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In
England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east and the to the south. The country cover ...

England
and
Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It ...

Wales
, a foundation school is a state-funded school in which the
governing body A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law is a system of rules created and law enforcement, enforced through social o ...
has greater freedom in the running of the school than in community schools. Foundation schools were set up under the
School Standards and Framework Act 1998 The School Standards and Framework Act 1998 was the major education legislation passed by the incoming Labour Party (UK), Labour government led by Tony Blair. This Act: * imposed a limit of 30 on infant school, infant class sizes. * abolished gran ...
to replace
grant-maintained school Grant-maintained schools or GM schools were state school State schools ( British English) or public schools ( North American English) are generally primary or secondary schools that educate all children without charge. They are funded in whol ...
s, which were funded directly by central government. Grant-maintained schools that had previously been
voluntary controlled A voluntary controlled school (VC school) is a state-funded school in England and Wales in which a foundation (charity), foundation or charitable trust, trust (usually a Christian denomination) has some formal influence in the running of the school. ...
or
county schoolA community school in England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England and Wales forms the constitutional successor to th ...
s (but not
voluntary aidedA voluntary aided school (VA school) is a state-funded school in England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England and Wal ...
) usually became foundation schools. Foundation schools are a kind of "maintained school", meaning that they are funded by central government via the
local education authority Local education authorities (LEAs) are the local councils in England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is sep ...
, and do not charge fees to students. As with voluntary controlled schools, all capital and running costs are met by the government. As with
voluntary aided schoolA voluntary aided school (VA school) is a state-funded school in England and Wales in which a foundation or trust (usually a religious organisation), contributes to building costs and has a substantial influence in the running of the school. In mos ...
s, the governing body employs the staff and has responsibility for admissions to the school, subject to rules imposed by central government. Pupils follow the
National CurriculumA national curriculum is a common programme of study in school A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Mo ...
. Some foundation schools, also called trust schools, have a
foundation Foundation may refer to: * Foundation (nonprofit), a type of charitable organization ** Foundation (United States law), a type of charitable organization in the U.S. ** Private foundation, a charitable organization that, while serving a good cause ...
or trust that owns the land and buildings. Otherwise the land and buildings are owned by the governing body. The foundation usually appoints about a quarter of the school governors, as in voluntary controlled schools, but in some cases it appoints the majority of governors, as in voluntary aided schools. Within the maintained sector in England, approximately 2% of primary schools and 15% of secondary schools are foundation schools. Almost all of these are non-faith schools. The proportion is considerably smaller in Wales, where four primary schools and eight secondary schools have foundation status.


See also

*
Community school (England and Wales) A community school in England and Wales is a type of state-funded school in which the local education authority employs the school's staff, is responsible for the school's admissions and owns the school's estate. In the mid-19th century, government ...
*
State-funded schools (England) English state-funded schools, commonly known as state schools, provide Education in England, education to pupils between the ages of 3 and 18 without charge. Approximately 93% of English schoolchildren attend 20,000 or so such schools. Since 2008 ...
*
Education in England Education in England is overseen by the United Kingdom's Department for Education. Local government in England, Local government authorities are responsible for implementing policy for public education and State-funded schools (England), state- ...
*
Education in Wales Education in Wales differs in certain respects from education elsewhere in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and ...


References

State schools in the United Kingdom School types Education in England Education in Wales Public education in the United Kingdom Schools in England Schools in Wales Educational institutions established in 1998 1998 establishments in the United Kingdom 1998 establishments in England 1998 establishments in Wales {{UK-edu-stub