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A chartered company is an association with investors or
shareholder A shareholder (in the United States often referred to as stockholder) of a corporation is an individual or legal entity (such as another corporation, a body politic, a Trust law, trust or partnership) that is registered by the corporation as the ...
s that is
incorporated Incorporated may refer to: * Incorporated community * Incorporated (Grip Inc. album), ''Incorporated'' (Grip Inc. album), 2004, by Grip Inc. * Incorporated (Legion of Doom album), ''Incorporated'' (Legion of Doom album), 2006 * Incorporated (TV seri ...
and granted rights (often
exclusive rights In Anglo-Saxon law Anglo-Saxon law (Old English Old English (, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest recorded form of the English language English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family The Indo-Europe ...

exclusive rights
) by
royal charter A royal charter is a formal grant issued by a monarch under royal prerogative The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege and immunity, recognized in common law In law, common law (also known as judicial precedent or ...

royal charter
(or similar instrument of government) for the purpose of trade, exploration, and/or
colonization Colonization, or colonisation refers to large-scale population movements where the migrants maintain strong links with their—or their ancestors'—former country, gaining significant privileges over other inhabitants of the territory by such l ...
.


Notable chartered companies (with years of formation)


Austrian


British


Dutch


English


French


German


Polish-Lithuanian


Portuguese


Russian

*1799–1867
Russian-American Company The Russian-American Company Under the High Patronage of His Imperial Majesty (russian: Под высочайшим Его Императорского Величества покровительством Российская-Американс ...


Scandinavian


Scottish


Spanish


Italian

From 3 August 1889 to 15 May 1893 Filonardi was the first Governor of Italian Somaliland and was in charge of an Italian company responsible for the administration of the Benadir territory, called Societa' Filonardi. *1889 – 1893 Filonardi Company


Zionist Aspiration

Theodor Herzl Theodor Herzl (; ; he, תֵּאוֹדוֹר הֶרְצְל, ; hu, Herzl Tivadar; 2 May 1860 – 3 July 1904) or Hebrew name given at his brit milah The ''brit milah'' ( he, בְּרִית מִילָה, ; Ashkenazi Ashkenazi Jews ( ...

Theodor Herzl
, the founder of
Political Zionism The principal common goal of Zionism was the founder of the Modern Zionist movement. In his 1896 pamphlet ''Der Judenstaat'', he envisioned the founding of a future independent Jewish state during the 20th century. Zionism ( he, צִיּוֹ ...
, aspired to create a "Jewish Charter Company", modeled on the above European precedents, which would lease
Palestine Palestine ( or ) most often refers to: * State of Palestine, a ''de jure'' sovereign state in the Middle East * Palestine (region), a geographical and historical region in the Middle East Palestine may also refer to: * Palestinian National Aut ...
from the
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire (; ', ; or '; )info page on bookat Martin Luther University) // CITED: p. 36 (PDF p. 38/338). was an empire that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, Northern Africa between the 14th ...
and exercise there a de facto sovereign power - a plan described in great detail in Herzl's books
Der Judenstaat ''Der Judenstaat'' ( German, literally ''The Jews' State'', commonly rendered as ''The Jewish State'') is a pamphlet written by Theodor Herzl and published in February 1896 in Leipzig and Vienna en, Viennese , iso_code ...
and
Altneuland ''The Old New Land'' (german: Altneuland; he, תֵּל־אָבִיב ''Tel Aviv'', "Tell (archaeology), Tel of spring"; yi, אַלטנײַלאַנד) is a utopian novel published by Theodor Herzl, the founder of political Zionism, in 1902. It was ...

Altneuland
. In practice Herzl and his successors never managed to mobilize the political and financial backing needed for setting up such a company, and the Zionist Movement eventually established the
State of Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is ...
by different means.


Gallery

File:Stora Kopparberg 1288.jpg, Share certificate of the Stora Kopparberg mine, dated 16 June 1288 File:East India House THS 1817 edited.jpg, The British East India Company's File:BSAC-arms.jpg, The arms of the
British South Africa Company The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was charteredChartered may refer to: * Charter, a legal document conferring rights or privileges ** University charter ** Chartered company * Chartered (professional), a professional credential * ...


See also

*
American Colonization Society American Colonization Society (ACS), originally known as the The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America, was founded in 1816 by Robert Finley Robert Finley (1772 – November 3, 1817) was an American clergyman C ...
*
Articles of association In corporate governance Corporate governance is the collection of mechanisms, processes and relations used by various parties to control and to operate a corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a c ...
*
Articles of incorporation Articles of incorporation, also referred to as the certificate of incorporation or the corporate charter, are a document or charter that establishes the existence of a corporation in the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. o ...
*
Articles of organization The articles of organization are a document similar to the articles of incorporation Articles of incorporation, also referred to as the certificate of incorporation or the corporate charter, are a document or charter that establishes the existence o ...
*
British colonisation of the Americas The British colonization of the Americas was the history of establishment of control, settlement, and colonization of the continents of the Americas by England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the Un ...
*
Certificate of incorporation #REDIRECT Certificate of incorporationA certificate of incorporation is a legal document/license relating to the formation of a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, wh ...

Certificate of incorporation
*
Charter A charter is the grant of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture that surrounds everyday life. It is a social scie ...
* ''
Collegium A (plural ), or college, was any association in ancient Rome with a legal personality. Such associations could be civil or religious. The word literally means "society", from (‘colleague’). They functioned as social clubs or religious ...
'' *
Congressional charter A congressional charter is a law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its env ...
*
Government-sponsored enterprise A government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) is a type of financial services corporation created by the United States Congress. Their intended function is to enhance the flow of Credit (finance), credit to targeted sectors of the economy, to make thos ...
*
Hong (business) A ''hong'' () originally designates both a type of building and a type of Chinese merchant intermediary in Guangzhou Guangzhou (, ; ; or ; ), also known as Canton and alternatively romanized as Kwongchow or Kwangchow, is the capit ...
*
South Manchuria Railway The South Manchuria Railway (: Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A countr ...
and
Chinese Eastern Railway The Chinese Eastern Railway or CER (, russian: Китайско-Восточная железная дорога, or , ''Kitaysko-Vostochnaya Zheleznaya Doroga'' or ''KVZhD''), is the historical name for a railway system in Northeast China North ...

Chinese Eastern Railway


Notes


References


Bibliography

* * *


External links


Chartered companiesHudson's Bay Company
* {{Authority control History of European colonialism British Empire Former Dutch colonies Former Danish colonies Former French colonies Former German colonies Former Swedish colonies Types of business entity History of corporate law Age of Sail