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Wikispecies is a
wiki A wiki ( ) is a hypertext Douglas Engelbart in 2009, at the 40th anniversary celebrations of "The Mother of All Demos" in San Francisco, a 90-minute 1968 presentation of the NLS (computer system)">NLS computer system which was a ...

wiki
-based online project supported by the
Wikimedia Foundation Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American foundation headquartered in San Francisco, California San Francisco (/Help:IPA/English, ˌsæn fɹənˈsɪskoʊ/; Spanish language, Spanish for "Francis of Assisi, ...
. Its aim is to create a comprehensive
free content Free content, libre content, or free information is any kind of functional work, work of art A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an artistic creation of aesthetics, aesthetic value. Except for " ...
catalogue of all
species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individu ...

species
; the project is directed at scientists, rather than at the general public.
Jimmy Wales Jimmy Donal Wales (born August 7, 1966), also known by the pseudonym Jimbo, is an American-British Internet entrepreneur An Internet entrepreneur is an owner, founder or manager of an Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Inter ...

Jimmy Wales
stated that editors are not required to
fax , which was modern for fax machines at that time. which required special, relatively expensive thermal paper Thermal paper (sometimes referred to as an audit roll) is a special fine paper that is coated with a material formulated to change col ...

fax
in their degrees, but that submissions will have to pass muster with a technical audience. Wikispecies is available under the
GNU Free Documentation License The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft Copyleft is the practice of granting the right to freely distribute and modify intellectual property with the requirement that the same rights be preserved in derivat ...
and CC BY-SA 3.0. Started in September 2004, with
biologist A biologist is a professional who has specialized knowledge in the field of biology, understanding the underlying mechanisms that govern the functioning of biological systems within fields such as health, technology and the Biophysical environm ...
s around the world invited to contribute, the project had grown a framework encompassing the
Linnaean taxonomy Linnaean taxonomy can mean either of two related concepts: # the particular form of biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circumscription (taxonomy), circumscribing) and classifying ...
with links to
Wikipedia Wikipedia ( or ) is a free content, multilingual online encyclopedia An online encyclopedia, also called an Internet encyclopedia, or a digital encyclopedia, is an encyclopedia An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia (British English) ...

Wikipedia
articles on individual species by April 2005.


History

Benedikt Mandl co-ordinated the efforts of several people who are interested in getting involved with the project and contacted potential supporters in early summer 2004. Databases were evaluated and the administrators contacted, some of them have agreed on providing their data for Wikispecies. Mandl defined two major tasks: # Figure out how the contents of the data base would need to be presented—by asking experts, potential non-professional users and comparing that with existing databases # Figure out how to do the software, which hardware is required and how to cover the costs—by asking experts, looking for fellow volunteers and potential sponsors Advantages and disadvantages were widely discussed by the wikimedia-I mailing list. The board of directors of the
Wikimedia Foundation Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American foundation headquartered in San Francisco, California San Francisco (/Help:IPA/English, ˌsæn fɹənˈsɪskoʊ/; Spanish language, Spanish for "Francis of Assisi, ...
voted by 4 to 0 in favor of the establishment of a Wikispecies. The project was launched in August 2004 and is hosted at species.wikimedia.org. It was officially merged to a sister project of Wikimedia Foundation on September 14, 2004. * On October 10, 2006, the project exceeded 75,000 articles. * On May 20, 2007, the project exceeded 100,000 articles with a total of 5,495 registered users. * On September 8, 2008, the project exceeded 150,000 articles with a total of 9,224 registered users. * On October 23, 2011, the project reached 300,000 articles. * On June 16, 2014, the project reached 400,000 articles. * On January 7, 2017, the project reached 500,000 articles. * On October 30, 2018, the project reached 600,000 articles, and a total of 1.12 million pages. * On December 8, 2019, the project reached 700,000 articles, and a total of 1.33 million pages. * On January 8, 2021, the project reached 750,000 articles, and a total of 1.5 million pages. As a database for taxonomy and nomenclature, Wikispecies comprises taxon pages, and additionally pages about synonyms, taxon authorities, taxonomical publications, type material, and institutions or repositories holding type specimen.


Policies

Wikispecies has disabled local upload and asks users to use images from
Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons (or simply Commons) is an online repository of free-use images, sounds, other media, and JSON files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Files from Wikimedia Commons can be used across all Wikimedia projects in all ...
. Wikispecies does not allow the use of content that does not conform to a free license.


See also

* All Species Foundation *
Catalogue of Life The Catalogue of Life is an online databaseAn online database is a database A database is an organized collection of data Data are units of information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the q ...
*
Encyclopedia of Life The ''Encyclopedia of Life'' (''EOL'') is a free, online collaborative encyclopedia intended to document all of the 1.9 million living species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxon ...
*
Tree of Life Web Project In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and Taxonomy (general), organiz ...
*
List of online encyclopedias This is a list of online encyclopedias—i.e., encyclopedias accessible on the Internet or formerly accessible on the Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer netwo ...
*
The Plant List The Plant List is a list of botanical name A botanical name is a formal scientific name Science (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. La ...


References


External links

* * * Species Community Portal * The Wikispecies Charter, written by Wales. {{Wikimedia Foundation Biodiversity databases Biology websites Botanical nomenclature Internet properties established in 2004 Multilingual websites Phylogenetics Taxonomy (biology) Wikimedia projects Zoological nomenclature Advertising-free websites