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Ye, Je, or Ie (Е е; italics: ''Е'' ''е'') is a letter of the
Cyrillic script The Cyrillic script ( ) is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia and is used as the national script in various Slavic languages, Slavic, Turkic languages, Turkic, Mongolic languages, Mongolic, Uralic languages, Uralic, Caucas ...
. In some languages this letter is called E. It looks like another version of
E (Cyrillic) E (Э э; italics: ; also known as backwards ''e'', from Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and ...
. It commonly represents the vowel or , like the pronunciation of in "yes". Ye is romanized using the
Latin letter E
Latin letter E
."Ye" is sometimes also transliterated as , , or . It was derived from the
Greek letter epsilon
Greek letter epsilon
(Ε ε).


Usage


Russian and Belarusian

*At the beginning of a word or after a vowel, Ye represents the phonemic combination (phonetically or ), like the pronunciation of in "yes". Ukrainian uses the letter (see
Ukrainian Ye Ukrainian Ye (Є є; italics: ''Є'' ''є'') is a character of the Cyrillic script , bg, кирилица , mk, кирилица , russian: кириллица , sr, ћирилица, uk, кирилиця , fam1 = Egyptian h ...
) in this way. *Following a consonant, Ye indicates that the consonant is palatalized, and represents the vowel (phonetically or ), like the pronunciation of in "yes". In Russian, the letter can follow unpalatalized consonants, especially , , and . In some loanwords, other consonants before (especially , , , , , and ) are also not palatalized, see
E (Cyrillic) E (Э э; italics: ; also known as backwards ''e'', from Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and ...
. The letter also represents (as in "yogurt") and after palatalized consonants, , and . In these cases, may be used, see
Yo (Cyrillic) Yo, Jo, or Io (Ё ё; italics: ''Ё'' ''ё''; ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script , bg, кирилица , mk, кирилица , russian: кириллица , sr, ћирилица, uk, кирилиця , fam1 = Egyptian hiero ...
. In unstressed syllables, represents reduced vowels like , see
Russian phonology This article discusses the phonological system of standard Russian based on the Moscow Moscow (, ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is the capital and largest city of Russia Russia (russian: l ...
and
Vowel reduction in Russian Vowel reduction in Russian differs in the standard language A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety In sociolinguistics, a variety, also called an isolect or lect, is a specific form o ...
.


Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Ukrainian and Rusyn

This letter is called E, and represents the vowel phoneme (phonetically or ), like the pronunciation of in the word "set".


Mongolian

The letter represents the sound at the beginning of words ( yo represents ), and also represents at the beginning of some words and in the middle or end of words and in Russian loanwords and transcriptions of foreign names.


Turkic languages and Tajik

In Turkic languages utilizing the Cyrillic script (such as Kazakh,
KyrgyzKyrgyz, Kirghiz or Kyrgyzstani may refer to: *Things related to Kyrgyzstan *Kyrgyz people *Kyrgyz language *Kyrgyz culture *Kyrgyz cuisine *Yenisei Kirghiz *The Fuyu Kyrgyz language, Fuyü Gïrgïs language in Northeastern China {{Disambig Languag ...
and
Uzbek
Uzbek
) and in Tajik, Ye is used to represent the phoneme ~, both word-finally and medially. Isolated, word-initially, or vowel-succeeding, this letter is substituted with the letter
Э
Э
. If the letter Ye occurs word-initially, isolated, or vowel-succeeding, it represents the phoneme /je/~/jɛ/.


Related letters and other similar characters

*Ε ε : Greek letter epsilon *E e :
Latin letter E
Latin letter E
*Ɛ ɛ : Latin letter epsilon *Ё ё : Cyrillic letter yo *Є є : Cyrillic letter Ukrainian ye *Ԑ ԑ : Cyrillic letter reversed ze *Э э : Cyrillic letter e


Computing codes


Notes


External links

* * {{Authority control Vowel letters