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Fan convention (also known as con or fan meeting), a term that predates 1942, is an event in which
fans Fan commonly refers to: * Fan (machine) A fan is a powered machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional properties. It may represent human-made or naturally occurring device molecular machine that us ...
of a particular topic gather to participate and hold programs and other events, and to meet experts, famous personalities, and each other. Some also incorporate commercial activity.


Overview

Fan conventions are traditionally organized by fans on a not-for-profit basis, though some events catering ''to'' fans are run by commercial interests for profit. Many conventions have award presentations relating to their genre (such as the
Hugo Award The Hugo Award is an annual literary award for the best science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts su ...
s which have been presented at The World Science Fiction Convention (WorldCon) since 1953). At commercial events, performers often give out
autograph An autograph is a person's own handwriting or signature. The word ''autograph'' comes from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoel ...

autograph
s to the fans, sometimes in exchange for a flat appearance fee, and sometimes may perform songs that have no relevance to the shows or otherwise entertain the fans. Commercial conventions are usually quite expensive and are hosted in hotels. There is often tight security for the celebrities to protect against potentially fanatic fans. Such features are not common at traditional
science-fiction convention Science fiction conventions are gatherings of science-fiction fandom, fans of the speculative fiction genre, science fiction. Historically, science fiction conventions had focused primarily on literature, but the purview of many extends to such ...
s, which are more oriented toward science fiction as a mode of literature, rather than toward visual media, and do not include any paid appearances by famous personalities, and maintain a less caste-like differentiation between professional and fan.
Anime convention An anime convention is an event or gathering with a primary focus on anime is hand-drawn and computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer ...
s,
gaming convention A gaming convention is a gathering centered on role-playing games A role-playing game (sometimes spelled roleplaying game; abbreviated RPG) is a game in which players assume the roles of player character, characters in a fictional Setting (narr ...
s, filk-music conventions, and
furry convention A furry convention (also furry con or fur con) is a fan convention, formal gathering of members of the furry fandom — people who are interested in the concept of fictional non-human animal characters with anthropomorphism, human characteristics ...
s may all be considered derivatives of science-fiction conventions, which began in the late 1930s. While the wearing of costumes—and even a costume competition (known as "cosplay")—has been an occasional feature of traditional science-fiction conventions since
Morojo Myrtle Rebecca Douglas Smith Gray Nolan (June 20, 1904 – November 30, 1964), known to science fiction history as Morojo or sometimes Myrtle R. Douglas, was a science fiction fandom, science fiction fan, science fiction fanzine, fanzine publisher, ...
and
Forrest J Ackerman Forrest James Ackerman (November 24, 1916 – December 4, 2008) was an American magazine editor; science fiction writer Some notable science fiction File:Imagination 195808.jpg, Space exploration, as predicted in August 1958 in the science ...
wore them during the First World Science Fiction Convention in 1939, this has never been the dominant feature of such events. From press coverage of comic book and anime conventions has arisen the widespread image of fans' tendency to dress up as their favorite characters in elaborate costumes (known as ''
cosplay Cosplay, a portmanteau A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "portmanteau (luggage) A portmanteau is a piece of luggage Baggage or luggage consists of bags, cases, and containers which hold a travel Travel is the movement ...

cosplay
'' in anime terminology) that are time-consuming and/or expensive to assemble. Different conventions use different methods to count their attendance, which leads to some confusion about actual convention size.


History

Fan conventions for various genres of entertainment extend to the first conventions held in the 1930s. However, while a few conventions were created in various parts of the world within the period between 1935-1960, the number of convention establishments increased slightly in the 1960s and then increased dramatically in the 1970s, with many of the largest conventions in the modern era being established during the latter decade. Impetuses for further establishment of local fan conventions include: * The return of superhero characters and franchises during the
Silver Age of Comic Books The Silver Age of Comic Books was a period of artistic advancement and widespread commercial success in mainstream American comic books, predominantly those featuring the superhero archetype. and an interregnum in the early to mid-1950s, the Si ...
(1956-1970). * Science fiction adaptations for television serials (e.g., ''
Star Trek ''Star Trek'' is an American science fiction media franchise created by Gene Roddenberry, which began with the Star Trek: The Original Series, eponymous 1960s series and quickly became a worldwide Popular culture, pop-culture Cultural influ ...

Star Trek
'') in the 1960s-1970s. * The growth of role-playing (in the 1970s and 1980s) as a genre of tabletop, live-action and eventually video/computer gaming, which not only inspired roleplay of favorite characters in full-body costumes but also inspired existing franchises to adapt their themes for said methods of gaming. * The growth in home taping (starting with VHS in the late 1970s) of television broadcasts, including popular serials. * The growth of computerized communication, including the Internet and Internet-dependent applications in the 1980s and 1990s.


See also

*
Science fiction fandom Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is a community or fandom A fandom is a subculture A subculture is a group of people within a culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms foun ...
*
Fantasy fandom Fantasy fandom is a fandom A fandom is a subculture A subculture is a group of people within a culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as ...
*
List of fan conventions by date of founding The list of modern fan conventions for various genres of entertainment extends to the first conventions held in the 1930s. Some fan historians claim that the 1936 Philadelphia Science Fiction Conference, a.k.a. Philcon, was the first science fictio ...
*
List of anime conventions A ''list'' is any set of items. List or lists may also refer to: People * List (surname)List or Liste is a European surname. Notable people with the surname include: List * Friedrich List (1789–1846), German economist * Garrett List (194 ...
*
List of comic book conventions This is a list of noteworthy comic book convention A comic book convention or comic con is an event with a primary focus on comic books and comic book culture, in which comic book Fan (person), fans gather to meet creators, experts, and each othe ...
*
List of furry conventions A furry convention (also furry con or fur con) is a fan convention, formal gathering of members of the furry fandom — people who are interested in the concept of fictional non-human animal characters with anthropomorphism, human characteristi ...
*
List of gaming conventions This is a list of noteworthy gaming convention A gaming convention is a gathering centered on role-playing games A role-playing game (sometimes spelled roleplaying game; abbreviated RPG) is a game with separate sliding drawer, from 1390–13 ...
* List of multi-genre conventions *
List of professional wrestling conventions This is a list of professional wrestling conventions. History A professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'mat ...
* List of science-fiction conventions * Piposh, a franchise that was revived due to its fans carrying its legacy through fan conventions.


References

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