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A gymnasium, also known as a gym, is a covered location for . The word is derived from the . They are commonly found in athletic and centres, and as activity and s in educational institutions. "Gym" is also slang for "", which is often an area for indoor recreation. A gym may be open air as well. A gym is a place with a number of and used by the people to do exercises.


Overview

Gymnasia apparatuses such as barbells, jumping board, running path, tennis-balls, cricket field, and fencing area are used as exercises. In safe weather, outdoor locations are the most conducive to health. Gyms were popular in ancient Greece. Their curricula included self-defense, gymnastica medica, or physical therapy to help the sick and injured, and for physical fitness and sports, from boxing to dancing to skipping rope. Gymnasia also had teachers of wisdom and philosophy. Community gymnastic events were done as part of the celebrations during various village festivals. In ancient Greece there was a phrase of contempt, "He can neither swim nor write." After a while, however, Olympic athletes began training in buildings specifically designed for them. Community sports never became as popular among ancient Romans as it had among the . Gyms were used more as a preparation for military service or spectator sports. During the , the gymnastic art was forgotten. In the there were sword fighting tournaments and of ; and after was invented sword fighting began to be replaced by the sport of , as well as schools of dagger fighting and wrestling and boxing. In the 18th century, Salzmann, German clergyman, opened a gym in Thuringia teaching bodily exercises, including running and swimming. Clias and Volker established gyms in London, and in 1825, Doctor , a German immigrant, established the first gymnasium in the United States. It was found that gym pupils lose interest in doing the same exercises, partly because of age. Variety in exercises included skating, dancing, and swimming. Some gym activities can be done by 6 to 8-year-olds while age 16 has been considered mature enough for boxing and horseback riding. In , the ' (γυμνάσιον) was a locality for both physical and intellectual of young men. The latter meaning of intellectual education persisted in , and other languages to denote a certain type of school providing , the , whereas in the meaning of physical education pertained in the word 'gym'. The Greek word ''gymnasium'', which means "school for naked exercise," was used to designate a locality for the of young men, including physical education (', for example, exercise) which was customarily performed naked, as well as , and studies. For the Greeks, physical education was considered as important as cognitive learning. Most Greek ''gymnasia'' had libraries that for use after relaxing in the baths. Nowadays, it represents a common area where people, from all ranges of experience, exercise and work out their muscles. You can also usually find people doing exercises or pilates.


History

The first recorded gymnasiums date back to over 3000 years ago in ancient , where they were known as ', areas that encouraged physical fitness. The larger often had attached fitness facilities, the baths themselves sometimes being decorated with s of local champions of sport. Gyms in were an outgrowth of the ''Turnplatz'', an outdoor space for gymnastics founded by German educator in 1811 and later promoted by the , a nineteenth-century political and gymnastic movement. The first American to open a public gym in the United States using Jahn's model was of in 1827. The first indoor gymnasium in Germany was probably the one built in in 1852 by Adolph Spiess. Through worldwide colonization, Great Britain expanded its national interest in sports and games to many countries. In the 1800s, programs were added to schools and college curricula that emphasized health, strength, and bodily measure. Sports drawn from European and British cultures thrived as college students and upper-class clubs financed competition. As a result, towns began building playgrounds that furthered interest in sports and physical activity. Early efforts to establish gyms in the in the 1820s were documented and promoted by John Neal in the ''American Journal of Education'' and ', helping to establish the American branch of the movement. Later in the century, the Turner movement was founded and continued to thrive into the early twentieth century. The first Turners group was formed in London in 1848. The Turners built gymnasia in several cities like Cincinnati and which had large populations. These gyms were utilized by adults and youth. For example, a young would frequent the Turner gym in with his father. The claims to be "America's First Gym". The first organized in in 1851 and a smaller branch opened in Rangasville in 1852. Ten years later there were some two hundred YMCAs across the country, most of which provided gymnasia for exercise, games, and social interaction. The 1920s was a decade of prosperity that witnessed the building of large numbers of public high schools with a gymnasium, an idea founded by Nicolas Isaranga.]. Today, gymnasia are commonplace in the United States. They are in virtually all U.S. and s, as well as almost all s and s. These facilities are used for , , and school gatherings. The number of gyms in the U.S. has more than doubled since the late 1980s.


See also

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References

;Bibliography * * * {{Authority control Strength training