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Diplomatic service is the body of
diplomat A diplomat (from grc, δίπλωμα; romanized Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( ...
s and
foreign policy ''Foreign Policy'' is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy. It produces content daily on its website, and in six print issues annually. ''Foreign Poli ...
officers maintained by the
government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Departmen ...

government
of a
country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of Institutionalisation, institutionalized social ...

country
to communicate with the governments of other countries. Diplomatic personnel obtains
diplomatic immunity Diplomatic immunity is a form of legal immunity Legal immunity, or immunity from prosecution, is a legal status wherein an individual or entity cannot be held liable for a violation of the law, in order to facilitate societal aims that outwei ...
when they are accredited to other countries. Diplomatic services are often part of the larger
civil service The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career civil servants hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leader ...
and sometimes a constituent part of the
foreign ministry A foreign affairs minister or minister of foreign affairs (less commonly minister for foreign affairs) is generally a cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawer ...
. Some intergovernmental organizations, such as the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
, and some international non-state organizations, such as the
Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), officially the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta ( it, Sovrano Militare Ordine Ospedaliero di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme di Rodi e di Malta; ...
, may also retain diplomatic services in other jurisdictions. For non-state organizations, the reciprocation of diplomatic recognition by other jurisdictions is difficult, as diplomacy tends to establish the concept of recognition upon an assumed sovereignty over geographical territory; the SMOM, in this case, receives diplomats at its headquarters in Rome, as all permanent missions to the SMOM are jointly accredited as permanent missions to the Holy See. In relation, many more non-state international organizations, such as the
IFRC , founding father of the League of Red Cross Societies. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is a worldwide humanitarian aid Humanitarian aid is material and logistic assistance to people who need help. ...
/
ICRC The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC; french: Comité international de la Croix-Rouge) is a aid agency, humanitarian organization based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate. State parties (signatories) to th ...
, maintain permanent non-voting observer status to intergovernmental bodies such as the
United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; french: link=no, Assemblée générale, AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations The United Nations System consists of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) ...
, appointing individual representatives to the observer office.


List of diplomatic services

*
European External Action Service The European External Action Service (EEAS) is the diplomatic service and combined Foreign ministry, foreign and Defence minister, defence ministry of the European Union (EU). The EEAS is led by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign A ...
(
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
) *
Indian Foreign Service The Indian Foreign Service (IFS) is the diplomatic corps of the Government of India The Government of India (ISO The International Organization for Standardization (ISO; ) is an international standard are technical standards developed ...
*
Foreign Service of Pakistan Foreign Service of Pakistan ( ur, ) was formally created in October 1952, after having been an improvised organization since the creation and independence of Pakistan in 1947. Its old name was ''Foreign Service of India'' working within the In ...
*
Sri Lanka Overseas Service The Sri Lanka Overseas Service (SLOS) ( Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා විදේශ සේවය; śrī laṁkā vidēśa sēvaya) which is most commonly referred to as the ''Sri Lanka Foreign Service'' is the foreign service of Sri Lanka ...
*
Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service (HMDS) is the diplomatic serviceDiplomatic service is the body of diplomats and foreign policy officers maintained by the government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized ...
(
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
) *
United States Foreign Service The United States Foreign Service is the primary personnel system used by the diplomatic serviceDiplomatic service is the body of diplomats and foreign policy officers maintained by the government A government is the system or grou ...
* Latvian diplomatic service * Estonian diplomatic service * Vatican Diplomatic Corps


See also

*
Dual accreditationDual accreditation is the practice in diplomacy of a country granting two separate responsibilities to a single diplomat. One prominent form of dual accreditation is for a diplomat to serve as the ambassador to two countries concurrently. For example ...


Further reading

* * Rana K.,(2004) "The 21st Century Ambassador: Plenipotentiary to Chief Executive" * Rana K.,(2002) "Bilateral Diplomacy", ''DiploProjects, Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies'', Malta Diplomacy {{gov-stub