HistoryXinxiang was site of the Battle of Muye where the Shang Dynasty was overthrown by the Zhou. Xinxiang dates from the Sui dynasty (581-618) and was a small market center before being developed as an industrial center in the 1950s. It also served as the capital of the short-lived Pingyuan Province, which covered neighbouring cities - , , Puyang, and Heze, between 1949 and 1952, for the purpose of exterminating Nationalist guerillas. In July 2021, Xinxiang was harshly impacted by the 2021 Henan floods, flooding in Henan, which affected about 470,000 people and over of cropland.
PollutionAccording to a 2015 report by Greenpeace, (Xinxiang's province) has the most severe air pollution of all the provinces in China, with an average Particulates#Size, shape and solubility matter, PM2.5 concentration of 103.3 μg/m3 (micrograms per cubic metre, cubic meter). The report found that Xinxiang has the 13th most polluted city air in China, with a PM2.5 concentration of 114.6 μg/m3 (over 11 times the safe limit established by the World Health Organization, WHO) during the first quarter of 2015. Swiss firm IQAir reported that Xinxiang suffered from an average PM2.5 concentration of 51.5 μg/m3 in 2020, ranking 31st in China, and 89th in the world. In 2015, environmental non-governmental organization Airman () purchased wheat samples farmed in the town of Wangcun, Xinxiang, Wangcun, in Xinxiang, near a battery factory, and found it had cadmium levels up to 17 times the national safe limit. The following year, the group again purchased wheat samples in the towns of and Wangcun, and found cadmium levels up to 34.1 times the national safe limit. Following this report, the Xinxiang municipal government launched a program to purchase contaminated wheat, and convert the farmland to other purposes. However, again in 2017, the group purchased additional wheat samples, and found them to have cadmium levels up to 18 times the national limit, with all samples purchased exceeding national safety limits. In response, government officials from the Towns of China, town of Dakuai met with the group, and pledged to further investigate the samples and stop growing wheat on contaminated farmland.
ReligionXinjiang Roman Catholics are served by the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinxiang (), which was established on July 7, 1936, on missionary territory split off from the then Apostolic Vicariate of Weihuifu () (now Diocese of Weihui, Jixian). It is a pre-diocesan jurisdiction, which is exempt (i.e., directly subject to the Holy See and its missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples), and not part of any ecclesiastical province. It has had the following incumbent ''Apostolic Prefects of Xinxiang (Roman Rite) :'' * Father Thomas Megan (), Divine Word Missionaries S.V.D.) (born USA) (1936.07.07 – retired 1948), died 1951 * Fr. Johannes Schütte (), S.V.D. (born Germany) (1948 – death 1971.11.18), also Superior General of Society of the Divine Word (Divine Word Missionaries) (1958.03.28 – 1967.12.15) and Vice-Secretary of Pontifical Commission of Justice and Peace (1968–1971.11.18) * Joseph Zhang Wei-zhu () (first Chinese and secular priest) (1992, with clandestine episcopal consecration)
MilitaryXinxiang is the headquarters of the 83rd Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defence of the Yellow River plain.
AdministrationThe administers 4 district of China, districts, 3 county-level city, county-level cities and 5 County (People's Republic of China), counties. *District: **Weibin District, Xinxiang, Weibin District () **Hongqi District () **Muye District () **Fengquan District () *County-level city: **Huixian City () **Weihui City () **Changyuan City () *County: **Xinxiang County () **Huojia County () **Yuanyang County, Henan, Yuanyang County () **Yanjin County, Henan, Yanjin County () **Fengqiu County ()
EconomyFrestech, a major home appliance company, was located in Xinxiang prior to its liquidation in 2018. One of the business units spun off in Frestech's dissolution, Xinfei Electric Group, continues to operate in Xinxiang. Xinfei Electric Group, now a wholly-owned subsidy of Aviation Industry Corporation of China, produces Refrigerator truck, refrigerated trucks, military vehicles, Recreational vehicle, RVs, modular building structures, precision equipment, refrigerators, air conditioners, and environmental control equipment. Other important enterprises located in Xinxiang include Golden Dragon Copper Group, Bailu Chemical Fibre, Henan Kelong Group, and AVIC XINHANG Industry Corporation.
Agriculture and textilesTextiles and processed food are also major products of Xinxiang. As an old textiles base, the cotton industry is very developed in Xinxiang.
TransportThe city is a rail junction and industrial centre at the head of navigation on the Wei River (Shandong and Henan), Wei River. The river, made navigable for small vessels by river improvements in the 1950s, links the city with Tianjin, the main port for Beijing. Later, due to heavy industrial chemical pollution, the river course had been totally cut off and got filled up. After recent dredges, it is still no more than a man-made lake.
RailXinxiang is located at the junction of the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, Beijing-Guangzhou, Xinxiang-Yueshan Railway, Xinxiang-Yueshan and the Xinxiang-Yanzhou Railway, Xinxiang-Yanzhou Railways. Xinxiang has two railway stations: Xinxiang railway station, Xinxiang Railway Station and Xinxiang East railway station, Xinxiang East Railway Station.
EducationThere are several universities and colleges located in the . *Henan Normal University *: newly combined university located in the eastern part of Xinxiang, it has 21 faculties and 3 centers *Henan Institute of Science and Technology *Xinxiang Medical University *Henan Mechanical and Electrical Engineering College *Xinxiang Hygiene School
Sister city* Kashiwara, Osaka, Kashiwara, Osaka Prefecture, Osaka, Japan
See also* History of the political divisions of China * List of Catholic dioceses in China * List of twin towns and sister cities in China * Pollution in China#Air pollution, Air pollution in China * Pollution in China#Soil contamination, Soil contamination in China
Sources and external links