HOME

TheInfoList




A belvedere or belvidere (from
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
for "fair view") is an architectural structure sited to take advantage of a fine or scenic view. While a belvedere may be built in the upper part of a building the actual structure can be of any form, whether a
turret upTurret (highlighted in red) attached to a tower on a baronial building in Scotland In architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan o ...

turret
, a
cupola In architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne in Paris – 1734. Archite ...

cupola
, or an open gallery. Or it may be a separate
pavilion In architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne in Paris – 1734. Architec ...

pavilion
in a garden, or the term may be used for a paved terrace with a good viewpoint, but no actual building. It may also be used for a whole building, as in the
Belvedere, Vienna The Belvedere is a historic building complex in Vienna en, Viennese , iso_code = AT-9 , registration_plate = Vehicle registration plates of Austria, W , postal_code_type = Postal code ...

Belvedere, Vienna
, a huge palace, or
Belvedere Castle Belvedere Castle is a folly in Central Park in Manhattan, New York City. It contains exhibit rooms and an observation deck, and since 1919, has also housed the official Central Park weather station. Belvedere Castle was designed by Frederick ...

Belvedere Castle
, a
folly Modern reconstruction of the Turkish Tent, a permanent structure at Painshill, Surrey In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but suggesting through its appearance some other purpose, or of such extravagan ...
in New York. On the hillside above the
Vatican Palace The Apostolic Palace ( la, Palatium Apostolicum; it, Palazzo Apostolico) is the official residence of the pope, the head of the Catholic Church, located in Vatican City. It is also known as the Papal Palace, the Palace of the Vatican and the Va ...

Vatican Palace
,
Antonio Pollaiuolo Antonio del Pollaiuolo ( , , ; 17 January 1429/14334 February 1498), also known as Antonio di Jacopo Pollaiuolo or Antonio Pollaiuolo (also spelled Pollaiolo), was an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith during the Italian Renaiss ...
built a small
pavilion In architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne in Paris – 1734. Architec ...

pavilion
(''casino'' in Italian) named the ''palazzetto'' or the Belvedere for
Pope Innocent VIII Pope Innocent VIII ( la, Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the , with 1.3 billion Cat ...

Pope Innocent VIII
. Some years later
Donato Bramante Donato Bramante ( , , ; 1444 – 11 April 1514), born as Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio and also known as Bramante Lazzari, was an Italian architect and painter. He introduced Renaissance architecture Renaissance architecture is the Euro ...

Donato Bramante
linked the Vatican with the Belvedere, under a commission from
Pope Julius II Pope Julius II ( it, Papa Giulio II; la, Iulius II; born Giuliano della Rovere; 5 December 144321 February 1513) was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the , with 1.3 bill ...

Pope Julius II
by creating the
Cortile del Belvedere The (Belvedere Courtyard or Belvedere Court) was a major architectural work of the High Renaissance at the Vatican Palace in Rome. Designed by Donato Bramante from 1505 onward, its concept and details reverberated in courtyard design, formalized p ...

Cortile del Belvedere
("Courtyard of the Belvedere"), in which stood the ''
Apollo Belvedere The ''Apollo Belvedere'' (also called the ''Pythian Apollo or Apollo of the Belvedere'') is a celebrated marble sculpture from Classical Antiquity. The ''Apollo'' is now thought to be an original Roman re-creation of Hadrianic date (''ca.'' 120– ...

Apollo Belvedere
'', among the most famous of antique sculptures. This began the fashion in the 16th century for the belvedere.


See also

* ''Belvedere'' (M. C. Escher), a picture by M. C. Escher which shows an impossible belvedere *
Gazebo A gazebo is a pavilion In architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne i ...

Gazebo
*
Widow's walk A widow's walk, also known as a widow's watch or roofwalk, is a railed rooftop platform often having an inner cupola/turret frequently found on 19th-century North American coastal houses. The name is said to come from the Wife, wives of Sailor, ma ...


General references

*


References

{{Garden features Architectural elements