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A general merchant store (also known as general merchandise store, general dealer or village shop) is a rural or small-town store that carries a
general line of merchandise General line of merchandise or general merchandise is a term used in retail and wholesale business in reference to merchandise not limited to some particular category. General merchandise stores (general stores) address this sector of retail. Accor ...
. It carries a broad selection of merchandise, sometimes in a small space, where people from the town and surrounding rural areas come to purchase all their general goods. The store carries routine stock and obtains special orders from
warehouses A warehouse is a building for storing goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, an ...
. It differs from a
convenience store A convenience store, convenience shop, corner store, or corner shop is a small retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Pr ...
or corner shop in that it will be the main shop for the community rather than a convenient supplement. General stores often sell staple food items such as milk and bread, and various household goods such as hardware and electrical supplies. The concept of the general store is very old, and although some still exist, there are far fewer than there once were, due to
urbanization Urbanization (or urbanisation) refers to the population shift from rural File:Rural landscape in Finland.jpg, A rural landscape in Lappeenranta, South Karelia, Finland. 15 July 2000. In general, a rural area or a countryside is a geographi ...
,
urban sprawl Urban sprawl (also known as suburban sprawl or urban encroachment) is the unrestricted growth in many urban area An urban area, or built-up area, is a human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment. ...
, and the relatively recent phenomenon of
big-box stores A big-box store (also hyperstore, supercenter, superstore, or megastore) is a physically large retail establishment, usually part of a chain Roller chains A chain is a serial assembly of connected pieces, called links, typically made of m ...
. The term "general merchandise store" is also used to describe a hybrid of a
department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics) ...
, with a wide selection of goods, and a
discount store A discount store or discounter offers a retail format in which products are sold at prices that are in principle lower than an actual or supposed "full retail price". Discounters rely on bulk purchasing Bulk purchasing (or "mass buying") is the p ...
, with low prices. Examples include
J. C. Penney Penney OpCo, LLC (formerly known as J. C. Penney Company, Inc; doing business as JCPenney and abbreviated JCP) is a midscale American department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Eco ...
and
Sears Sears, Roebuck and Co., commonly known as Sears, is an American chain of department stores founded by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck in 1892, and reincorporated by Richard Sears and Julius Rosenwald in 1906. Formerly based at ...

Sears
.


History

General dealers were established in the 18th and 19th century in many remote populated places where mobility was limited and a single shop was sufficient to service the entire community. Due to its close connection and confinement to its customers, general dealers often adjusted their sales offerings to the specific preferences of their community. General dealers existed, apart from
mainland Mainland is defined as "relating to or forming the main part of a country or continent, not including the islands around it egardless of status under territorial jurisdiction by an entity" The term is often human geography, politically, econo ...

mainland
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
and
Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of the Earth, Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the cont ...

Asia
, in all European colonies and generally in areas where
colonists A settler is a person who has human migration, migrated to an area and established a permanent residence there, often to colonize the area. A settler who migrates to an area previously uninhabited or sparsely inhabited may be described as a p ...
encroached upon communities that previously did not trade with money. In the colonies trade in local produce had existed long before official shops were opened. The growing need for imported goods, both from European settlers and the
indigenous Indigenous may refer to: *Indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as First people, Aboriginal people, Native people, or autochthonous people, are culturally distinct ethnic groups who are native to a particular place. The term ' ...
population, led to the establishment of a network of merchants, and subsequently to the creation of a money economy.


By country


Australia

While a large number of general stores still exist in Australia, as in other parts of the world their numbers were greatly reduced by the advent of supermarkets.


Canada

The oldest continually run general store in Canada is Trousdale's, located in Sydenham, Ontario, which has been operated by the Trousdale family since 1836. Sociability has always been a feature, as locals come to chat as well as buy. ''Gray Creek Store'' in Gray Creek, Kootenay Bay, Canada is the largest and oldest general dealer in the
Kootenay Lake Kootenay Lake is a lake located in British Columbia, Canada and is part of the Kootenay River. The lake has been raised by the Corra Linn Dam and has a dike system at the southern end, which, along with industry in the 1950s-70s, has changed the ec ...
region Enniskillen General Store in Clarington, Ontario has been in operation since 1840 and still continues today. Robinson's General Store in Dorset, Ontario, voted "Canada's Best Country Store", has been owned and operated by the same family since 1921.


Dominican Republic

In the Dominican Republic, a colmado is the country's equivalent to a general store. Colmado literal translation is 'full to the brim' implying its great density of goods in a small space. The colmado is much more than just a general store, for it offers a social gathering point for the residents of the town or neighborhood. The colmado is an important institution in the Dominican Republic serving as an economic, social and political center for every small community. It is common for colmados to have loud Dominican music such as merengue, bachata, or salsa playing. A common pastime for Dominican men is to play dominoes and drink a beer at their local colmado on Sundays. Another particularity of the colmado is that they provide delivery service of their products directly to the customer's dwelling. Products range from beer, snacks, toilet paper to flash lights and canned food.


Egypt

The
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...

Greek
merchants in
Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identi ...

Egypt
were called ''bakal''.


Finland

General stores (''sekatavarakauppa'') first appeared in Finland in 1859 when fixed shop retailers were allowed to set up shop in rural towns for the first time. Prior to that, authorised trade in rural products other than those produced in the same region depended on city travel, open-air markets and fairs. A related type of store is the village store (''kyläkauppa''), typically located in sparsely populated towns, which still perform many similar functions to general stores. As in many other countries, their numbers were greatly reduced with the advent of supermarkets, from over 3400 such shops in 1980 to 241 in 2017.


India

In India, a tapri is a regional version of a general store. It stores all home, personal, medical, and hygienic daily used products. Many Kirana shops sell products other from food, such as clothing or household items, stationery, toys, tools, and medicines. Small Kirna stores, which are generally located on the corner of streets and generally known as katta or tapri, sell cigarettes, tobacco, and tea.


Namibia

Due to its sparse population there are still a number of general dealers in
Namibia Namibia (, ), officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the south South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north and is perpendicular to the east a ...

Namibia
, for instance the ''Solitaire General Dealer'' in
Solitaire Solitaire is any tabletop game which one can play by oneself, usually with cards, but also with dominoes. The term "solitaire" is also used for single-player games of concentration and skill using a set layout tiles Tiles are thin objects ...
, an important stopover for tourists through Namibia Namib-Naukluft Park.


Puerto Rico

In Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, several general stores ("colmado") have proliferated since the 1970s. *
Supermercados Selectos Supermercados Selectos is a Puerto Rican supermarket company. It is one of a number of well-known Puerto Rican supermarkets chains, along with Pueblo Supermarkets, Amigo Supermarkets and others. The company is not related to Supermercados Super Sel ...
*
Supermercados Econo Supermercados Econo is a Puerto Rican supermarket chain. It has 63 stores in 48 municipalities across the island. Singer Bad Bunny Benito Antonio Martínez Ocasio (born March 10, 1994), known by his stage name Bad Bunny, is a Puerto Rican peo ...


South Africa

There are still many general dealers in
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
; the oldest is ''Oom Samie se Winkel'' ( af, Uncle Sammie's Shop) in Dorp Street,
Stellenbosch Stellenbosch (; )A Universal Pronounci ...

Stellenbosch
. ''Oepverkoop'' is the oldest general dealer in Paternoster, Western Cape. Goodwood Museum in
Cape Town Cape Town (Afrikaans: Kaapstad ; Xhosa language, Xhosa: ''iKapa;'') is the second-most populous city in South Africa, after Johannesburg, and also the legislative Capital city, capital of South Africa. Colloquially named the Mother City, it is ...

Cape Town
displays the operation of a general dealer shop.


Spain

Bodeguita comes from the
Spanish language Spanish ( or , ) is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin Vulgar Latin, also known as Popular or Colloquial Latin is a range of inform ...

Spanish language
as a
diminutive A diminutive is a root word A root (or root word) is the core of a word that is irreducible into more meaningful elements. In morphology, a root is a morphologically simple unit which can be left bare or to which a prefix A prefix is an aff ...
of '' bodega'' which means "small store" or "small warehouse". Traditionally, Bodeguita existed selling general
merchandise Merchandising is any practice which contributes to the sale of products Product may refer to: Business * Product (business), an item that serves as a solution to a specific consumer problem. * Product (project management), a deliverable or se ...
, then they were replaced slowly by the
chain store A chain store or retail chain is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distributio ...
, the same way large US chains have practically eliminated the "
mom and pop Small businesses are privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships which have fewer employees and/or less annual revenue than a regular-sized business or corporation. Businesses are defined as "small" in terms of being able ...
" store.


United Kingdom

Village shops are becoming less common in the densely populated parts of the country, although they remain common in remote
rural In general, a rural area or a countryside is a geographic area that is located outside town A town is a . Towns are generally larger than s and smaller than , though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in differen ...

rural
areas. Their rarity in England is due to several factors, such as the rise in car ownership, competition from large chain
supermarket A supermarket is a self-service Retail#Types of outlets, shop offering a wide variety of food, Drink, beverages and Household goods, household products, organized into sections. This kind of store is larger and has a wider selection than earli ...

supermarket
s, the rising cost of village properties, and the increasing trend of the wealthy to own
holiday homes A holiday cottage, holiday home, or vacation property is accommodation used for holiday vacations, corporate travel, and temporary housing often for less than 30 days. Such properties are typically small homes, such as cottages, that travelers ...
in picturesque villages, consequently these houses which used to be occupied full-time by potential customers are often vacant for long periods. Of those villages in England who still have shops, these days they are often a combination of services under one roof to increase the likelihood of profit and survival. Extra services may include a
post office A post office is a public facility that provides mail The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcard A postcard or post card is a piece of thick paper or thin Card stock, cardboard, typically rectangular, intended fo ...

post office
, private business services such as
tearoom File:Tea house in Moscow.JPG, Tea house in Moscow, 2017 A teahouse (mainly Asia) or tearoom (also tea room) is an establishment which primarily serves tea and other light refreshments. A tea room may be a room set aside in a hotel especially for ...
s,
cafe 200px, Coffeehouse in San Francisco A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an establishment that primarily serves coffee (of various types, e.g. espresso, latte, cappuccino). Some coffeehouses may serve cold drinks such as iced coffe ...
s, and
bed and breakfast A bed and breakfast (typically shortened to B&B or BnB) is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and breakfast. Bed and breakfasts are often private family homes and typically have between four and eleven rooms, wi ...
accommodation; or state services such as
libraries A library is a collection of materials, books or media that are easily accessible for use and not just for display purposes. It is responsible for housing updated information in order to meet the user's needs on a daily basis. A library provi ...
and
General Practitioner In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor A physician (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varietie ...
(GP) or Dental clinics; and charity partners such as
Women's InstituteThe Women's Institute (WI) is a community-based organisation for women in the United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand. The movement was founded in Stoney Creek, Ontario, Canada, by Erland and Janet Lee with Adelaide Hoodless being the f ...

Women's Institute
(WI) coffee mornings held on the day most elderly villagers might collect their weekly pensions. Community shops have become popular in some villages, often jointly owned and run by many villagers as a
co-operative A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous The federal subject The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (russian: субъекты Российск ...
. The Village Retail Services Association promotes the role and function of the village shop in the UK. Many modern village shops choose to stock items which draw in customers from neighbouring areas who are seeking
locally sourced
locally sourced
,
organic Organic may refer to: * Organic, of or relating to an organism, a living entity * Organic, of or relating to an anatomical organ (anatomy), organ Chemistry * Organic matter, matter that has come from a once-living organism, is capable of decay or ...

organic
and specialist produce such as local cuts of meat, local cheeses, wines etc. Corner shops are usually so-called because they are located on the corner plot or street end of a row of
terraced housing __NOTOC__ In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming. This type of landscaping is th ...
, often
Victorian Victorian or Victorians may refer to: 19th century * Victorian era, British history during Queen Victoria's 19th-century reign ** Victorian architecture ** Victorian house ** Victorian decorative arts ** Victorian fashion ** Victorian literature ...
or
Edwardian The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history The British Isles The British Isles are a group of islands in the North Atlantic off the north-western coast of continental Europe Mainland or continental Europe is t ...
factory workers' houses. The doorway into the shop was usually on the corner of the plot to maximise shop floor space within, this also offered two display windows onto two opposing streets. Many have now altered the original shop front layout in favour of a mini-supermarket style. Although it is common that corner shops found in the
UK
UK
were former grocers' shops, other specialist retailers also occupied such slots and have suffered the same fate of being largely replaced by supermarkets and hypermarkets, such retailers as
greengrocer A greengrocer is a person who owns or operates a shop selling primarily produce, fruit and vegetables. The term may also be used to refer to a shop selling primarily produce Produce is a generalized term for many farm-produced crops, includ ...
s,
baker A baker is a tradesperson who baking, bakes and sometimes Sales, sells breads and other products made of flour by using an oven or other concentrated heat source. The place where a baker works is called a bakery. History Ancient history Si ...

baker
s,
butcher A butcher is a person who may slaughter animals, dress their flesh, sell their meat, or participate within any combination of these three tasks. They may prepare standard cuts of meat and poultry for sale in retail or wholesale food establishme ...

butcher
s and
fishmonger A fishmonger (historically fishwife for female practitioners) is someone who sells raw fish and seafood. Fishmongers can be wholesalers or retailers, and are trained at selecting and purchasing, handling, gutting, boning, fillet (cut), filleting, d ...

fishmonger
s.


In popular culture

Many British television and radio series, especially
soap operas A soap opera or ''soap'' for short is a radio or television serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media The presentation of works in sequential segments * Serial (literature), serialised fiction in print * Serial (publishing), p ...
, feature corner shops or village shops as cornerstones for community gatherings and happenings. A prominent example is the village shop in Ambridge, the fictional village in the
BBC Radio 4 BBC Radio 4 is a British national radio station owned and operated by the BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London London is the c ...

BBC Radio 4
series, ''
The Archers ''The Archers'' is a BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London. It is the world's oldest national broadcaster, and the largest broadcastin ...

The Archers
'', (1950–present). The
ITV1 ITV (previously branded ITV1 from 2001 to 2013) is a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Bri ...

ITV1
soap opera ''
Coronation Street ''Coronation Street'' is a British soap opera A soap opera or ''soap'' for short is a radio or television dealing especially with domestic situations and frequently characterized by , s, and . The term "soap opera" originated from radio d ...
'' (1960–present) has featured a corner shop since the first episode; originally owned by Florrie Lindley, it was later acquired by
Alf Roberts Alfred Sidney "Alf" Roberts, OBE is a fictional character In fiction, a character (sometimes known as a fictional character) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, Play (theatre), play, television series, film, or video gam ...
the grocer, and after his death in the late-1990s was bought by
Dev Alahan Dev Alahan is a fictional character In fiction Fiction generally is a narrative form, in any media (communication), medium, consisting of people, events, or places that are imagination, imaginary—in other words, not based strictly on his ...
, reflecting this common change in British culture to Asian shopkeepers. The dying days and changing culture of the traditional British grocer were explored to great effect in the
BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London. It is the world's oldest national broadcaster, and the largest broadcasting, broadcaster in the world by ...

BBC
TV comedy series ''
Open All Hours ''Open All Hours'' is a British television British sitcom, sitcom created and written by Roy Clarke for the BBC. It ran for 26 episodes in four series, which aired in 1976, 1981, 1982 and 1985. The programme developed from a television pilot broa ...
'' (1976–1985), set in the real suburb of
Balby Balby is a suburb of Doncaster and civil parish located to the south-west of the borough in the county of South Yorkshire. Historic counties of England, Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Balby is within the Doncaster Central cons ...
in
Doncaster Doncaster (, ) is a large minster town in South Yorkshire South Yorkshire is a ceremonial county, ceremonial and metropolitan county in England. It is the southernmost county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region and had a population ...

Doncaster
; the shop front used for the street scenes in the series does actually exist in the area and is now a hairdressing salon. The
BBC Scotland BBC Scotland is a division of the BBC and the main Public broadcasting, public broadcaster in Scotland. It is one of the four BBC national regions, together with the BBC English Regions, BBC Cymru Wales and BBC Northern Ireland. Its headquart ...

BBC Scotland
comedy series ''
Still Game ''Still Game'' is a Scottish sitcom, produced by The Comedy Unit with BBC Scotland. It was created by Ford Kiernan and Greg Hemphill, who played the lead characters, Jack Jarvis (Still Game character), Jack Jarvis, Esq and Victor McDade, two Gl ...
'' has a corner shop as a recurring location where characters can meet and gossip; the actor who plays its owner, Navid Harrid (
Sanjeev Kohli Sanjeev Singh Kohli (born 30 November 1971) is a Scottish actor, comedian, and writer. He is best known for his role as Navid in the BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadc ...
), plays a similar role as Bangaram in the Radio 4 comedy series ''
Fags, Mags and Bags ''Fags, Mags and Bags'' is a Scottish radio comedy Comedy (from the el, wikt:κωμῳδία, κωμῳδία, ''kōmōdía'') is a genre of fiction consisting of discourses or works intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter ...
'' which is set entirely in Ramesh's shop. The band
Cornershop Cornershop are a British indie rock band best known for their single "Brimful of Asha", originally released in 1997 and, in a remixed version, topping the UK chart in 1998. The band was formed in 1991 by Wolverhampton-born Tjinder Singh (singe ...
in part base their image on the perception that many convenience shops are now owned by British Asian people. In terms of British popular culture, these media representations give some idea of the importance attached to local shops in the national psyche and as a mainstay of community life.


United States

General stores and itinerant peddlers dominated in rural America until the coming of the automobile after 1910. Farmers and ranchers depended on general stores that had a limited stock and slow turnover; they made enough profit to stay in operation by selling at high prices. Often farmers would barter butter, cheese, eggs, vegetables or other foods which the merchant would resell. Prices were not marked on each item; instead the customer negotiated a price. Men did most of the shopping, since the main criterion was credit rather than quality of goods. Indeed, most customers shopped on credit, paying later when crops or cattle were sold; the owner's ability to judge credit worthiness was vital to his success. The store was often a gathering point for local men to chat, pass around the weekly newspaper, and talk politics.Thomas D. Clark, ''Pills, Petticoats, and Plows: The Southern Country Store'' (1944). In the South the general store was especially important after the Civil War, as the merchant was one of the few sources of credit available until the cash crops (usually cotton or tobacco) came in. There were few towns and very few cities, so rural general stores and itinerant peddlers were the main sources of supply.Roger Ransom, and Richard Sutch. "Credit merchandising in the post-emancipation south: Structure, conduct, and performance." ''Explorations in Economic History'' 16.1 (1979): 64-89; heavily statistica
online
During the first half of the 20th century, general stores were displaced in many areas of the United States by many different types of specialized retailers in trading towns and small cities. But from the 1960s through present, many small specialized retailers have in turn been crushed by the so-called "
category killer A category killer is a retailer Retail is the sale of and to s, in contrast to , which is sale to business or institutional customers. A retailer purchases goods in large quantities from , directly or through a wholesaler, and then sells in s ...
s", which are "big-box"
wholesale Wholesaling or distributing is the sale of goods or merchandise Merchandising is any practice which contributes to the sale of products Product may refer to: Business * Product (business), an item that serves as a solution to a specific ...
-type retailers large enough to carry the majority of best-selling goods in a specific category, like sporting goods or office supplies. Gray's General Store of Adamsville, Rhode Island was reputed to be the oldest continually operating general store in the United States until its closure in 2012. However, the convenience inherent in the general store has been revived in the form of the modern
convenience store A convenience store, convenience shop, corner store, or corner shop is a small retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Pr ...
. A few
variety store A variety store (also five and dime (historic), pound shop, or dollar store) is a retail store Retail is the sale of goods and Service (economics), services to consumers, in contrast to wholesaling, which is sale to business or instituti ...

variety store
s draw upon the concept of having a broad variety of goods servicing small communities where big-box retailers are absent;
Dollar General Dollar General Corporation is an American chain of variety stores headquartered in Goodlettsville, Tennessee. As of October 2021, Dollar General operates 18,000 stores in the continental United States. The company began in 1939 as a family-owned ...

Dollar General
Stores, in particular, draws its name from both the "dollar store" concept of having items at a fixed price point and the general store.


List of general stores

This is a select list of historical general stores in the United States, listed in alphabetical order. File:Oldwick General Store.JPG, The Oldwick General Store in
Tewksbury Township, New Jersey Tewksbury Township is a Township (New Jersey), township located in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, Hunterdon County, New Jersey and is located within the New York Metropolitan Area]As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was ...
File:Grays General Store in Little Compton Rhode Island.jpg, Grays General Store (1788) in Adamsville, Rhode Island File:General store, Deaf Smith County Museum, Hereford, TX IMG 4858.JPG, General store exhibit at the
Deaf Smith County Historical Museum Deafness has varying definitions in cultural and medical contexts. In medical contexts, the meaning of deafness is hearing loss that precludes a person from understanding spoken language, an Audiology, audiological condition. In this context it ...
in
Hereford Hereford () is a cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the ...
,
Texas Texas (, ; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambigu ...

Texas
File:Country Store- interior, Ewen Avenue, Spuyten Duyvil, Bronx. (3110621328).jpg, Country Store,
Spuyten Duyvil, Bronx Spuyten Duyvil (, ) is a neighborhood of the Bronx The Bronx () is a borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walle ...
, early 20th century


See also

* Types of retail outlets


Footnotes


Further reading

* Dannhaeuser, Norbert. "The role of the neighborhood store in developing economies: the case of Dagupan City, Philippines." ''Journal of Developing Areas'' (1980): 157–174
in JSTOR
* English, Linda. ''By All Accounts: General Stores and Community Life in Texas and Indian Territory.'' (
University of Oklahoma Press The University of Oklahoma Press (OU Press) is the publishing arm of the University of Oklahoma , mottoeng = ''For the benefit of the Citizen and the State'' , type = Public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practic ...
, 2013) * Kaynak, Erdener, and S. Tamer Cavusgil. "The evolution of food retailing systems: contrasting the experience of developed and developing countries." ''Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science'' (1982) 10#3 pp: 249–268. * Lejoyeux, Michel, et al. "Prevalence of compulsive buying among customers of a Parisian general store." ''Comprehensive Psychiatry'' (2007) 48#1 pp: 42–46. {{DEFAULTSORT:General Store Retail formats Western (genre) staples and terminology