, ''de jure'' ( ; , "by law") describes practices that are legally recognized, regardless of whether the practice exists in reality.
In contrast, ("in fact") describes situations that exist in reality, even if not legally recognized.
It is possible to have multiple simultaneous conflicting (de jure) legalities, possibly none of which is in force (de facto). After seizing power in 1526, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
made his brother, Umar Din
, the lawful (de jure) Sultan
. Ahmad, however, was in practice (de facto) the actual Sultan, and his brother was a figurehead
. Between 1805 and 1914, the ruling dynasty
ruled as de jure viceroy
s of the Ottoman Empire
, but acted as de facto independent rulers who maintained a polite fiction
of Ottoman suzerainty
. However, starting from around 1882, the rulers had only de jure rule over Egypt, as it had by then become a British puppet state
. Thus, Egypt was by Ottoman law de jure a province of the Ottoman Empire, but de facto was part of the British Empire
In U.S. law
, particularly after ''Brown v. Board of Education
'' (1954), the difference between de facto segregation
(segregation that existed because of the voluntary associations and neighborhoods) and de jure segregation (segregation that existed because of local laws that mandated the segregation) became important distinctions for court-mandated remedial purposes.
In a hypothetical situation, a king or emperor could be the de jure head of state. However, if they are unfit to lead the country, the prime minister or chancellor would assumedly become the practical, or de facto leader, while the king remains the de jure leader.
*List of Latin phrases (D)
Category:Latin legal terminology