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A county-level municipality (), county-level city or county city, formerly known as prefecture-controlled city (1949–1970: ; 1970–1983: ), is a county-level administrative division of the People's Republic of China. County-level cities have judicial but no legislative rights over their own local law and are usually governed by prefecture-level divisions, but a few are governed directly by province-level divisions. Three of the claim county-level cities are part of the disputed Taiwan Province, but all of them are controlled by the Republic of China as its provincial cities. A county-level city is a "city" () and "county" () that have been merged into one unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entity and a county which is an administrative division of a prefecture. Most county-level cities were created in the 1980s and 1990s by replacing denser populated counties. County-level cities are not "cities" in the strictest sense of the word, since they usually contain rural areas many times the size of their urban, built-up area. This is because the counties that county-level cities have replaced are themselves large administrative units containing towns, villages and farmland. To distinguish a "county-level city" from its actual urban area (the traditional meaning of the word "city"), the term "" (shìqū) or "urban area", is used.

Comparable territorial divisions in other countries

left|In the main urban area of Daye, a county-level city within the prefecture-level city of Huangshi,_[[Hubei._Daye_also_includes_some_separate_[[town_(China).html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Hubei.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Huangshi, [[Hubei">Huangshi, [[Hubei. Daye also includes some separate [[town (China)">towns, such as Dajipu () In [[France, an equivalent of a county-level city is an [[agglomeration communities in France|agglomeration community. While the idea of a "city" being a unit consisting of several "towns" is not a common one in English-speaking world, a somewhat similar naming convention is used for local government areas in some parts of Australia. For example, in New South Wales such a unit may often be called a "city" (rather than a traditional "shire"), and consist of "towns". E.g. City of Blue Mountains is made of a number of towns (Katoomba, Springwood, etc.). Another example would be "municipal government" in the Canadian province of Ontario. Small municipalities (cities) and towns, along with urban, sub-urban and rural areas were merged or integrated into a "super" area, in part to obtain economies in administrative overhead by not having for each city and town individual library commissions, fire fighting units, health care, and other social services common to all areas.

List

As of June 2020, there are 391 county-level cities in total:

Sub-prefectural cities

A sub-prefectural city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefecture-level cities. Examples include, Xiantao (Hubei), Qianjiang (Hubei), Tianmen (Hubei) and Jiyuan (Henan).


See also


* Administrative divisions of China * Counties of the People's Republic of China * Prefecture-level city * List of cities in China

References


Understanding the Chinese Economies, Rongxing Guo · 2012
{{DEFAULTSORT:County-Level City Category:Administrative divisions of China *Cou Category:County-level divisions of the People's Republic of China