundry facilities, was able to wear clean white uniforms each day, hence the term "home whites".


Homerism

Especially in team sports, but also in
international sport The concept of international sport refers to sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and Skill, skills while providing enjoyment to part ...
s (home represented by the home country), a "home" crew is assigned to cover all the home games, and sometimes the "home" crew travels on the road to cover away games as well. It's understood that a home broadcasting crew will talk more about the familiar home players, but this should not come at the cost of covering actual play on the field. When this line is crossed, crews are accused of being "homers" or of displaying "homerism". During the 1980s and 1990s it was common for major American television networks covering the Olympic games to replay the gold-medal winning moment of an American athlete without bothering to mention which athletes and countries placed for silver and bronze, and sometimes they never got around to mentioning the non-American silver and bronze winners at all before hastily cutting to the next event in a busy coverage schedule. Due to ongoing white demographic decline, this parochial fixation has faded from fashion in more recent times. In online fan forums, "homers" are participants where the home team can do no wrong, and the away team can do no right. This is cognate with extremist forms of partisan politics.


Miscellaneous

In any context where a game score or the pair of teams meeting in a game are mentioned, the team mentioned first (left or top) is the home team, except in the United States, Canada, and Japan, where home teams are mentioned second. The North American and Japanese practice of listing the home team second likely derives from
baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the action starts when the defending team throws a ball at ...

baseball
, in which the home team
bats Bats are mammal Mammals (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meanin ...
after the visiting team in each
inning In baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in which the action starts when the defending team t ...
.See: . Exceptions are found in most North American soccer competitions, where the international standard of listing the home team first is mostly adhered to. Typically, the home team has responsibilities such as supplying the venue and equipment, hosting its opponent,
media Media may refer to: Physical means Communication * Media (communication) In mass communication, media are the communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, It ...
and the officials (
referee A referee is an official An official is someone who holds an office (function or Mandate (politics), mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual Office, working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the ex ...

referee
s,
umpire An umpire is an official An official is someone who holds an office (function or Mandate (politics), mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual Office, working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exe ...
s, etc.), and may have the opportunity to sell tickets, food and media rights.


See also

*
Road (sports) 240px, Oklahoma Sooners football, Oklahoma Sooners transport truck carries team equipment for road games. A road game or away game is a sports game where the specified team is not the host and must travel to another venue. Most professional teams ...


Notes

{{DEFAULTSORT:Home (Sports) Terminology used in multiple sports