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Backpacking is the outdoor recreation of carrying gear on one's back, while
hiking Hiking is a long, vigorous walk Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of terrestrial locomotion among legged animals. Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits. Walking is defined by an 'inverted pendu ...

hiking
for more than a day. It is often but not always an extended journey, and may or may not involve
camping Camping is an outdoor activity Outdoor recreation or outdoor activity refers to recreation Recreation is an activity of leisure Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is time spent away f ...

camping
outdoors. In North America tenting is common, where simple shelters and
mountain hut A mountain hut is a building located high in the mountains, generally accessible only by foot, intended to provide food and shelter to mountaineers Mountaineering, or alpinism, is the set of activities that involves ascending mountains. M ...
s, widely found in Europe, are rare. In New Zealand,
tramping Hiking is a long, vigorous walking, walk, usually on trails or footpaths in the countryside. Walking for pleasure developed in Europe during the eighteenth century. Religious pilgrimages have existed much longer but they involve walking long ...
is the term applied though overnight huts are frequently used.
Hill walking Walking is one of the most popular outdoor recreational activities in the United Kingdom, and within England and Wales there is a comprehensive network of rights of way Right of way is "the legal right, established by usage or grant, to pass ...
is an equivalent in Britain (but this can also refer to a day walk), though backpackers make use of a variety of accommodation, in addition to camping. Backpackers use simple huts in South Africa. Trekking and
bushwalking Hiking is a long, vigorous walk Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of terrestrial locomotion among legged animals. Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits. Walking is defined by an 'inverted pendu ...
are other word used to describe such multi-day trips. Backpacking as a method of travel is a different activity, which mainly uses
public transport Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, mass transit, or simply transit) is a system of transport Transport (in British English), or transportation (in American English), is the Motion, movement of humans ...

public transport
during a journey which can last months.


Definition

Backpacking is an
outdoor recreation Outdoor recreation or outdoor activity refers to recreation Recreation is an activity of leisure Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is spent away from , , , , and , as well as necessar ...
where gear is carried in a
backpack A backpack—also called knapsack, rucksack, rucksac, pack, sackpack, booksack, bookbag or backsack—is, in its simplest frameless form, a cloth sack carried on one's back and secured with two straps that go over the shoulders, but it can ...

backpack
. This can include food, water, bedding, shelter, clothing, stove, and cooking kit. Given that backpackers must carry their gear, the total weight of their bag and its contents is a primary concern of backpackers. Backpacking trips range from one night to weeks or months, sometimes aided by planned resupply points or drops.


Accommodations

Backpacking camps are usually more spartan than campsites where gear is transported by car or boat. In areas with heavy backpacker traffic, a hike-in campsite might have a
fire ring A fire ring is a construction or device used to contain campfires and prevent them from spreading and turning into wildfires. A fire ring is designed to contain a fire that is built directly upon the ground, such as a campfire. Fire rings have ...
(where permissible), an
outhouse An outhouse is a small structure, separate from a main building, which covers a toilet A toilet is a piece of hardware that collects human and , and sometimes , usually for disposal. use water, while do not. They can be designed f ...

outhouse
, a wooden bulletin board with a
map A map is a symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an , , or . Symbols allow people to go beyond what is n or seen by creating linkages between otherwise very different s and s. A ...

map
and information about the trail and area. Many hike-in camps are no more than level patches of ground free of underbrush. In remote
wilderness Wilderness or wildlands (usually in the plural), are natural environments on Earth that have not been significantly modified by human activity or any nonurbanized land not under extensive agricultural cultivation. The term has traditionally re ...

wilderness
areas hikers must choose their own site. Established camps are rare and the ethos is to "leave no trace" when gone. In some regions, varying forms of accommodation exist, from simple log lean-to's to staffed facilities offering escalating degrees of service. Beds, meals, and even drinks may be had at
Alpine Alpine may refer to: Places * Alps, a European mountain range * Alpine states, associated with the mountain range, or relating to any lofty mountain areas * Mountainous or alpine; the mountains. Australia * Alpine, New South Wales, a Northern Vill ...

Alpine
hut A hut is a small dwelling, which may be constructed of various local materials. Huts are a type of vernacular architecture because they are built of readily available materials such as wood, snow, ice, stone, grass, palm leaves, branches, hid ...
s scattered among well-traveled European mountains. Backpackers there can walk from hut-to-hut without leaving the mountains, while in places like the
Lake District The Lake District, also known as the Lakes or Lakeland, is a mountainous region in North West England. A popular holiday destination, it is famous for its lakes, forests and mountains (or ''fells''), and its associations with William Wordsworth ...

Lake District
or
Yorkshire Dales The Yorkshire Dales is an upland area of the Pennines The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a more-or-less continuous range of hills and mountains running between three regions of Northern England North ...
in England hill-walkers descend to stay in
Youth hostel A hostel is a form of low-cost, short-term shared sociable lodging Lodging refers to the use of a short-term dwelling In law, a dwelling (also known as a residence or an abode) is a self-contained unit of accommodation used by one or mo ...

Youth hostel
s, farmhouses or
guest house {{refimprove, date=December 2021 Guest House, Inc. is a non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a c ...

guest house
s. In the more remote parts of Great Britain, especially Scotland, bothies exist to provide simple (free) accommodation for backpackers. On the French system of
long distance trail A long-distance trail (or long-distance footpath, track, way, greenway (landscape), greenway) is a longer recreational trail mainly through rural areas used for hiking, backpacking (wilderness), backpacking, cycling, horse riding or cross-coun ...
s, '' Grande Randonnée''s, backpackers can stay in ''gîtes d'etapes'', which are simple hostels provided for walkers and cyclists. There are some simple shelters and occasional mountain hut also provided in North America, including on the
Appalachian trail The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply the A.T., is a marked hiking trail A trail is usually a path, track or unpaved lane or road. In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, path ...

Appalachian trail
. Another example is the High Sierra Camps in the
Yosemite National Park Yosemite National Park ( ) is an American national park#REDIRECT National park A national park is a park in use for Conservation (ethic), conservation purposes, created and protected by national governments. Often it is a reserve of natur ...

Yosemite National Park
. Long-distance backpacking trails with huts also exist in South Africa, including the 100 km plus
Amatola Trail Amatola, Amatole or Amathole are a range of densely forested mountains, situated in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The word ''Amathole'' means ‘calves’ in Xhosa language, Xhosa, and Amathole District Municipality, which lies to the ...
, in the
Eastern Cape The Eastern Cape ( xh, eMpuma-Kapa, af, Oos-Kaap, st, Kapa Botjhabela) is one of the provinces of South Africa. Its capital is Bisho, but its two largest cities are East London, Eastern Cape, East London and Gqeberha. The second largest provinc ...
Province. Backpacking (trekking) is also popular in the
Himalayas The Himalayas, or Himalaya (; Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It ar ...

Himalayas
, where
porters Porters, is a commercial ski area, ski resort just over an hour's drive (98km) west from Christchurch, in the South Island of New Zealand. Originally functioning as a club skifield, it has one beginner magic carpet, one platter tow, one chairlift ...
and
pack animals A pack animal, also known as a sumpter animal or beast of burden, is an individual or type of working animal A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one grou ...
are often used.


Equipment

Backpacking gear begins with (1) a suitable
backpack A backpack—also called knapsack, rucksack, rucksac, pack, sackpack, booksack, bookbag or backsack—is, in its simplest frameless form, a cloth sack carried on one's back and secured with two straps that go over the shoulders, but it can ...

backpack
, proper both in size and fit. Backpacks in general fall into one of four categories: frameless, external frame, internal frame, and bodypack. (2) Clothing and footwear appropriate for expected conditions. (3) Sufficient food. (4) Some form of sleep system such as a
sleeping bag A sleeping bag is an insulated covering for a person, essentially a lightweight quilt that can be closed with a zipper A zipper, zip, fly, or zip fastener, formerly known as a clasp locker, is a commonly used device for binding the edges ...
and, perhaps, a foam pad. (5) Survival gear. A shelter appropriate to expected conditions is typically next. Practical items not already mentioned - cook kit, stove, container for water, a means of purifying it - are characteristically but not always taken in some form. Depending on the trip ready-to-eat foods may suffice and suitable water be found along the way. More minimalist backpackers find ways to do with less. Weight is always critical. A rule of thumb suggests a fully loaded backpack should weigh no more than 25% of a person's weight. Every single item is scrutinized, many removed the first time a pack is hefted. Lightweight gear is widely available, which may or may not sacrifice utility and durability but will almost always cost more. A wide variety of items utilizing carbon fiber, lightweight alloys, specialty plastics, and impregnated fabrics are available.


Water

Proper is critical to successful backpacking. Depending on conditions - which include weather, terrain, load, and the hiker's age and fitness - a backpacker needs anywhere from 1/2 to 2 gallons (2 to 8 liters), or more, per day. At per water is exceptionally heavy. It is impossible to carry more than a few days' supply. Thus provisions for adequate water on a backpacking trip must be made in advance, which generally means filtering or purifying natural water supplies. Even in most seemingly pristine areas water needs treatment before consumption to protect against
waterborne diseases Waterborne diseases are conditions (meaning adverse effects on human health, such as death, disability, illness or disorders) caused by pathogenic microorganism, micro-organisms that are transmitted in water. The study of pathogenic microbes is a ...
carried by
bacteria Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) are ubiquitous, mostly free-living organisms often consisting of one Cell (biology), biological cell. They constitute a large domain (biology), domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typ ...

bacteria
and
protozoa Protozoa (singular protozoon or protozoan, plural protozoa or protozoans) is an informal term for a group of single-celled eukaryote Eukaryotes () are organism In biology, an organism () is any organic, life, living system that ...

protozoa
. The chief treatment methods include: * Boiling over fire, stove, or other heat source * Treatment with chemicals such as chlorine or iodine * Filtering (often used in conjunction with chemical treatments) * Treatment with
ultraviolet Ultraviolet (UV) is a form of electromagnetic radiation In physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through Spacetime, ...

ultraviolet
light Water may be stored in appropriate bottles or collapsible plastic bladders.
Hydration pack A hydration pack or drink bag is a type of hydration system "Bare Bladder" model with hose and bite valve A hydration system is an apparatus used in recreation and other sustained outdoor activities. It is intended to help its user carry liqui ...

Hydration pack
s are increasingly popular.


Food

Backpacking is energy intensive. It is essential enough food is taken to maintain both energy and health. As with gear, weight is critical. Consequently, items with high
food energy Food energy is chemical energy Chemical energy is the energy of chemical substance A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by havin ...
, long
shelf life Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale. In other words, it might refer to whether a commodity should no longer be on a pantry shelf (unfit for use), or just no longer ...
, and low mass and volume deliver the most utility. ''Satisfaction'' is another consideration, of greater or lesser importance to all hikers. Only they can decide whether it's worth the effort (and trade-off against other gear) to carry fresh, heavy, or luxury food items. The shorter the trip and easier the conditions the more feasible such treats become. In all cases, both kit and fuel necessary to prepare and serve foodstuffs selected is part of the equation. Small liquid and gas fueled and ultralight cooking pots are the norm. Increasingly campfires are prohibited. While most backpackers consume at least some specially prepared foods, many mainly rely on ordinary low moisture household items, such as cold cereal, oatmeal, powdered milk, cheese, crackers, sausage, salami, dried fruit, peanut butter, pasta, rice, and commercially packaged dinner entrees. Popular snacks include
trail mix Trail mix or scroggin is a type of snack mix Snack mix is a subset of snack foods consisting of multiple snack items. Popular snack mixes are as follows: *Bridge mix – Nuts, raisins (or other dried fruit), and candy, all covered in chocol ...

trail mix
, easily prepared at home; nuts,
energy bar Energy bars (candy bars A candy bar is a type of candy Candy, also called sweets (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic lan ...
s, chocolate, and other forms of candy for quick energy and satisfaction.
Jerky Jerky is lean trimmed meat that has been cut into strips and dried (dehydrated) to prevent spoilage. Normally, this drying includes the addition of salt to prevent bacteria growth before the meat has finished the dehydrating process. The word ...
and
pemmican Pemmican is a mixture of tallow, dried meat, and sometimes dried berries. A caloric rich food, it can be used as a key component in prepared meals or eaten raw. Historically, it was an important part of Indigenous cuisine of the Americas, indigen ...

pemmican
are high-energy and lightweight. Coffee, tea, and cocoa are common beverages. Domestic items are typically repackaged in zippered plastic bags. Canned or jarred food, except for meats or small delicacies, is avoided: their containers and moist contents are usually heavy, and the metal or glass must be packed out. Food dehydrators are popular for drying fruit, jerky, and pre-cooked meals. Many hikers use
freeze-dried Freeze drying, also known as lyophilisation or cryodesiccation, is a low temperature dehydration In physiology, dehydration is a lack of total body water In physiology Physiology (; ) is the scientific study of functions and mechanisms i ...
precooked entrees for hot meals, quickly reconstituted by adding boiling water. An alternative is Ultra High Temperature (UHT) processed food, which has its moisture retained and merely needs heating with a special, water-activated
chemical reaction A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the chemical transformation of one set of chemical substance A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and t ...

chemical reaction
. These have roots in the U.S. military's
MRE The Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MRE) is a self-contained, individual field ration in lightweight packaging bought by the United States Department of Defense for its service members for use in combat or other field conditions where organized food facil ...

MRE
, and eliminate the need for a stove, fuel, and water. Against this, they are heavy, the water is already in the food, and they require their own fuel. Still, they have some attractions. They: * Do not need to be rehydrated or heated, useful where flames are prohibited and water is scarce. * Are very durably packaged * Contain a full meal complete with snack and dessert in every package * Offer a great deal of variety in each meal, including condiments * Individually package their components, allowing some to be stored accessibly and eaten on the move MREs can be difficult to find in retail stores, though a good selection is often available in a (U.S.) military surplus store. Specialized cookbooks are available on trailside food and the challenges inherent in making it. Some focus on planning meals and preparing ingredients for short trips. Others on the challenges of organizing and preparing meals revolving around the bulk rationing prevalent in extended trail hikes, particularly those with pre-planned food drops.


Skills and safety

*
Survival skills Survival skills are techniques that a person may use in order to sustain life in any type of natural environment The natural environment or natural world encompasses all life, living and non-living things occurring nature, naturally, mea ...
can provide peace of mind and may make the difference between life and death when the weather, terrain, or environment turns unexpectedly for the worse. *
Navigation Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another.Bowditch, 2003:799. The field of navigation includes four general categories: land navigation, ...

Navigation
and
orienteering Orienteering is a group of sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and Skill, skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in ...

orienteering
are useful to find the
trailhead A trailhead is the point at which a trail begins, where the trail is often intended for hiking, biking, horseback riding, or off-road vehicles. Modern trailheads often contain rest rooms, maps, sign posts and distribution centers for information ...
, then find and follow a route to a desired sequence of destinations, and then an exit. In case of disorientation, orienteering skills are important to determine the current location and formulate a route to somewhere more desirable. At their most basic, navigation skills allow one to choose the correct sequence of trails to follow. In situations where a trail or clear line-of-sight to the desired destination is not present, navigation and orienteering allow the backpacker to understand the terrain and wilderness around them and, using their tools and practices, select the appropriate direction to hike. Weather (rain, fog, snow), terrain (hilly, rock faces, dense forest), and hiker experience can all impact and increase the challenges to navigation in the wilderness. *
First aid First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure A structure is an arrangement ...

First aid
: effectively dealing with minor injuries (
splinter A splinter (also known as a sliver) is a fragment of a larger object, or a foreign body#REDIRECT Foreign body A foreign body (FB) is any object originating outside the body of an organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, Gr ...
s, punctures, sprains) is considered by many a fundamental backcountry skill. More subtle, but maybe even more important, is recognizing and promptly treating
hypothermia Hypothermia is defined as a body core temperature Core or cores may refer to: Science and technology * Core (anatomy), everything except the appendages * Core (manufacturing), used in casting and molding * Core (optical fiber), the signal ...
,
heat stroke Heat stroke, also known as sun stroke, is a type of severe heat illness Heat illness is a spectrum of disorders due to environmental exposure to heat. It includes minor conditions such as heat cramps, heat syncope, and heat exhaustion as ...
,
dehydration In physiology, dehydration is a lack of total body water In physiology Physiology (; ) is the scientific study of functions and mechanisms in a living system. As a sub-discipline of biology Biology is the natural science that studie ...

dehydration
and hypoxia, as these are rarely encountered in daily life. *
Leave No Trace Leave No Trace is a set of outdoor ethics Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about Metaphysics, existence, reason, Epistemology, ...

Leave No Trace
is the backpacker's version of the
golden rule The Golden Rule is the principle of treating others as one wants to be treated. It is a maxim that is found in most religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, ...
: To have beautiful and pristine places to enjoy, help make them. At a minimum, don't make them worse. *
Distress signal A distress signal, also known as a distress call, is an internationally recognized means for obtaining help. Distress signals are communicated by transmitting radio signals, displaying a visually observable item or illumination, or making a soun ...
ing is a skill of last resort.


Related activities


Winter backpacking

Winter backpacking requires a higher level of skill and generally more specialized gear than in other seasons.
Skis A ski is a narrow strip of semi-rigid material worn underfoot to glide over snow. Substantially longer than wide and characteristically employed in pairs, skis are attached to ski boot Ski boots are used in to provide a way to attach the ski ...
or
snowshoes Snowshoes are specialized outdoor gear for walking over snow Snow comprises individual ice Ice is water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's ...

snowshoes
may be required to traverse deep snow, or
crampons A crampon is a traction device that is attached to footwear to improve mobility on snow and ice during ice climbing Ice climbing is the activity of ascending inclined ice formations. Usually, ice climbing Climbing is the activity of u ...

crampons
and an
ice axe An ice axe is a multi-purpose hiking Hiking is a long, vigorous walk Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of terrestrial locomotion among legged animals. Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits ...

ice axe
where needed. Winter sleeping bags and tents are essential, as are waterproof, water-repellent, and moisture dissipating materials. Cotton clothing retains moisture and chills the body, both particularly dangerous in cold weather. Winter backpackers stick to wool or synthetic fabric like nylon or polypropylene, which hold less moisture and often have specialized wicking properties to dissipate sweat generated during aerobic activities. Layering is essential, as wet clothes quickly sap body heat and can lead to
frostbite Frostbite is a skin Skin is the layer of usually soft, flexible outer tissue covering the body of a vertebrate animal, with three main functions: protection, regulation, and sensation. Other cuticle, animal coverings, such as the arthropod ...

frostbite
or
hypothermia Hypothermia is defined as a body core temperature Core or cores may refer to: Science and technology * Core (anatomy), everything except the appendages * Core (manufacturing), used in casting and molding * Core (optical fiber), the signal ...
. A winter bivouac can also be made in a
snow cave A snow cave is a shelter Shelter often refers to: * Shelter (building), a basic architectural structure or building that provides cover * Animal shelter, a facility that houses homeless, lost, or abandoned animals; mostly dogs and cats * Homel ...

snow cave
. It has thermal properties similar to an
igloo An igloo (Inuit languages The Inuit languages are a closely related group of indigenous American languages traditionally spoken across the North American Arctic and to some extent in the subarctic in Labrador , nickname ...

igloo
and is effective both at providing protection from wind and low temperatures. A properly made snow cave can be 0 °C (32 °F) or warmer inside, even when outside temperatures are −40 °C (−40 °F). It is constructed by excavating snow so that its entrance tunnel is below the main space in order to retain warm air. Construction is simplified by building on a steep slope and digging slightly upwards and horizontally into the snow. The roof is domed to prevent dripping on the occupants. Adequate snow depth, free of rocks and ice, is needed — generally is sufficient. A
quinzhee A quinzhee or quinzee is a Canadian snow shelter that is made from a large pile of loose snow Snow comprises individual ice Ice is water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , whic ...
is similar, but constructed by tunneling into mounded snow rather than by digging into a natural snow formation.


Fastpacking

Fastpacking Fastpacking is a combination of trail running and ultralight backpacking: "hiking the ups, jogging the flats, and running the downs," depending on the gradient, because of the weight carried. Participants carry a light pack with essential supplies ...
is a recreational activity that combines lightweight backpacking with
running Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion Terrestrial locomotion has evolved Evolution is change in the heritable Heredity, also called inheritance or biological inheritance, is the passing on of Phenotypic trait, traits from ...

running
, and, on steep slopes,
hiking Hiking is a long, vigorous walk Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of terrestrial locomotion among legged animals. Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits. Walking is defined by an 'inverted pendu ...

hiking
. It is a multi-day adventure that usually takes places along long distance trails. A sleeping bag is carried and other essential backpacking items, and often a tent or similar shelter, if places to stay are not available.Patrick Kinsella
"Run, don't walk: mastering the art of fastpacking"
''Lonely Planet'', May 2017.


Other

*
Canoe A canoe is a lightweight narrow vessel, typically pointed at both ends and open on top, propelled by one or more seated or kneeling paddlers facing the direction of travel and using a single-bladed paddle A paddle is a tool used for pushin ...

Canoe
and
kayak A kayak is a small, narrow watercraft Watercraft, also known as water vessels or waterborne vessels, are vehicles A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional pr ...

kayak
camping *
Bicycle touring Bicycle touring is the taking of self-contained cycling trips for pleasure, Adventure_travel, adventure or autonomy rather than sport, commuting or exercise. Tourism, Touring can range from single-day trips, to multi-day trips, to years. Tours may ...

Bicycle touring
or
bikepacking Mixed terrain cycle touring, nicknamed "rough riding" in North America and very occasionally "rough stuff" in parts of the United Kingdom, involves cycling over a variety of surfaces and topography on a single route, with a single bicycle ...
*
Trail riding Trail riding is riding outdoors on trail A trail is usually a path, track or unpaved lane or road. In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, path or footpath A footpath (also pedestrian way, walking trail, nature trail) is ...

Trail riding
, where gear is carried in
saddlebags Saddlebags are bags that are attached to saddles. Horse riding In Equestrianism, horse riding, saddlebags sit in various positions, on the back, side, or front of the saddle. Most attach to the saddle by straps and ties. They can be made from v ...

saddlebags
*
Backpacking (travel) Backpacking is a form of low-cost, independent travel, which often includes staying in inexpensive lodgings and carrying all necessary possessions in a backpack. Once seen as a marginal form of travel undertaken only through necessity, it has b ...
, where public transport is used to visit cultural attractions, rather than natural ones, though it may also include wilderness side trips. *
Adventure travel Adventure travel is a type of niche Niche may refer to: Science *Developmental niche{{third-party, date=October 2020 The developmental niche is a theoretical framework for understanding and analyzing how culture Culture () is an umbrel ...
, tourism in a highly unpredictable or hazardous region or environment. *
Thru-hiking Thru-hiking, or through-hiking, is the act of hiking an established end-to-end trail or long-distance trail A long-distance trail (or long-distance footpath A footpath (also pedestrian way, walking trail, nature trail) is a type of tho ...
, traversing a long-distance trail in a single, continuous journey. *
Ultralight backpacking Ultralight backpacking refers to the base weight of a fully loaded backpack at the start of a trip, qualifying as "ultralight" if the initial net weight of the gear falls under ten pounds. Ultralight backpacking is a subset of lightweight backpack ...
, which minimizes both weight and amount of gear carried, typically employed in highly aerobic back-country pursuits. *
Wilderness survival Wilderness or wildlands (usually in the plural), are natural environments on Earth that have not been significantly modified by human activity or any nonurbanized land not under extensive agricultural cultivation. The term has traditionally re ...


See also


References


External links


American Hiking Society
Preserves and protects hiking trails and the hiking experience
Leave No Trace
- The Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics is an educational, nonprofit organization dedicated to the responsible enjoyment and active stewardship of the outdoors by all people, worldwide. {{Authority control * Scoutcraft Hiking ja:トレッキング sv:Vandring chy:Amo'xestôtse