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West Bromwich East is a
constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a subdivision of a larger state St ...
that is represented in the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorpor ...

House of Commons
of the
UK Parliament The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
by
Nicola Richards Nicola Faye Richards (born 19 December 1994) is a British Conservative Party (UK), Conservative Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), Member of Parliament (MP) for West Bromwich East (UK Parliament constituenc ...
of the
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
, who was first elected at the
2019 United Kingdom general election The 2019 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 12 December 2019. The Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's P ...
.


Members of Parliament


Constituency profile

West Bromwich West Bromwich ( ) is a market town in the borough of Sandwell, West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. Historic counties of England, Historically part of Staffordshire, it is northwest of Birmingham. West Bromwich is part of the area ...
itself is the main town, which includes
West Bromwich Albion F.C. West Bromwich Albion Football Club (), commonly referred to as West Brom, is an English professional football Football is a family of team sport A team is a [group (disambiguation), group of individuals (human or non-human) working ...
and a historic centre, with a programme of investment in 21st century apartments similar to nearby Birmingham. Since the recessions of the 1970s and Early 1980s recession, early 1980s, West Bromwich East has suffered from high unemployment, and as a result of the current recession, which began in 2008, unemployment peaked at 14.3%. Only Birmingham, Ladywood nearby had higher unemployment rates in all of Britain. Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers stood at 7.6% of the population in November 2012; this was higher than the national average of 3.8%, based on a statistical compilation by ''
The Guardian ''The Guardian'' is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as ''The Manchester Guardian'', and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers ''The Observer ''The Observer'' is a British newspaper published on Sun ...

The Guardian
''. However, this was lower than in
West Bromwich West West Bromwich West is a List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies, constituency represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, UK Parliament since 2019 by Shaun Bailey ( ...
, with 8.1% of its constituents of working age in receipt of this benefit, which is seen as the lower gauge of the breadth of unemployment. In the
2016 EU referendum The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, commonly referred to as the EU referendum or the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to ask the electorate whether the country shoul ...
, the constituency voted to leave by 68%, putting it in the top 10% of constituencies in terms of preference for leave.


Boundaries

West Bromwich East is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of
Sandwell Sandwell is a metropolitan borough of the West Midlands (county), West Midlands county in England. The borough is named after the Sandwell Priory, and spans a densely populated part of the West Midlands conurbation. According to Sandwell Metropol ...
, covering the east and north-east of the borough. It includes most of the town of
West Bromwich West Bromwich ( ) is a market town in the borough of Sandwell, West Midlands (county), West Midlands, England. Historic counties of England, Historically part of Staffordshire, it is northwest of Birmingham. West Bromwich is part of the area ...
and the part of
Great Barr Great Barr is now a large and loosely defined area to the north-west of Birmingham, England. The area was historically in Staffordshire, and the parts now in Birmingham were once known as Perry Barr, which is still the name of an adjacent Birmi ...
that is in Sandwell. 2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont with Grove Vale, Friar Park, Great Barr with Yew Tree, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath,
Newton Newton most commonly refers to: * Isaac Newton (1642–1726/1727), English scientist * Newton (unit), SI unit of force named after Isaac Newton Newton may also refer to: Arts and entertainment * Newton (film), ''Newton'' (film), a 2017 Indian fi ...
, and West Bromwich Central. 1997–2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central. 1983–1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central. 1974–1983: The County Borough of West Bromwich wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, Sandwell, and Tantany. The seat formerly shared some wards with West Bromwich West: before 2010 instead placed in the latter seat were a small minority of 1,697 electors in the west of the wards of ''Friar Park'' and ''Greets Green and Lyng'', also a negligible portion of ''Wednesbury South'' was contained in West Bromwich East.2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
/ref>


History

The constituency was formed in 1974 and took its present wards in 1997 (small parts of which remained shared until 2010, see above). ;Political history The seat was held by the Labour Party for the first several decades of its existence, often with substantial majorities. At the 2019 general election, it fell to the Conservatives for the first time, on a swing in excess of 12%.


Elections


Elections in the 2010s


Elections in the 2000s


Elections in the 1990s


Elections in the 1980s


Elections in the 1970s


See also

* List of Parliamentary constituencies in West Midlands *
Charlemont and Grove Vale Charlemont with Grove Vale is a political ward in the Sandwell, Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, in the English Midlands constituency of West Bromwich East (UK Parliament constituency), West Bromwich East. This Sandwell ward population as ta ...


Notes


References


External links


BBC election results (2001, 1997) for West Bromwich East2005 results from the BBC
{{DEFAULTSORT:West Bromwich East (Uk Parliament Constituency) Politics of Sandwell Parliamentary constituencies in the West Midlands (county) Constituencies of the Parliament of the United Kingdom established in 1974 West Bromwich