A community school in
England and Wales
England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England and Wales forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England and follows ...
is a type of state-funded school in which the
local education authority
Local education authorities (LEAs) are the local councils in England
England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The I ...
employs the school's staff, is responsible for the school's admissions and owns the school's estate.
In the mid-19th century, government involvement in schooling consisted of annual grants to the
National Society for Promoting Religious EducationThe National Society (Church of England and Church in Wales) for the Promotion of Education, often just referred to as the National Society, and since 2016 also as The Church of England Education Office (CEEO) is significant in the history of educati ...
British and Foreign School SocietyImage:hitchinschools1.jpg, British Schools Museum, Hitchin
The British and Foreign School Society (BFSS) offers charitable aid to educational projects in the UK and around the world by funding schools, other charities and educational bodies. It was s ...
to support the "voluntary schools" that they ran, and monitoring inspections of these schools. The
Elementary Education Act 1870
The Elementary Education Act 1870, commonly known as Forster's Education Act, set the framework for schooling of all children between the ages of 5 and 12 in England and Wales. It established local education authorities with defined powers, authori ...
imposed stricter standards on schools, and provided for the setting up of locally elected
A board of education, school committee or school board is the board of directors or board of trustees of a school, local school district or equivalent.
The elected council determines the educational policy in a small regional area, such as a ci ...
s in boroughs and parishes across England and Wales, empowered to set up elementary-level board schools where voluntary provision was insufficient.
A number of voluntary schools, especially those of the BFSS, chose to become board schools. Parents were still required to pay fees, though the fees of the poorest were paid by the board.
Education Act 1902
The Education Act 1902 ('' 2 Edw. VII''), also known as the Balfour Act, was a highly controversial Act of Parliament that set the pattern of elementary education in England and Wales for four decades. It was brought to Parliament by a Conservati ...
abolished school boards, transferring their functions to counties and boroughs acting as local education authorities. The board schools were thus renamed county schools. The act also introduced county secondary schools, which were greatly expanded during the 20th century.
The schools were renamed community schools in the
School Standards and Framework Act 1998
The School Standards and Framework Act 1998 was the major education legislation passed by the incoming Labour
Labour or labor may refer to:
Childbirth, also known as labour or delivery, is the ending of pregnancy where one or mo ...
[School Standards and Framework Act 1998](_blank)
Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
In 2008 approximately 61% of the state-funded primary and secondary schools in England were community schools.
England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east and the to the south. The ...
Voluntary aided school
A voluntary aided school (VA school) is a state-funded school in England and Wales
England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of the United Kingdom. England and W ...
Voluntary controlled school
A voluntary controlled school (VC school) is a state-funded school in in which a or (usually a Christian denomination) has some formal influence in the running of the school. Such schools have less autonomy than s, in which the foundation pays ...
An academy (Attic Greek
Attic Greek is the Greek language, Greek dialect of the regions of ancient Greece, ancient region of Attica, including the ''polis'' of classical Athens, Athens. Often called classical Greek, it was the prestige (sociol ...
State-funded schools (England)
English state-funded schools, commonly known as state schools, provide Education in England, education to pupils between the ages of 3 and 18 without charge. Approximately 93% of English schoolchildren attend 20,000 or so such schools. Since 2008 ...
Education in Wales
Education in Wales differs in certain respects from education elsewhere in the United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and ...
Free school (England)
A free school in England is a type of academy
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, secondary or tertiary education, tertiary higher education, higher learning, r ...
State schools in the United Kingdom
Education in England
Education in Wales
Public education in the United Kingdom
Schools in England
Schools in Wales