Fan art or fanart is artwork created by fan
s of a work of fiction
and derived from a series character
or other aspect of that work. As fan labor
, fan art refers to artworks that are neither created nor (normally) commissioned or endorsed by the creators of the work from which the fan art derives.
A different, older meaning of the term is used in science fiction fandom
, where fan art traditionally describes ''original'' (rather than derivative) artwork related to science fiction
, created by fan artists, and appearing in low- or non-paying publications such as semiprozine
s or fanzine
s, and in the art shows of science fiction conventions
. The Hugo Award
for Best Fan Artist
has been given each year since 1967 for artists who create such works. Like the term fan fiction
(although to a lesser extent), this traditional meaning is now sometimes confused with the more recent usage described above.
Fan art can take many forms. In addition to traditional paintings and drawings, fan artists may also create conceptual, sculpture, video art, livestreams, web banner
s, avatars, graphic designs or web-based animations, as well as photo collages, posters, artistic representations of quotes from a work or artistic representations of characters in new contexts or in contexts that are in keeping with the original series.
The broad availability of digital image processing
and the Internet has greatly increased the scope and potential reach of fan art. U.S. TV producer Bryan Konietzko
wrote in 2013:
:"I remember back in the ''Avatar
'' days 005–2008
.. the typical fanart we would get would be a charming, childish crayon drawing stuffed in an envelope. Nowadays on ''Korra
I take a skewed screenshot with my phone, post it, and shortly thereafter someone un-skews it, crops it, separates the character levels, clones the background, "Ken Burns
" it with a multilevel slide, animates the characters blinking and talking, tints it, and makes a GIF
out of it, that I then see on the same phone with which I took the original picture. Times they are a-changin'..."
The legal status of derivative fan made art in America may be tricky due to the vagaries of the United States Copyright Act
. Generally, the right to reproduce and display pieces of artwork is controlled by the original author or artist under 17 U.S.C.
§ 106. Fan art using settings and characters from a previously created work could be considered a derivative work
, which would place control of the copyright with the owner of that original work. Display and distribution of fan art that would be considered a derivative work would be unlawful.
However, American copyright law
allows for the production, display and distribution of derivative works if they fall under a fair use
exemption, 17 U.S.C. § 107. A court would look at all relevant facts and circumstances to determine whether a particular use qualifies as fair use; a multi-pronged rubric for this decision involves evaluating the amount and substantiality of the original appropriated, the transformative nature of the derivative work, whether the derivative work was done for educational or noncommercial use, and the economic effect that the derivative work imposes on the copyright holder's ability to make and exploit their own derivative works. None of these factors is alone dispositive.
American courts also typically grant broad protection to parody
, and some fan art may fall into this category. This has not explicitly been adjudicated with respect to fan art, however. Moreover, while parody is typically afforded protection under § 107, a court must engage in a fact-intensive, case-specific inquiry for each work.
FanArt.TV – FanArt website with may different types of fan art for TV shows and music artistsGame-Art-Hq.Com – FanArt website specialized on video game related fan artFan Art
Documentary produced by Off Book (web series)
DeviantArt: Fan Art Category
DeviantArt calls itself "the world's largest online social community for artists and art enthusiasts" and hosts many fanartists and their art.
– Curso para quem gosta de Fanart
Redbubble Fan Art Partner Program
Redbubble, the largest marketplace for independent artists, allows fan artists to create officially licensed work.
Aprenda a Desenhar FanArt
– Como Aprender a Desenhar
Aprenda a desenhar personagens de desenhos, video-games e muito mais
– Como Aprender a Desenhar
Category:Visual arts genres