Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology
that studies the morphology
as well as many other aspects related to them. This subdivision of microbiology
involves the identification, classification, and characterization of bacterial species. Because of the similarity of thinking and working with microorganisms
other than bacteria, such as protozoa
, and virus
es, there has been a tendency for the field of bacteriology to extend as microbiology.
The terms were formerly often used interchangeably.
However, bacteriology can be classified as a distinct science.
Bacteriology is the study of bacteria and their relation to medicine. Bacteriology evolved from physicians needing to apply the germ theory
to test the concerns relating to the spoilage of foods and wines in the 19th century. Identification and characterizing of bacteria being associated to diseases led to advances in pathogenic bacteriology
. Koch's postulates
played a role into identifying the relationships between bacteria and specific diseases. Since then, bacteriology has had many successful advances like effective vaccines, for example, diphtheria toxoid
and tetanus toxoid
. There have also been some vaccines that were not as effective and have side effects for example, typhoid vaccine
. Bacteriology has also provided discovery of antibiotics.
left|''Louis Pasteur in his laboratory'', painting by A. Edelfeldt
The discovery of the connection of microorganisms to disease can be dated back to the nineteenth century, when German physician Robert Koch
introduced the science of microorganisms to the medical field. He identified bacteria as the cause of infectious diseases and process of fermentation in diseases. French scientist Louis Pasteur
developed techniques to produce vaccines. Both Koch and Pasteur played a role in improving antisepsis in medical treatment. This had an enormous positive effect on public health and gave a better understanding of the body and diseases. In 1870-1885 the modern methods of bacteriology technique were introduced by the use of stains and by the method of separating mixtures of organisms on plates of nutrient media. Between 1880 and 1881 Pasteur produced two successful vaccinations for animals against diseases caused by bacteria and it was successful. The importance of bacteria was recognized as it led to a study of disease prevention and treatment of diseases by vaccines. Bacteriology has developed and can be studied in agriculture
, marine biology
, water pollution
, bacterial genetics and biotechnology
[The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Bacteriology.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 7 Sept. 2010, www.britannica.com/science/bacteriology. Retrieved 22 November 2017]
See more for
Category:1670s in science
Category:1680s in science
Category:1670s in the Dutch Republic
Category:1680s in the Dutch Republic
Category:Biology and natural history in the Dutch Republic