HOME

TheInfoList




Carp are various species of
oily An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume. All everyday objects that can b ...
freshwater fish are common freshwater fish throughout temperate Eurasia. Freshwater fish are those that spend some or all of their lives in fresh water, such as river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, s ...
from the family
Cyprinidae Cyprinidae is a Family (biology), family of freshwater fish, commonly called the carp or minnow family. It includes the carps, the true minnows, and relatives like the barb (fish), barbs and barbel (fish), barbels. Cyprinidae is the largest and m ...
, a very large group of
fish Fish are aquatic Aquatic means relating to water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the ...

fish
native to
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
and
Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of the Earth, Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the cont ...

Asia
. While carp is consumed in many parts of the world, they are generally considered an
invasive species An invasive species is an introduced organism that becomes overpopulated and negatively alters its new environment. Although their spread can have beneficial aspects, invasive species adversely affect the invaded habitat Ibex in an ...
in parts of Africa, Australia and most of the United States.


Biology

The cypriniformes (family Cyprinidae) are traditionally grouped with the
Characiformes Characiformes is an order of ray-finned fish, comprising the characins and their allies. Grouped in 18 recognized families, more than 2000 different species are described, including the well-known piranha and tetras.; Buckup P.A.: "Relationshi ...
,
Siluriformes Catfish (or catfishes; order (biology), order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of Actinopterygii, ray-finned fish. Named for their prominent barbel (anatomy), barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size an ...
, and
Gymnotiformes The Gymnotiformes are a group of teleost bony fishes commonly known as the Neotropical or South American knifefish. They have long bodies and swim using undulations of their elongated anal fin. Found almost exclusively in fresh water (the on ...

Gymnotiformes
to create the superorder
Ostariophysi Ostariophysi is the second-largest superorder of fish Fish are Aquatic animal, aquatic, craniate, gill-bearing animals that lack Limb (anatomy), limbs with Digit (anatomy), digits. They form a sister group to the tunicates, together formin ...
, since these groups share some common features. These features include being found predominantly in fresh water and possessing Weberian ossicles, an anatomical structure derived from the first five anterior-most vertebrae, and their corresponding ribs and neural crests. The third anterior-most pair of ribs is in contact with the extension of the
labyrinth In Greek mythology Greek mythology is the body of myth Myth is a folklore genre Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the tradition A tradition is a belief A be ...

labyrinth
and the posterior with the swim bladder. The function is poorly understood, but this structure is presumed to take part in the transmission of vibrations from the
swim bladder The swim bladder, gas bladder, fish maw, or air bladder is an internal gas-filled Organ (anatomy), organ that contributes to the ability of many bony fish (but not cartilaginous fish) to control their buoyancy, and thus to stay at their current ...

swim bladder
to the labyrinth and in the perception of sound, which would explain why the Ostariophysi have such a great capacity for hearing.Billard R. (Ed.) (1995). Carp – Biology and Culture. Springer-Praxis Series in Aquaculture and Fisheries, Chichester, UK. Most cypriniformes have scales and teeth on the inferior pharyngeal bones which may be modified in relation to the diet. '' Tribolodon'' is the only cyprinid genus which tolerates salt water. Several species move into brackish water but return to fresh water to spawn. All of the other cypriniformes live in continental waters and have a wide geographical range. Some consider all cyprinid fishes carp, and the family Cyprinidae itself is often known as the carp family. In colloquial use, carp usually refers only to several larger cyprinid species such as ''
Cyprinus carpio The common carp or European carp (''Cyprinus carpio'') is a widespread freshwater fish Fish are Aquatic animal, aquatic, craniate, gill-bearing animals that lack Limb (anatomy), limbs with Digit (anatomy), digits. They form a sister group t ...

Cyprinus carpio
'' (common carp), ''
Carassius carassius The crucian carp (''Carassius carassius'') is a medium-sized member of the common carp family Cyprinidae. It occurs widely in northern European regions. Distribution The crucian carp is a widely distributed European species, its range spanning ...

Carassius carassius
'' (Crucian carp), ''
Ctenopharyngodon idella The grass carp (''Ctenopharyngodon idella'') is a large herbivorous File:Land_Snail_radula_tracks.jpg#, 250px, Tracks made by terrestrial gastropods with their radulas, scraping green algae from a surface inside a greenhouse A herbivore is a ...

Ctenopharyngodon idella
'' (grass carp), '''' (silver carp), and '''' (bighead carp). Carp have long been an important food fish to humans. Several species such as the various
goldfish The goldfish (''Carassius auratus'') is a freshwater fish are common freshwater fish throughout temperate Eurasia. Freshwater fish are those that spend some or all of their lives in fresh water, such as river A river is a natural flowi ...

goldfish
breeds and the domesticated common carp variety known as
koi or more specifically , are colored varieties of the Amur carp (''Cyprinus rubrofuscus ''Cyprinus rubrofuscus'', the Amur carp, is a species of cyprinid fish. It is widespread in Eastern Asia East Asia is the east East is one of the ...

koi
have been popular ornamental fishes. As a result, carp have been introduced to various locations, though with mixed results. Several species of carp are considered invasive species in the United States, and, worldwide, large sums of money are spent on carp control. At least some species of carp are able to survive for months with practically no oxygen (for example under ice or in stagnant, scummy water) by metabolizing
glycogen Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide Polysaccharides (), or polycarbohydrates, are the most abundant found in . They are long chain carbohydrates composed of units bound together by . This carbohydrate can react with water () usi ...

glycogen
to form
lactic acid Lactic acid is an organic acid An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties. The most common organic acids are the carboxylic acids, whose acidity is associated with their carboxyl group –COOH. Sulfonic acids, conta ...

lactic acid
which is then converted into
ethanol Ethanol (also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol) is an organic Organic may refer to: * Organic, of or relating to an organism, a living entity * Organic, of or relating to an anatomical organ (anatomy), ...

ethanol
and carbon dioxide. The ethanol diffuses into the surrounding water through the gills.


Species


Recreational fishing

In 1653
Izaak Walton Izaak Walton (baptised 21 September 1593 – 15 December 1683) was an English writer. Best known as the author of ''The Compleat Angler'', he also wrote a number of short biographies including one of his friend John Donne. They have been collect ...

Izaak Walton
wrote in ''
The Compleat Angler ''The Compleat Angler'' (the spelling is sometimes modernised to ''The Complete Angler'', though this spelling also occurs in first editions) is a book by Izaak Walton. It was first published in 1653 by Richard Marriot in London. Walton continued ...
'', "The Carp is the queen of rivers; a stately, a good, and a very subtle fish; that was not at first bred, nor hath been long in England, but is now naturalised." Carp are variable in terms of
angling Angling is a method of fishing Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish Fish are , , -bearing animals that lack with . Included in this definition are the living , s, and and as well as various extinct related groups. Arou ...
value. * In Europe, even when not fished for food, they are eagerly sought by anglers, being considered highly prized
coarse fish In the British Isles, coarse fishing (, ) refers to angling for rough fish, which are fish species traditionally considered undesirable as a food or game fish. Freshwater game fish are all salmonids — most particularly salmon, trout and Salveli ...
that are difficult to hook.A. F. Magri MacMahon (1946). ''Fishlore'', pp 149–152. Pelican Books. The UK has a thriving carp angling market. It is the fastest growing angling market in the UK, and has spawned a number of specialised carp angling publications such as ''Carpology'', ''Advanced carp fishing'', ''Carpworld'' and ''Total Carp'', and informative carp angling web sites, such a
The Carp Plaice
* In the United States, carp are also classified as a
rough fish Rough fish (or the slang trash fish or dirt fish) is a term used by some United States state agencies and angling, anglers to describe fish that are less desirable to sport fishing, sport anglers within a defined region. The term usually refers to l ...
, as well as damaging to naturalized exotic species, but with sporting qualities. Carp have long suffered from a poor reputation in the United States as undesirable for angling or for the table, especially since they are typically an invasive species out-competing more desirable local game fish. Nonetheless, many states' departments of natural resources are beginning to view the carp as an angling fish instead of a maligned pest. Groups such as Wild Carp Companies, American Carp Society, and the Carp Anglers Group promote the sport and work with fisheries departments to organize events to introduce and expose others to the unique opportunity the carp offers freshwater anglers.


Aquaculture

Various species of carp have been
domesticated Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that sec ...

domesticated
and as
food fish Many species of fish Fish are Aquatic animal, aquatic, craniate, gill-bearing animals that lack Limb (anatomy), limbs with Digit (anatomy), digits. Included in this definition are the living hagfish, lampreys, and Chondrichthyes, cartilagi ...
across Europe and Asia for thousands of years. These various species appear to have been domesticated independently, as the various domesticated carp species are native to different parts of
Eurasia Eurasia () is the largest continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a ...

Eurasia
. Aquaculture has been pursued in China for at least 2,400 years. A tract by
Fan Li Fan Li () from the Spring and Autumn period#REDIRECT Spring and Autumn period The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from th ...
in the fifth century BC details many of the ways carp were raised in
ponds A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or artificial Artificiality (the state of being artificial or man-made) is the state of being the product of intentional human manufacture, rather than occurring naturally through processes ...

ponds
. The
common carp The common carp or European carp (''Cyprinus carpio'') is a widespread freshwater fish Fish are , , -bearing animals that lack with . Included in this definition are the living , s, and and as well as various extinct related groups. Ar ...

common carp
, ''Cyprinus carpio'', is originally from Central Europe. Several carp species (collectively known as
Asian carp Several species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms i ...
) were domesticated in
East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia, which is defined in both Geography, geographical and culture, ethno-cultural terms. The modern State (polity), states of East Asia include China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan. ...

East Asia
. Carp that are originally from
South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia Asia () is 's largest and most populous , located primarily in the and . It shares the continental of with the continent of and the continental landmass of with both Europe and . Asia cov ...

South Asia
, for example
catla Catla (''Labeo catla''), ( bn, কাত্লা, translit=kātlā) also known as the major South Asian carp, is an economically important South Asian freshwater fish in the carp family Cyprinidae Cyprinidae is a Family (biology), family of ...
(''Gibelion catla''),
rohu The rohu, rui, or roho labeo (''Labeo rohita'') is a species of fish of the carp family, found in rivers in South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia Asia () is 's largest and most populous , located primarily in the ...

rohu
(''Labeo rohita'') and mrigal (''Cirrhinus cirrhosus''), are known as . Their hardiness and adaptability have allowed domesticated species to be propagated all around the world. Although the carp was an important aquatic food item, as more fish species have become readily available for the table, the importance of carp culture in
Western Europe Western Europe is the western region of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical r ...

Western Europe
has diminished. Demand has declined, partly due to the appearance of more desirable table fish such as
trout Trout are species of freshwater fish belonging to the genera ''Oncorhynchus'', ''Salmo'' and ''Salvelinus'', all of the subfamily (biology), subfamily Salmoninae of the family Salmonidae. The word ''trout'' is also used as part of the name o ...

trout
and
salmon Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish Actinopterygii ( New Latin ('having rays') + Greek ( 'wing, fins')), members of which are known as ray-finned fishes, is a clade A clade (; from grc, , ''klados'', ...

salmon
through intensive farming, and environmental constraints. However, fish production in ponds is still a major form of aquaculture in Central and Eastern Europe, including the
Russian Federation Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, largest country in the world, covering over , and encom ...

Russian Federation
, where most of the production comes from low or intermediate-intensity ponds. In Asia, the farming of carp continues to surpass the total amount of farmed fish volume of intensively sea-farmed species, such as salmon and
tuna A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the Tribe (biology), tribe Thunnini, a subgrouping of the Scombridae (mackerel) family. The Thunnini comprise 15 species across five genera, the sizes of which vary greatly, ranging from the bullet ...

tuna
.


Breeding

Selective breeding programs for the common carp include improvement in growth, shape, and resistance to disease. Experiments carried out in the USSR used crossings of broodstocks to increase genetic diversity, and then selected the species for traits such as growth rate, exterior traits and viability, and/or adaptation to environmental conditions such as variations in temperature. selected carp for fast growth and tolerance to cold, the Ropsha carp. The results showed a 30 to 77.4% improvement of cold tolerance, but did not provide any data for growth rate. An increase in growth rate was observed in the second generation in Vietnam, Moav and Wohlfarth (1976) showed positive results when selecting for slower growth for three generations compared to selecting for faster growth. Schaperclaus (1962) showed resistance to the dropsy disease wherein selected lines suffered low mortality (11.5%) compared to unselected (57%). The major carp species used traditionally in Chinese aquaculture are the
black Black is a color which results from the absence or complete absorption Absorption may refer to: Chemistry and biology *Absorption (chemistry), diffusion of particles of gas or liquid into liquid or solid materials *Absorption (skin), a rout ...
,
grass Poaceae () or Gramineae () is a large and nearly ubiquitous family In , family (from la, familia) is a of people related either by (by recognized birth) or (by marriage or other relationship). The purpose of families is to maintain ...

grass
,
silver Silver is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical compounds, chemical ele ...

silver
and
bighead carp The bighead carp (''Hypophthalmichthys nobilis'') is a species of freshwater Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tastel ...

bighead carp
. In the 1950s, the Pearl River Fishery Research Institute in China made a technological breakthrough in the induced
breeding Breeding is sexual reproduction Sexual reproduction is a type of reproduction Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ...
of these carps, which has resulted in a rapid expansion of freshwater aquaculture in China.CAFS research achievement
CAFS. Accessed 26 July 2011.
In the late 1990s, scientists at the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences developed a new variant of the
common carp The common carp or European carp (''Cyprinus carpio'') is a widespread freshwater fish Fish are , , -bearing animals that lack with . Included in this definition are the living , s, and and as well as various extinct related groups. Ar ...

common carp
called the Jian carp. This fish grows rapidly and has a high feed conversion rate. Over 50% of the total aquaculture production of carp in China has now converted to Jian carp.


As ornamental fish

Carp, along with many of their
cyprinid Cyprinidae is a family In , family (from la, familia) is a of people related either by (by recognized birth) or (by marriage or other relationship). The purpose of families is to maintain the well-being of its members and of society. ...
relatives, are popular ornamental aquarium and pond fish. Goldfish (''Carassius auratus'') were originally domesticated from the
Prussian carp The Prussian carp, silver Prussian carp or Gibel carp (''Carassius gibelio''), is a member of the family Cyprinidae Cyprinidae is a Family (biology), family of freshwater fish, commonly called the carp or minnow family. It includes the carps, ...

Prussian carp
(''Carassius gibelio''), a dark greyish-brown carp native to Asia. They were first bred for color in China over a thousand years ago. Due to selective breeding, goldfish have been developed into many distinct breeds, and are found in various colors, color patterns, forms and sizes far different from those of the original carp. Goldfish were kept as ornamental fish in
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
for thousands of years before being introduced to
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
in 1603, and to
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
in 1611.
Koi or more specifically , are colored varieties of the Amur carp (''Cyprinus rubrofuscus ''Cyprinus rubrofuscus'', the Amur carp, is a species of cyprinid fish. It is widespread in Eastern Asia East Asia is the east East is one of the ...

Koi
are a domesticated subspecies of
common carp The common carp or European carp (''Cyprinus carpio'') is a widespread freshwater fish Fish are , , -bearing animals that lack with . Included in this definition are the living , s, and and as well as various extinct related groups. Ar ...

common carp
(''Cyprinus carpio'') that have been selectively bred for color. The common carp was introduced from China to Japan, where selective breeding in the 1820s in the Niigata region resulted in koi. In Japanese culture, koi are treated with affection, and seen as good luck. They are popular in other parts of the world as outdoor pond fish.


As food

*
Bighead carp The bighead carp (''Hypophthalmichthys nobilis'') is a species of freshwater Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tastel ...

Bighead carp
is enjoyed in many parts of the world, but it has not become a popular foodfish in North America. Acceptance there has been hindered in part by the name "carp", and its association with the common carp which is not a generally favored foodfish in North America. The flesh of the bighead carp is white and firm, different from that of the common carp, which is darker and richer. Bighead carp flesh does share one unfortunate similarity with common carp flesh – both have intramuscular bones within the filet. However, bighead carp captured from the wild in the United States tend to be much larger than common carp, so the intramuscular bones are also larger and thus less problematic. *
Common carp The common carp or European carp (''Cyprinus carpio'') is a widespread freshwater fish Fish are , , -bearing animals that lack with . Included in this definition are the living , s, and and as well as various extinct related groups. Ar ...

Common carp
, breaded and fried, is part of traditional Christmas Eve dinner in
Slovakia Slovakia (; sk, Slovensko ), officially the Slovak Republic ( sk, Slovenská republika, links=no ), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to th ...

Slovakia
,
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , and has a largely Temperate climate, temperate seasonal cli ...

Poland
, eastern part of
Croatia , image_flag = Flag of Croatia.svg , image_coat = Coat of arms of Croatia.svg , anthem = "Lijepa naša domovino ''Lijepa naša domovino'' (; ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that ...

Croatia
and in the
Czech Republic The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name Czechia and formerly known as Bohemia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to ...
. In pond based water agriculture it is treated as most prominent food fish. *
Crucian carp The crucian carp (''Carassius carassius'') is a medium-sized member of the common carp family Cyprinidae. It occurs widely in northern European regions. Distribution The crucian carp is a widely distributed European species, its range spanning ...
is considered the best-tasting pan fish in Poland. It is known as ''karaś'', and is served traditionally with sour cream (''karasie w śmietanie''). In Russia, this particular species is called Золотой карась meaning "golden crucian", and is one of the fish used in a
borscht Borscht () is a Ukrainian beet soup common in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is typically made using a large amount of beets (normally sour beets), by combining meat or bone Stock (food), stock with Sautéing, sautéed vegetables, which ...

borscht
recipe called ''borshch s karasej'' (russian: Борщ с карасе́й)or ''borshch s karasyami'' russian: Борщ с карася́ми). * Mud carp, due to the low cost of production, is mainly consumed by the poor, locally; it is mostly sold alive, but can be dried and salted. The fish is sometimes canned or processed as fish cakes, fish balls, or dumplings. They can be found for retail sale within China. * Chinese mud carp is an important food fish in
Guangdong Province Guangdong (, ), alternately romanized as Canton Province or Kwangtung, is a coastal province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, admini ...
. It is also cultured in this area and
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
.
Cantonese Cantonese ( zh, t=廣東話, s=广东话, first=t; Yale Yale University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, Brit ...
and
Shunde Shunde District, also known as Shuntak, is a District (PRC), district of the city of Foshan, Guangdong province, located in the Pearl River Delta. Once a traditional agricultural county, it has become one of the most affluent counties in Guangdo ...
cuisines often use this fish to make
fish balls Fish balls are a dish popular in the Philippines, Northern and southern China, southern China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan, as well as in parts of Southeast Asia among the overseas Chinese communities. They are made with fish paste and boile ...

fish balls
and
dumplings Dumpling is a broad class of dishes that consist of pieces of dough (made from a variety of starch sources) wrapped around a filling, or of dough with no filling. The dough can be based on bread Bread is a staple food prepared from a d ...

dumplings
. It can be used with ''
douchi ''Douchi'' (), or ''tochi'' is a type of fermentation in food processing, fermented and salted black soybean. In English language, English, it is known as fermented black soybeans, Chinese fermented black beans (), salted black beans, salty ...
'' or Chinese fermented black beans in a dish called fried dace with salted black beans. It can be served cooked with vegetables such as
Chinese cabbage Chinese cabbage (''Brassica rapa ''Brassica rapa'' is a plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to Energy transformation, convert light energy into chemical ...
.


List of carp-based dishes

*
Fisherman's soup Fisherman's soup or halászlé () is a hot, spicy paprika-based fish soup. A folk item of Hungarian cuisine, it is a bright-red hot dish prepared with generous amounts of hot paprika and carp or mixed river fish. It is native to the Pannonian Pla ...
* Kuai * Taramosalata * , a popular Iraqi dish consisting of seasoned, grilled carp *
Gefilte fish Gefilte fish (; from yi, געפֿילטע פֿיש, lit. "stuffed fish") is a dish made from a poached mixture of ground deboned fish, such as carp Carp are various species of oily fish, oily freshwater fish from the family Cyprinidae, a ver ...

Gefilte fish
, an
Ashkenazi Jewish Ashkenazi Jews ( are a Jews, Jewish Jewish diaspora, diaspora population who Coalescent theory, coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium. The traditional diaspora language of Ashkenazi Jews is Yiddish (a Germ ...
dish made from a poached mixture of ground deboned fish, primarily carp, whitefish, and pike File:Catla fish kalia in a rich creamy gravy - Kolkata - West Bengal.jpg, alt=Catla kalia – a popular fish curry preparation from West Bengal, India, Catla kalia – a popular fish curry preparation from West Bengal, India File:Carp Curry - Kolkata 2011-02-10 0974.JPG, Carp curry, India File:Kroder Karpfen.JPG, Fried carp from
Franconia Franconia (german: Franken, ; Franconian dialect: ''Franggn'' ; bar, Frankn) is a region In geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study ...

Franconia
, Germany File:Pan-Fried Carassius carassius.JPG, Pan-fried Crucian carp, Russia File:Stedrovecerni smazeny kapr s bramborovym salatem.jpg, Traditional Christmas dinner - fried carp with potato salad, Czech Republic File:Funameshi.JPG, Stir-fried Crucian carp with rice, Japan File:Pepes ikan emas (pais lauk mas) Sunda.jpg, Carp fish in spices and herbs cooked in a banana leaf package, Sundanese File:Barbonymus gonionotus-Pla som861.jpg, Deep-fried chunk of pickled ('' pla som'') silver barb (''Pla taphian'') File:Šarani na rašljama u Koprivnici.jpg, Barbecued carp,
northern Croatia Northern Croatia or North Croatia ( hr, Sjeverna Hrvatska, ) is a region in the northern part of Croatia, which encompasses Varaždin County, Varaždin, Međimurje County, Međimurje, Krapina-Zagorje County, Zagorje and Koprivnica-Križevci County, ...


See also

* Asian carp in Chinese culture *
Oily fish Oily fish are fish Fish are aquatic Aquatic means relating to water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Eart ...
*
Rough fish Rough fish (or the slang trash fish or dirt fish) is a term used by some United States state agencies and angling, anglers to describe fish that are less desirable to sport fishing, sport anglers within a defined region. The term usually refers to l ...


References

* *


External links

* {{Meat, state=collapsed Commercial fish Fish common names Fish of Europe Fish of East Asia Fish of Southeast Asia Fishkeeping Oily fish Sport fish