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High technology (high tech), also known as frontier technology (frontier tech), is
technology Technology ("science of craft", from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''techne'', "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and , ''wikt:-logia, -logia'') is the sum of any Art techniques and materials, techniques, skills, Scientific method, methods, and Business ...

technology
that is at the
cutting edge Cutting edge or The Cutting Edge may refer to: *The cutting surface of a blade or other cutting tool *State of the art, the highest level of development, as of a device, technique, or scientific field Businesses *Cutting Edge Creations, an Ameri ...
: the most advanced technology available. It can be defined as either the most complex or the newest technology on the market. The opposite of high tech is ''
low technology Low technology (low tech; adjective forms: low-technology, low-tech, lo-tech) is simple technology Technology ("science of craft", from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''techne'', "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and , ''wikt:-logia, -logia'') is the s ...
'', referring to simple, often traditional or mechanical technology; for example, a
slide rule The slide rule is a mechanical analog computer. The slide rule is used primarily for multiplication and division (mathematics), division and for functions such as exponents, Nth root, roots, logarithms, and trigonometry. They are not designed for ...

slide rule
is a low-tech calculating device. When high tech becomes old, it becomes low tech, for example
vacuum tube A vacuum tube, an electron tube, valve (British usage) or tube (North America), is a device that controls electric current flow in a high vacuum between electrodes to which an electric voltage, potential difference has been applied. The type k ...
electronics. The phrase was used in a 1958 ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' (''NYT'' or ''NY Times'') is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 130 Pulit ...

The New York Times
'' story advocating "
atomic energyAtomic energy or energy of atoms is energy carried by atoms An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter that forms a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemica ...

atomic energy
" for Europe: "... Western Europe, with its dense population and its high technology ...." Robert Metz used the term in a financial column in 1969, saying Arthur H. Collins of
Collins Radio Rockwell Collins was a multinational corporation company headquartered in Cedar Rapids, Iowa providing avionics and information technology systems and services to Government agency, government agencies and aircraft manufacturers. It was formed when ...
"controls a score of high technology patents in a variety of fields." and in a 1971 article used the abbreviated form, "high tech." A widely used classification of high-technological manufacturing industries was provided by the
OECD The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 to sti ...

OECD
in 2006. It is based on the intensity of research and development activities used in these industries within OECD countries, resulting in four distinct categories. Startups working on high technologies (or developing new high technologies) are sometimes referred to as
deep tech Deep technology (deep tech) or hard tech is a classification of organization, or more typically startup company, with the expressed objective of providing technology solutions based on substantial scientific or engineering challenges. They present ...
; the term may also refer to disruptive technologies based on scientific discoveries in several branches. High-tech, as opposed to
high-touchHigh-touch refers to the involvement of personal attention and service. In business, the term often refers to situations where trust between the customer and employed individual(s) is necessary. High-touch areas include: medicine Medicine is the A ...
, may refer to self-service experiences that do not require human interaction.


See also

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Electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. It uses active devices to control electron flow by amplifier, amplification and rectifie ...
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Electronics industry The electronics industry is the economic sector that produces electronic devices. It emerged in the 20th century and is today one of the largest global industries. Contemporary society uses a vast array of electronic devices built in automated or s ...
* Photonics industry *
Nuclear technology 200px, A residential smoke detector is the most familiar piece of nuclear technology for some people Nuclear technology is technology that involves the nuclear reaction In nuclear physics Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studie ...
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Quantum technology Quantum technology is an emerging field of physics and engineering, which relies on the principles of quantum physics. Quantum computing, quantum sensors, quantum cryptography, quantum simulation, quantum metrology and quantum imaging are al ...
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Intermediate technology Appropriate technology is a movement (and its manifestations) encompassing technological Technology ("science of craft", from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''techne'', "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and , ''wikt:-logia, -logia'') is the sum of Art te ...
– sometimes used to mean technology between low and high technology *
Industrial design Industrial design is a process of design A design is a plan or specification for the construction of an object or system or for the implementation of an activity or process, or the result of that plan or specification in the form of a prototype ...

Industrial design
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List of emerging technologies Emerging technologies are those technical innovations that represent progressive innovations within a field for competitive advantage.International Congress Innovation and Technology XXI: Strategies and Policies Towards the XXI Century, & Soar ...
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Semiconductor industry The semiconductor industry is the aggregate of companies engaged in the design and fabrication of semiconductor A semiconductor material has an Electrical resistivity and conductivity, electrical conductivity value falling between that of a ...
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Big Tech Big Tech, also known as the Tech Giants, the Big Four, and the Big Five, is a name given to the five largest and most dominant companies in the information technology industry of the United States The United States of America (USA), comm ...
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Innovation 190px, 1,093_U.S._patents_in_his_name..html" ;"title="phonograph">Thomas Edison with phonograph. Edison was one of the most prolific inventors in history, holding List of Edison patents">1,093 U.S. patents in his name.">phonograph">Thomas Ediso ...

Innovation


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:High Tech Technology by type Design