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A corvette is a small
warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually faster and ...
. It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper (or "rated") warship. The warship class above the corvette is that of the
frigate A frigate () is a type of warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually faste ...

frigate
, while the class below was historically that of the
sloop-of-war In the 18th century and most of the 19th, a sloop-of-war in the Royal Navy was a warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships ...
. The modern types of ships below a corvette are coastal patrol craft,
missile boat 250px, An Osa class missile boat, Osa I class missile boat in 1983. The Osa class are probably the most numerous class of missile boats to have been built. A missile boat or missile cutter is a small, fast warship armed with anti-ship missiles. B ...
and
fast attack craft A fast attack craft (FAC) is a small, fast, agile, offensive, often cheap warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well ...
. In modern terms, a corvette is typically between 500 tons and 2,000 tons, although recent designs may approach 3,000 tons, which might instead be considered a small frigate. The word "corvette" is first found in
Middle French Middle French (french: moyen français) is a historical division of the French language French ( or ) is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the modern languages that evolved from ...
, a diminutive of the
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...
word ''corf'', meaning a "basket", from the Latin ''corbis''. The rank "
corvette captain #REDIRECT Corvette captain Corvette captain is a rank in many navies which theoretically corresponds to command of a corvette A corvette is a small warship. It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper (or "rated ...
", equivalent in many navies to "
lieutenant commander Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated Lt Cdr, LtCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer An officer is a person who holds a position of authority as a member of an armed force A military, als ...
", derives from the name of this type of ship. The rank is the most junior of three "captain" ranks in several European (e.g., France, Spain, Italy, Croatia) and South American (e.g., Argentina, Chile, Brazil) navies, because a corvette, as the smallest class of rated warship, was traditionally the smallest class of vessel entitled to a commander of a "captain" rank.


Sailing vessels

During the
Age of Sail Age or AGE may refer to: Time and its effects * Age, the amount of time something has been alive Alive may refer to: *Life Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that have biological processes, such as signaling a ...

Age of Sail
, corvettes were one of many types of warships smaller than a frigate and with a single deck of guns. They were very closely related to
sloops-of-war In the 18th century and most of the 19th, a sloop-of-war in the Royal Navy was a warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state ...
. The role of the corvette consisted mostly of coastal patrol, fighting minor wars, supporting large fleets, or participating in show-the-flag missions. The English Navy began using small ships in the 1650s, but described them as sloops rather than corvettes. The first reference to a corvette was with the
French Navy The French Navy (french: Marine nationale, lit=National Navy), informally , is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces The French Armed Forces (french: Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army An army (from Latin ''arma'' "ar ...
in the 1670s, which may be where the term originated. The French Navy's corvettes grew over the decades and by the 1780s they were ships of 20 guns or so, approximately equivalent to the
British Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the Unite ...
's
post ship Post ship was a designation used in the Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's Navy, naval warfare force. Although warships were used by English and Scottish kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime eng ...
s. The British Navy did not adopt the term until the 1830s, long after the
Napoleonic Wars The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic W ...
, to describe a small
sixth-rate In the rating system of the Royal Navy The rating system of the Royal Navy and its predecessors was used by the Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by Kingdom of E ...
vessel somewhat larger than a sloop. The last vessel lost by
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...
during the
American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from Thirteen Colonies, thirteen American colonies of British America in Continental Congress ...
was the corvette ''Le Dragon'',
scuttled 283px, The Monument to the Sunken Ships, dedicated to ships destroyed during the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War, designed by Amandus Adamson Scuttling is the deliberate sinking of a ship by allowing water to flow into the Hull (water ...
by her captain to avoid capture off Monte Cristi,
Haïti Haiti (; ht, Ayiti ); french: Haïti ; officially the Republic of Haiti (; ) and formerly known as Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea The Caribbean Sea ( es, ...
in January 1783. Most corvettes and sloops of the 17th century were in length and measured 40 to 70
tons burthen Builder's Old Measurement (BOM, bm, OM, and o.m.) is the method used in England from approximately 1650 to 1849 for calculating the cargo In economics, the word cargo refers in particular to goods or produce being conveyed—generally for ...
. They carried four to eight smaller guns on single decks. Over time, vessels of increasing size and capability were called "corvettes"; by 1800, they reached lengths of over and measured from 400 to 600 tons burthen.


Steam ships

Ships during the steam era became much faster and more maneuverable than their sail ancestors. Corvettes during this era were typically used alongside
gunboats A gunboat is a naval watercraft Watercraft, also known as water vessels or waterborne vessels, are vehicles A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional prope ...
during colonial missions.
Battleship A battleship is a large armored warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually ...

Battleship
s and other large vessels were unnecessary when fighting the indigenous people of the
Far East The Far East is a term to refer to the geographical regions that includes East and Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical United Nati ...

Far East
and Africa.


Modern Era


World War II

The modern corvette appeared during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
as an easily-built patrol and
convoy A convoy is a group of vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses), railed vehicles (trains, trams), watercraft ...

convoy
escort vessel. The British naval designer William Reed drew up a small ship based on the single-shaft
Smiths Dock Company Smith's Dock Company, Limited, often referred to simply as Smith's Dock, was a British shipbuilding company. History The company was originally established by Thomas Smith who bought William Rowe's shipyard at St. Peter's in Newcastle upon Tyne ...
whale catcher , whose simple design and mercantile construction standards lent itself to rapid production in large numbers in small yards unused to naval work.
First Lord of the Admiralty The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the English and later British Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare Naval warfare is ...
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The hea ...

Winston Churchill
, later Prime Minister, had a hand in reviving the name "corvette". During the arms buildup leading to World War II, the term "corvette" was almost attached to the . The Tribals were so much larger than and sufficiently different from other British destroyers that some consideration was given to resurrecting the classification of "corvette" and applying it to them. This idea was dropped, and the term applied to small, mass-produced antisubmarine escorts such as the of World War II. (Royal Navy ship were named after
flower A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom Image:Cerisier du Japon Prunus serrulata.jpg, Cherry blossoms in Paris in full bloom. In botany, blossoms are the flowers of stone fruit fruit tree, trees (genus ''Prunus'') and of some other plan ...

flower
s, and ships in
Royal Canadian Navy , march = "Heart of Oak" , mascot = SONAR (Newfoundland dog) , battles = , website = , commander1 = , Monarchy of Canada, of Can ...
service took the name of smaller Canadian cities and towns.) Their chief duty was to protect convoys throughout the
Battle of the Atlantic The Battle of the Atlantic, the longest continuous military campaign A military campaign is large-scale long-duration significant military strategy Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organization Military orga ...
and on the routes from the UK to
Murmansk Murmansk ( rus, Му́рманск, p=ˈmurmənsk) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far Far North (Russia), northwest part of Russia. It sits on both slopes and banks of a modest ria or fjord, Kola Bay, an e ...

Murmansk
carrying supplies to the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...

Soviet Union
. The Flower-class corvette was originally designed for offshore patrol work, and was not ideal when pressed into service as an antisubmarine escort. It was shorter than ideal for oceangoing convoy escort work, too lightly armed for antiaircraft defense, and the ships were barely faster than the merchantmen they escorted. This was a particular problem given the faster
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
U-boat U-boats were naval submarines operated by Germany, particularly in the First First or 1st is the ordinal form of the number one (#1). First or 1st may also refer to: *World record A world record is usually the best global and most importa ...

U-boat
designs then emerging. Nonetheless, the ship was quite seaworthy and maneuverable, but living conditions for ocean voyages were challenging. As a result of these shortcomings, the corvette was superseded in the Royal Navy as the escort ship of choice by the
frigate A frigate () is a type of warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually faste ...

frigate
, which was larger, faster, better armed, and had two shafts. However, many small yards could not produce vessels of frigate size, so an improved corvette design, the , was introduced later in the war, with some remaining in service until the mid-1950s. The
Royal Australian Navy The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the principal naval force A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a Nation's armed forces principally designated for naval warfare, naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riveri ...
built 60 s, including 20 for the Royal Navy crewed by Australians, and four for the
Indian Navy The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for ...

Indian Navy
. These were officially described as Australian
minesweeper A minesweeper is a small warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withst ...
s, or as
minesweeping Minesweeping is the practice of the removal of explosive naval mine An explosion of a Naval mine A naval mine is a self-contained explosive An explosive (or explosive material) is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of poten ...
sloops by the Royal Navy, and were named after
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
n towns. The s or trawlers were referred to as corvettes in the
Royal New Zealand Navy , website = , image = RNZN Crest.jpg , image_size = 150px , caption = Crest of the Royal New Zealand Navy , start_date = , dates ...
, and two, and , rammed and sank a much larger Japanese
submarine A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated ...

submarine
, , in 1943 in the Solomon Islands. In Italy, the
Regia Marina The ''Regia Marina'' (; ) was the navy of the Kingdom of Italy The Kingdom of Italy ( it, Regno d'Italia) was a state that existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Kingdom of Sardinia, Sardinia was proclamation of the Kingdom of ...
, in dire need of escort vessels for its convoys, designed the , of which 29 were built between 1942 and 1943 (out of 60 planned); they proved apt at operations in the
Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by the and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by and and , on the south by , and on the east by the . The Sea has played a central role in the . Although the Mediterrane ...
, especially in regards to their anti-air and anti-submarine capability, and were so successful that the class survived after the war into the
Marina Militare Italiana "Fatherland and Honour" , patron = , colors = , colors_label = , march = ( is the return of soldiers to their barrack, or sailors to their ship after a ...
until 1972.


Modern corvettes

Modern navies began a trend in the late 20th and early 21st centuries towards smaller more manoeuverable surface capability. Corvettes have displacements between and measure in length. They are usually armed with medium- and small-calibre guns,
surface-to-surface missile A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) or ground-to-ground missile (GGM) is a missile In military terminology, a missile is a guided airborne ranged weapon . English longbowmen figure prominently in the foreground at right where they drive awa ...
s,
surface-to-air missile A surface-to-air missile (SAM), also known as a ground-to-air missile (GTAM) or surface-to-air guided weapon (SAGW), is a missile In military terminology, a missile is a guided airborne ranged weapon . English longbowmen figure promine ...
s (SAM), and anti-submarine weapons. Many can accommodate a small or medium
anti-submarine warfare Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, submarines, or other platforms, to find, track, and deter, damage, and/or destroy enemy submarines. Such operations are ...
helicopter. Most countries with coastlines can build corvette-sized ships, either as part of their commercial shipbuilding activities or in purpose-built yards, but the sensors, weapons, and other systems required for a surface combatant are more specialized and are around 60% of the total cost. These components are purchased on the international market.


Current corvette classes

Many countries today operate corvettes; some include Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Germany, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Norway, Pakistan, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden, Malaysia, Turkey, and United Arab Emirates. Countries that border smaller seas, such as the
Baltic Sea The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark Denmark ( da, Danmark, ) is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that a ...

Baltic Sea
or the
Persian Gulf The Persian Gulf ( fa, خلیج فارس, translit=xalij-e fârs, lit=Gulf of , ) is a in . The body of water is an extension of the () through the and lies between to the northeast and the to the southwest.United Nations Group of Exper ...
, are more likely to build the smaller and more manoeuvrable corvettes, with Russia operating the most corvettes in the world. In the 1960s, the
Portuguese Navy The Portuguese Navy ( pt, Marinha Portuguesa, also known as ''Marinha de Guerra Portuguesa'' or as ''Armada Portuguesa'') is the naval branch of the Portuguese Armed Forces The Portuguese Armed Forces ( pt, Forças Armadas) are the military o ...
designed the s as multi-role small frigates intended to be affordable for a small navy. The ''João Coutinho'' class soon inspired a series of similar projects – including the Spanish , the German
MEKO 140 The MEKO 140 is a frigate A frigate () is a type of warship A warship or combatant ship is a that is built and primarily intended for . Usually they belong to the of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand ...
, the French A69 and the Portuguese – adopted by a number of medium- and small-sized navies. The first operational corvette based on
stealth technology Stealth technology, also termed low observable technology (LO technology), is a sub-discipline of military tactics and passive and active electronic countermeasure An electronic countermeasure (ECM) is an electrical or electronic device de ...
was the
Royal Norwegian Navy Royal may refer to: People * Royal (name)Royal can be a surname or a given name. Bearers include: Surname * Billy Joe Royal (1942–2015), American country music and pop singer * Calvin Royal III, American ballet dancer * Darrell Royal (1924 ...

Royal Norwegian Navy
's . The
Swedish Navy The Swedish Navy ( sv, Svenska marinen) is the navy, naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Naval fleet, Fleet () – as well as Marine (armed services), marine units, the S ...
introduced the similarly stealthy . The United States is developing
littoral combat ship The littoral combat ship (LCS) is a set of two classes Class or The Class may refer to: Common uses not otherwise categorized * Class (biology), a taxonomic rank * Class (knowledge representation), a collection of individuals or objects * ...
s, which are essentially large corvettes, their spacious hulls permitting space for mission modules, allowing them to undertake tasks formerly assigned to specialist classes such as minesweepers or the anti-submarine . The
Israeli Navy The Israeli Navy ( he, חיל הים הישראלי, ''Ḥeil HaYam HaYisraeli'' (English: Sea Corps of Israel); ar, البحرية الإسرائيلية) is the naval warfare service arm of the Israel Defense Forces, operating primarily in t ...
operates three s. Built in the U.S to an Israeli design, they each carry one
helicopter A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft A rotorcraft or rotary-wing aircraft is a heavier-than-air aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle or machine that is able to fly Flies are insect Insects or Insecta (from Latin Latin (, ...
and are well-armed with offensive and defensive weapons systems, including the
Barak 8 Barak 8 ( he, בָּרָק, lit. ''"Lightning"'') also known as LR-SAM or as MR-SAM is an Indo-Israeli surface-to-air missile A surface-to-air missile (SAM), also known as a ground-to-air missile (GTAM) or surface-to-air guided weapon (SAGW) ...
SAM, and advanced electronic sensors and countermeasures. They displace over 1,200 tons at full load. The
Indian Navy The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for ...

Indian Navy
operates four s built by
Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd, abbreviated as GRSE, is one of India's leading shipyards, located in Kolkata, West Bengal. It builds and repairs merchant shipping, commercial and warship, naval vessels. Presently GRSE has also starte ...
. All of them were in service by 2017. The new
German Navy The German Navy (german: Deutsche Marine; officially german: Marine ) is the navy of Germany and part of the unified ''Bundeswehr'' (Federal Defense), the German Armed Forces. The German Navy was originally known as the ''Bundesmarine'' (Fe ...
is designed to replace Germany's
fast attack craft A fast attack craft (FAC) is a small, fast, agile, offensive, often cheap warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well ...
and also incorporates stealth technology and land attack capabilities. The Israeli Navy has ordered four s, a more heavily armed version of the type, deliveries commenced in 2019. Turkey began to build MİLGEM-class corvettes in 2005. The MİLGEM class is designed for
anti-submarine warfare Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, submarines, or other platforms, to find, track, and deter, damage, and/or destroy enemy submarines. Such operations are ...
and littoral patrol duty. The lead ship, TCG ''Heybeliada'', entered navy service in 2011. The design concept and mission profile of the MİLGEM class is similar to the of littoral combat ships of the United States. Finland has plans to build four multi-role corvettes, currently dubbed the , in the 2020s as part of its navy's Project Squadron 2020. The corvettes will have helicopter carrying, mine laying, ice breaking, anti-aircraft and anti-ship abilities. They will be over long and cost a total of 1.2 billion euros. The
Greek Navy The Hellenic Navy (HN; el, Πολεμικό Ναυτικό, Polemikó Naftikó, War Navy, abbreviated ΠΝ) is the naval A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces A military, also known collect ...
has categorised the class as fast attack missile craft. A similar vessel is the fast attack missile craft of the
Turkish Navy The Turkish Naval Forces ( tr, ), or Turkish Navy ( tr, ) is the naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat (French language, French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violence, violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the op ...
, which is classified as a corvette by Lürssen Werft, the German ship designer. In 2004, to replace the Ardhana class patrol boat, the United Arab Emirates Ministry of Defence awarded a contract to Abu Dhabi Ship Building for the Baynunah class of corvettes. This class is based on the CMN Group's Combattante BR70 design. The Baynunah class is designed for patrol and surveillance, minelaying, interception and other
anti-surface warfare Anti-surface warfare (ASuW or ASUW) is the branch of naval warfare concerned with the suppression of surface combatants. More generally, it is any weapons, sensors, or operations intended to attack or limit the effectiveness of an adversary's surfac ...
operations in the United Arab Emirates territorial waters and exclusive economic zone. The lead ship was launched on June 25, 2009. Sea trials commenced in January 2010.


Operators

* operates four s and three s. * operates three s. * operates four Jiangdao-class corvettes ordered from China, and a single modified , purchased from the United Kingdom, which was upgraded to a guided-missile corvette. * operates four s purchased from Italy. * operates two s, three s, and a single . * operates two s and a single . * operates 72 Jiangdao-class corvettes. * operates two s. * operates a single and a single , both purchased from South Korea. * operates a single . * operates six s. * operates four s, two s purchased from Spain, and a single purchased from South Korea. * operates a single . * operates six s. * operates five s. * operates eight s, four s, four s, three s, and four s. * operates 14 s purchased from East Germany, three s, three s, and four s. * operates three s and two s. * operates two s. * operates two s. * operates two s purchased from the United Kingdom. * operates four s, two s, and two s. * operates eleven s. * operates a single . * operates six ''Kedah''-class corvettes, two s, and four s. * operates three s. * operates a single . * operates two Jiangdao-class corvettes, ordered from China. * operates six s. * operates six s and a single purchased from South Korea. * operates three s purchased from the United Kingdom and a single purchased from South Korea. * operates three s, and two s. * operates a single and a single ''Kaszub''-class corvette. * operates three s, two s, and two s. * operates 20 s, 10 s, 23 s, six s, three s, nine Buyan-M-class corvettes, three s, seven s (classed as frigates by NATO), a single (also classed as a frigate by NATO), and two ''Bora''-class corvettes. * operates two s. * operates four s. * operates six s. * operates two s. * operates five s, two s, and two s. * operates three s, two s, and two s. * operates six s and four s. * operates two s and a single . * operates a single . * operates a single . * operates six s, two s, and a single . * operates 12 s, and two s purchased from South Korea. * operates a single .


Former operators

* decommissioned its last in 1960. * returned both its s to the United Kingdom in 1944. * decommissioned all its s and s in 1945, following World War II. * decommissioned its last in 1967. * decommissioned its last in 2009. * decommissioned its last in 1979. * decommissioned its last ''Turunmaa''-class corvette in 2002. * sold all of its 16 s to Indonesia in 1992. * decommissioned its two s in 1995. * decommissioned its last in 1952. * decommissioned its last in 2019. * decommissioned both its s in 2009. * decommissioned its last in 1958. * decommissioned both its s in 1948. * decommissioned its last in 2018. * decommissioned its lone in 1967. * decommissioned its last in 1996. * decommissioned all its s in 1945 following World War II. * decommissioned its lone in 1975. * decommissioned its last in 1962. * returned its lone to the United Kingdom in 1949.


Future development

* will receive three s from Russia and six ''Jiangdao''-class corvettes from China. * is planning to build 11 more s. * is will commission three more ''Gowind''-class corvettes. * is currently planning to build four s. * is a partner nation in the European Patrol Corvette project. * is building an additional five s. * is a partner nation in the European Patrol Corvette project. Greece is also planning on receiving a number of ''Themistocles''-class corvettes, a variant of the Israeli ''Sa'ar 72'' class. Greece has also ordered three ''Gowind 2500''-class corvettes from France. * has begun research into its Next Generation Corvette project. (India is also working on 12 Anti Submarine Warfare Corvettes - ASW-SWC corvettes) * is currently building an additional two s. Israel is also planning a number of new s. * is leading the development of the European Patrol Corvette in a joint project with other European Union partners. * has ordered four s from Turkey. * Purchased an additional from South Korea, but is awaiting transfer due to lack of funding. The Philippines have also ordered two new corvettes from Hyundai. * is a partner nation in the European Patrol Corvette project. * has ordered four ''Gowind''-class corvettes. * is currently building corvettes in six separate classes, including: the ''Karakurt''-class, ''Buyan-M''-class, ''Bykov''-class, ''Steregushchiy''-class, ''Gremyashchiy''-class and ''Merkuriy''-class (the latter three classed as frigates by NATO). * has ordered an unspecified number of s from Turkey. * has ordered two ''Gowind''-class corvettes.https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2019/06/10/uae-naval-group-quietly-cut-850-million-deal-for-gowind-ships/


Museum ships

* , 1874 steam and sail
barque A barque, barc, or bark is a type of sailing vessel A sailing ship is a sea-going vessel that uses sails mounted on Mast (sailing), masts to harness the power of wind and propel the vessel. There is a variety of sail plans that propel sailin ...

barque
, Buenos Aires, Argentina * , 1941 , Williamstown, Victoria, Australia * , 1955 , Porto Velho, Brazil * , 1955 , Belém, Para, Brazil * , 1941 , Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada * , 1941 , Whyalla, South Australia, Australia * , 1968 corvette, Turku, Finland * , 1984 missile corvette, Fall River, Massachusetts, US * in
Samut Prakan Province#REDIRECT Samut Prakan province {{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation {{R from move ...
,
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
. * ROKS ''Pohang'', a in
Pohang Pohang () is a Administrative divisions of South Korea, city in the province of North Gyeongsang, South Korea, and a main seaport in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk region. The built-up area of Pohang is located on the alluvium of the mouth of the Hyeongsan R ...
,
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...

South Korea
. * ROKS ''Jinhae'', a in
Jinhae Jinhae-gu (Hangul The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, . Hangul may also be written as following South Korea's standard Romanization. in South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East As ...
, South Korea. * ROKS ''Cheonan'', a , was sunk by a North Korean submarine on March 26 2010 and later raised, is on display in
Pyeongtaek Pyeongtaek () is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge ...

Pyeongtaek
, South Korea. * RFS ''Tamboviskiy Komsomolets'', a in
Kronstadt Kronstadt (russian: Кроншта́дт, Kronštádt ), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (from german: link=no, Krone for "crown '' File:서봉총 금관 금제드리개.jpg, The Seobongchong Golden Crown of Ancient Sill ...

Kronstadt
,
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
. * ''Hans Beimler'', 1986 in Peenemünde, Germany.


See also

* List of corvette classes * List of corvette and sloop classes of the Royal Navy * List of corvettes of the Second World War * List of Escorteurs of the French Navy * Corvette 31, a sailboat named in honour of the warship class.


References


Further reading

* The collection ''Three Corvettes'' by Nicholas Monsarrat recounts the writer's World War II experiences on corvettes, starting as an inexperienced small-boat sailor and ending as captain. * The novel ''The Cruel Sea (novel), The Cruel Sea'' (1951), also by Nicholas Monsarrat, about the life and death of a Flower-class corvette and the men in her, is regarded as one of the classic naval stories of World War II. * James B. Lamb's two books, ''The Corvette Navy'' and ''On the Triangle Run'', give an autobiographical and historical perspective of life on
Royal Canadian Navy , march = "Heart of Oak" , mascot = SONAR (Newfoundland dog) , battles = , website = , commander1 = , Monarchy of Canada, of Can ...
corvettes in World War II. The author served on them for six years from Halifax to the beaches of D-Day.


External links


Watch the 1943 film ''Corvette Port Arthur'' at NFB.ca
* {{Authority control Corvettes, Ship types Naval sailing ship types