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alpha-Mannosidase (, ''alpha-D-mannosidase'', ''p-nitrophenyl-alpha-mannosidase'', ''alpha-D-mannopyranosidase'', ''1,2-alpha-mannosidase'', ''1,2-alpha-D-mannosidase'', ''exo-alpha-mannosidase'') is an
enzyme Enzymes () are proteins that act as biological catalysts (biocatalysts). Catalysts accelerate chemical reactions. The molecules upon which enzymes may act are called substrate (chemistry), substrates, and the enzyme converts the substrates in ...

enzyme
involved in the cleavage of the alpha form of
mannose Mannose is a sugar monomer of the hexose, aldohexose series of carbohydrates. It is a C-2 epimer of glucose. Mannose is important in human metabolism, especially in the glycosylation of certain proteins. Several Congenital disorder of glycosylati ...

mannose
. Its
systematic nameA systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and ...
is ''alpha-D-mannoside mannohydrolase''.


Isozymes

Humans express the following three alpha-mannosidase
isozymesIsozymes (also known as isoenzymes or more generally as multiple forms of enzymes) are enzymes that differ in amino acid sequence but catalyze the same chemical reaction. These enzymes usually display different kinetic parameters (e.g. different Mic ...
:


Applications

It can be utilized in experiments that determine the effects of the presence or absence of mannose on specific molecules, such as recombinant proteins that are used in vaccine development.


Pathology

A deficiency can lead to alpha-mannosidosis.


References


External links


GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Alpha-Mannosidosis OMIM entries on Alpha-Mannosidosis
* EC 3.2.1 {{3.2-enzyme-stub